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Togo country facts

Togolese Republic Africa Lome 7,351,374 inhabitants 56,785 sq km 129.46 inhabitants/sq km Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) population evolution



French Togoland became Togo in 1960. Gen. Gnassingbe EYADEMA, installed as military ruler in 1967, ruled Togo with a heavy hand for almost four decades. Despite the facade of multi-party elections instituted in the early 1990s, the government was largely dominated by President EYADEMA, whose Rally of the Togolese People (RPT) party has maintained power almost continually since 1967 and maintains a majority of seats in today's legislature. Upon EYADEMA's death in February 2005, the military installed the president's son, Faure GNASSINGBE, and then engineered his formal election two months later. Democratic gains since then allowed Togo to hold its first relatively free and fair legislative elections in October 2007. After years of political unrest and condemnation from international organizations for human rights abuses, Togo is finally being re-welcomed into the international community.



Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana

Geographic coordinates

8 00 N, 1 10 E

Area (sq km)

total: 56,785 sq km
land: 54,385 sq km
water: 2,400 sq km

Area - comparative (sq km)

slightly smaller than West Virginia

Land boundaries (km)

total: 1,647 km
border countries: Benin 644 km, Burkina Faso 126 km, Ghana 877 km

Coastline (km)

56 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 30 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north


gently rolling savanna in north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes

Elevation extremes (m)

lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Agou 986 m

Natural resources

phosphates, limestone, marble, arable land

Land use (%)

arable land: 44.2%
permanent crops: 3.7%
other: 52.1% (2011)

Irrigated land (sq km)

73 sq km (2003)

Total renewable water resources (cu km)

14.7 cu km (2011)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) ()

total: 0.17 cu km/yr (63%/3%/34%)
per capita: 33.46 cu m/yr (2005)

Natural hazards

hot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts

Environment - current issues

deforestation attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood for fuel; water pollution presents health hazards and hinders the fishing industry; air pollution increasing in urban areas

Environment - international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note

the country's length allows it to stretch through six distinct geographic regions; climate varies from tropical to savanna

People and Society


noun: Togolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Togolese

Ethnic groups (%)

African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%

Languages (%)

French (official, the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)

Religions (%)

Christian 29%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 51%


note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)   evolution and prospects (1950-2100)

Age structure (%)

0-14 years: 40.7% (male 1,499,011/female 1,490,513)
15-24 years: 19.7% (male 723,237/female 726,350)
25-54 years: 32.1% (male 1,173,492/female 1,188,961)
55-64 years: 4.2% (male 145,743/female 163,384)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 104,277/female 136,406) (2014 est.)

Age structure in Togo

Median age (years)

total: 19.6 years
male: 19.3 years
female: 19.8 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate (%)

2.71% (2014 est.)

Birth rate (births/1,000 population)

34.52 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Death rate (deaths/1,000 population)

7.43 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Net migration rate (migrant(s)/1,000 population)

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Urbanization (%)

urban population: 38% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.3% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population

LOME (capital) 1.524 million (2011)

Sex ratio (male(s)/female)

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate (deaths/100,000 live births)

300 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate (deaths/1,000 live births)

total: 46.73 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 53.38 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 39.88 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth (years)

total population: 64.06 years
male: 61.49 years
female: 66.71 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate (children born/woman)

4.53 children born/woman (2014 est.)

Health expenditures (% of GDP)

8% of GDP (2011)

Physicians density (physicians/1,000 population)

0.05 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)

0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking water source (% of population)

improved: urban: 91.4% of population
rural: 40.3% of population
total: 60% of population
unimproved: urban: 8.6% of population
rural: 59.7% of population
total: 40% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access (% of population)

improved: urban: 25.5% of population
rural: 2.5% of population
total: 11.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 74.5% of population
rural: 97.5% of population
total: 88.7% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)

2.9% (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

128,100 (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths

7,200 (2012 est.)

