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Pakistan

Islamic Republic of Pakistan South Asia Islamabad 196,174,380 inhabitants 796,095 sq km 246.42 inhabitants/sq km Pakistani rupees (PKR) population evolution

Famous people from Pakistan

Here is a list of famous people from Pakistan. Curious if anybody from Pakistan made it our most famous people in the world list? Read the aformentioned article in order to find out.

Akbar

Monarch

Akbar, known as Akbar the Great, was Mughal Emperor from 1556 until his death. He was the third and greatest ruler of the Mughal Dynasty in India. Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India. A strong personality and a successful general, Akbar gradually enlarged the Mughal Empire to include nearly all of the Indian Subcontinent north of the Godavari river. His power and influence, however, extended over the entire country because of Mughal military, political, cultural, and economic dominance. To unify the vast Mughal state, Akbar established a centralised system of administration throughout his empire and adopted a policy of conciliating conquered rulers through marriage and diplomacy. In order to preserve peace and order in a religiously and culturally diverse empire, he adopted policies that won him the support of his non-Muslim subjects. Eschewing tribal bonds and Islamic state identity, Akbar strived to unite far-flung lands of his realm through loyalty, expressed through a Persianised culture, to himself as an emperor who had near-divine status.

Benazir Bhutto

Politician

Benazir Bhutto was a Pakistani politician and stateswoman who served as the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan in two non-consecutive terms from November 1988 until October 1990, and 1993 until her final dismissal on November 1996. She was the eldest daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, a former prime minister of Pakistan and the founder of the Pakistan People's Party, which she led. In 1982, at age 29, Benazir Bhutto became the chairperson of PPP – a centre-left, democratic socialist political party, making her the first woman in Pakistan to head a major political party. In 1988, she became the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state and was also Pakistan's first female prime minister. Noted for her charismatic authority and political astuteness, Benazir Bhutto drove initiatives for Pakistan's economy and national security, and she implemented social capitalist policies for industrial development and growth. In addition, her political philosophy and economic policies emphasised deregulation, flexible labour markets, the denationalisation of state-owned corporations, and the withdrawal of subsidies to others. Benazir Bhutto's popularity waned amid recession, corruption, and high unemployment which later led to the dismissal of her government by conservative President Ghulam Ishaq Khan.

Manmohan Singh

Statesman

Manmohan Singh is the 13th and current Prime Minister of India. A renowned economist, he is the only Prime Minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to return to power after completing a full five-year term, and the first Sikh to hold the office. Born in Gah, Singh's family migrated to India during its partition in 1947. After obtaining his doctorate in economics from Oxford, Singh worked for the United Nations in 1966–69. He subsequently began his bureaucratic career when Lalit Narayan Mishra hired him as an advisor in the Ministry of Foreign Trade. Over the 70s and 80s, Singh held several key posts in the Government of India, such as Chief Economic Advisor, Reserve Bank governor and Planning Commission head. In 1991, as India faced a severe economic crisis, newly elected Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao surprisingly inducted the apolitical Singh into his cabinet as Finance Minister. Over the next few years, despite strong opposition, he as a Finance Minister carried out several structural reforms that liberalised India's economy. Although these measures proved successful in averting the crisis, and enhanced Singh's reputation globally as a leading reform-minded economist, the incumbent Congress party fared poorly in the 1996 general election. Subsequently, Singh served as Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha during the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government of 1998–2004.

Nawaz Sharif

Politician

Nawaz Sharif is a Pakistani politician and industrialist who serves as the 18th Prime Minister of Pakistan since his election in June of 2013. Previously he served as Prime Minister for two non-consecutive terms from November 1990 to July 1993 and from February 1997 to October 1999. Sharif is the president of Pakistan Muslim League, which is currently Pakistan's largest political party, and has formed the government. As the owner of Ittefaq Group, a leading business conglomerate, he is also one of the country's wealthiest men. He is commonly known as the "Lion of the Punjab" or "Tiger of Pakistan." Sharif rose to prominence as part of General Zia-ul-Haq's military regime in the 1980s under the wing of Governor of Punjab Ghulam Jilani Khan. He was appointed Chief Minister of Punjab by Zia in 1985. After Zia's death and Benazir Bhutto's being elected Prime Minister in 1988, Sharif emerged as opposition leader from the conservative Pakistan Muslim League. When Benazir was dismissed by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan in 1990 on corruption charges, Sharif was elected Prime Minister the same year. But relations between Sharif and Ghulam Ishaq too deteriorated, with Ghulam Ishaq attempting to dismiss Sharif on similar charges. Sharif successfully challenged the President's decision in the Supreme Court, but both men were ultimately persuaded to step down in 1993 by army chief Abdul Waheed Kakar.

Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan

Qawwali Artist

Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, an internationally acclaimed Pakistani musician, was primarily a singer of Qawwali, the devotional music of the Sufis. Considered one of the greatest voices ever recorded, he possessed an extraordinary range of vocal abilities and could perform at a high level of intensity for several hours. Extending the 600-year old Qawwali tradition of his family, Khan is widely credited with introducing Qawwali music to international audiences. He is popularly known as "Shahenshah-e-Qawwali", meaning "The King of Kings of Qawwali". Born in Faisalabad, Pakistan, Khan had his first public performance at age of 16, at his father's chelum. He became the head of the family qawwali party in 1971. He was signed by Oriental Star Agencies, Birmingham, England, in the early 1980s. Khan went on to release movie scores and albums in Europe, India, Japan, Pakistan, and the U.S.A. He engaged in collaborations and experiments with Western artists, becoming a well-known world music artist. He toured extensively, performing in over 40 countries.

