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Rwanda

Republic of Rwanda Africa Kigali 12,337,138 inhabitants 26,338 sq km 468.42 inhabitants/sq km Rwandan francs (RWF) population evolution

Famous people from Rwanda

Here is a list of famous people from Rwanda. Curious if anybody from Rwanda made it our most famous people in the world list? Read the aformentioned article in order to find out.

Paul Kagame

Politician

Paul Kagame is the sixth and current President of Rwanda, having taken office in 2000 when his predecessor, Pasteur Bizimungu, resigned. Kagame previously commanded the rebel force that ended the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, and was considered Rwanda's de facto leader when he served as Vice President and Minister of Defence from 1994 to 2000. Kagame was born to a Tutsi family in southern Rwanda. When he was two years old, the Rwandan Revolution ended centuries of Tutsi political dominance; his family fled to Uganda, where he spent the rest of his childhood. In the 1980s, Kagame fought in Yoweri Museveni's rebel army, becoming a senior Ugandan army officer after Museveni's military victories carried him to the Ugandan presidency. Kagame joined the Rwandan Patriotic Front, which invaded Rwanda in 1990; leader Fred Rwigyema died early in the war and Kagame took control. By 1993, the RPF controlled significant territory in Rwanda and a ceasefire was negotiated. The assassination of Rwandan President Habyarimana was the starting point of the genocide, in which Hutu extremists killed an estimated 500,000 to 1 million Tutsi and moderate Hutu. Kagame resumed the civil war, and ended the genocide with a military victory.

Paul Rusesabagina

Award Winner

Paul Rusesabagina is a Rwandan hotel manager and humanitarian known for hiding and protecting 1,268 Hutu and Tutsi refugees during the Rwandan Genocide. None of those refugees were hurt or killed during the attacks. He was the assistant manager of the Sabena-owned Hôtel des Mille Collines before he became the manager of the Hôtel des Diplomates, both in Rwanda's capital of Kigali. During the genocide he used his influence and connections as temporary manager of the Hôtel des Mille Collines to shelter Tutsis from being slaughtered by the interahamwe militia. Rusesabagina's efforts were the basis of the Academy Award-nominated film Hotel Rwanda. He currently lives in Brussels, Belgium with his wife, four children, and two adopted nieces.

Juvénal Habyarimana

Politician

Juvénal Habyarimana was the second President of the Republic of Rwanda, the post he held longer than any other president to date, from 1973 until 1994. During his 20-year rule he favored his own ethnic group, the Hutus, and supported the Hutu majority in neighboring Burundi against the Tutsi government. He was nicknamed "Kinani", a Kinyarwanda word meaning "invincible". Habyarimana was a dictatorial leader, and electoral fraud was suspected for his unopposed re-elections: 98.99% of the vote on 24 December 1978, 99.97% of the vote on 19 December 1983, and 99.98% of the vote on 19 December 1988. During his rule, Rwanda became a totalitarian order in which his MRND-party enforcers required people to chant and dance in adulation of the President at mass pageants of political "animation". While the country as a whole had grown a bit less poor during Habyarimana's tenure, the great majority of Rwandans remained in circumstances of extreme poverty. On April 6, 1994, he was killed when his airplane, also carrying the President of Burundi, Cyprien Ntaryamira, was shot down close to Kigali International Airport. His assassination ignited ethnic tensions in the region and helped spark the Rwandan Genocide.

Sonia Rolland

Actor

Sonia Rolland is a French actress and former Miss France she has also competed at Miss Universe. She is the first African-born Miss France pageant winner. Born in Kigali, Rwanda to a Tutsi mother and a French father, the family fled the civil unrest in Rwanda in 1990 to the neighbouring country of Burundi. With the growing unrest that led to the Burundi Civil War, they emigrated to France in 1994. In October 1999, Sonia Rolland won the "Miss Burgundy" beauty contest that allowed her to compete for the Miss France 2000 title, which she won. At the Miss Universe 2000 pageant, which took place in Cyprus, Rolland was a top 10 semi-finalist, placing 9th overall.

Bosco Ntaganda

Rebel

Bosco Ntaganda is the military chief of staff of the National Congress for the Defense of the People, an armed militia group operating in the North Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. He is a former member of the Rwandan Patriotic Army and allegedly a former Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Patriotic Forces for the Liberation of Congo. Until March of 2013, he was wanted by the International Criminal Court for the war crimes of enlisting and conscripting children under the age of fifteen and using them to participate actively in hostilities. Prior to his surrender he had been allegedly involved in the rebel group March 23 Movement. On 18 March 2013 he voluntarily handed himself into the U.S. Embassy in Rwanda asking to be transferred to the International Criminal Court. On 22 March, he was taken into custody by the International Criminal Court. He is also known as "the Terminator" and his surname is sometimes given as Tanganda, Ntanganda, Ntangana, Ntagenda, Baganda or Taganda.

Pasteur Bizimungu

Politician

Pasteur Bizimungu was the fifth President of Rwanda, holding office from 19 July 1994 until 23 March 2000.

Agathe Uwilingiyimana

Politician

Agathe Uwilingiyimana was a Rwandan political figure. She served as Prime Minister of Rwanda from 18 July 1993 until her death on 7 April 1994. Her term was ended when she was assassinated during the opening stages of the Rwandan Genocide. She was Rwanda's first and so far only female prime minister.

Faustin Twagiramungu

Politician

Faustin Twagiramungu is an ethnic Hutu politician in Rwanda. He was prime minister from 1994 until his resignation in 1995, the first head of government appointed after the Rwandese Patriotic Front captured Kigali. He then exiled himself to Belgium for nearly a decade. Twagiramungu stood as an independent candidate in the Rwandan presidential election of 2003. Running on a platform of full employment, regional security, and progressive taxation, he accused the government of attempting to silence his views. In the final count, he placed second with 3.62 percent of the vote. He initially did not accept the result, claiming that the incumbent Paul Kagame was leading the country towards a one-party system. He attended university in Quebec, Canada, during the 1960s, during which time he met René Lévesque.

Augustin Bizimungu

Military Commander

Augustin Bizimungu is a former general in the Rwandan Armed Forces. In 1994, he briefly served as chief of staff of the army. During this time, he trained the soldiers and militiamen who carried out the Rwandan Genocide.

Grégoire Kayibanda

Politician

Grégoire Kayibanda was the first elected and second President of Rwanda. He led Rwanda's struggle for independence from Belgium, and replaced the Tutsi monarchy with a republican form of government. He asserted Hutu majority power.

Olivier Karekezi

Footballer

Olivier Karekezi is a Rwandan footballer, currently playing for CA Bizertin and is also the former captain of the Rwanda national team.

Bernard Makuza

Politician

Bernard Makuza is a Rwandan politician who was Prime Minister of Rwanda from 8 March 2000 to 6 October 2011. An ethnic Hutu, Makuza was a member of the Democratic Republican Movement before allegations were made that the party promoted genocide. He resigned membership before being appointed Prime Minister and now belongs to no party. Makuza was the Rwandan Ambassador to Burundi and then Ambassador to Germany before being appointed as Prime Minister. His appointment to the latter post by President Pasteur Bizimungu in March 2000 followed the resignation of Prime Minister Pierre-Célestin Rwigema, who had been heavily criticized in the Rwandan press and by some parliamentarians. He remained at the head of a new government named on March 8, 2008, which was composed of 21 ministers and six secretaries of state. On 6 October 2011, President Kagame appointed Pierre Habumuremyi to replace Makuza as Prime Minister. Makuza was instead appointed to the Senate.

