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Seychelles country facts

Republic of Seychelles Africa Victoria 91,650 inhabitants 455 sq km 201.43 inhabitants/sq km Seychelles rupees (SCR) population evolution



A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. Independence came in 1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and free elections in 1993. President France-Albert RENE, who had served since 1977, was re-elected in 2001, but stepped down in 2004. Vice President James Alix MICHEL took over the presidency and in July 2006 was elected to a new five-year term; he was reelected in May 2011.



archipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar

Geographic coordinates

4 35 S, 55 40 E

Area (sq km)

total: 455 sq km
land: 455 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative (sq km)

2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries (km)

0 km

Coastline (km)

491 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin


tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)


Mahe Group is granitic, narrow coastal strip, rocky, hilly; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs

Elevation extremes (m)

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Morne Seychellois 905 m

Natural resources

fish, copra, cinnamon trees

Land use (%)

arable land: 2.17%
permanent crops: 4.35%
other: 93.48% (2011)

Irrigated land (sq km)

2.6 sq km (2003)

Natural hazards

lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; occasional short droughts

Environment - current issues

water supply depends on catchments to collect rainwater

Environment - international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note

smallest African country; the constitution of the Republic of Seychelles lists 155 islands: 42 granitic and 113 coralline; by far the largest island is Mahe, which is home to about 90% of the population and the site of the capital city of Victoria

People and Society


noun: Seychellois (singular and plural)
adjective: Seychellois

Ethnic groups (%)

mixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab

Languages (%)

Seychellois Creole (official) 89.1%, English (official) 5.1%, French (official) 0.7%, other 3.8%, unspecified 1.4% (2010 est.)

Religions (%)

Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 10.6% (Anglican 6.1%, Pentecoastal Assembly 1.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.2%, other Protestant 1.6), other Christian 2.4%, Hindu 2.4%, Muslim 1.6%, other non-Christian 1.1%, unspecified 4.8%, none 0.9% (2010 est.)


91,650 (July 2014 est.)   evolution and prospects (1950-2100)

Age structure (%)

0-14 years: 20.9% (male 9,808/female 9,320)
15-24 years: 14.2% (male 6,827/female 6,190)
25-54 years: 49.4% (male 23,787/female 21,456)
55-64 years: 8.2% (male 3,915/female 3,632)
65 years and over: 7.3% (male 2,592/female 4,123) (2014 est.)

Age structure in Seychelles

Median age (years)

total: 33.9 years
male: 33.4 years
female: 34.5 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate (%)

0.87% (2014 est.)

Birth rate (births/1,000 population)

14.54 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Death rate (deaths/1,000 population)

6.9 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Net migration rate (migrant(s)/1,000 population)

1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Urbanization (%)

urban population: 53.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.05% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population

VICTORIA (capital) 27,000 (2011)

Sex ratio (male(s)/female)

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.61 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Infant mortality rate (deaths/1,000 live births)

total: 10.77 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.48 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.98 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth (years)

total population: 74.25 years
male: 69.66 years
female: 78.98 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate (children born/woman)

1.88 children born/woman (2014 est.)

Health expenditures (% of GDP)

3.8% of GDP (2011)

Physicians density (physicians/1,000 population)

1.51 physicians/1,000 population (2004)

Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)

3.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking water source (% of population)

improved: urban: 96.3% of population
rural: 96.3% of population
total: 96.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.7% of population
rural: 3.7% of population
total: 3.7% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access (% of population)

improved: urban: 97.1% of population
rural: 97.1% of population
total: 97.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.9% of population
rural: 2.9% of population
total: 2.9% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS


HIV/AIDS - deaths


Obesity - adult prevalence rate (%)

23.9% (2008)

Education expenditures (% of GDP)

3.6% of GDP (2011)

Literacy (%)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.8%
male: 91.4%
female: 92.3% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) (years)

total: 12 years
male: 11 years
female: 12 years (2011)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 (%)

total: 20.3% (2002)