Imran Khan

Cricket Bowler

Imran Khan HI, PP, RCPE, ASY, WCY born Imran Khan Niazi on 25 November 1952, in Lahore is a Pakistani politician, celebrity, and former cricketer. He played international cricket for two decades in the late twentieth century and, after retiring, entered politics. Besides his political activism, Khan is also a philanthropist, cricket commentator, Chancellor of the University of Bradford and Founding Chairman of Board of Governors of Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Research Centre. Through worldwide fundraising, he founded Namal College, Mianwali in 2008. He was Pakistan's most successful cricket captain, leading his country to victory at the 1992 Cricket World Cup, playing for the Pakistani cricket team from 1971 to 1992, and serving as its captain intermittently throughout 1982–1992. After retiring from cricket at the end of the 1987 World Cup in 1988, owing to popular demand he was requested to come back by the president of Pakistan Zia ul Haq to lead the team once again. At the age of 39, Khan led his team to Pakistan's first and only World Cup victory in 1992. With 3807 runs and 362 wickets in Test cricket, he is one of eight world cricketers to have achieved an 'All-rounder's Triple' in Test matches. On 14 July 2010, Khan was inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Politician

Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947, and as Pakistan's first Governor-General from independence until his death. He is revered in Pakistan as Quaid-i-Azam and Baba-i-Qaum. His birthday is observed as a national holiday. Born in Karachi and trained as a barrister at Lincoln's Inn in London, Jinnah rose to prominence in the Indian National Congress in the first two decades of the 20th century. In these early years of his political career, Jinnah advocated Hindu–Muslim unity, helping to shape the 1916 Lucknow Pact between the Congress and the All-India Muslim League, a party in which Jinnah had also become prominent. Jinnah became a key leader in the All India Home Rule League, and proposed a fourteen-point constitutional reform plan to safeguard the political rights of Muslims should a united British India become independent. In 1920, however, Jinnah resigned from the Congress when it agreed to follow a campaign of satyagraha, or non-violent resistance, advocated by the influential leader, Mohandas Gandhi.

Malala Yousafzai

Author

Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani school pupil and education activist from the town of Mingora in the Swat District of Pakistan's northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. She is known for her activism for rights to education and for women, especially in the Swat Valley, where the Taliban had at times banned girls from attending school. In early 2009, at the age of 11–12, Yousafzai wrote a blog under a pseudonym for the BBC detailing her life under Taliban rule, their attempts to take control of the valley, and her views on promoting education for girls. The following summer, a New York Times documentary was filmed about her life as the Pakistani military intervened in the region, culminating in the Second Battle of Swat. Yousafzai rose in prominence, giving interviews in print and on television, and she was nominated for the International Children's Peace Prize by South African activist Desmond Tutu. On 9 October 2012, Yousafzai was shot in the head and neck in an assassination attempt by Taliban gunmen while returning home on a school bus. In the days immediately following the attack, she remained unconscious and in critical condition, but later her condition improved enough for her to be sent to the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, England, for intensive rehabilitation. On 12 October, a group of 50 Islamic clerics in Pakistan issued a fatwā against those who tried to kill her, but the Taliban reiterated its intent to kill Yousafzai and her father.

Shah Jahan

Monarch

A'la Azad Abul Muzaffar Shahab ud-Din Mohammad Khurram better known by his imperial name Shah Jahan, was the fifth Mughal Emperor who reigned from 1628 until 1658. While young, Khurram was the favourite of his legendary grandfather, the third Mughal emperor Akbar the Great. At a young age, he was chosen as successor to the Mughal throne after the death of his father, Emperor Jahangir, in 1627. He is considered one of the greatest Mughals. His reign has been called the Golden Age of the Mughals and one of the most prosperous ages of Indian civilization. Like Akbar, he was eager to expand his vast empire. In 1658, he fell ill and was confined by his son Emperor Aurangzeb in Agra Fort until his death in 1666. Unlike his father and his grandfather, Shah Jahan was an orthodox and pious Muslim. Upon his accession, he adopted new policies which canonically reversed Akbar's generally liberal treatment of non-Muslims. In 1633, his sixth regnal year, Shah Jahan began to impose Sharia provisions against construction or repair of churches and temples and subsequently ordered the demolitions of newly built Hindu temples. He celebrated Islamic festivals with great pomp and grandeur and with an enthusiasm unfamiliar to his predecessors. Long-dormant royal interest in the Holy Cities also revived during his reign.

Kader Khan

Actor

Kader Khan is an Indian film actor, comedian, script and dialogue writer and Director. He graduated from Ismail Yusuf College affiliated to Bombay University. Before entering the film industry he taught at M. H. Saboo Siddik College of Engineering, Byculla, Mumbai as a professor of Civil Engineering.

Raj Kapoor

Actor

Raj Kapoor, also known as "The Show Man", was a noted Indian film actor, producer and director of Hindi cinema. He was the winner of two National Film Awards and nine Filmfare Awards in India, and a two-time nominee for the Palme d'Or grand prize at the Cannes Film Festival for his films Awaara and Boot Polish. His performance in Awaara was ranked as one of the top ten greatest performances of all time by Time magazine. His films attracted worldwide audiences, particularly in Asia and Europe. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 1971 and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1987 for his contributions towards Indian cinema.

Gulzar

Poet

Sampooran Singh Kalra, known popularly by his pen name Gulzar, is an Indian poet, lyricist and director. He primarily writes in Hindustani and Punjabi; besides several dialects of Hindi such as Braj Bhasha, Khariboli, Haryanvi and Marwari. Gulzar was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2004 for his contribution to the arts and the Sahitya Akademi Award in 2002. He has won a number of National Film Awards and 20 Filmfare Awards. At the 81st Academy Awards, he won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Jai Ho", for the film Slumdog Millionaire. On 31 January 2010, the same song won him a Grammy Award in the category of Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media. Gulzar's poetry is partly published in three compilations: Chand Pukhraaj Ka, Raat Pashminey Ki and Pandrah Paanch Pachattar. His short stories are published in Raavi-paar and Dhuan. As a lyricist, Gulzar is best known for his association with the music directors Rahul Dev Burman, A. R. Rahman and Vishal Bhardwaj. He has also worked with other leading Bollywood music directors including Sachin Dev Burman, Salil Chowdhury, Shankar Jaikishan, Hemant Kumar, Laxmikant-Pyarelal, Madan Mohan, Rajesh Roshan, Anu Malik, and Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy. Along with lyrics, he has also contributed in many films as script, story and dialogue writer. Films directed by him have also won numerous awards and have been critically acclaimed. He also had worked on small screen by creating series Mirza Ghalib and Tahreer Munshi Premchand ki among others. He wrote lyrics for several Doordarshan serials including Hello Zindagi, Potli Baba ki and Jungle Book.