Félicien Kabuga

Businessperson

Félicien Kabuga is a Rwandan businessman, accused of bankrolling and participating in the Rwandan Genocide.

Fred Rwigyema

Rebel

Fred Gisa Rwigyema was a founding member of and leader of the Rwandan Patriotic Front, a political and military force formed by Rwandan Tutsi exiles descendants of those forced to leave the country after the 1959 "Hutu" Revolution. Rwigema was born in Gitarama, in the south of Rwanda. Considered a Tutsi, in 1960 he and his family fled to Uganda and settled in a refugee camp in Nshungerezi, Ankole following the Hutu Revolution of 1959 and the ouster of King Kigeri V. After finishing high school in 1976, he went to Tanzania and joined the Front for National Salvation, a rebel group headed by Yoweri Museveni, the brother of his friend Salim Saleh. It was at this point that he began calling himself Fred Rwigema. Later that year, he travelled to Mozambique and joined the FRELIMO rebels who were fighting for the liberation of Mozambique from Portugal's colonial power. In 1979, he joined the Uganda National Liberation Army, which together with Tanzanian armed forces captured Kampala in April 1979 and sent Idi Amin to exile. He later joined Museveni's National Resistance Army, which fought a guerrilla war against the government of Milton Obote.

Dieudonné Disi

Olympic athlete

Dieudonné Disi is a Rwandan long-distance and cross country runner. In 2009 he competed in the marathon at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics, but pulled out at the 28 km mark due to an injury. He rebounded after this with a series of victories in October, winning the 10,000 metres race at the Jeux de la Francophonie, the 20 Kilometres de Paris two weeks later, then equalling the course record at the Reims Half Marathon.

Jean Kambanda

Politician

Jean Kambanda was the Prime Minister in the caretaker government of Rwanda from the start of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. He is the only head of government to plead guilty to genocide, in the first group of such convictions since the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide came into effect in 1951. Kambanda holds a degree in commercial engineering and began his career as a low-level United Popular BPR banker, rising as a technocrat to become the chair of the bank. At the time of the April 1994 crisis he was vice president of the Butare section of the opposition Democratic Republican Movement. He was sworn in as prime minister on April 9, 1994 after the President, Juvénal Habyarimana, and former Prime Minister, Agathe Uwilingiyimana, were assassinated. The opposition MDR had been promised the prime ministerial post in the transitional government established by the Arusha accords, but Kambanda leapfrogged several levels in the party's hierarchy to take the job from the initial choice, Faustin Twagiramungu. He remained in the post for the hundred days of the genocide until July 19, 1994. After leaving office he fled the country.

Donald Kaberuka

Politician

Donald Kaberuka is a Rwandan economist and the current president of the African Development Bank. Kaberuka was born in Byumba, Rwanda. He was educated at universities in Tanzania and the United Kingdom and received a PhD degree in economics from the University of Glasgow. He worked in banking and international trade for over a decade. In October 1997 he was appointed minister of finance and economic planning in Rwanda. Kaberuka served in that position for eight years, and is credited with helping to stabilize the Rwandan economy from the effects of the 1994 genocide. In July 2005, Kaberuka was elected president of the African Development Bank. He took office in September 2005. Kaberuka leads an institution whose financial standing has been restored from the near collapse of 1995, but whose operational credibility remains a work-in-progress. A working group convened by the Center for Global Development, an independent Washington think tank, released a report in September 2006 that offered six recommendations for Kaberuka and the Bank’s board of directors on broad principles to guide the Bank’s renewal. The report contains six recommendations for management and shareholders as they address the urgent task of reforming Africa’s development bank. Prominent among the recommendations is a strong focus on infrastructure.

Pauline Nyiramasuhuko

Politician

Pauline Nyiramasuhuko is a Rwandan politician who was the Minister for Family Welfare and the Advancement of Women. She was accused of having incited troops and militia to rape thousands of women during the Rwandan Genocide of 1994. She was tried for genocide and incitement to rape as part of the "Butare Group" at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in Arusha, Tanzania. In June 2011, she was convicted of seven charges and sentenced to life imprisonment. Nyiramasuhuko is the first woman to be convicted of genocide by the ICTR, and the first person to be convicted of genocidal rape.

Agnes Binagwaho

Author

Agnes Binagwaho, MD, M, is a Rwandan pediatrician and is the Minister of Health of Rwanda. From October 2008 to May 2011, she was the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Health of Rwanda. Dr. Binagwaho returned to Rwanda in July 1996 and currently resides in Kigali.

Ilias Zouros

Man

Ilias Zouros is a Greek professional basketball coach. He has been a head coach in the Euroleague, and also of the senior men's Greek national basketball team. He is currently the head coach of Žalgiris Kaunas.

Pierre Habumuremyi

Politician

Pierre Damien Habumuremyi is a Rwandan politician who serves as the Prime Minister of Rwanda since 7 October 2011. He previously served as Minister of Education from May 2011 to October 2011.

Adrien Niyonshuti

Olympic Mountain biker

Adrien Niyonshuti is a professional bicycle racer for South African UCI Continental team MTN Qhubeka. Although he survived, six of Niyonshuti's brothers were killed in the Rwandan Genocide of 1994. Niyonshuti began riding a bicycle given to him by his uncle as a teenager, when he came to the attention of former professional cyclist Jonathan Boyer in 2006 during the first Wooden Bike Classic. After riding for the Rwanda national cycling team, Niyonshuti secured a professional contract with Team MTN Energade, beginning in the 2009 professional season.

Louise Mushikiwabo

Politician

Louise Mushikiwabo is the current Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of the Republic of Rwanda. She also serves as Government Spokesperson. She was previously Minister of Information. Her brother, Lando Ndasingwa, was the only Tutsi minister in the last Habyarimana government, but was killed at the beginning of the 1994 genocide.

Alfred Mugabo

Soccer Midfielder

Alfred Martin Mugabo is an Rwandan professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Arsenal F.C. in the Premier League.

Simon Bikindi

Musician

Simon Bikindi is a Rwandan singer-songwriter who was formerly very popular in Rwanda. His patriotic songs were playlist staples on the national radio station Radio Rwanda during the war from October 1990 to July 1994 before the Rwandan Patriotic Front took power. He was tried and convicted for incitement to genocide by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in 2008.

Rose Kabuye

Politician

Rose Kabuye is a retired Lieutenant Colonel in the Rwandan Army and remains the highest ranking woman ever to serve in her country's armed forces. She is currently working in the private sector as Chief Executive Officer of Virunga Logistics and Startech Limited but is best known for her work as a freedom fighter in the liberation of Rwanda from 1990 through 1993. She subsequently became Mayor of Kigali City, Rwandan Chief of State Protocol, and a member of the Rwandan parliament. Because of her participation in the liberation struggle, she was awarded The Rwandan National Liberation Medal and the Campaign Against Genocide Medal. She was serving as the chief of protocol of Rwandan President Paul Kagame in November 2008 when she was arrested in Frankfurt, Germany on charges that were lifted in March 2009.

