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Vietnam

Socialist Republic of Vietnam East and Southeast Asia Hanoi 93,421,835 inhabitants 331,210 sq km 282.06 inhabitants/sq km dong (VND) population evolution

Famous people from Vietnam

Here is a list of famous people from Vietnam. Curious if anybody from Vietnam made it our most famous people in the world list? Read the aformentioned article in order to find out.

Ho Chi Minh

Politician

Hồ Chí Minh, born Nguyễn Sinh Cung and also known as Nguyễn Tất Thành, Nguyen That Thanh and Nguyễn Ái Quốc, was a Vietnamese communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People’s Army of Vietnam and the Việt Cộng during the Vietnam War. He led the Việt Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at the battle of Điện Biên Phủ. He officially stepped down from power in 1965 due to health problems, but remained a highly visible figurehead and inspiration for those Vietnamese fighting for his cause—a united, communist Vietnam—until his death. After the war, Saigon, the former capital of the Republic of Vietnam, was renamed Hồ Chí Minh City; however, the name Sai Gon is still very widely used.

Riccardo Cocciante

Musical Artist

Riccardo Cocciante, also known in French-speaking countries and the U.S. as Richard Cocciante, is an Italian singer-songwriter, composer and musician. His oeuvre includes recordings in Italian, French, English, and Spanish; he has recorded some of his songs in all four languages. He was born in Saigon, Vietnam, now Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, to an Italian father and a French mother. He moved to Rome, Italy at the age of 11 where he attended school and started his career as musician coming to success around 1972. He also lived in the USA and Ireland. In 1976, Cocciante covered the Beatles song "Michelle" for the musical documentary All This and World War II, as well as releasing his sole English album in the US. In 1991 he won the Sanremo Festival with the song "Se stiamo insieme", and for Christmas 1997 legendary Spanish operatic tenor and friend Plácido Domingo invited him to sing at Domingo's annual Christmas in Vienna concert, together with Sarah Brightman and Helmut Lotti. As of 2008, Cocciante has three musicals running, probably Notre-Dame de Paris being the most known. This musical may later be put into competition against another musical in progress, Disney's Hunchback of Notre Dame.

Nguyen Tan Dung

Politician

Nguyễn Tấn Dũng /ŋwiʔən˧˥ tən˧˥ zuʔŋ˧˥/ is the Prime Minister of Vietnam. He was confirmed by the National Assembly on 27 June 2006, having been nominated by his predecessor, Phan Văn Khải, who retired from office. Since a party congress in January 2011, Dũng has been ranked third in the hierarchy of the Communist Party of Vietnam, after State President Trương Tấn Sang and Defense Minister Phung Quang Thanh.

Ngo Dinh Diem

Military Commander

Ngô Đình Diệm was the first president of South Vietnam. In the wake of the French withdrawal from Indochina as a result of the 1954 Geneva Accords, Diệm led the effort to create the Republic of Vietnam. Accruing considerable US support due to his staunch anti-communism, he achieved victory in a 1955 plebiscite. A Roman Catholic, Diệm's policies toward the Republic's Montagnard natives and its Buddhist majority were met with protests, culminating in Malcolm Browne's Pulitzer Prize winning photograph of the self-immolation of Buddhist monk Thích Quảng Đức in 1963. Amid religious protests, Diệm lost the backing of his US patrons and was assassinated, along with his brother, Ngô Đình Nhu by Nguyễn Văn Nhung, the aide of ARVN General Dương Văn Minh on 2 November 1963, during a coup d'état that deposed his government.

Vo Nguyen Giap

Military Commander

Võ Nguyên Giáp was a General in the Vietnam People's Army and a politician. He first grew to prominence during World War II, where he served as the military leader of the Viet Minh resistance against the Japanese occupation of Vietnam. Giáp was a principal commander in two wars: the First Indochina War and the Vietnam War. He participated in the following historically significant battles: Lạng Sơn, Hòa Bình, Điện Biên Phủ, the Tết Offensive, the Easter Offensive, and the final Hồ Chí Minh Campaign. Giáp was also a journalist, an interior minister in President Hồ Chí Minh's Việt Minh government, the military commander of the Việt Minh, the commander of the Vietnam People's Army, and defense minister. He also served as a member of the Politburo of the Vietnam Workers' Party, which in 1976 became the Communist Party of Vietnam. He was the most prominent military commander, beside Ho Chi Minh, during the Vietnam War, and was responsible for major operations and leadership until the war ended.

Marguerite Duras

Novelist

Marguerite Donnadieu, known as Marguerite Duras, was a French writer and film director.

Nhat Hanh

Monk

Thích Nhất Hạnh is a Vietnamese Zen Buddhist monk, teacher, author, poet and peace activist. He lives in the Plum Village Monastery in the Dordogne region in the South of France, travelling internationally to give retreats and talks. He coined the term Engaged Buddhism in his book Vietnam: Lotus in a Sea of Fire. A long-term exile, he was given permission to make his first return trip to Vietnam in 2005. Nhất Hạnh has published more than 100 books, including more than 40 in English. Nhat Hanh is active in the peace movement, promoting non-violent solutions to conflict.

Thich Quang Duc

Monk

Thích Quảng Đức, was a Vietnamese Mahayana Buddhist monk who burned himself to death at a busy Saigon road intersection on 11 June 1963. Quang Duc was protesting the persecution of Buddhists by the South Vietnamese government led by Ngo Dinh Diem. Photographs of his self-immolation were circulated widely across the world and brought attention to the policies of the Diệm government. As President Kennedy said in reference to a photograph of Duc on fire, "No news picture in history has generated so much emotion around the world as that one." Malcolm Browne won a Pulitzer Prize for his renowned photograph of the monk's death. After his death, his body was re-cremated, but his heart remained intact. Quang Duc's act increased international pressure on Diệm and led him to announce reforms with the intention of mollifying the Buddhists. However, the promised reforms were not implemented, leading to a deterioration in the dispute. With protests continuing, the ARVN Special Forces loyal to Diệm's brother, Ngo Dinh Nhu, launched nationwide raids on Buddhist pagodas, seizing Quang Duc's heart and causing deaths and widespread damage. Several Buddhist monks followed Quang Duc's example, also immolating themselves. Eventually, an Army coup toppled Diệm, who was assassinated on 2 November 1963.