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto

Politician

Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was a Pakistani politician and statesman who served as the 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977, and prior to that as the 4th President of Pakistan from 1971 to 1973. He was also the founder of the Pakistan People's Party and served as its chairman until his execution in 1979. Educated at USC, University of California at Berkeley and University of Oxford, Bhutto trained as a barrister at Lincoln's Inn in London. He entered politics as one of President Iskander Mirza's cabinet members, before being assigned several ministries during President Ayub Khan's military rule from 1958. Appointed Foreign Minister in 1963, Bhutto was a proponent of Operation Gibraltar in Indian-occupied Kashmir, leading to war with India in 1965. After the Tashkent Agreement ended hostilities, Bhutto fell out with Ayub and was sacked from the government. He founded the PPP in 1967, contesting general elections held by President Yahya Khan in 1970. The Awami League in East Pakistan won a majority of seats, but neither Yahya nor Bhutto signalled yielding power. Subsequent uprisings led to the secession of Bangladesh, and Pakistan losing the war against Bangladesh-allied India in 1971. Bhutto was handed over the presidency in December 1971 and emergency rule was imposed.

Rahat Fateh Ali Khan

Qawwali Artist

Rahat Fateh Ali Khan is a Pakistani singer, primarily of Qawwali, a devotional music of the Muslim Sufis. He is the nephew of Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and son of Ustad Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan and also the grandson of legendary Qawwali singer Fateh Ali Khan. In addition to Qawwali, he also performs ghazals and other light music. He is popular as a Bollywood and Lollywood playback singer.

Guru Nanak Dev

Founding Figure

Guru Nanak is the founder of the religion of Sikhism and is the first of the ten Sikh Gurus, the eleventh guru being the living Guru, Guru Granth Sahib. His birth is celebrated world-wide on Kartik Puranmashi, the full-moon day which falls on different dates each year in the month of Katak, October–November. Guru Nanak travelled far and wide teaching people the message of one God who dwells in every one of God's creations and constitutes the eternal Truth. He setup a unique spiritual, social, and political platform based on equality, fraternity love, goodness, and virtue. It is part of Sikh religious belief that the spirit of Guru Nanak's sanctity, divinity and religious authority descended upon each of the nine subsequent Gurus when the Guruship was devolved on to them.

Atif Aslam

Singer

Atif Aslam born in Wazirabad, Gujranwala District, Punjab, Pakistan as Muhammad Atif Aslam is a Pakistani pop singer and film actor. His debut as an actor was in the 2011 film Pakistani movie Bol. He has generated numerous chart-topping songs, and is known for his vocal belting technique. Atif is a recipient for the Tamgha-e-Imtiaz, one of Pakistan's highest civilian decorations. He was also awarded with Brandlaureate International Brand Personality Award in Malaysia for his contributions towards enhancement of the well being of society. He recently became the first Pakistani pop singer to perform at The O2 Arena London twice.

Vallabhbhai Patel

Politician

Sardar Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel was an Indian barrister and statesman, one of the leaders of the Indian National Congress and one of the founding fathers of the Republic of India. He was a social leader who played a leading role in the country's struggle for independence and guided its integration into a united, independent nation. In India and elsewhere, he was often addressed as Sardar, which means Chief in Hindi, Urdu and Persian. He was raised in the countryside of Gujarat. Vallabhbhai Patel was employed in successful practice as a lawyer. Patel subsequently organised peasants from Kheda, Borsad, and Bardoli in Gujarat in non-violent civil disobedience against oppressive policies imposed by the British Raj; in this role, he became one of the most influential leaders in Gujarat. He rose to the leadership of the Indian National Congress and was at the forefront of rebellions and political events, organising the party for elections in 1934 and 1937, and promoting the Quit India movement. As the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, Patel organised relief for refugees in Punjab and Delhi, and led efforts to restore peace across the nation. Patel took charge of the task to forge a united India from the British colonial provinces allocated to India and more than five hundred self-governing princely states, released from British suzerainty by the Indian Independence Act 1947. Using frank diplomacy, backed with the option and use of military force, Patel's leadership persuaded almost every princely state. Often known as the "Iron Man of India" or "Bismarck of India", he is also remembered as the "Patron Saint" of India's civil servants for establishing modern all-India services.

Milkha Singh

Olympic athlete

Milkha Singh, also known as The Flying Sikh, is a former Indian track and field sprinter who was introduced to the sport while serving in the Indian Army. As of 2013, he is the only Indian male athlete to win an individual athletics gold medal at a Commonwealth Games. He represented India in the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome and the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo. He was awarded the Padma Shri, India's fourth highest civilian honour, in recognition of his sporting achievements. The race for which Singh is best remembered is his fourth-place finish in the 400 metres final at the 1960 Olympic Games, which he had entered as one of the favourites. He led the race for some time before easing off, allowing others to pass him. Various records were broken in the race, which required a photo-finish and saw American Otis Davis being declared the winner by one-hundredth of a second over German Carl Kaufmann. Singh's fourth-place time of 45.73 became the Indian national record and held for almost 40 years. From beginnings that saw him orphaned and displaced during the Partition of India, Singh has become a sporting icon in his country. In 2008, journalist Rohit Brijnath described Singh as "the finest athlete India has ever produced". In July 2012, The Independent said that "India's most revered Olympian is a gallant loser" and noted the paucity of success — 20 medals — achieved by Indian competitors in the Olympic Games despite the country having a population in excess of one billion.