Emmanuel Karenzi Karake

Man

Emmanuel Karenzi Karake is a Rwandan Lieutenant-General who is the Director General of the National Intelligence and Security Services.

Augustin Banyaga

Mathematician

Augustin Banyaga is a Rwandan-born American mathematician whose research fields include symplectic topology and contact geometry. He is currently a Professor of Mathematics at Pennsylvania State University.

Callixte Mbarushimana

Man

Callixte Mbarushimana is a Hutu Rwandan and former United Nations employee who is alleged to have participated in the Rwandan Genocide of 1994. On 28 September 2010, Mbarushimana was indicted by the International Criminal Court in The Hague for crimes against humanity and war crimes allegedly committed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2009. He was arrested in France in October 2010 and extradited to the ICC on 25 January 2011. However, he was released on 23 December 2011 as the ICC found there was insufficient evidence for prosecuting him.

Hamad Ndikumana

Soccer

Hamad Ndikumana also known as Kataut by the Rwandan fans, is a Rwandan football defender who recently relesead from APOP Kinyras Peyias FC in Cyprus. His main attribute is his excellent tackling.

Richard Sezibera

Politician

Richard Sezibera is a Rwandan physician, politician, diplomat and civil servant. He is the current Secretary General of the East African Community. He was appointed to that position by the East African Community Heads of State on 19 April 2011 for a five-year term.

Dominique Mbonyumutwa

Politician

Dominique Mbonyumutwa was a Rwandan politician who served as the first and President of Rwanda, from January 28 to October 26, 1961, immediately following the abolition of the Rwandan monarchy. He took over the country after King Kigeri V of Rwanda was overthrown following the 1961 referendum abolishing monarchy. Mbonyumutwa was of Hutu ethnicity. He was chosen by the party of the majority to be the first president after the Monarchy. Dominique Mbonyumutwa was respected by the population before and after he became president. On November 1st 1959, when he was still a "sous-chef", he got attacked and slapped by a group of uncontrolled Tutsi youth at Byimana in the Southern Province. Due to his high popularity back then, the population started the Rwandese revolution which finally led to the abolition of the Monarchy two years later. Dominique Mbonyumutwa was replaced by Grégoire Kayibanda at the end of his interim period according to the party agreement. He died in July 1986 and was buried in Gitarama Stadium, where the republic was proclaimed, as a recognition to the country. In 2010, his remains were exhumed and reburied in a public cemetery due to the plans to develop the stadium.

Jimmy Mulisa

Soccer Forward

Jimmy Mulisa is a footballer from Rwanda who plays as a striker . His current club is FC Vostok in the Kazakhstan Premier League.

Ange Kagame

Woman

Ange Kagame is the second child and only daughter of President Paul Kagame of Rwanda. Ange’s father is the sixth and current President of the Republic of Rwanda and the leader of Rwanda’s majority party the Rwandan Patriotic Front. Her mother Jeannette Nyiramongi is the first lady of the Republic of Rwanda.

Ignace Murwanashyaka

Military Person

Dr. Ignace Murwanashyaka is the current leader of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, a Rwandan Hutu rebel group operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The FDLR are responsible for large scale human rights violations and crimes against humanity, including rape on a massive scale. Murwanashyaka was born in Butare and has studied in West Germany. In November 2005 he was blacklisted by the United Nations for violating an arms embargo aimed at promoting peace in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and subjected to a travel bans and assets freeze. He was arrested on 7 April 2006 in Mannheim, Germany for immigration violations and released shortly after. On 26 May 2006 preliminary investigation were opened against him for "Initial suspicion of involvement in crimes against humanity in the Democratic Republic of Congo", but the prosecution has since been abandoned. Rwanda indicated it would seek his extradition for alleged crimes committed during the Rwandan Genocide and has issued an arrest warrant. He was arrested again on 17 November 2009 by the German authorities. The trial for him and his alleged aide Straton Musoni began on May 4, 2011 before the Oberlandesgericht in Stuttgart. They are accused of several counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity according to the German Völkerstrafgesetzbuch. Their trial is the first to be held in Germany for crimes against this law.

Elizaphan Ntakirutimana

Pastor

Elizaphan Ntakirutimana was a pastor of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Rwanda and was the first clergyman to be convicted for a role in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. In February 2003, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda found both Ntakirutimana and his son Dr. Gérard, a physician who had completed graduate work in the US prior to returning to Rwanda, guilty of genocide committed in Rwanda in 1994. The Tribunal found it proven beyond reasonable doubt that Ntakirutimana, himself belonging to the Hutu ethnicity, had transported armed attackers to the Mugonero complex, where they killed hundreds of Tutsi refugees. He was convicted on the basis of eyewitness accounts. A number of the convictions were overturned on appeal but the sentence was unchanged. Ntakirutimana was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment. He was released on December 6, 2006 after serving 10 years under arrest or in prison, and died the following month. A letter addressed to Ntakirutimana by Tutsi Seventh-day Adventist pastors, which he showed to author Philip Gourevitch, provided the title for Gourevitch's 1998 book We Wish to Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed With Our Families. The book accuses Ntakirutimana of complicity in the deaths of the refugees.

Protais Zigiranyirazo

Politician

Protais Zigiranyirazo commonly known as Monsieur Zed, is a Rwandan businessman and politician. He is the former governor of Ruhengeri prefecture in northwestern Rwanda. He has also been accused of collaborating in the 1994 Rwandan genocide and the 1985 murder of Dian Fossey. Between 1974 and 1989 Zigiranyirazo served as governor of Ruhengeri. An ethnic Hutu, he was well-connected to the Hutu establishment of politicians, businessmen and military officers which then controlled Rwanda: he is the brother of Agathe Kanziga, wife of the late Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana, whose assassination on 6 April 1994 precipitated the events leading to the genocide. In 1989 he resigned his position as prefect to study at the Université du Québec à Montréal in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. He was expelled from UQAM and from Canada in 1993 after being convicted of uttering death threats against two Tutsi refugees in Montreal, who "accused him of participating in the planning of ethnic massacres."

Théodore Sindikubwabo

Politician

Théodore Sindikubwabo was the fourth and interim President of Rwanda during the Rwandan genocide, from April 9 to July 19, 1994. Prior to that he was President of the National Development Council 1988–1994. Born in the town of Butare in the south of Rwanda, Sindikubwabo was educated as a physician, and was Minister of Health in the administration of President Kayibanda. Following the takeover by Juvénal Habyarimana, Sindikubwabo became a practising pediatrician in Kigali Central Hospital. He later returned to politics as a deputy in parliament. Immediately following Habyarimana's assassination on April 6, 1994, Sindikubwabo was installed as interim President by the Crisis Committee controlled by Colonel Théoneste Bagosora, and was the head of government during the genocide. Many scholars and the British MI6 report that Sindikubwabo and Hutu hardliners organized Habyarimana's assassination due to concerns over the Arusha Accords with the aid of French intelligence. Sindikubwabo is widely believed to have been a puppet of the group of military officers who held the real power. On 19 April 1994, he made a now infamous speech at the ceremony appointing a new Préfet of Butare that was broadcast on national radio, in which he insulted those who were not "working", a euphemism for killing Tutsis, and told them to "get out of the way and let us work". On 29 April, he returned to Butare and told the populace that he was there to supervise the killing of Tutsi. On an 18 May visit to Kibuye Prefecture, he congratulated the people on how well they had done their "work".