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate (%)

4.3% (2008)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight (%)

16.5% (2010)

Education expenditures (% of GDP)

4.5% of GDP (2011)

Literacy (%)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 60.4%
male: 74.1%
female: 48% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) (years)

total: 12 years (2011)


Country name

conventional long form: Togolese Republic
conventional short form: Togo
local long form: Republique Togolaise
local short form: none
former: French Togoland

Government type

republic under transition to multiparty democratic rule


name: Lome
geographic coordinates: 6 07 N, 1 13 E
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions

5 regions (regions, singular - region); Centrale, Kara, Maritime, Plateaux, Savanes


27 April 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship)

National holiday

Independence Day, 27 April (1960)


several previous; latest adopted 27 September 1992, effective 14 October 1992; amended 2002, last in 2005 (2005)

Legal system

customary law system

International law organization participation

accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; non-party state to the ICCt


18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: President Faure GNASSINGBE (since 4 May 2005);
head of government: Prime Minister Kwesi Seleagodji AHOOMEY-ZUNU (since 23 July 2012)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (no term limits); election last held on 4 March 2010 (next to be held in 2015); prime minister appointed by the president
election results: Faure GNASSINGBE reelected president; percent of vote - Faure GNASSINGBE 60.9%, Jean-Pierre FABRE 33.9%, Yawovi AGBOYIBO 3%, other 2.2%

Legislative branch

unicameral National Assembly (91 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 25 July 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UNIR 62, CST 19, Rainbow Alliance 6, UFC 3, independents 1

Judicial branch

highest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (organized into the Criminal Chamber and the Administrative Chamber, each with a chamber president and advisors); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges including the court president)
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court president appointed by decree of the president of the republic upon the proposal of the Supreme Council of the Magistracy, a 9-member judicial, advisory, and disciplinary body; other judge appointments and judge tenure NA; Constitutional Court judges appointed by the National Assembly; judge tenure NA
subordinate courts: Court of Assizes (sessions court); appeals courts; tribunals of first instance (divided into civil, commercial, and correctional chambers; Court of State Security; military tribunal

Political parties and leaders

Action Committee for Renewal or CAR [Dodji APEVON]
Democratic Convention of African Peoples or CDPA
Movement of the Believers of Peace and Equality or MOCEP
National Alliance for Change or ANC [Jean-Pierre FABRE]
Pan-African Patriotic Convergence or CPP [Edem KODJO]
Rainbow Alliance (a colalition including: CAR and CDPA) [Brigitte Adjamagbo JOHNSON]
Rally for the Support for Development and Democracy or RSDD [Harry OLYMPIO]
Save Togo Collective or CST (a coalition including: ANC and PSR) [Ata Messan Zeus AJAVON
Socialist Pact for Renewal or PSR
Union for Democracy and Social Progress or UDPS [Gagou KOKOU]
Union for the Republic or UNIR [Faure GNASSINGBE]
Union of Forces for Change or UFC [Gilchrist OLYMPIO]

Political pressure groups and leaders


International organization participation


Diplomatic representation in the US

chief of mission: Ambassador Limbiye Edawa Kadangha BARIKI (since 14 July 2009)
chancery: 2208 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 234-4212
FAX: [1] (202) 232-3190

Diplomatic representation from the US

chief of mission: Ambassador Robert E. WHITEHEAD (since 3 May 2012)
embassy: 4332 Blvd. Gnassingbe Eyadema, Cite OUA, Lome
mailing address: B. P. 852, Lome; 2300 Lome Place, Washington, DC 20521-2300
telephone: [228] 2261-5470
FAX: [228] 2261-5501

Flag description

five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow; a white five-pointed star on a red square is in the upper hoist-side corner; the five horizontal stripes stand for the five different regions of the country; the red square is meant to express the loyalty and patriotism of the people; green symbolizes hope, fertility, and agriculture; yellow represents mineral wealth and faith that hard work and strength will bring prosperity; the star symbolizes life, purity, peace, dignity, and Togo's independence
note: uses the popular Pan-African colors of Ethiopia