Pāṇini

Author

Pāṇini, or Panini, was a Sanskrit grammarian from Pushkalavati, Gandhara, northwestern Iron Age India. Pāṇini is known for his Sanskrit grammar, particularly for his formulation of the 3,959 rules of Sanskrit morphology, syntax and semantics in the grammar known as Ashtadhyayi, the foundational text of the grammatical branch of the Vedanga, the auxiliary scholarly disciplines of Vedic religion [Hinduism] . The Ashtadhyayi is one of the earliest known grammars of Sanskrit, although Pāṇini refers to previous texts like the Unadisutra, Dhatupatha, and Ganapatha. It is the earliest known work on descriptive linguistics, and together with the work of his immediate predecessors stands at the beginning of the history of linguistics itself. His theory of morphological analysis was more advanced than any equivalent Western theory before the mid 20th century, and his analysis of noun compounds still forms the basis of modern linguistic theories of compounding, which have borrowed Sanskrit terms such as bahuvrihi and dvandva.

Asif Ali Zardari

Politician

Asif Ali Zardari is a Pakistani politician and current co-chairman of Pakistan Peoples Party. He served as the 11th President of Pakistan from 2008 to 2013. He is the first ever democratically elected president of Pakistan to have successfully completed his five year tenure. A Sindhi from a landowning tribe of Baloch origin, Zardari rose to prominence after his marriage to Benazir Bhutto in 1987, becoming the First Gentleman. Between 1993 and 1996, he held various cabinet positions in the second Bhutto administration including Federal Investment Minister, Director-General of Intelligence Bureau and head of Federal Investigation Agency. He was arrested on charges of corruption in late 1996, following the collapse of the Bhutto government. Although incarcerated, he nominally served in Parliament after being elected to the National Assembly in 1990 and Senate in 1997. He was released from jail in 2004. He subsequently went into self-exile in Dubai, but returned in December 2007 after Bhutto's assassination. As the Co-Chairman of the PPP, he led his party to victory in the 2008 general elections. He spearheaded a coalition that forced Musharraf to resign and was elected President on 6 September 2008.

Abdus Salam

Physicist

Mohammad Abdus Salam, NI, SPk, KBE was a theoretical physicist who, when he shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution to electroweak unification, became the first and the only Pakistani to receive a Nobel Prize and the first Muslim to win a Nobel Prize in science. Salam was a science advisor to the Government of Pakistan from 1960 to 1974, a position from which he played a major and influential role in Pakistan's science infrastructure. Salam was responsible for not only major development and contribution in theoretical and particle physics, but as well as promoting scientific research at maximum level in his country. Salam was the founding director of Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission, and responsible for the establishment of the Theoretical Physics Group in Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission. As Science Advisor, Salam played an integral role in Pakistan's development of peaceful use of nuclear energy, and directed the research on development of atomic bomb project of Pakistan in 1972; for this, he is viewed as the "scientific father" of this programme in the views of the scientists who researched under his scientific umbrella. In 1974, Abdus Salam departed from his country, in protest, after the Pakistan Parliament passed a controversial parliamentary bill declaring the Ahmadiyya denomination as non-Islamic. Even after his death, Salam remained one of the most influential scientists in his country. In 1998, following the country's nuclear tests, the Government of Pakistan issued a commemorative stamp, as a part of "Scientists of Pakistan", to honour the services of Salam.

Veena Malik

Actor

Veena Malik is a Pakistani actress, TV host and model who appears in Lollywood, Bollywood and Kollywood films. Malik made her film debut in 2000 with Sajjad Gul's Tere Pyar Mein. In 2002, she starred in Akbar Khan's Yeh Dil Aap Ka Huwa and Sassi Punno and later played roles in female-centric films such as Koi Tujh Sa Kahan, Mohabbatan Sachiyan, Ishq Be Parwah and Kabhi Pyar Na Karna. Malik went on to win the Lux Style Award for two in category of Best Actress. In 2012, she earned commercial success in bollywood with Daal Mein Kuch Kaala Hai, Mumbai 125 KM 3D and Zindagi 50-50. In 2013 she appeared in Kannada film Dirty Picture: Silk Sakkath Maga and Supermodel.

Yash Chopra

Film Director

Yash Raj Chopra was an Indian film director, script writer and film producer, predominantly working in Hindi cinema.Yash Chopra began his career as an assistant director to I.S. Johar and his elder brother, B.R. Chopra. He made his directorial debut with Dhool Ka Phool in 1959, a melodrama about illegitimacy, and followed it with the social drama Dharmputra. Encouraged by the success of both films, the Chopra brothers made several more movies together during the late fifties and sixties. Chopra rose to prominence after his commercially and critically successful drama, Waqt, which pioneered the concept of ensemble casts in Bollywood. In 1973, Chopra founded his own production company, Yash Raj Films, and launched it with Daag: A Poem of Love, a successful melodrama about a polygamous man. His success continued in the seventies, with some of Indian cinema's most successful and iconic films, including the action thriller Deewar, which established Amitabh Bachchan as the leading actor in Bollywood; the romantic drama Kabhie Kabhie and Trishul. From the late seventies till 1989 marked a professional setback in Chopra's career; several films he produced or directed in that period failed to leave a mark at the Indian box office, notably Doosra Aadmi, Mashaal, Faasle and Vijay. However, in 1989, Chopra directed the commercially and critically successful cult film Chandni, which became instrumental in ending the era of violent films in Bollywood and returning musicals.