Hassan Ngeze

Man

Hassan Ngeze is a Rwandan journalist best known for spreading anti-Tutsi propaganda and Hutu superiority through his newspaper, Kangura, which he founded in 1990. Ngeze was a founding member and leadership figure in the Coalition for the Defence of the Republic, a Rwandan Hutu fascist political party that is known for helping to incite the genocide. Ngeze is best known for publishing the "Hutu Ten Commandments" in the December edition of Kangura in 1990, which were essential in creating and spreading the anti-Tutsi feeling among Rwandan Hutus that led to the Rwandan Genocide.

Désiré Mbonabucya

Football player

Désiré Mbonabucya is a Rwandan association football forward, who plays for US Albert Schaerbeek and works as youth Head Coach.

Protais Mpiranya

Military Person

Protais Mpiranya is a Rwandan soldier, who is alleged to have participated in the Rwandan Genocide.

Abdul Ruzibiza

Man

Abdul Joshua Ruzibiza was a former member of the Rwandan Patriotic Front who at one time claimed to be part of a group that carried out the assassination of President of Rwanda Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira in April 1994, an event that marked the beginning of the Rwandan Genocide. Ruzibiza later retracted many of his statements.

Meddie Kagere

Footballer

Meddie Kagere is a Rwandan footballer who plays for Police Kibungo.

Elias Uzamukunda

Soccer Forward

Elias Uzamukunda is a Rwandan football player who currently plays for French club Cannes in the Championnat de France amateur. In his home country of Rwanda, he is known as Baby.

Jean-Claude Iranzi

Soccer Midfielder

Jean-Claude Iranzi is a Rwandan footballer, who is currently playing for APR FC in the RPL.

Jean-Baptiste Gatete

Politician

Jean-Baptiste Gatete is a Rwandan politician, accused of complicity in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. Gatete was born in the commune of Murambi in the prefecture of Byumba, Rwanda. He was educated as an agricultural engineer, and served as mayor of Murambi from 1987 to 1993. An ethnic Hutu, he was a prominent member of the dominant MRND party. In 1993 he ceased his mayoral duties, but retained influence over the area. He is accused of planning and directly participating in genocide between 6 April and 30 April 1994, particularly in the parish of Kiziguro. He resided in a United Nations High Commissioner for Refugee camp in Loukolela, northern Republic of Congo from 1997 to at least 1999, where he lived under the alias "Jean Nsengiyumva", and where he raised an apparently adopted boy. Gatete was arrested on 11 September 2002 in the Republic of Congo. Two days later, he was transferred to the headquarters of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in Arusha, Tanzania. Among the charges are genocide and crimes against humanity. On March 29, 2011, Gatete was sentenced to life in prison by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

Vincent Nsengiyumva

Man

Vincent Nsengiyumva was a Rwandan prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Kigali from 1976 until his death. Born in Rwaza, he was ordained to the priesthood on June 18, 1966. On December 17, 1973, Nsengiyumva was appointed Bishop of Nyundo by Pope Paul VI, replacing Aloys Bigirumwami, who had resigned. He received his episcopal consecration on June 2, 1974 from Cardinal Laurean Rugambwa, with Bishop Aloysius Bigirumwami and Archbishop André Perraudin, MAfr, serving as co-consecrators. He was later named the first Archbishop of Kigali on April 10, 1976. Within the Rwandan government, Nsengiyumva served as chairman of the ruling party's central committee for fourteen years until the Vatican intervened in 1990. He was also a friend of Juvenal Habyarimana, whose portrait pin he wore while saying Mass, and the personal confessor of his wife, Agathe. Himself a Hutu, the Archbishop blamed Tutsi rebels for provoking the Rwandan Genocide, which he once attempted to justify as a means of ensuring democratic majority rule. He also provided the names of Tutsi clergy to the Interahamwe. At age 58, he was murdered near the Kabgayi church center with two bishops and thirteen priests by Tutsi rebels who were said to have believed the prelates were involved with the killing of their families.

Idelphonse Nizeyimana

Military Person

Idelphonse Nizeyimana is a Rwandan soldier, who is alleged to have participated in the Rwandan Genocide. An ethnic Hutu, Nizeyimana was born in Gisenyi prefecture in 1963, in the same commune as President Juvénal Habyarimana. In 1994, he held the rank of captain in the Rwandan Armed Forces, and was the second-in-command, after Tharcisse Muvunyi, of the École des sous-officiers. He was convicted of ordering the execution of Queen Dowager Rosalie Gicanda at the beginning of the killings in Butare. On November 27, 2000, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda issued an indictment against Nizeyimana, charging him with "genocide, or in the alternative complicity in genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide, and crimes against humanity." Specifically, the indictment alleged that during the genocide, Nizeyimana had "instigated, encouraged, facilitated, or acquiesced to [...], the Interahamwe committing killings, kidnappings and the destruction of property." He was described as "one of [the] highest targets" of the ICTR. According to the African Rights organisation he is a key member of the genocidical anti-Tutsi FDLR militia. On October 6, 2009, Nizeyimana was arrested in the Ugandan capital Kampala, apparently traveling from the Democratic Republic of the Congo to Kenya on false documents. The United States government had previously offered a reward of up to US$5 million for information leading to his arrest or conviction. On June 19, 2012, the ICTR convicted Nizeyimana of ordering the killing of Queen Gicanda, as well as other murders, and sentenced him to life imprisonment.

Benjamin Sehene

Author

Benjamin Sehene is a Rwandan author whose work primarily focuses on questions of identity and the events surrounding the Rwandan genocide. He has spent much of life in Canada and lives in France. Sehene was born in Kigali to a Tutsi family. His family fled Rwanda in 1963 for Uganda, and he studied in Paris at the Sorbonne in the early 1980s, before emigrating to Canada in 1984. He currently lives in Paris. He is a member of International PEN. In the aftermath of the 1994 genocide, Sehene returned to Rwanda, hoping to better understand what had happened. He subsequently wrote Le Piège ethnique, a study of ethnic polemics, and Le Feu sous la soutane, an historical novel focusing on the true story of a Hutu Catholic priest, Father Stanislas, who offered protection to Tutsi refugees in his church before sexually exploiting the women and participating in massacres.Sehene also contributes articles to the online newspaper rue89

Kivu Ruhorahoza

Film Director

Kivu Ruhorahoza is a Rwandese film director, writer and producer. He is internationally known for his feature film Grey Matter which won the Jury Special Mention for Best Emerging Filmmaker at the 2011 Tribeca Film Festival and the Ecumenical Jury special mention at the 2011 Warsaw Film Festival. Born in Kigali in 1982, Kivu entered the film career working as a production assistant for a year for a Rwandan producer, after he was promoted to production manager, where he used to assist a lot of crews coming in Rwanda for news from the BBC or CNN, but his passion was film. Kivu Ruhorahoza arrived on the international film platform in 2007 with his first short film Confession which won the City of Venice Award at the Milan African, Asian and Latin American Film Festival and was screened at the Venice Film Festival. His second short film Lost in the South won Best African Short Film at the Vues D'Afrique Festival in Montreal and was screened at the Rotterdam International Film Festival. In 2011 Kivu Ruhorahoza lifted his career after releasing his first feature film "Grey matter", a film about trauma and madness in the aftermath of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. The film was produced in Rwanda in unstable financial situations, but it had a great success and went on to play at international prestigious film festivals including Tribeca, Melbourne, Warsaw, Rotterdam, Dubai, Durban, Göteborg and Rio.