Nguyen Van Thieu

Military Commander

Nguyễn Văn Thiệu was president of South Vietnam from 1965–75. He was a general in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam, became head of a military junta, and then president after winning a scheduled election. He established rule over South Vietnam until he resigned and left the nation a few days before the fall of Saigon and the ultimate communist victory.

Truong Tan Sang

Politician

Trương Tấn Sang is the president of Vietnam and one of the country's top leaders, alongside prime minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng and communist party leader Nguyễn Phú Trọng. He became state president following a vote of the National Assembly in July 2011. The office is a ceremonial position, but Sang is also ranked second after General Secretary Nguyễn Phú Trọng on the party's Central Secretariat, a body which directs policy making. Sang has been a member of the Central Politburo, the executive committee of the Communist Party, since 1996. He was party secretary for Ho Chi Minh City from 1996 to 2000. He was promoted to the national party’s number two slot in October 2009. There are reports of rivalry between Sang and Prime Minister Dũng, and each is backed by a faction within the party.

My Tam

Pop Artist

Phan Thị Mỹ Tâm, whose stage name is Mỹ Tâm, is a Vietnamese pop singer. Her best-known songs are "Hoạ Mi Tóc Nâu" and "Ước Gì". Other notable songs include "Hát Với Dòng Sông", "Giấc mơ Tình Yêu", "Dường như ta đã", "Tóc Nâu Môi Trầm", "Tình Xót Xa Thôi", "Đường Xưa" and "Yêu Dại Khờ".

Cam Ly

Pop Artist

Trần Thị Cẩm Ly is a Vietnamese pop singer, who is also known for Southern Vietnam folk songs. She came to national attention in 1993. Her sisters are Minh Tuyết and Hà Phương.

Cung Le

Martial Artist

Cung Le is an American mixed martial artist, actor, and former Sanshou kickboxer currently competing as a Middleweight in the Ultimate Fighting Championship, holding a record of 2-1 with the organization. In Sanshou, he is a former International Kickboxing Federation Light Heavyweight World Champion, having a professional Sanshou record of 16-0 before moving to mixed martial arts. He defeated Frank Shamrock to become the second Strikeforce Middleweight Champion before vacating the title to further pursue his acting career. Le is perhaps best known in mixed martial arts for competing in Strikeforce, holding a record of 7-1 with the organization before its demise. In mixed martial arts, 8 of his 9 wins have come by way of knockout.

Bảo Đại

Monarch

Bảo Đại, born Nguyễn Phúc Vĩnh Thụy, was the 13th and final emperor of the Nguyễn dynasty, which was the last dynasty of Vietnam. From 1926 to 1945, he was king of Annam. During this period, Annam was a protectorate within French Indochina, covering the central two-thirds of the present-day Vietnam. Bảo Đại ascended the throne in 1932. The Japanese ousted the Vichy-French administration in March 1945 and then ruled through Bảo Đại. At this time, he renamed his country “Vietnam”. He abdicated in August 1945 when Japan surrendered. He was the chief of state of the State of Vietnam from 1949 until 1955. Bảo Đại was criticized for being too closely associated with France and spending much of his time outside of Vietnam. Prime Minister Ngô Đình Diệm ousted him in a fraudulent referendum vote in 1955.

Nguyen Tien Minh

Olympic Badminton Player

Nguyễn Tiến Minh is a male badminton player from Vietnam. His best achievement to date is a bronze medal at the World Badminton Championship in 2013.

Nguyen Cao Ky

Politician

Nguyễn Cao Kỳ served as the chief of the Vietnam Air Force in the 1960s, before leading the nation as the prime minister of South Vietnam in a military junta from 1965 to 67. Then, until his retirement from politics in 1971, he served as vice president to bitter rival General Nguyễn Văn Thiệu, in a nominally civilian administration. Born in northern Vietnam, Kỳ joined the Vietnamese National Army of the French-backed State of Vietnam and started as an infantry officer before the French sent him off for pilot training. After the French withdrew from Vietnam and the nation was partitioned, Kỳ moved up the ranks of the Vietnam Air Force to become its leader. In November 1963, Kỳ participated in the coup that deposed president Ngô Đình Diệm and resulted in Diệm's assassination. In 1964 Kỳ became prominent in junta politics, regarded as part of a group of young, aggressive officers dubbed the Young Turks. Over the next two years, there were repeated coup attempts, many of which were successful, and Kỳ was a key player in supporting or defeating them. In September 1964, he helped put down a coup attempt by Generals Lâm Văn Phát and Dương Văn Đức against Nguyễn Khánh, and the following February he thwarted another attempt by Phát and Phạm Ngọc Thảo. His favored tactic in such situations was to send fighter jets into the air and threaten large-scale air strikes, and given his reputation for impetuosity, he usually attained the desired backdown. After the latter attempt, he also had the weakened Khánh forced into exile and eventually took the leading position in the junta in mid-1965 by becoming prime minister, while General Thiệu was a figurehead chief of state. During his period at the helm, he gained notoriety for his flamboyant manner, womanizing, and risky and brash behavior, which deeply concerned South Vietnam’s American allies and angered the Vietnamese public, who regarded him as a “cowboy” and a “hooligan". He cared little for public relations, and on occasions, publicly threatened to kill dissidents and opponents as well as to flatten parts of North Vietnam and South Vietnamese units led by rival officers with bombings, although none of this materialized. However, a public threat to rig elections, if necessary, was fulfilled.

Le Cong Vinh

Footballer

Lê Công Vinh is a Vietnamese footballer who plays forward for J. League Division 2 club Consadole Sapporo, on loan from Sông Lam Nghệ An. He is also a member of the Vietnamese national team.