Khalid Sheikh Mohammed

Man

Khalid Sheikh Mohammed is a Kuwaiti Pakistani insurgent held in U.S. military custody in Guantánamo Bay for alleged acts of terrorism including the mass murder of civilians. He was identified as "the principal architect of the 9/11 attacks" by the 9/11 Commission Report. He was captured in Pakistan on March 2, 2003. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed was allegedly a member of Osama bin Laden's terrorist al-Qaeda organization, leading al-Qaeda's propaganda operations from around 1999 until late 2001. He is alleged to have confessed under torture by United States agents to a role in many of the most significant terrorist plots over the last twenty years, but the means of interrogation put his confession into question. In 2003 Mohammed was captured in hiding in Rawalpindi, Pakistan, by a combined force of members of the CIA and the Inter-Services Intelligence agency of Pakistan, and transferred to U.S. CIA custody. In 2006 he was transferred to military custody and Guantanamo Bay detention camp. In March 2007, through the use of enhanced interrogation techniques, Mohammed confessed to masterminding the September 11 attacks, the Richard Reid shoe bombing attempt to blow up an airliner, the Bali nightclub bombing in Indonesia, the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, the murder of Daniel Pearl, and various foiled attacks, as well as numerous other crimes. He was charged in February 2008 with war crimes and murder by a U.S. military commission at Guantanamo Bay detention camp and faces the death penalty if convicted. In 2012, a former military prosecutor criticized the proceedings as insupportable due to confessions gained under torture.

Wasim Akram

Cricket Bowler

Wasim Akram is a former Pakistani cricketer. He was a genuine left arm fast bowler who could bowl with significant pace and left-handed batsman who represented the Pakistan national cricket team in Test cricket and One Day International matches.In October 2013,Wasim Akram was the only Pakistani cricketer to be named in an all-time Test World XI to mark the 150th anniversary of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. Akram is regarded as one of the greatest fast bowlers in the history of cricket. He holds the world record for most wickets in List A cricket with 881 and is second only to Sri Lankan off-spin bowler, Muttiah Muralitharan in terms of ODI wickets with 502. He is considered to be one of the founders and perhaps the finest exponent of reverse swing bowling. Akram had a very special talent to move the ball both ways in one delivery which is called "double swing of Wasim Akram". No one in cricket history has done it so far. He was the first bowler to reach the 500-wicket mark in ODI cricket during the 2003 World Cup. In 2002 Wisden released its only list of best players of all time. Wasim was ranked as the best bowler in ODI of all time with a rating of 1223.5, ahead of Allan Donald, Imran Khan, Waqar Younis, Joel Garner, Glen McGrath and Muralitharan. Wasim has taken 23 4-wicket hauls in ODI in 356 matches he played. On 30 September 2009, Akram was one of five new members inducted into the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame. He is the bowling coach of Kolkata Knight Riders. but took a break from the position for IPL 6 citing a need to spend more time with family.

Ranjit Singh

Politician

Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the founder of the Sikh Empire, which came to power in the Indian subcontinent in the early half of the 19th century. The empire, based in the Punjab region, existed from 1799 to 1849. It was forged, on the foundations of the Khalsa, under the leadership of Ranjit Singh from a collection of autonomous Sikh Misls. Ranjt Singh was succeeded by his son, Kharak Singh.

Aisam-ul-Haq Qureshi

Tennis Player

Aisam-ul-Haq Qureshi is a professional tennis player from Pakistan. He is currently Pakistan's top player. A top-10 doubles player, his highest singles ranking was no. 103. He is the only Pakistani tennis player to reach the final of a Grand Slam, which he did in 2010, competing in both mixed doubles and men's doubles at the US Open. Qureshi teamed with Israeli player Amir Hadad during Wimbledon and the US Open tournaments in 2002. The duo won the Arthur Ashe Humanitarian of the Year award for playing together despite pressure from their communities. As Pakistani no. 1, Qureshi has traditionally led Pakistan's Davis Cup campaigns. After shocking New Zealand in the Asia/Oceania Zone Group I second round play-off in 2004 to survive relegation, he took them to the World Group Play-Offs for the first time in 2005, before they were beaten by Chile. He has won the most Davis Cup matches for Pakistan, being the most successful singles and doubles player from his country ever. He is also half of the most successful doubles pairing for Pakistan in the country's sporting history.

Manoj Kumar

Actor

Manoj Kumar is an award-winning Indian actor and director in the Bollywood film industry. He is remembered for his films Hariyali Aur Raasta, Woh Kaun Thi?, Himalaya Ki God Mein, Do Badan, Upkar, Patthar Ke Sanam, Neel Kamal, Purab Aur Paschim, Roti Kapda Aur Makaan, and Kranti. He is known for acting in and directing films with patriotic themes, and has been given the nickname "Bhaarat Kumar". In 1992, he was honoured with the Padma Shri by the Government of India.

Padmasambhava

Founding Figure

Padmasambhava, also known as the Second Buddha, was a sage guru from Oddiyana, northwestern Classical India. Padmasambhava is said to have transmitted Vajrayana Buddhism to Tibet, Bhutan and neighboring countries in the 8th century AD. In those lands, he is better known as Guru Rinpoche or Lopon Rinpoche, or as Padum in Tibet, where followers of the Nyingma school regard him as the second Buddha. He is, moreover, considered to have been an emanation of Buddha Amitabha, Shakyamuni Buddha, and Kuan Yin Bodhisattva.

Prem Chopra

Actor

Prem Chopra is an Indian actor in Hindi and Punjabi films. He has acted in 320 films. He has a soft spoken diction despite being a villain in most films.

Sunil Dutt

Actor

Sunil Dutt, born Balraj Dutt, was an Indian Hindi movie actor, producer, director and politician. He was the cabinet minister for Youth Affairs and Sports in the Manmohan Singh government. His son, Sanjay Dutt, is also an actor. In 1984 he joined the Indian National Congress party and was elected to Parliament of India for five terms from the constituency of Mumbai North West. In 1968, he was honoured with the Padma Shri by the Government of India.

Ali Zafar

Pop Artist

Ali Zafar, is a Pakistani musician, composer, singer, song writer, painter and film actor. He started his singing career with the song Jugnuon Se Bhar Le Aanchal in the film Shararat, directed by Pakistani actress and director Samina Peerzada but made a big mark with his first single Channo from his first album Huqa Pani that sold over five million copies worldwide. The album turned out to be one of the biggest hits ever in Pakistan with Channo topping the charts all the way for a long time. Zafar began his acting career with Bollywood film Tere Bin Laden, which was moderately successful at the box office, and for which he was nominated for Filmfare Best Male Debut Award. In 2011, Zafar appeared as a guest in Yash Raj's Luv Ka The End and received his second commercial success with his next release—the romantic comedy Mere Brother Ki Dulhan. Zafar went on to win Stardust Award for Superstar of Tomorrow – Male. Zafar starred in a number of commercially successful films like London, Paris, New York and Chashme Baddoor. Zafar has won three Lux Style Awards, three Indus Music Awards, three MTV Style Awards and one Stardust Awards. In 2012, Zafar was awarded by Dadasaheb Phalke Academy Awards in India.