Haruna Niyonzima

Footballer

Haruna Niyonzima is a Rwandan footballer.

Henri Munyaneza

Soccer Forward

Henri Munyaneza is a football player from Rwanda. He plays for the Rwanda national football team. Currently he plays for Sint-Niklaas.

Tharcisse Renzaho

Politician

Tharcisse Renzaho is a Rwandan soldier and former politician. He is best known for his alleged role in the Rwandan Genocide. Renzaho was born in the Gaseta sector of the Kigarama commune, in the Rwandan prefecture of Kibungo. He was educated as a military engineer in various academies in Germany, France and Belgium. After returning to Rwandan he rose to the rank of colonel in the Rwandan Armed Forces. In 1990, he entered politics. An ethnic Hutu, he was a part of Juvénal Habyarimana's dominant MRND party. He became governor of the prefecture of Kigali, and president of the Civil Defence Committee for Kigali. According to the prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Renzaho is alleged to have contributed to the genocide in numerous ways between 7 April and July 1994, including exercising his authority to set up roadblocks for the interception and murder of Tutsis, dismissing councillors who objected to the genocide, personally ordering the detainment and murder of Tutsis, equipping genocidaires with Kalashnikov rifles, and ordering the murder of the journalist André Kameya. Following the collapse of the interim government and the victory of the RPF, Renzaho fled to Zaire.

Robert Kajuga

Olympic athlete

Robert Kajuga is a Rwandan athlete. He competed in the 10,000 metres at the 2012 Summer Olympics.

Augustin Bizimana

Military Commander

Augustin Bizimana is a Rwandan politician. He is chiefly known for his alleged role in the Rwandan Genocide. Born in Gituza commune, Byumba Province, Rwanda, of Hutu ethnicity, Bizimana held the position of Minister of Defence in the government of Juvénal Habyarimana formed on 18 July 1993. After Habyarimana's assassination, Bizimana became the Minister of Defence in the interim government until mid-July 1994. Among his powers were control over the possession of weapons by the civilian population, and control over the Rwandan Armed Forces, the government's army. Unlike other members of the former regime, Bizimana has not yet been detained, though a warrant against him has been issued by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.

Jean-Paul Samputu

Singer

Jean-Paul Samputu is a singer, songwriter, and musician from Rwanda. Jean Paul Samputu has established himself as one of the most prominent African artists on the world stage. A winner of the prestigious Kora Award in 2003, Samputu travels the world as a cultural ambassador for Rwanda, bringing to his audiences not only traditional African singing, dancing, and drumming, but also a message of peace and reconciliation. A survivor of the genocide in Rwanda, Samputu takes us to the most positive place of humanity through his spirit and graciousness. More than a talented and inspiring musician, Samputu is a model for anyone who wants to make a difference in this world today. Born in Rwanda in 1962, Samputu began singing in 1977 in a church choir, and was influenced by traditional and contemporary music, including Stevie Wonder, Bob Marley, Jimmy Cliff, and Lionel Richie. After winning the Kora Award for Best African Traditional Artist in 2003, he arrived in the US in 2004 for Ten Years Remembering, an event commemorating the 10th anniversary of the genocide in Rwanda. He continues his efforts to educate young people about genocide through panel discussions and forums at colleges and universities across the country. Samputu has been honored with the opportunity to share his message and his music at The National Civil Rights Museum for the 2005 Freedom Awards, where he performed in front of honorees Oprah Winfrey, and Ruby Dee, as well as the ceremony's host, Golden Globe Award winner Angela Bassett. He is one of only two African artists to perform for the World Culture Open at the Lincoln Center in New York, and has also performed for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees for World Refugees Day. Other performances include Duke University, as part of Duke's prestigious Performance Series, the Lake Eden Arts Festival in North Carolina, Pace University and Pace Law School, and many other universities, churches, schools, and communities.

André Kagwa Rwisereka

Politician

André Kagwa Rwisereka was vice-chairman of the Democratic Green Party of Rwanda, a political party founded in August 2009 in Rwanda. He was found murdered and partially beheaded near a wetland in Butare on 14 July 2010. The party chairman Frank Habineza was among opposition leaders who called for an independent international investigation into the murder, which may have had a political motivation. Rwisereka was born on 31 December 1949 in Rusenge, Nyaruguru, Southern Province, Rwanda. In the early 1960s he went into political exile in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where he was a senior member of the Rwandan Patriotic Front during its struggle to liberate Rwanda. After returning to Rwanda he became a prominent businessman in Butare. He was a founding member of the Democratic Green Party of Rwanda on 14 August 2009.

Charles Murigande

Politician

Charles Murigande is a Rwandan politician who served in the government of Rwanda as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2002 to 2008, as Minister of Governmental Affairs from 2008 to 2009, and as Minister of Education from 2009 to 2011. Since 2011, he has been Rwanda's Ambassador to Japan.

Salomon Nirisarike

Footballer

Salomon Nirisarike is a Rwandan international footballer who plays for Belgian club Royal Antwerp, as a defender.

Jean-Claude Ndoli

Footballer

Jean Claude Ndoli is a Rwandan born footballer, currently playing for APR FC in the Rwandan Premier League.

Anastase Gasana

Politician

Dr. Anastase Gasana is a Rwandan political figure and diplomat. Gasana was a university professor before entering politics. Gasana was appointed as a Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Government of Rwanda for the first time in 1993 and signed Rwanda's accords with Tutsi rebels in Arusha, Tanzania. After the Rwandan Patriotic Front under Paul Kagame had taken over the country following the Rwandan genocide, Gasana was appointed as Ambassador in Washington, USA, but did not take office as of November 1994, he was appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs again. He continued to be a leading member of the Rwandan government for over a decade. As foreign minister, it was left to Gasana to defend Rwanda's reaction to the genocide and its involvement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo civil war to the international community. He was notable for blaming many of Rwanda's problems on the United Nations, and denied that Rwanda was committing war crimes in Congo. He remained Minister for Foreign Affairs until a February 1999 cabinet reshuffle. He then became a minister in the office of the President until 2001, when he became Ambassador to the United Nations. He left that position in 2003 and has not held any major post since then.