Tsui Hark

Film Director

Tsui Hark, born Tsui Man-kong, is a Hong Kong New Wave film director, producer and screenwriter. He is viewed as a major figure in the Golden Age of Hong Kong cinema.

Gia Long

Monarch

Emperor Gia Long, born Nguyễn Phúc Ánh, often referred to simply as Nguyễn Ánh, was the first Emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam. Unifying what is now modern Vietnam in 1802, he founded the Nguyễn Dynasty, the last of the Vietnamese dynasties. A nephew of the last Nguyễn lord who ruled over southern Vietnam, Nguyễn Ánh was forced into hiding in 1777 as a fifteen-year-old when his family was slain in the Tây Sơn revolt. After several changes of fortune in which his loyalists regained and again lost Saigon, he befriended the French Catholic priest Pigneau de Behaine. Pigneau championed his cause to the French government—and managed to recruit volunteers when this fell through—to help Nguyễn Ánh regain the throne. From 1789, Nguyễn Ánh was once again in the ascendancy and began his northward march to defeat the Tây Sơn, eventually moving by 1802 to the border with China, which had previously been under the control of the Trịnh lords. When this was over, he had reunited Vietnam after centuries of internecine feudal warfare with a greater land mass than ever before, stretching from China down to the Gulf of Siam. Gia Long's rule was noted for its Confucian orthodoxy. He repealed Tây Sơn reforms and reinstated the classical Confucian education and civil service system. He moved the capital from Hanoi south to Huế as the country's populace had also shifted south over the preceding centuries, and built up fortresses and a palace in his new capital. Using French expertise, he modernized Vietnam's defensive capabilities. In deference to the assistance of his French friends, he tolerated the activities of Roman Catholic missionaries, something that became increasingly restricted under his successors. Under his rule, Vietnam strengthened its military dominance in Indochina, expelling Siamese forces from Cambodia and turning it into a vassal state.

Le Duan

Politician

Lê Duẩn was a Vietnamese communist politician. He rose in the party hierarchy in the late 1950s and became General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam at the 3rd National Congress in 1960. He continued Hồ Chí Minh's policy of ruling through collective leadership. From the mid-1960s, when Hồ's health was failing, until his own death in 1986, he was the top decision-maker in Vietnam. He was born into a lower-class family in Quảng Trị Province, in the southern part of French Indochina as Lê Văn Nhuận. Little is known about his family and childhood. He first came in contact with Marxist literature in the 1920s through his work as a railway clerk. Lê Duẩn was a founding member of the Indochina Communist Party in 1930. He was imprisoned in 1931 and released in 1937. From 1937 to 1939 he climbed the party ladder. He was rearrested in 1939, this time for fomenting an uprising in the South. Lê Duẩn was released from jail following the successful communist-led August Revolution. During the First Indochina War, Lê Duẩn was an active communist cadre in the South. He headed the Central Office of South Vietnam, a party organ, from 1951 until 1954. During the 1950s Lê Duẩn became increasingly aggressive towards the South and called for reunification through war. By the mid-to-late 1950s Lê Duẩn had become the second-most powerful policy-maker within the Party, eclipsing former party First Secretary Trường Chinh. By 1960, he was officially the second-most powerful party member, after party chairman Hồ. Throughout the 1960s Hồ's health declined and Lê Duẩn assumed more of his responsibilities. On 2 September 1969, Hồ died and Lê Duẩn became the most powerful figure in the North.

Như Quỳnh

Singer

Lê Lâm Quỳnh Như is a contemporary Vietnamese folk singer. Her songs include her trademark debut single, "Chuyện Hoa Sim", "Làng Tôi", "Nủa Vầng Trăng", "Vào Hạ", "Nỗi Buồn Châu Pha", and "Chờ Người", "Thương Về Miền Trung", "Chuyện Tình Của Người Thiếu Nữ Tên Thi", "Chung Mộng". She spends most of her career with Paris By Night where she is known as the 'Queen of Vietnamese Country Music- Bolero, Folk songs'.

Nong Duc Manh

Politician

Nông Đức Mạnh is a Vietnamese politician and was the general secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam, the most powerful position in the Vietnamese government, from 22 April 2001 to 19 January 2011. Although his official biography states that his parents were Tày peasants, it has long been rumoured that Mạnh is the son of former North Vietnamese leader Hồ Chí Minh. Mạnh was born in Cường Lợi, Na Rì district, Bắc Kạn province. His own son is Nông Quốc Tuấn, party secretary for Bắc Giang province.

Le Quyen

Singer

Phan Thi Kim Phuc

Person or entity appearing in film

Phan Thị Kim Phúc, O.Ont is a Vietnamese-Canadian best known as the child depicted in the Pulitzer Prize–winning photograph taken during the Vietnam War on June 8, 1972. The iconic photo taken in Trang Bang by AP photographer Nick Ut shows her at about nine years of age running naked on a road after being severely burned on her back by a South Vietnamese attack.

Madame Nhu

Deceased Person

Trần Lệ Xuân, popularly known as Madame Nhu, was the de facto First Lady of South Vietnam from 1955 to 1963. She was the wife of Ngô Đình Nhu who was the brother and chief adviser to President Ngô Đình Diệm. As Diệm was a lifelong bachelor, and because she and her family lived in the president's palace, she was considered to be the first lady.

Phuong Thanh

Pop Artist

Bùi Thị Phương Thanh, is a Vietnamese contemporary singer. She is one of the most renowned singers from Vietnam. Thanh is known for her very diverse styles, especially while performing on stage. She also possesses a unique, unusual singing voice, gaining her recognition throughout the Vietnamese community as well as the music business.

Trinh Cong Son

Composer

Trịnh Công Sơn was a Vietnamese composer, musician, songwriter, painter and poet. He, along with Phạm Duy and Văn Cao, is widely considered one of the three salient figures of modern Vietnamese music. Many of Trịnh's songs are love songs. Others are anti-war songs, written during and about the Vietnam War; some of them were censored by the southern Republic of Vietnam and later by the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Many performing artists, most notably Khánh Ly, have interpreted Trinh Cong Son's music.