Shoaib Akhtar

Cricket Bowler

Shoaib Akhtar; Urdu: شعیب اختر‎; is a Pakistani former cricketer who is regarded as one of the fastest bowlers in modern cricket. He made his Test debut in November 1997 and played his first One Day International four months later. He played on Pakistan's Cricket Team as an attacking fast bowler. He has been involved in several controversies during his career, often accused of not being a team player but his presence was always felt by the opponents. Akhtar was sent home during the Test match series in Australia in 2005 for alleged poor attitude. A year later, he was embroiled in a drug scandal after testing positive to a banned substance. However, the ban imposed on him was lifted on court appeal. In September 2007, Akhtar was banned for an indefinite period for his fight with Pakistan team mate and fast bowler Mohammad Asif. On 1 April 2008, Akhtar was banned for five years for publicly criticizing the Pakistan Cricket Board. In October 2008, the Lahore High Court in Pakistan suspended the five-year ban and Akhtar was selected in the 15-man squad for the Twenty20 Quadrangular Tournament in Canada. Pakistani judge Rana Bhagwandas once stated that Akhtar is a legend of Pakistan cricket. Akhtar retired from international cricket after the 2011 World Cup.

Misbah-ul-Haq

Cricket Bowler

Misbah-ul-Haq Khan Niazi is a Pakistani cricketer. He is the current Test and One Day International captain of the Pakistan national cricket team. He is a solid middle-order batsmen best known for his composure and temperament with the bat whilst also having the ability to be an aggressive big shot player when required.

Aafia Siddiqui

Neuroscientist

Aafia Siddiqui is a Pakistani who studied neuroscience in the United States. She emigrated to the U.S. in 1990 and obtained a Ph.D. in 2001 from Brandeis University. In early 2003, Siddiqui returned to Pakistan. In March 2003, she was named as a courier and financier for al-Qaida by Khalid Sheikh Muhammad and was placed on a "wanted for questioning" list by the FBI. She subsequently disappeared until she was arrested in Ghazni, Afghanistan, with documents and notes for making bombs plus containers of sodium cyanide. Siddiqui was indicted in New York federal district court in September 2008 on charges of attempted murder and assault stemming from an incident in an interview with U.S. authorities in Ghazni, charges which Siddiqui denied. After 18 months in detention, she was tried and convicted in early 2010 and sentenced to 86 years in prison. Throughout the trial, the Pakistani government supported Siddiqui, and her conviction resulted in some protests in Pakistan. Various media reports have also highlighted differences in how the case was portrayed in the U.S. and in Pakistan.

Hina Rabbani Khar

Politician

Hina Rabbani Khar is a Pakistani stateswoman and economist who was the 26th Foreign Minister of Pakistan. Hailing from a powerful feudal family, she began her political career in 2002 in the government of Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz and subsequently served in the Finance Ministry and Foreign Ministry as Minister of State. After successfully contesting the 2008 general election, she served again in the Finance Ministry and directed policies concerning the national economy in the absence of the then Finance Minister in 2009. She was appointed the first female Foreign Minister in July 2011 following the resignation of Mehmood Qureshi. Since 2008, she has been a senior and high-ranking member of the Central Executive Committee, and is widely regarded as one of the highest ranking women in Pakistani politics.

Yousaf Raza Gillani

Politician

Syed Yousuf Raza Gillani also spelled Gilani is a Pakistani politician who served as the 16th Prime minister of Pakistan from 25 March 2008 until his retroactive disqualification and ouster by the Supreme Court of Pakistan on 26 April 2012. He currently serves as the vice chairman of the central committee committee of the Pakistan Peoples Party. After 1988 general elections, he secured his ministerial appointment in the Ministry of Tourism in the government of former prime minister Benazir Bhutto, and since then, he had been a senior member of parliament for the Multan District. After his party securing the plurality in the 1993 general elections, Gillani was elevated 15th Speaker of the National Assembly by the-Prime minister Benazir Bhutto, a post he held until 16 February 1997. On 11 February 2001, Gillani was imprisoned in the infamous Adiala Jail by a military court instituted under President Pervez Musharraf on accusations and charges of corruption, and released on 7 October 2006. In the wake of 2008 general elections, his party formed a four-party coalition alliance and nominated him for the office of Prime minister. He is the first prime minister from the Saraiki-speaking belt, and also holds the distinction for successfully presenting five consecutive federal budgets. As Prime minister, Gillani announced the formation of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, rehabilitation of the troubled and war-torn tribal belt, and promised to reduce the federal budget deficit as well as announcing his ambitions to improve the system of education. This was followed by announcing the new agriculture, land and economic policy that lifted the bans on labour and students' unions, while worked and implemented the new energy and nuclear policies to tackle the energy crisis in the country. But his policies, without meaningful economic reforms, led to a high rise in inflation and sharp decline in economic performance, a period referred to as "Era of Stagflation".

Shekhar Kapur

Film Director

Shekhar Kapur is a critically acclaimed Indian film director, producer and actor. He rose to popularity with the Hindi language movie Bandit Queen based upon the life of Phoolan Devi, an infamous Indian outlaw and from TV Series Named Pradhanmantri. His historical biopics of Queen Elizabeth garnered 7 Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture and Best Actress for Cate Blanchett.