Country name

conventional long form: Republic of Seychelles
conventional short form: Seychelles
local long form: Republic of Seychelles
local short form: Seychelles

Government type



name: Victoria
geographic coordinates: 4 37 S, 55 27 E
time difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions

25 administrative districts; Anse aux Pins, Anse Boileau, Anse Etoile, Anse Royale, Au Cap, Baie Lazare, Baie Sainte Anne, Beau Vallon, Bel Air, Bel Ombre, Cascade, Glacis, Grand Anse Mahe, Grand Anse Praslin, Inner Islands, La Riviere Anglaise, Les Mamalles, Mont Buxton, Mont Fleuri, Plaisance, Pointe Larue, Port Glaud, Roche Caiman, Saint Louis, Takamaka


29 June 1976 (from the UK)

National holiday

Constitution Day (National Day), 18 June (1993)


previous 1970, 1979; latest drafted May 1993, approved by referendum 18 June 1993, effective 23 June 1993; amended many times, last in 2011 (2011)

Legal system

mixed legal system of English common law, French civil law, and customary law

International law organization participation

has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction


18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: President James Alix MICHEL (since 14 April 2004); Vice President Danny FAURE (since 1 July 2010); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
head of government: President James Alix MICHEL (since 14 April 2004); Vice President Danny FAURE (since 1 July 2010)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for two more terms); election last held on 19-21 May 2011 (next to be held in 2016)
election results: President James MICHEL elected president; percent of vote - James MICHEL 55.5%, Wavel RAMKALAWAN 41.4%, Philippe BOULLE 1.7%, Ralph VOLCERE 1.5%; note - this was the second election in which President James MICHEL participated; he was originally sworn in as president after former president France Albert RENE stepped down in April 2004

Legislative branch

unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (34 seats; 25 members elected by popular vote, 9 allocated on a proportional basis to parties winning at least 10% of the vote; members to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 29 September - 1 October 2011 (next to be held in 2016); note - the National Assembly was dissolved in July 2011 resulting in early elections
election results: percent of vote by party - PL 88.6%, PDM 10.9%, independents 0.6%; seats by party - PL 31, PDM 1, vacant 2; note - the ruling SPPF changed its name to People's Party (Party Lepep) in June 2009; the SNP and NDP boycotted the 2011 elections

Judicial branch

highest court(s): Seychelles Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and 4 justices; Supreme Court of Seychelles (consists of the chief justice and 5 pusine judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 3 Supreme Court judges)
judge selection and term of office: all judges appointed by the president of the republic upon the recommendation of the Constitutional Appointments Committee, a 3-member body, with 1 member appointed by the president of the republic, 1 by the opposition leader in the National Assembly, and 1 by the other 2 appointees; judges appointed until retirement at age 70
subordinate courts: Magistrates' Courts of Seychelles; Family Tribunal for issues such as domestic violence, and child custody and maintenance

Political parties and leaders

Democratic Party or DP [Paul CHOW]
People's Party (Parti Lepep) or PL [James Alix MICHEL]
Popular Democratic Movement or PDM [David PIERRE]
Seychelles National Party or SNP [Wavel RAMKALAWAN] (formerly the United Opposition or UO)
Seychelles United Party or SUP [Ralph VOLCERE]

Political pressure groups and leaders

Roman Catholic Church
other: trade unions

International organization participation


Diplomatic representation in the US

chief of mission: Ambassador Marie-Louise Cecile POTTER (since 6 September 2012)
chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400C, New York, NY 10017
telephone: [1] (212) 972-1785
FAX: [1] (212) 972-1786

Diplomatic representation from the US

the US does not have an embassy in Seychelles; the US Ambassador to Mauritius is accredited to Seychelles