Vo Van Kiet

Politician

Võ Văn Kiệt was a Vietnamese politician and statesman. He was a veteran fighter in the long war against French and then American military forces in South Vietnam, and lost his first wife and two children to US bombing. He was Prime Minister of Vietnam from 8 August 1991 to 25 September 1997, who led the communist nation's return to the world arena after decades of war and isolation. He was one of the Vietnamese political leaders that led the innovation policy in Vietnam. His birth name was Phan Văn Hòa and he changed it to Võ Văn Kiệt when he joined the Indochinese Communist Party. He also had a pseudonym, Sáu Dân.

Duong Van Minh

Military Person

Dương Văn Minh, popularly known as "Big Minh", was a Vietnamese general and politician. He was a senior general in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam during the rule of Ngo Dinh Diem. In 1963, he became president of the Republic after leading a coup in which Diệm was assassinated. Minh lasted only three months before being toppled by Nguyễn Khánh, but assumed power again in April 1975, two days before surrendering to communist forces.

Thuy Trang

Actor

Thuy Trang was a Vietnamese American actress. She was best known for her role as Trini Kwan, the original Yellow Ranger in the Mighty Morphin Power Rangers television series. Trang died in a car accident on September 3, 2001, near San Francisco, California.

Marie-France Pisier

Actor

Marie-France Pisier was an actress, a screenwriter and a film director.

Nguyen Ngoc Ngan

Novelist

Nguyễn Ngọc Ngạn is a Vietnamese-Canadian writer and essayist. He was born in Sơn Tây, Vietnam, but his family moved to South Vietnam when the Geneva Accords divided the country in 1954. After university and service in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam, Ngạn was imprisoned by the victorious communists after the fall of Saigon in 1975 and did forced labour in a re-education camp until 1978, an experience described in his autobiography, The Will Of Heaven. After his release, Ngạn escaped by boat to Malaysia in 1979; during the closing stages of the journey, storms hit the boat and knocked it over within sight of land. Ngạn's wife and child drowned and he was pulled unconscious from the water. He was sponsored by the Canadian government and brought to Vancouver, in 1980 moving to Prince Rupert, British Columbia and in 1985 to Toronto. Ngạn is known for co-hosting Paris By Night. He co-authored Ballad Of Mulan and The Blind Man and the Cripple - Orchard Village.

Ho Ngoc Ha

Pop Artist

Hồ Ngọc Hà is a Vietnamese model-turned-entertainer. She became famous when she won first prize in the supermodel contest of Vietnam in 2003 and 2004. Since then, she has begun working as an actress and singer.

Ngo Thanh Van

Pop Artist

Veronica Ngô Thanh Vân is a Vietnamese dancer, singer, actress, and model. She is also known as Veronica Ngo or her initials NTV.

Le Duc Tho

Diplomat

Lê Đức Thọ, born Phan Đình Khải in Hà Nam Province, was a Vietnamese revolutionary, general, diplomat, and politician. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize jointly with United States Secretary of State Henry Kissinger in 1973, but he declined it. In 1930, Tho helped found the Indochinese Communist Party. French colonial authorities imprisoned him from 1930 to 1936 and again from 1939 to 1944. After his release in 1945, he helped lead the Viet Minh, the Vietnamese independence movement, against the French, until the Geneva Accords were signed in 1954. In 1948, he was in South Vietnam as Deputy Secretary, Head of the Organization Department of Cochinchina Committee Party. He then joined the Lao Dong Politburo of the Vietnam Workers' Party in 1955, now the Communist Party of Vietnam. Tho oversaw the Communist insurgency that began in 1956 against the South Vietnamese government. In 1963 Tho supported the purges of the Party surrounding Resolution 9. From 1978 to 1982 Tho was named by Hanoi to act as chief advisor to the Kampuchean United Front for National Salvation and later to the nascent People's Republic of Kampuchea. Lê Đức Thọ's mission was to ensure that Khmer nationalism would not override Vietnam's interests in Cambodia after the Khmer Rouge was overthrown.

My Linh

Pop Artist

Đỗ Mỹ Linh, who uses the stagename Mỹ Linh, is a Vietnamese pop singer. Best known for her vocal power and melismatic skills, she is considered by the public and critics as one of the four divas in Vietnam, besides Thanh Lam, Hồng Nhung and Trần Thu Hà.

Ngô Bảo Châu

Mathematician

Ngô Bao Châu is a Vietnamese and French mathematician at the University of Chicago, best known for proving the fundamental lemma for automorphic forms proposed by Robert Langlands and Diana Shelstad. He is the fourth Asian to receive the Fields Medal.

Nguyen Minh Triet

Politician

Nguyễn Minh Triết was president of Vietnam from 2006 to 2011. He was elected by the National Assembly of Vietnam with 464 votes on June 27, 2006. He was previously the head of the Communist Party of Vietnam in Ho Chi Minh City. The presidency of Vietnam is a ceremonial position and the Politburo decides government policy. Triet was the fourth ranking member of the Politburo from 2006 to 2011. His term as president expired in July. Senior Politburo member Truong Tan Sang succeeded him.

Charles Sobhraj

Film subject

Bharat Rajpurohit, better known as Charles Sobhraj, is a serial killer of Indian and Vietnamese origin, who preyed on Western tourists throughout Southeast Asia during the 1970s. Nicknamed "the Bikini Killer" and "the Serpent", due to his skill at deception and evasion, Sobhraj allegedly committed at least 12 murders. He was convicted and jailed in India from 1976 to 1997. After his release, he retired as a celebrity in Paris. He returned to Nepal and was arrested and tried there. He was convicted of murder by the Supreme Court of Nepal on August 12, 2004. Sobhraj received a sentence of life imprisonment. While Sobhraj is widely believed to be a psychopath, his motives for killing differed from those of most serial killers. Sobhraj was not driven to murder by deep-seated violent impulses, but as a means to sustain his adventurous lifestyle. That, as well as his cunning and cultured personality, made him a celebrity long before his release from prison. Sobhraj enjoyed the attention, charging large amounts of money for interviews and film rights; he has been the subject of four books and three documentaries. Sobhraj's return to Nepal, where he was still eagerly sought by authorities, is believed to be the result of his yearning for attention and overconfidence in his own cunning and intellect.