Ajmal Amir

Man

Mohammed Ajmal Amir Kasab was a Pakistani militant and a member of the Lashkar-e-Taiba Islamist group, through which he took part in the 2008 Mumbai attacks in India. Kasab was the only attacker captured alive by police. Kasab was born in Faridkot, Pakistan to a family belonging to the Qassab community. He left his home in 2005, engaging in petty crime and armed robbery with a friend. In late 2007, he and his friend encountered members of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah, the political wing of Lashkar-e-Taiba, distributing pamphlets, and were persuaded to join. On 3 May 2010, Kasab was found guilty of 80 offences, including murder, waging war against India, possessing explosives, and other charges. On 6 May 2010, the same trial court sentenced him to death on four counts and to a life sentence on five counts. Kasab's death sentence was upheld by the Bombay High Court on 21 February 2011. The verdict was upheld by the Supreme Court of India on 29 August 2012. Kasab was hanged on 21 November 2012 at 7:30 a.m. and buried at Yerwada Jail in Pune.

Faiz Ahmed Faiz

Poet

Faiz Ahmad Faiz MBE, NI, was an influential left-wing intellectual, revolutionary poet, and one of the most famous poets of the Urdu and Punjabi language from Pakistan. A notable member of the Progressive Writers' Movement, Faiz was an avowed Marxist. Listed four times for the Nobel Prize in poetry, he received the Lenin Peace Prize by the Soviet Union in 1962. Despite being repeatedly accused of atheism by the political and military establishment, Faiz's poetry suggested a more nuanced relationship with religion in general and with Islam in particular. He was, in fact, greatly inspired by both secular poetry and South Asia's Sufi traditions. His popular ghazal Hum Dekhenge is an example of how he fused these interests. Faiz was controversially named and linked by Prime minister Liaquat Ali Khan's government for hatching the conspiracy against Liaquat Ali Khan's government, along with a left-wing military sponsor Major-General Akbar Khan. Having been arrested by Military police, Faiz among others received a maximum sentence by JAG branch, although his sentence was commuted after the assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan in 1951.

Altaf Hussain

Politician

Altaf Hussain is a British Pakistani politician and fugitive of Pakistan who founded and leads the Karachi based Muttahida Quami Movement. Hussain belongs from the dominating Karachi's muhajir community, his parents moved from Agra, India to settle in Pakistan. Hussain currently lives in London and maintains British nationality after he applied and was granted political asylum in 1992. Hussain founded the MQM in the 1980s to defend the interests of the muhajir community, the Urdu-speaking descendants of Muslims who moved from India to Pakistan during partition, in 1947. The MQM's political strongholds are urban Karachi and Hyderabad, Sindh. MQM is currently the fourth largest political party in the National Assembly of Pakistan. MQM has enjoyed enormous influence by being a key coalition partner of the different governments since 90's. A controversial figure at the least, critics claim that Hussain and his party showed a readiness to use violence to fight for power. He and his party has long been accused of having an illegal armed wing intimately involved in Karachi's criminal economy of drugs, extortion and land theft. On 20 May 2013, Imran Khan accused Hussain of being directly involved in the murder of his party leader Zahra Shahid Hussain. Hussain currently faces allegations of murder of his party leader Dr Imran Farooq, money laundering and hate speech, the case is under investigation by the Scotland Yard. On July 3, 2013, Metropolitan Police Service raided Husain's house and seized approximately ₤1 million under the Proceeds of the Crime Act. On July 4, 2013 Hussain was interrogated for seven hours in connection with money laundering case. On 8 July 2013, BBC News called Hussain a 'Pakistans most divisive politicians'.

Madan Puri

Actor

Madan Puri was an actor in Hindi and Punjabi films.

Tariq Ali

Historian

Tariq Ali is a British Pakistani writer, journalist, and filmmaker. He is a member of the editorial committee of the New Left Review and Sin Permiso, and regularly contributes to The Guardian, CounterPunch, and the London Review of Books. He is the author of several books, including Pakistan: Military Rule or People's Power, Can Pakistan Survive? The Death of a State, Pirates Of The Caribbean: Axis Of Hope, Conversations with Edward Said, Bush in Babylon, and Clash of Fundamentalisms: Crusades, Jihads and Modernity, A Banker for All Seasons, The Duel and The Obama Syndrome.

Raaj Kumar

Actor

Raaj Kumar, born Kulbushan Pandit, was a Hindi film actor. Raaj Kumar started out as sub-inspector of Mumbai Police in the late 1940s before he turned to acting with the 1952 film Rangeeli. He appeared in the Oscar-nominated 1957 film Mother India and went onto star in over 70 Hindi films in a career that spanned over four decades.

Rajendra Kumar

Actor

Rajendra Kumar was one of the most successful Indian Bollywood actors in the 1960s and 1970s. He also produced several films in the 1980s starring his son Kumar Gaurav. He was born in a Punjabi Hindu family in Sialkot, in the Punjab province of British India, currently in Pakistan.

Junaid Jamshed

Pop Artist

Junaid Jamshed, is Pakistani recording artist, television personality, fashion designer, former occasional actor, and former singer-songwriter. After graduating with a degree in engineering from the UET Lahore, Jamshed briefly worked as a civilian contractor and engineer for the PAF before withdrawing to focus on his musical career. He soon began performing in the rock music scene in various local university campuses before being notice by Rohail Hyatt in 1983. With the help of Hyatt and Nusrat Hussain, Jamshed was inducted in Vital Sign and signed a record deal with record executive and producer Shoaib Mansoor to his PTV Music Studio. Jamshed first gained nationwide prominence and international recognition as the lead vocalist of the pop-rock, Vital Signs in 1987 with the first highly critically acclaimed and commercially successful album, Vital Signs 1 that topped the Music Channel Charts around the country. The first album included the international number-one single "Dil Dil Pakistan", and "Tum Mil Gaye". The big commercial success of Vital Signs' first album helped raise the rock music industry of Pakistan. In 1994, he released his debut solo album, Junaid of Vital Signs, which also quickly became a national hit, followed by Us Rah Par in 1999 and Dil Ki Baat in which his song Tum Kehti ho was a great hit, teleased in 2002. In 2004, Jamshed renounced engineering and his music career and since then, Jamshed has focused on Islam and concentrated on reciting nasheeds. Since then he is connected to Tableeghi Jamaat. His debut religious album, Jalwa-e-Janan was released in 2005 and was followed by Mehboob-e-Yazdaan in 2006, Badr-ud-Duja in 2008, and Badee-uz-Zaman in 2009. Jamshed also owns a clothing boutique with the name "J.", which has several outlets throughout Pakistan.