Flag description

five oblique bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, red, white, and green (bottom) radiating from the bottom of the hoist side; the oblique bands are meant to symbolize a dynamic new country moving into the future; blue represents sky and sea, yellow the sun giving light and life, red the peoples' determination to work for the future in unity and love, white social justice and harmony, green the land and natural environment

National anthem

name: "Koste Seselwa" (Seychellois Unite)
lyrics/music: David Francois Marc ANDRE and George Charles Robert PAYET
note: adopted 1996


Economy - overview

Since independence in 1976, per capita output in this Indian Ocean archipelago has expanded to roughly seven times the pre-independence, near-subsistence level, moving the island into the upper-middle-income group of countries. Growth has been led by the tourist sector, which employs about 30% of the labor force and provides more than 70% of hard currency earnings, and by tuna fishing. In recent years, the government has encouraged foreign investment to upgrade hotels and other services. At the same time, the government has moved to reduce the dependence on tourism by promoting the development of farming, fishing, and small-scale manufacturing. In 2008, having depleted its foreign exchange reserves, Seychelles defaulted on interest payments due on a $230 million Eurobond, requested assistance from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and immediately enacted a number of significant structural reforms, including liberalization of the exchange rate, reform of the public sector to include layoffs, and the selling of some state assets. In December 2013, the IMF declared that Seychelles had successfully transitioned to a market-based economy with full employment and a fiscal surplus.

GDP (purchasing power parity)

$2.404 billion (2013 est.)
$2.326 billion (2012 est.)
$2.261 billion (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate)

$1.271 billion (2013 est.)

GDP - real growth rate (%)

3.3% (2013 est.)
2.9% (2012 est.)
5% (2011 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$25,900 (2013 est.)
$25,300 (2012 est.)
$24,900 (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars

GDP - composition, by sector of origin (%)

agriculture: 2%
industry: 18.7%
services: 79.4% (2013 est.)

Labor force

39,560 (2006)

Labor force - by occupation (%)

agriculture: 3%
industry: 23%
services: 74% (2006)

Unemployment rate (%)

2% (2006 est.)

Population below poverty line (%)


Household income or consumption by percentage share (%)

lowest 10%: 4.7%
highest 10%: 15.4% (2007)


revenues: $516.7 million
expenditures: $491.7 million (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP)

40.7% of GDP (2013 est.)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) (% of GDP)

2% of GDP (2013 est.)

Public debt (% of GDP)

51.8% of GDP (2013 est.)
68.4% of GDP (2012 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)

4.3% (2013 est.)
7.1% (2012 est.)

Central bank discount rate (%)

11.17% (31 December 2010 est.)

Commercial bank prime lending rate (%)

12.4% (31 December 2013 est.)
12.19% (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of narrow money

$380.7 million (31 December 2013 est.)
$301.5 million (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of broad money

$584.4 million (31 December 2013 est.)
$383.1 million (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of domestic credit

$617.6 million (31 December 2013 est.)
$408.1 million (31 December 2012 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares


Agriculture - products

coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava (manioc, tapioca), copra, bananas; poultry; tuna


fishing, tourism, processing of coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut fiber) rope, boat building, printing, furniture; beverages

Industrial production growth rate (%)

3.7% (2013 est.)

Current account balance

-$140 million (2013 est.)
-$208.9 million (2012 est.)


$516.7 million (2013 est.)
$493.3 million (2012 est.)

Exports - commodities (%)

canned tuna, frozen fish, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (reexports)

Exports - partners (%)

France 27.7%, UK 17.6%, Japan 15.2%, Italy 10.6% (2012)


$846.4 million (2013 est.)
$889.6 million (2012 est.)

Imports - commodities (%)

machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals, other manufactured goods

Imports - partners (%)

Saudi Arabia 24%, Spain 12.1%, France 5.9% (2012)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$362.4 million (31 December 2013 est.)
$318.7 million (31 December 2012 est.)