Minh Tuyet

Pop Artist

Minh Tuyết is a Vietnamese-American pop singer, currently performing on Thuy Nga's Paris by Night. Her sisters are Cẩm Ly, a singer in Vietnam, and Hà Phương who performs with her as part of the cast of Paris By Night. She is known in the Vietnamese American culture as the Vietnamese Pop Princess. Her real name is Tran Thi Minh Tuyet, which in English literally means "morning snow."

Nguyen Kim

Deceased Person

Nguyen Kim was a Vietnamese statesman who was the ancestor of the famous Nguyễn Lords who later ruled south Vietnam. During his rule, the war with the Mạc Dynasty started. Nguyễn Kim claimed descent from Nguyễn Trãi, one of the top aides of Lê Lợi. He was the son of Nguyễn Hoang Du, one of the leaders of the first revolt against Mạc Đăng Dung. After the first revolt was crushed and his father executed, a second revolt against Mạc Đăng Dung took place in response to Dung's usurpation of the throne in 1527. This second revolt was led by Nguyễn Kim and his son-in-law, Trịnh Kiểm. At first, the Mạc army was too powerful and the rebels had to flee to Laos. From their base in Laos they managed to raise an army and reclaimed Thanh Hoa province in Vietnam. The Nguyễn-Trịnh army captured the Western Capital and enthroned Emperor Lê Trang Tông in 1533. The emperor appointed Nguyễn Kim as Court Chancellor and granted him the title "Hưng Quốc Công" The Lê Loyalists then sent a formal embassy to China in 1535 on behalf of the new emperor. The embassy denounced the usurpation of Mạc Đăng Dung and asked for help. In 1536, Emperor Jiajing of Ming dispatched an army to topple Mạc dynasty, it arrived on the border of Vietnam in 1537. However, with protestations of loyalty to the Ming Dynasty and the offer of a piece of north Vietnam to the Chinese, Mạc Đăng Dung was able to get the Chinese army to leave. The official position of the Chinese government was, the Mạc should rule in the north, and the Lê should rule in the south. The Lê Loyalist force refused to accept this settlement, and so the war continued. By 1540, they captured Nghệ An Province.

Thu Minh

Pop Artist

Vũ Thu Minh often known simply as Thu Minh, is a Vietnamese solo-singer of multiple genres. She is famous for pop ballad and dance-pop music, referred as the "Queen of Dance-pop in Vietnam". Thu Minh, was also called as "Vietnam's Celine Dion" in the late 1990s or now as "The wind chime of Vietnam music" due to her famous rare natural soprano C or Spinto soprano singing voice with range from the lowest note D3 to the highest note C#6. She was originally a ballet dancer and had not taken any professional musical education before the age of 30. Initially, after winning first prize and being the youngest candidate in a prestigious live singing competition in the Broadcast of Ho Chi Minh at the age of 16, she became well known for the success of many Viet classic songs, pre-war music, love songs in 1954–1975, pop ballad, pop in both English and Vietnamese. She also covered some famous ballads and soul songs of Whitney Houston, Celine Dion and many others. Two most outstanding successful songs received enormous positive response from audience in this category are assumed to be "I Will Always Love You" and "All by Myself" Sometimes, audiences had opportunities to enjoy Thu Minh's performance in soul, opera, jazz, Viet love songs, and Viet folk songs in new versions.

Hong Nhung

Pop Artist

Lê Hồng Nhung is a Vietnamese singer. She is one of the four divas in Vietnamese music, along with Thanh Lam, My Linh, and Tran Thu Ha. She is also known for her performance of composer Trinh Cong Son songs.

Pham Van Dong

Politician

Phạm Văn Đồng was an associate of Hồ Chí Minh. He served as prime minister of North Vietnam from 1955 through 1976, and was prime minister of a unified Vietnam from 1976 until he retired in 1987 under the rule of Lê Duẩn and Nguyễn Văn Linh. He was considered one of Hồ Chí Minh's closest lieutenants.

Phi Nhung

Singer

Phi Nhung is a Vietnamese language singer who specialises in cai luong and vong co music. She sings for Paris By Night and Van Son and also acts in their plays and Tinh production. She also has recorded music for Lang Van. Phi Nhung's father was an American serviceman, and she immigrated to the United States as part of its immigration policy towards Eurasian war offspring.

Nguyen Cao Ky Duyen

Singer

Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên is a Vietnamese-American personality and co-host of Thuy Nga's Paris By Night.

Tran Van Hai

Military Person

Brigadier General Trần Văn Hai was an officer in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. He was born in Can Tho.

Tran Hung Dao

Noble person

Trần Hưng Đạo was the Supreme Commander of Vietnam during the Trần Dynasty. Born Prince Trần Quốc Tuấn, he commanded the Đại Việt armies that repelled three major Mongol invasions in the 13th century. His triple victories over the mighty Mongol Yuan Dynasty under Kublai Khan are considered among the greatest military feats in world history. General Trần Hưng Đạo’s military brilliance and prowess are reflected in many warfare treatises that he authored. Trần Hưng Đạo is regarded as one of the most accomplished military tacticians in history.

Minh Hang

Pop Artist

Lê Ngọc Minh Hằng is a Vietnamese singer and actress. With dancer, Atanas Georgiev Malamov, she won Strictly Come Dancing Vietnam, Series III. She has voiced for Jewel in the Vietnamese dub of American 3D-Animated film, Rio.

Philipp Rösler

Politician

Philipp Rösler is a German politician and was the Federal Minister of Economics and Technology and the Vice Chancellor of Germany. He was the Chairman of the liberal Free Democratic Party, however, following the 2013 federal election where the Free Democratic Party left the Bundestag, Rösler announced his resignation from the chairmanship. Born in Vietnam, Rösler was the first cabinet minister of Asian background in Germany.