Joseph Sebarenzi

Man

Joseph Sebarenzi, PhD. is the former President of the Parliament of Rwanda. He was born in Rwanda in 1963 during the civil war between the Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups. Before his election to the Rwandan Parliament, Sebarenzi worked as an executive for national and international nonprofit organizations in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi and Rwanda. During the genocide in 1994, Joseph lost his parents and many family members. The tragedies his country endured contribute to his being an advocate for peace and reconciliation. In 2000, he resigned Parliament and fled Rwanda because he feared assassination. He had emerged as an independent politician who denounced abuses and enhancing the independence and role of the Parliament, particularly with regard to oversight of government action. This commitment to good government won him approval among ordinary people, Hutu as well as Tutsi. He fled to the United States where he has taught the Conflict Transformation Across Cultures program at the SIT Graduate Institute since 2003. Sebarenzi earned his doctorate in International Human Rights Law from the National University of Ireland in Europe, a master’s degree in International and Intercultural Management from SIT Graduate Institute in the United States, and a bachelor’s degree in Sociology from the University of Lubumbashi in the Democratic Republic of Congo. He holds an Honorary Doctorate in Law from Marlboro College in the United States.

Anisia Uzeyman

Actor

Anisia Uzeyman is a Rwandan actress and a playwright.

Édouard Karemera

Politician

Édouard Karemera is a former Rwandan politician. He is chiefly known for his alleged role in the Rwandan Genocide. Born in Mwendo commune, Kibuye préfecture, Rwanda, of Hutu ethnicity, Karemana held the position of Minister of Institutional Relations in the government of Juvénal Habyarimana of May 1987. After Habyarimana's assassination, he became Minister of the Interior in the interim government of Jean Kambanda until mid-July 1994. From July 1993 he was also First Vice-President of the MRND party. Karemera fled Rwanda after its conquest by the RPF army. On 5 June 1998, he was arrested at his home in Lomé, Togo. His initial trial before the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda was suspended after the judge Andresia Vaz resigned. His new trial began on September 19, 2005. He was tried together with Matthieu Ngirumpatse, the President of the MRND, and sentenced to life imprisonment on December 21, 2012, at the age of 72, for his role in the genocide.

Jean-Baptiste Mugiraneza

Soccer Midfielder

Jean-Baptiste Mugiraneza is a Rwandan footballer, who is currently playing for APR FC.

Mathias Ntawulikura

Olympic athlete

Mathias Ntawulikura is a retired Rwandan long-distance runner. He reached the World Athletics Championships final and participated in the Olympic Games in the 5000 and 10000 metres and Marathon. He also participated five times in the IAAF World Cross Country Championships. His best Olympic performance was 8th in the 10 000m at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, a race where the top eight positions were taken by African countries. He was forty when he competed in the marathon at the 2004 Athens Olympics; of the hundred men who started the race, he came 62nd with a time of 2hours, 26 minutes, 5 seconds. He is the first Rwandan to compete at five Olympic Games. The only African to compete in five Olympics before him was Egyptian shooter Mohamed Khorshed. In 2004, Ntawulikura joined three other track and field athletes - Nigerian Mary Onyali, Mozambican Maria Mutola, and Angolan João N'Tyamba in becoming the second African to compete at five Olympics. He was affiliated with the Pro Patria Milano sporting club in Italy.

John Rucyahana

Author

John Kabango Rucyahana is a former Rwandan Anglican bishop.

Olivier Rukundo

Man

Olivier Rukundo is a postdoctoral fellow in the department of electrical, electronic and computer engineering, University of Pretoria.

Jean Damascene Ntawukuriryayo

Man

Jean Damascene Ntawukuriryayo is a Rwandan politician who was appointed Minister of Health in 2006, and was a candidate in the 2010 Rwandan presidential elections. Ntawukuriryayo was born in Runyinya, Rwanda. He gained a degree in pharmacy and worked in academia, becoming Vice Rector of the National University of Rwanda. He was appointed as Minister of State in charge of Higher Education and Scientific Research in 1999. Later he was appointed Minister of Infrastructure. Ntawukuriryayo became Minister of Health in 2006. During his tenure in that position, he expanded the social security system to cover over 80% of the population. In 2008 he was elected as Vice-President of the Rwandan National Assembly. As presidential candidate for the Social Democratic Party in 2010, Ntawukuriryayo promised to develop tourism, add value to products exported to the Democratic Republic of Congo, fight soil erosion, improve banana yields and build roads. His platform was much the same as that of the incumbent Paul Kagame, causing some to say he was a stooge for the president. In the election, Kagame gained 93% of the vote and Ntawukuriryayo came second with 4.9%. Ntawukuriryayo hastened to congratulate President Kagame upon the latter's victory.

Emery Bayisenge

Footballer

Emery Bayisenge is a Rwandan international footballer who plays for Isonga in the Primus National Football League as a defender. He was the captain of the Rwanda football team that participated in the 2011 FIFA U-17 World Cup.

Patrick Mazimhaka

Politician

Patrick Kayumbu Mazimhaka is the former Deputy Chairperson of the African Union's African Commission. Mr. Mazimhaka was born on 26 April 1948 in Rwanda. He was elected the Deputy Chairperson of the African Union Commission in July 2003 held in Maputo, Mozambique, and held the office until 6 February 2008, when he was succeeded by Erastus J. O. Mwencha. He was, until his election, the Senior Presidential Advisor to the President of Rwanda on the Great Lakes Region.

Abdul Sibomana

Soccer Defender

Abdul Sibomana is a retired Rwandan football defender who last played for APR FC.

Gilbert Manier Muvunyi

Football player

Gilbert Manier Muvunyi is a Rwandann footballer, with French citizenship.

Emmanuel Rukundo

Priest

Emmanuel Rukundo is a Rwandan Roman Catholic priest who in 2009 was convicted of genocide and crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda for his participation in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. Rukundo was born in Kabgayi, Gitarama Province, Rwanda. He was ordained a priest in the Roman Catholic Church in 1991. In 1993, he became a chaplain in the Rwandan military. Rukundo was also head to the St. Leon Minor Seminary in the Gitarama at the time of the 1994 Genocide. According to findings by the ICTR, he ordered Hutu soldiers to abduct and murder Tutsi refugees who were seeking shelter at St. Leon's. Rukundo was also found guilty of personally sexually assaulting a young Tutsi woman. Following the genocide, Rukundo fled to Switzerland, where he was granted asylum as a refugee. He was arrested by Swiss officials in July 2001 after a warrant for his arrest was issued by the ICTR. Rukundo fought his extradition in the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland, but his case was dismissed and on 20 September 2001 he was sent to Arusha, Tanzania, to stand trial before the ICTR. Rukundo's trial began on 15 November 2006 and was completed in February 2008. In February 2009, the Trial Chamber of the ICTR found him guilty of one count of genocide and multiple counts of murder as a crime against humanity. The Trial Chamber sentenced him to 25 years' imprisonment. As of July 2010, his case is on appeal.

Phocas Nikwigize

Religious Leader

Phocas Nikwigize is a Rwandaan bishop in the Roman Catholic Church. Nikwigize born in Muhango, Rwanda, and was ordained a priest on 25 July 1948. He was appointed bishop of the Diocese of Ruhenger and ordained bishop on 30 November 1968. Nikiwigize remained in this post until his retirement on 5 January 1996. On 27 November 1996, was traveling to reenter Rwanda with missionaries when he was seized by members of a Rwandan Patriotic Army and was believed to be killed on 30 November 1996.