External debt ($)

$1.719 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$1.733 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Exchange rates

Currency converter
Seychelles rupees (SCR) per US dollar -
12 (2013 est.)
13.704 (2012 est.)
12.068 (2010 est.)
13.61 (2009)
8 (2008)

Fiscal year

calendar year


Electricity - production (kWh)

283 million kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - consumption (kWh)

263.2 million kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - exports (kWh)

0 kWh (2012 est.)

Electricity - imports (kWh)

0 kWh (2012 est.)

Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)

89,000 kW (2010 est.)

Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)

100% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Crude oil - production (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2012 est.)

Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)

0 bbl (1 January 2010 est.)

Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)

7,793 bbl/day (2011 est.)

Refined petroleum products - exports (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Refined petroleum products - imports (bbl/day)

6,316 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Natural gas - production (cu m)

0 cu m (2011 est.)

Natural gas - consumption (cu m)

0 cu m (2010 est.)

Natural gas - exports (cu m)

0 cu m (2011 est.)

Natural gas - imports (cu m)

0 cu m (2011 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves (cu m)

0 cu m (1 January 2013 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)

1.088 million Mt (2011 est.)


Telephones - main lines in use

28,900 (2012)

Telephones - mobile cellular

138,300 (2012)

Telephone system

general assessment: effective system
domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 170 telephones per 100 persons; radiotelephone communications between islands in the archipelago
international: country code - 248; direct radiotelephone communications with adjacent island countries and African coastal countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) (2011)

Broadcast media

the government operates the only terrestrial TV station, which provides local programming and airs broadcasts from international services; multi-channel cable and satellite TV are available; the government operates 1 AM and 1 FM radio station; transmissions of 2 international broadcasters are accessible in Victoria (2007)

Internet country code


Internet hosts

247 (2012)

Internet users

32,000 (2008)



14 (2013)

Airports - with paved runways

total: 7
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 1 (2013)

Airports - with unpaved runways

total: 7
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 5 (2013)


1 (2013)

Roadways (km)

total: 508 km
paved: 490 km
unpaved: 18 km (2010)

Merchant marine

total: 9
by type: cargo 1, carrier 1, chemical tanker 6, petroleum tanker 1
foreign-owned: 3 (Hong Kong 1, Nigeria 1, South Africa 1) (2010)

Ports and terminals

major seaport(s): Victoria


Military branches

Seychelles Defense Force: Army, Coast Guard (includes Naval Wing, Air Wing), National Guard (2005)

Military service age and obligation (years of age)

18 years of age for voluntary military service (younger with parental consent); no conscription (2012)

Manpower available for military service

males age 16-49: 26,257
females age 16-49: 23,996 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service

males age 16-49: 20,231
females age 16-49: 19,891 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually

male: 686
female: 650 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures (% of GDP)

0.89% of GDP (2012)
0.82% of GDP (2011)
0.89% of GDP (2010)

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international

Mauritius and Seychelles claim the Chagos Islands (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory)

Trafficking in persons

current situation: Seychelles is a source and destination country for Seychellois children and foreign women subjected to sex trafficking; Seychellois girls and, to a lesser extent, boys are forced into prostitution in nightclubs, bars, guest houses, hotels, brothels, private homes, and on the streets by peers, family members, and pimps; foreign tourists, sailors, and migrant workers contribute to the demand for commercial sex acts in Seychelles; some of the large population of foreign migrant workers reportedly experience the underpayment of wages and substandard housing
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Seychelles does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so; the government has failed to report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of trafficking offenses; the government also has not identified or provided protective services to any trafficking victims and punished victims for crimes committed as a result of being trafficked, although it has acknowledged the need for specialized training of officials in recognizing, investigating, and prosecuting trafficking offenses, it did not provide any such training during the reporting period (2013)

Largest cities of Seychelles

These are the 50 largest cities of Seychelles ordered based on their number of inhabitants.

# City Population
1 Victoria 26,361