Dustin Nguyen

Martial Artist

Dustin Nguyen is a Vietnamese-American actor, director, writer and martial artist. He is best known for his roles as Harry Truman Ioki on 21 Jump Street and as Johnny Loh on V.I.P.

Tran Anh Tong

Monarch

Trần Anh Tông, given name Trần Thuyên, was the fourth emperor of the Trần Dynasty, reigning over Đại Việt from 1293 to 1314. After ceding the throne to his son Trần Minh Tông, Anh Tông held the title Thái thượng hoàng for six years. As the first Trần emperor who ruled in total peace with respect to foreign affairs, Anh Tông was known for his successful reign of Đại Việt, which brought a long period of peace and prosperity over the country. He also had several military victories over the kingdoms of Champa and Laos.

Ton Duc Thang

Politician

Tôn Đức Thắng was the second and final president of North Vietnam and the first president of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam under the rule of Lê Duẩn. The position of president is ceremonial and Thắng was never a major policymaker or even a member of the Politburo, North Vietnam's ruling council. He served as president, initially of North Vietnam from September 2, 1969, and later of a united Vietnam, until his death in 1980. He was a key Vietnamese nationalist and Communist political figure, was chairman of the National Assembly's Standing Committee 1955–1960 and served as the vice president to Hồ Chí Minh from 1960 to 1969. At the time of death at age 91, he was the oldest head of a state with the title "president".

Nguyen Khanh

Politician

Nguyễn Khánh was a South Vietnamese military officer and Army of the Republic of Vietnam general who served in various capacities as head of state and prime minister of South Vietnam while at the head of a military junta from January 1964 until February 1965. He was involved in or against many coup attempts, failed and successful, from 1960 until his defeat and exile from South Vietnam in 1965. Khanh lived out his later years with his family, in exile in the United States, and died of pneumonia and end-stage renal failure at a hospital in San Jose, California, on January 11, 2013.

Mai Phương Thúy

Fashion Model

Mai Phương Thúy was crowned the 10th Miss Vietnam at the Vinpearl Resort in Nha Trang, Vietnam on August 26, 2006. She represented Vietnam at the Miss World 2006 pageant in Warsaw, Poland on September 30, in the Asia-Pacific group. She made the first cut In Miss World 2006 by winning the viewers' votes around the world. In 2006, she was voted by globalbeauties.com into the Top 50 of the annual Miss Grand Slam. She had posed for photographs late in 2007 for the photographer Tran Huy Hoan; the set is described as "nude photos" - perhaps artistic but still risque for a "Miss Vietnam". Tran Huy Hoan has sold oil paintings of a nude lady which bears a likeness to Mai Phương Thúy. She supports numerous social causes, notably the Vietnamese traffic problem. She is the goodwill ambassador for the Asia Injury Prevention Foundation. She studied at Phan Dinh Phung high school and was accepted into the Foreign Trade University and RMIT International University, Vietnam. Mai Phuong Thuy is studying at RMIT Vietnam at the moment. Thuy did and still does many charity works and she also participated in a movie called "Âm tính".

Khanh Ly

Singer

Khanh Ly, born as Nguyen Le Mai on March 6, 1945 to a traditional family, grew up in the northern regions of Vietnam. As a child, she would fall asleep to her father's soothing voice. His serenades planted inside her a love for music, which grew stronger every day against her family's wishes. In 1954, at the age of 9, she entered a small contest in the city of Hanoi singing Tho Ngay; she did not win. By 1956, she accompanied her mother to the southern regions of Vietnam. At the end of that very same year, she secretly entered a children's talent-search contest produced by Phap-A production at Norodom Stage in Saigon. Mai traveled to the contest by sneaking into the back of transport trucks and hitching a ride from Da Lat City to Saigon. She won second prize singing Pham Duy's famous song, Ngay Tro Ve. Mai lost to child-star Quoc Thang who would also later become an iconic figure in the music world. She was only 11. Mai's musical career did not officially begin until she debuted at Club Anh Vu on Bui Vien Street in Saigon when she was only 17. At this point, she adopted the stage name Khanh Ly, a combination of KhanhKy and Yeu Ly, both are characters from Three Countries, her favorite novel. By the end of 1962, she relocated to Da Lat and stayed there for four years performing at various clubs and resorts. Night after night, she serenaded lovers, tourists, and the youths of Vietnam. On a rainy night in 1964, she met Trinh Cong Son, at that time a young composer, at a club in Da Lat. They became fast friends. Fascinated by her seductive voice, Trinh had asked her on several occasions to accompany him in his performances in Saigon. Still in love with the romantic hills of Da Lat, she declined.

Nguyen Ngoc Loan

Military Person

Major General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan was South Vietnam's chief of National Police. Loan gained international attention when he executed handcuffed prisoner Nguyễn Văn Lém, a suspected Việt Cộng member. The photograph was taken on 1 February 1968 in front of Võ Sửu, a cameraman for NBC, and Eddie Adams, an Associated Press photographer. The photo and film would become two of the most iconic images in contemporary American journalism.

Dục Đức

Monarch

Dục Đức, born Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Ái, was Emperor of Vietnam for three days, from July 20 – July 23, 1883. He was the fifth emperor of the Nguyễn dynasty. He was the father of Thành Thái, emperor from 1889 to 1907.

Tang Thanh Ha

Actor

Tăng Thanh Hà is a prominent Vietnamese actress and model. She is Toshiba's brand ambassador to Vietnam.

Bằng Kiều

Pop Artist

Nguyễn Bằng Kiều, is a Vietnamese male pop singer.

Ly Nha Ky

Actor

Lý Nhã Kỳ is a Vietnamese actress, model and businesswoman. She is known for portraying Diem Kieu in VTV's series Kiều nữ và đại gia. Since 2011, she has been serving as the Tourism ambassador of Vietnam. She was also ambassador for Operation Smile in Vietnam.