Charles Muhire

Man

Charles Muhire is a Rwandan air force officer who was Chief of Staff of the Air Force before being arrested in April 2010. Muhire was born in 1958 in Byumba, Rwanda. He studied at the Mulago Teaching Hospital in Uganda, graduating in 1979 with a higher diploma in Orthopedics and Traumatology. He joined the army and was commissioned in 1986. He attended the South African Air Force Command and Staff College, and subsequently took other air force training courses. Between 1990 and 1994 Muhire held various field commands. From 1995 to 1997 he was the Chief of Plans, Operations and Training at the Rwandan Patriotic Army Headquarters. He was later appointed Chief of Staff of the Rwandan Air Force. In July 2007 he was awarded an Order of Honour medal for his bravery and resilience in the 1990-1994 Rwandan Civil War. In April 2010 President Paul Kagame announced a shake-up of the military command, and a few days later ordered the arrests of Muhire, accused of corruption, and of Major General Emmanuel Karenzi Karake who was accused of immoral conduct. The arrests followed newspaper reports that the two men, reported to be popular and powerful figures in the military, had disagreements with Kagame. They occurred a few weeks after former Chief of Staff Lt-General Kayumba Nyamwasa had fled to South Africa, and were immediately followed by the arrest of Victoire Ingabire, who had announced that she planned to run for president in the August 2010 elections.

Charles Ntakirutinka

Man

Charles Ntakirutinka is a former Transportation Minister of the Rwandan government who was later imprisoned on charges of creating civil disorder as well as planning assassinations. Amnesty International named him a prisoner of conscience and a 2011 "priority case".

Aloysius Bigirumwami

Man

Aloysius Bigirumwami was a Rwandan prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Nyundo from 1959 to 1973, having previously served as its Apostolic Vicar. Born in Zaza, Bigirumwami was a descendant of Tutsi kings. He was ordained to the priesthood on May 26, 1929. On February 14, 1952, he was appointed Apostolic Vicar of Nyundo and Titular Bishop of Garriana by Pope Pius XII, receiving his episcopal consecration on the following June 1. After his consecration, Nyundo received 20,000 converts. Bigirumwami was raised to the rank of Bishop upon his vicariate's elevation to a diocese on November 10, 1959; he thus became the first Rwandan bishop. He was also seen as a likely candidate to become a cardinal. Bigirumwami, who had initially rejected the existence of a conflict between the two populations, supported the ethnic separation of the Tutsis, whose superiority he championed, and the Hutus. The Bishop also believed that the conversion of the pagans within his jurisdiction could be achieved with a large number of priests. He once stated, "With enough priests to station one every ten kilometers, it would not take too long." Bigirumwami also ignored witchcraft in regards of medicine, but attacked it in the spheres of prophecy and sympathetic magic.

Gilbert Ndahayo

Film Director

Gilbert Ndahayo is a screenwriter, film producer, film editor, and film director

André Sibomana

Man

André Sibomana was a Rwandan priest and journalist and an exemplary figure in the Rwandan genocide. He was also a human rights activist and a founder of the Rwandan Association for the Defense of the Rights of the Person and of Public Liberties, which is there to record information on all human rights violations occurring in Rwanda and publish them in a report. From 1988 André Sibomana was editor of the Roman Catholic newspaper Kinyamateka, owned by the Episcopal Conference, which was the only private newspaper in Rwanda and circulated widely in the Rwandan parishes. Sibomana was committed to true investigative journalism, but he lived in a State that didn't guarantee freedom of information. Since he published independent reports that proved extremely embarrassing for the authorities, he was tried several times in 1990, but in vain as he had the proofs of what he published. Thus Sibomana was one of the few independent voices in Rwanda in the period leading up to the genocide. When the latter broke out, he realised he'd soon become a target of the extremists. He escaped from the capital Kigali and he used his position to save the lives of many others. “For many people in Rwanda, refraining from murder was, in itself, an act of resistance. Several peasant farmers were killed because they refused to strike the corpses of their Tutsi neighbours. There are courageous and upright men who were not able or did not dare to come to the aid of their fellows and now live with remorse for having failed to do so. There is no merit in my having rescued a few people, because it was in my power to do so. My position gave me a better chance than others”, Sibomana explains on page 86 of the interview he gave to Laure Guilbert and Hervé Beguine in 1996 in Israel, which was published later. After the war, André Sibomana returned to his job as editor of Kinyamateka and he supported reconciliation until he died in 1998. He adopted seven orphans.

Jean de Dieu Kamuhanda

Man

Jean de Dieu Kamuhanda is a Rwandan politician who was sentenced to life imprisonment by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda for his role in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. Kamuhanda was born in Gikomero, Rwanda. On 25 May 1994, he became the Minister of Higher Education, Scientific Research and Culture in the interim government led by Jean Kambanda. In early April 1994, shortly after the beginning of the Rwandan Genocide, Kamuhanda gave a speech in Gikomero where we pointed out that the killing of Tutsis in Gikomero had not yet commenced and that he was willing to provide the weapons that would be necessary to carry out the killings there. At the end of the speech he handed out firearms, grenades, and machetes to those in attendance, and said he would follow up with the residents of Gikomero to ensure that the killings had begun. On 12 April 1994, Kamuhanda gave the orders to the Interahamwe militias the police to commence the killing of Tutsis who had taken refuge in a Protestant church's school in Gikomero. In late July, Kamuhanda fled to France. At the request of the prosecutor of the ICTR, he was arrested by French officials in Bourges on 26 November 1999. On 7 March 2000 he was sent to the detention facilities of the ICTR in Arusha, Tanzania.

Jackson Niyomugabo

Swimmer

Jackson Niyomugabo is a Rwandan Olympic swimmer. He is originally from Kibuye in Rwanda's western region. He grew up swimming in the waters of Lake Kivu on the border between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. His father died early in Jackson's life, and Jackson found strength from his mother who farms the family's small plot of land in the mountains above Lake Kivu. Lake Kivu is famous for beautiful views and mountaintop islands. Jackson Niyomugabo's humble background did not afford him opportunities for extensive professional training. He learned to swim from reading a book provided to him from a high school teacher. He built endurance and stamina by swimming between the mountain top islands in the lake, and was occasionally granted permission to swim in a tourist hotel in the capital, Kigali. Jackson Niyomugabo competed in the 2007 World Aquatics Championship in Australia, although he did not win a medal. He represented the Republic of Rwanda in swimming during the 2008 Summer Olympics.

Alexandre Kimenyi

Poet

Alexandre Kimenyi was a Professor of Linguistics, Ethnic Studies and African Languages at California State University, Sacramento who appeared in the 2011 documentary film Poetry of Resilience.

Marc Twagirumukiza

Physician

Marc Twagirumukiza is a Belgian physician and an international senior clinical researcher in the field of Pharmacology and therapeutics, Cardiovascular, Epidemiology, biostatistics and bio-informatics. He worked as physician at University Hospitals in Rwanda, and at the same time lecturer and researcher at Faculty of Medicine, National University of Rwanda. He is a visiting or an honorary lecturer in various schools of medicine in sub-Saharan African countries.