National anthem

name: "Salut a toi, pays de nos aieux" (Hail to Thee, Land of Our Forefathers)
lyrics/music: Alex CASIMIR-DOSSEH
note: adopted 1960, restored 1992; this anthem was replaced by another during one-party rule between 1979 and 1992


Economy - overview

This small, sub-Saharan economy depends heavily on both commercial and subsistence agriculture, which provides employment for a significant share of the labor force. Some basic foodstuffs must still be imported. Cocoa, coffee, and cotton generate about 40% of export earnings with cotton being the most important cash crop. Togo is among the world's largest producers of phosphate and Togo seeks to develop its carbonate phosphate reserves. The government's decade-long effort, supported by the World Bank and the IMF, to implement economic reform measures, encourage foreign investment, and bring revenues in line with expenditures has moved slowly. Progress depends on follow through on privatization, increased openness in government financial operations, progress toward legislative elections, and continued support from foreign donors. Foreign direct investment inflows have slowed over recent years. Togo completed its IMF Extended Credit Facility in 2011 and reached a HIPC debt relief completion point in 2010 at which 95% of the country's debt was forgiven. Togo continues to work with the IMF on structural reforms.

GDP (purchasing power parity)

$7.348 billion (2013 est.)
$6.964 billion (2012 est.)
$6.594 billion (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate)

$4.299 billion (2013 est.)

GDP - real growth rate (%)

5.5% (2013 est.)
5.6% (2012 est.)
4.8% (2011 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$1,100 (2013 est.)
$1,100 (2012 est.)
$1,100 (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars

GDP - composition, by sector of origin (%)

agriculture: 27.6%
industry: 33.7%
services: 38.7% (2013 est.)

Labor force

2.595 million (2007)

Labor force - by occupation (%)

agriculture: 65%
industry: 5%
services: 30% (1998 est.)

Unemployment rate (%)


Population below poverty line (%)

32% (1989 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share (%)

lowest 10%: 3.3%
highest 10%: 27.1% (2006)


revenues: $825.8 million
expenditures: $983 million (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP)

19.2% of GDP (2013 est.)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) (% of GDP)

-3.7% of GDP (2013 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)

2.2% (2013 est.)
2.6% (2012 est.)

Central bank discount rate (%)

2.5% (31 December 2010 est.)
4.25% (31 December 2009 est.)

Commercial bank prime lending rate (%)


Stock of narrow money

$1.138 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$1.057 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of broad money

$1.971 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$1.819 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of domestic credit

$1.594 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$1.471 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares


Agriculture - products

coffee, cocoa, cotton, yams, cassava (manioc, tapioca), corn, beans, rice, millet, sorghum; livestock; fish


phosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement, handicrafts, textiles, beverages

Industrial production growth rate (%)

5.1% (2013 est.)

Current account balance

-$355.1 million (2013 est.)
-$372.2 million (2012 est.)


$982.2 million (2013 est.)
$960.5 million (2012 est.)

Exports - commodities (%)

reexports, cotton, phosphates, coffee, cocoa

Exports - partners (%)

India 14.2%, Lebanon 10.6%, Burkina Faso 7.6%, Benin 7.5%, China 6.1%, Niger 5.8%, Netherlands 5.2%, Ghana 4.4% (2012)


$1.677 billion (2013 est.)
$1.604 billion (2012 est.)

Imports - commodities (%)

machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products

Imports - partners (%)

China 40.4%, Netherlands 7.9%, France 5.4%, UK 5.3% (2012)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$531.4 million (31 December 2013 est.)
$441.6 million (31 December 2012 est.)

External debt ($)

$719 million (31 December 2013 est.)
$658.1 million (31 December 2012 est.)

Exchange rates

Currency converter
Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar -
500.7 (2013 est.)
510.53 (2012 est.)
495.28 (2010 est.)
472.19 (2009)
447.81 (2008)

Fiscal year

calendar year


Electricity - production (kWh)

127.1 million kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - consumption (kWh)

676.1 million kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - exports (kWh)

0 kWh (2012 est.)

Electricity - imports (kWh)

710 million kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)

85,000 kW (2010 est.)

Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)

21.2% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)

78.8% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Crude oil - production (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2012 est.)

Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)

0 bbl (1 January 2013 est.)

Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)

28,670 bbl/day (2011 est.)

Refined petroleum products - exports (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Refined petroleum products - imports (bbl/day)

9,773 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Natural gas - production (cu m)

0 cu m (2011 est.)

Natural gas - consumption (cu m)

0 cu m (2010 est.)

Natural gas - exports (cu m)

0 cu m (2011 est.)

Natural gas - imports (cu m)

0 cu m (2011 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves (cu m)

0 cu m (1 January 2013 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)

1.445 million Mt (2011 est.)


Telephones - main lines in use

225,000 (2012)

Telephones - mobile cellular

3.518 million (2012)

Telephone system

general assessment: fair system based on a network of microwave radio relay routes supplemented by open-wire lines and a mobile-cellular system
domestic: microwave radio relay and open-wire lines for conventional system; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 50 telephones per 100 persons with mobile-cellular use predominating
international: country code - 228; satellite earth stations - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), 1 Symphonie (2010)

Broadcast media

2 state-owned TV stations with multiple transmission sites; 5 private TV stations broadcast locally; cable TV service is available; state-owned radio network with multiple stations; several dozen private radio stations and a few community radio stations; transmissions of multiple international broadcasters available (2007)

Internet country code


Internet hosts

1,168 (2012)

Internet users

356,300 (2009)



8 (2013)

Airports - with paved runways

total: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2 (2013)

Airports - with unpaved runways

total: 6
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 2 (2013)

Railways (km)

total: 568 km
narrow gauge: 568 km 1.000-m gauge (2008)

Roadways (km)

total: 11,652 km
paved: 2,447 km
unpaved: 9,205 km (2007)

Waterways (km)

50 km (seasonally navigable by small craft on the Mono River depending on rainfall) (2011)

Merchant marine

total: 61
by type: bulk carrier 6, cargo 38, carrier 3, chemical tanker 5, container 3, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 3, refrigerated cargo 1, roll on/roll off 1
foreign-owned: 21 (China 1, Lebanon 6, Romania 1, Syria 6, Turkey 4, UAE 1, US 1, Yemen 1) (2010)

Ports and terminals

major seaport(s): Kpeme, Lome


Military branches

Togolese Armed Forces (Forces Armees Togolaise, FAT): Togolese Army (l'Armee de Terre), Togolese Navy (Forces Naval Togolaises), Togolese Air Force (Force Aerienne Togolaise, TAF), National Gendarmerie (2013)

Military service age and obligation (years of age)

18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; 2-year service obligation (2012)

Manpower available for military service

males age 16-49: 1,577,572
females age 16-49: 1,589,715 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service

males age 16-49: 1,104,536
females age 16-49: 1,158,061 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually

male: 74,036
female: 73,515 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures (% of GDP)

NA% (2012)
1.6% of GDP (2011)
NA% (2010)

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international

in 2001, Benin claimed Togo moved boundary monuments - joint commission continues to resurvey the boundary; talks continue between Benin and Togo on funding the Adjrala hydroelectric dam on the Mona River

Refugees and internally displaced persons

refugees (country of origin): 17,746 (Ghana) (2013)
IDPs: undetermined (2012)

Illicit drugs

transit hub for Nigerian heroin and cocaine traffickers; money laundering not a significant problem

Largest cities of Togo

These are the 50 largest cities of Togo ordered based on their number of inhabitants.

# City Population
1 Kpalimé 110,541
2 Sokodé 108,373
3 Kara 94,044
4 Atakpamé 92,976
5 Bassar 55,901
6 Tsévié 55,302
7 Aného 47,174
8 Mango 34,791
9 Dapaong 31,315
10 Notsé 24,383
11 Tchamba 24,069
12 Badou 22,182
13 Niamtougou 21,534
14 Bafilo 20,870
15 Vogan 20,386
16 Sotouboua 19,742
17 Tabligbo 13,625
18 Amlamé 10,931
19 Kandé 10,615
20 Kpagouda 7,116