Siu Black

Singer

Siu Black is a prominent Vietnamese popular singer from the Central Highlands. She is a member of the Ba Na ethnic group. She graduated from Dac Lac Arts School and joined the Dac Lac Arts Troupe in 1989. She then worked at the Kon Tum Electricity Company from 1993 before finding success as a singer. She has been mentored by the singer Y Moan and has recorded several of the songs of Nguyễn Cường, and her renditions have achieved great popularity. In 2007, she served as a judge on the Vietnam Idol television program. and the first Asian Idol competition, held in Indonesia in December 2007, representing Vietnam Idol. Starting in September 2007, she will host a comedy variety show called 0 Degrees Diary on HTV9.

Hoang Thuy Linh

Actor

Hoàng Thùy Linh is a Vietnamese actress and singer. She is well known for her controversial sex tape, for which she has been compared to Paris Hilton.

Le Quang Liem

Chess Player

Lê Quang Liêm is a Vietnamese chess grandmaster and the World Blitz Chess Champion. He was the Under-14 World Youth Chess Champion in July 2005. He competed for Vietnam at the Chess Olympiads in 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2012. In particular, his 8/10 score on board 1 at the 2012 Chess Olympiad anchored the Vietnamese men's team to No. 7 in the final standing, the highest ever for Vietnam. Vietnam entered the Olympiad ranked No. 27. As of the January 2012 FIDE rankings, he was the 29th ranked active player in the world. He is currently the number-one ranked player in Vietnam.

Han Mac Tu

Poet

Nguyễn Trọng Trí, penname Hàn Mặc Tử was a Vietnamese poet. He was the most celebrated Vietnamese Catholic literary figure during the colonial era. He was born Nguyễn Trọng Trí, at Lệ Mỹ Village, Đồng Hới District, Quảng Bình Province. His pen names included: Minh Duệ, Phong Trần, Lệ Thanh, and finally Hàn Mặc Tử, by which name is known today. He grew up in a poor family, his father having died when he was young. He showed poetic talent at a young age. When he met Phan Bội Châu, he received encouragement and praise that made him well-known. He contracted leprosy in 1937, and was finally hospitalized at Quy Hòa Hospital in September 1940, where he died two months later. His many poems addressed to real or fictive women - in the manner of Giacomo Leopardi in the West, for example - remain popular, and he is known as a love poet in Vietnam. His poems on folk subjects are also well-known.

Đông Nhi

Pop Artist

Mai Hồng Ngọc, also known by the stagename Đông Nhi, is a Vietnamese female singer. She studied at the Marie Curie High School, Ho Chi Minh City.

Nam Cam

Gangster

Năm Cam was a notorious Vietnamese gangster. He was born in Saigon, Vietnam.

Phạm Ngọc Thảo

Politician

Colonel Phạm Ngọc Thảo, also known as Albert Thảo, was a communist agent of the Viet Minh who infiltrated the Army of the Republic of Vietnam and also became a major provincial leader in South Vietnam. In 1962, he was made overseer of Ngô Ðình Nhu's Strategic Hamlet Program in South Vietnam and deliberately forced it forward at an unsustainable speed, causing the production of poorly equipped and poorly defended villages and the growth of rural resentment toward the regime of President Ngô Đình Diệm, Nhu's elder brother. During the First Indochina War, Thảo was a communist officer in the Vietminh and helped oversee various operations in the Mekong Delta in the far south, at one point commanding his future enemy Nguyễn Khánh, who briefly served the communist cause. After the French withdrawal and the partition of Vietnam, Thảo stayed in the south and made a show of renouncing communism. He became part of the military establishment in the anti-communist south and quickly rose through the ranks. Nominally Catholic, Thảo befriended Diệm's elder brother, Archbishop Pierre Martin Ngô Đình Thục—the devoutly Roman Catholic Ngô family strongly favored co-religionists and had great trust in Thảo, unaware that he was still loyal to the communists. He went on to serve as the chief of Bến Tre Province, and gained fame after the area—traditionally a communist stronghold—suddenly became peaceful and prosperous. Vietnamese and American officials, as well as journalists hostile to or supportive of Saigon, misinterpreted this as a testament to Thảo's great ability, and he was promoted to a more powerful position where he could further his sabotage. Thảo and the communists in the local area had simply decided to stop fighting, so that the communists could quietly recuperate, while Thảo would appear to be very skillful and be given a more important job where he could do more damage.

Scotty Nguyen

Professional Poker Player

Thuận B. "Scotty" Nguyễn is a Vietnamese American professional poker player who is a five-time World Series of Poker bracelet winner, most notably as the winner of the 1998 World Series of Poker Main Event and the 2008 WSOP $50,000 H.O.R.S.E. World Championship. He is the first and currently only player to win both the WSOP Main Event and $50,000 Players' Championship.

Michel Henry

Philosopher

Michel Henry was a French philosopher and novelist. He wrote five novels and numerous philosophical works. He also lectured at universities in France, Belgium, the United States of America, and Japan.

Thanh Lam

Pop Artist

Thanh Lam is a famous Vietnamese singer-songwriter.

Ngoc Son

Singer

Ngọc Sơn is a Vietnamese singer.

Phan Boi Chau

Author

Phan Bội Châu was a pioneer of Vietnamese 20th century nationalism. In 1903, he formed a revolutionary organization called the “Reformation Society”. From 1905-08, he lived in Japan where he wrote political tracts calling for the liberation of Vietnam from the French colonial regime. After being forced to leave Japan, he moved to China where he was influenced by Sun Yat-Sen. He formed a new group called the “Vietnamese Restoration League”, modeled after Sun Yat-Sen's republican party. In 1925, French agents seized him in Shanghai. He was convicted of treason and spent the rest of his life under house arrest in Huế.

Le Duc Anh

Military Commander

Lê Đức Anh is Vietnamese general and politician. He was president from 1992 until 1997 after leading the Vietnamese forces in Cambodia throughout the 1980s. He was regarded as a conservative who advocated maintaining tight party control over domestic policies. He was born in Phú Lộc District, Thừa Thiên–Huế Province.