Jean-Luc Ndayishimiye

Footballer

Jean-Luc Ndayishimiye is a Rwanda international footballer who plays as a goalkeeper. As of February 2010, he plays for APR FC and has won six caps for his country.

Carlos Mugabo

Man

Carlos Mugabo is a Rwandan basketball player who was part of the Rwanda national basketball team at the 2009 FIBA Africa Championship. Mugabo was a late addition to the Rwandan team for the 2009 FIBA Africa Championship after two Rwandan players pulled out of the tournament three weeks before the scheduled opener. Nevertheless, he averaged 10.6 PPG, 5.8 RPG, and 2.0 SPG to help lead the Rwandans to a 9th place finish and their best performance to date at the African Championships.

Grégoire Ndahimana

Man

Grégoire Ndahimana is the former mayor of Kivumu, Rwanda. Indicted and arrested for alleged war crimes by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Ndahimana is thought to be one of the key figures in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide, and is claimed to have had up to 6,000 Tutsi killed. He will stand trial in Arusha, Tanzania, where the ICTR currently holds its courts.

Idelphonse Hategekimana

Man

Idelphonse Hategekimana is a Rwandan soldier who is alleged to have participated in the Rwandan Genocide. An ethnic Hutu, Hategekimana was born in Mugina commune in Gitarama prefecture. In 1994, he held the rank of lieutenant in the Rwandan Armed Forces, and was the commander of the Ngoma camp in Butare prefecture. On November 27, 2000, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda issued an indictment against Hategekimana, charging him with "genocide, or in the alternative complicity in genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide, and crimes against humanity.". Hategekimana was the chief of security in a Rwandan refugee camp in Loukolela, northern Republic of Congo for some years prior to his arrest. He lived with his wife there and was a respected leader living under the alias "Isidore Balihafi". He was arrested in the Republic of Congo on February 16, 2003, and transferred to the ICTR on February 19.</ref> He made his first appearance before the court on February 28.

Aloys Ndimbati

Man

Aloys Ndimbati is a Rwandan fugitive war criminal, wanted in connection with his alleged role in the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. According to his warrant, as mayor of the Kibuye commune Gisovu, he was present at the scene of and participated in the killings of Tutsis across Kibuye. Ndimbati has been charged with genocide, complicity in genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide, as well as with murder, extermination, rape and persecution as crimes against humanity. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda referred his case to Rwandan authorities in June 2012.

Robert Thomson

Basketball Player

Robert Thomson is a Rwandan-American basketball player currently playing for CS Gaz Metan Mediaş of the Romanian Basketball League. He is a member of the Rwanda national basketball team. Thomson played Division 1 college basketball at Fairfield University. Born in Pennsylvania, and graduate of Saucon Valley High School, Thomson moved to Rwanda in 2006 after graduating from Fairfield and two years playing professional basketball in Hungary and Italy. Thomson later received a Rwandan passport and was a member of the Rwanda team that finished ninth at the 2009 FIBA Africa Championship and the 2007 that qualified for the first African championship in Rwandan history. Thomson led all players in rebounds and minutes per game at the 2009 tournament.

Jeanne Mujawamariya

Woman

Jeanne d'Arc Mujawamariya is a Rwandan politician. Since 2006 she has been the Minister of Education in the government of Rwanda. Mujawamariya earned a B.Sc. from Peoples' Friendship University of Russia and in 1997 received an M.Sc. in chemistry from Moscow State University. She went on to earn a Ph.D. in chemistry and physics at IIT Roorkee in 2001. She is married with two children. From 2003 to 2006, she served as Minister of State for Primary and Secondary Education in the Rwandan government. In 2006, she became the minister of education. In January 2008, Mujawamariya appeared before a Rwandan parliamentary commission investigating the continued presence of "genocide ideology" in Rwandan schools. Several MPs on the commission criticized Mujawamariya and Joseph Murekeraho, Minister of State for Primary and Secondary Education, for taking insufficient punitive action against teachers and curriculum developers who were disseminating anti-Tutsi sentiments in schools.

Prosper Mugiraneza

Man

Prosper Mugiraneza is the former minister of civil service in Rwanda. Mugiraneza was born in 1957 in Kigarama, Kibungo Province, Rwanda. He is a graduate of the National University of Rwanda in Butare, where he earned a law degree. Before becoming minister of civil service, Mugiraneza was a prosecutor and director general of the Ministry of Justice. He is married and has four children. His wife and children currently reside in Europe. He was tried for genocide and crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, the trial beginning in 2003. A judgment is expected to be reached in August 2011. Mugiraneza was convicted and sentenced to 30 years imprisonment. After a lengthy appeal, Mugiraneza was acquitted of all charges on February 4, 2013 and is set to be released.

André Ntagerura

Politician

André Ntagerura is a Rwandan politician. He is chiefly known for having been accused and acquitted of having a role in the Rwandan Genocide. Born in Rwanda of Hutu ethnicity, Ntagerura pursued formal education in Quebec, Canada. Ntagerura held a number of portfolios in the government of Juvénal Habyarimana from 1977 to 1994. During the 1994 genocide, he was the Minister of Transport and Communications and a leading member of the MRND party which then held power. He was alleged to have coordinated the genocide conducted by Interahamwe militia through his party connections. Ntagerura was detained with Colonel Théoneste Bagosora, in Yaoundé, Cameroon, and appeared before the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, where he was acquitted of all charges on 25 February 2004.

Sylvestre Nsanzimana

Politician

Sylvestre Nsanzimana served as Prime Minister of Rwanda from 12 October 1991 to 2 April 1992. He was born in Gikongoro Province. He also served as Rwanda's Foreign Minister from 1969 to 1971.

André Kameya

Man

André Kameya to Augustin Rubwiriza and Nyirabahakwa Pascasie. Upon finishing primary education at Mugombwa Primary School, he attended the Karubanda Catholic seminary and then continued to Nyakibanda Major Seminary for priesthood training. While in his last year, working in Kabgayi in 1971–72 he was subject to discrimination that awoke his senses of justice and started to write article for the Catholic newspaper Kinyamateka. Discrimination against Tutsi was not uncommon. This brought him to the attention of the internal security services and he was ejected out of the Seminary under the orders of Kayibanda. This purge instituted by the government saw many Tutsi students ejected from many Catholic seminaries and some killed. Like many Tutsis, he took the road to exile in 1972 and returned to Rwanda in 1974. He subsequently worked for Kinyamateka until 1981 when he moved to the ORINFOR in La Releve French newspaper. Following training in law in 1984 he moved to the ministry of justice where he was the editor of the ministry journal. After few years in the Ministry of justice, he moved to the ministry of scientific research and culture until he resigned from public service to open his own newspaper, RWANDA RUSHYA, critical to the government of Habyarimana. He was among the 33 intellectuals who signed a petition to the then President for the introduction of democracy and multiparty.

Suleiman Masumbuko

Professional American Football Player

Suleiman Masumbuko is an American football defensive lineman for the Baylor Bears.

Tumaine Ntamuhanga

Soccer Midfielder

Tumaine Ntamuhanga is Rwandan football player.