Anh Do

Comedian

Anh Do is a Vietnamese-born Australian author, actor and comedian. He has appeared on many Australian TV shows such as Thank God You're Here and Good News Week, and was runner-up on Dancing With The Stars in 2007. He studied a combined Business Law degree at the University of Technology, Sydney. He is the brother of film director Khoa Do and has acted in several of Khoa's films, including Footy Legends, which he co-wrote and produced. In 2012, his TV show Anh Does Vietnam began airing.

Elly Tran

Actor

Johnny Tri Nguyen

Martial Artist

Johnny Tri Nguyen is an actor, stunt performer, film producer, screenwriter and martial artist.

Nguyen Du

Poet

Nguyễn Du is a celebrated Vietnamese poet who wrote in chữ nôm, the ancient writing script of Vietnam. He is most known for writing the epic poem The Tale of Kieu.

Hồ Quỳnh Hương

Pop Artist

Hồ Quỳnh Hương is a Vietnamese female singer. She has appeared in Asia Song Festival 2008, Bước nhảy hoàn vũ, Vietnam Idol, Cặp đôi hoàn hảo, The Voice of Vietnam. Hương was recently crowned as Asia's Sexiest Vegetarian Woman of 2013 by PETA Asia Pacific.

Lương Bích Hữu

Singer

Lương Bích Hữu, born September 1, 1984, is a Vietnamese actress and singer of Chinese ancestry. Before working with the Thế Giới Giải Trí, Huu was one of the Nguyễn Productions singers. After working in the company and as member of girl group H.A.T, she returned to Nguyễn Productions and released her first solo album called "Cô gái Trung Hoa", which means "Chinese girl". It was the first solo album of a H.A.T member. In 2008 she briefly joined girl group Ngũ Long Công Chúa. After releasing her third album, she left Nguyễn Productions and founded her own company, Khải Sao Entertainment. She made her acting debut in 2010 TV series "Màu Của Tình Yêu". Her second acting role is in TV series "Chuyện Tình Làng Hoa", which premiered on April 22, 2012.

Nguyen Van Linh

Politician

Nguyễn Văn Linh was a Vietnamese revolutionary and politician. He was the general secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam from 1986 to 1991 and a political leader of the Vietcong during the Vietnam War. During his time in office, Linh was a strong advocate of "doi moi", an economic plan whose aim is to turn Vietnam economy to a socialist-oriented market economy. As such, Linh was often touted the Vietnamese Gorbachev after the Soviet leader, who introduced Perestroika.

Minh Mang

Monarch

Dương Thu Hương

Novelist

Dương Thu Hương is a Vietnamese author and political dissident. Formerly a member of Vietnam's Communist party, she was expelled from the party in 1989, and has been denied the right to travel abroad, and was temporarily imprisoned for her writings and outspoken criticism of corruption in the Vietnamese government.

Tran Duc Luong

Politician

Trần Đức Lương was president of Vietnam from 1997 to 2006. Luong was born in Quảng Ngãi province, and moved to Hanoi after leaving school in 1955. He studied geology at Hanoi University of Mining and Geology, and was employed as a cartographer. He joined the Communist Party of Vietnam in 1959, and became a functionary of the party in the 1970s. In 1987, he became deputy prime minister. Member of the Politburo since June 1996, he was elected president on September 24, 1997, and re-elected in 2002. On June 24, 2006, Luong announced his resignation. Nguyen Minh Triet was named to succeed Luong as president.

Cu Huy Ha Vu

Lawyer

Cù Huy Hà Vũ is a Vietnamese legal scholar. A government critic and a dissident, he was taken into custody in 2010 on charges of "propaganda against the state" and "plotting to overthrow the communist government of Vietnam". On 4 April 2011, Vu was sentenced to 7 years in prison for "spreading anti-state propaganda", drawing protests from human rights groups, the Roman Catholic Church, and the international community.

Trường Chinh

Politician

Trường Chinh was a Vietnamese communist political leader and theoretician. From 1941 to 1957, he was Vietnam's second-ranked communist leader (after Ho Chi Minh). Following the death of Lê Duẩn in 1986, he was briefly Vietnam's top leader.

Ngo Dinh Thuc

Man

Pierre Martin Ngô Đình Thục was the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Huế, Vietnam and a member of the Ngô family, who ruled South Vietnam in the years leading up to the Vietnam War. He was the founder of Dalat University. In 1963, while in Rome attending the second session of the Second Vatican Council, his younger brother Diệm, who was president of South Vietnam, was assassinated in a military coup. Thục was unable to return to Vietnam and lived the rest of his life in exile, living in Rome, France and the United States. During this time, he became involved with the Traditionalist Catholic movement and consecrated a number of bishops without the Vatican's approval for the Palmarian and Sedevacantist movements. As a result, he was excommunicated by and reconciled with Rome a number of times.

Che Linh

Singer

Ray Lui

Actor

Ray Lui Leung-wai is a Vietnam-born Hong Kong actor, with family roots in Lianjiang, Zhanjiang, Guangdong. He is best known for his role as "Ting Lik" in the 1980 Hong Kong television series The Bund produced by TVB, which propelled him to fame. Since then, Lui has acted in several films and other television series also produced by TVB.

Tran Anh Hung

Film Director

Trần Anh Hùng is a French film director of Vietnamese ancestry.

Le Loi

Noble person

Lê Lợi, posthumously known with the temple name Lê Thái Tổ, was emperor of Vietnam and founder of the Later Lê Dynasty. Lê Lợi is among the most famous figures of Vietnamese history and one of its greatest heroes.

Le Kha Phieu

Politician

Lê Khả Phiêu was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Vietnam from December 1997 to April 2001 and has a military background. He served in the Vietnam People's Army during the First and Second Indochina Wars, join in Cambodian war, the head of the General political Department of the People's Army. He has usually been seen as a conservative. However, this categorization has been challenged by historian Martin Gainsborough, who notes that Phiêu made some remarkably outspoken comments about problems in the party before the Tenth Party Congress. He criticized what he called 'illness of partyization', meaning that the Party controls everything. Phiêu was a protégé of his predecessor, Đỗ Mười. He was elevated to the Politburo in the early 1990s.