Inzamam-ul-Haq

Cricket Bowler

Inzamam-ul-Haq;Punjabi, Urdu: انضمام الحق‎; born 3 March 1970), also known as Inzy, is a former Pakistani cricketer. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest batsmen Pakistan has produced. He is the leading run scorer for Pakistan in One-Day Cricket and second-highest run scorer for Pakistan in Test cricket, after Javed Miandad. He was the captain of the Pakistan national cricket team from 2003-07 and is considered to be one of the best leaders in Pakistan Cricket history. Inzamam rose to fame in the semi-final of the 1992 Cricket World Cup, in which he scored 60 off 37 balls against a strong New Zealand team. His strong batting performance also propelled Pakistan to victory in the final of the 1992 Cricket World Cup. He remained one of the team's leading batsmen throughout the decade in both Test and ODI cricket. In 2003, he was appointed captain of the Pakistan team. His tenure as captain ended after Pakistan's early exit from the 2007 Cricket World Cup. On 5 October 2007, Inzamam retired from international cricket following the second Test match against South Africa, falling three runs short of Javed Miandad as Pakistan's leading run scorer in Test cricket. Following his retirement, he joined the Indian Cricket League, captaining the Hyderabad Heroes in the inaugural edition of the Twenty20 competition. In the ICL's second edition, he captained the Lahore Badshahs, a team composed entirely of Pakistani cricketers.

Abdul Aziz Ghazi

Politician

Muhammad Abdul Aziz is a Pakistani cleric, son of Maulana Muhammad Abdullah and elder brother of Abdul Rashid Ghazi. He was the Khateeb in the central mosque of Islamabad known as Lal Masjid, which was the site of a siege in 2007 with the Pakistani army. On July 4, 2007, he was arrested by the Pakistani police as he was trying to escape the complex while dressed in a burqa. According to his account, he was forced by authorities to wear the burqa .

Sharlene Grover

Actor

Sharlene Grover is an actress.

Jagdish Raj

Actor

Jagdish Raj Khurana was a Bollywood actor who holds a Guinness World Record record for being the most type-cast actor. He played a police inspector in 144 films.

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Physicist

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, FRS, was an Indian-American astrophysicist who, with William A. Fowler, won the 1983 Nobel Prize for Physics for key discoveries that led to the currently accepted theory on the later evolutionary stages of massive stars. The Chandrasekhar limit is named after him. Chandrasekhar was the nephew of Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930. Chandrasekhar in distinct periods worked in various areas including stellar structure, theory of white dwarfs, stellar dynamics, theory of radiative transfer, quantum theory of the negative ion of Hydrogen, hydrodynamic and hydromagnetic stability, equilibrium and the stability of ellipsoidal figures of equilibrium, general relativity, mathematical theory of black holes and theory of colliding gravitational waves. Chandrasekhar served on the University of Chicago faculty from 1937 until his death in 1995 at the age of 84. He became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1953.

Prithviraj Kapoor

Actor

Prithviraj Kapoor, 3 November 1901 – 29 May 1972) was a pioneer of Indian theatre and of the Hindi film industry, who started his career as an actor, in the silent era of Hindi cinema, associated with IPTA as one of its founding members and who founded the Prithvi Theatres, a travelling theatre company based in Mumbai, in 1944. He was also the patriarch of the Kapoor family of Hindi films, four generations of which family, beginning with him, have played active roles in Hindi film industry. The Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan in 1969 and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1971 for his contributions towards Indian cinema.

Shoaib Malik

Cricket Bowler

Shoaib Malik is a Pakistani cricket player and former captain. He made his One-Day International debut in 1999 against the West Indies and his Test debut in 2001 against Bangladesh. He has taken over 100 ODI wickets, and has a batting average in the mid 30s in both Test and ODI cricket. His bowling action has come under scrutiny but he has had elbow surgery to correct this. Malik was ranked second, behind teammate Shahid Afridi, in the ICC ODI all-rounder rankings in June 2008. In March 2010, Malik received a one-year ban from international cricket from the Pakistan Cricket Board; the ban was overturned two months later.

Waqar Younis

Cricket Bowler

Waqar Younis Maitla is a former Pakistani right-arm fast bowler in cricket and widely regarded as one of the greatest fast bowlers of all time. As of 2012, he holds the record for the youngest Pakistani Test captain and the third youngest Test captain in history. He played 87 Tests and 262 One Day International matches for Pakistan during his international cricket career from 1989 to 2003. Younis' trademark was his ability to reverse swing a cricket ball at high speed. He took 373 Test wickets and 416 One Day International wickets during his career. Together with bowling partner Wasim Akram, he formed one of the world's most feared bowling attacks. Younis has the best strike rate for any bowler with over 350 Test wickets. He worked as a bowling coach with the national side from 2006 to 2007. Waqar was appointed as the coach of the Pakistan cricket team on 3 March 2010. He resigned as Pakistan's cricket coach on 19 August 2011 citing personal reasons.He joined Sunrisers Hyderabad as their bowling coach for the Indian Premier League 2013 season.

Sadhana Shivdasani

Actor

Sadhana Shivdasani, better known mononymously as Sadhana, is an Indian actress who was one of the top stars in the 1960s and the early 1970s. Beside becoming the fashion icon for young Indian girls with her specific hair style, still known as "Sadhana cut", she became famous as Mystery Girl with her three suspense thriller films namely Woh Kaun Thi?, Mera Saaya and Anita, all directed by Raj Khosla. Sadhana was nominated for prestigious Filmfare Award for Best Actress for film Woh Kaun Thi? and Waqt in 1965 and 1966. She retired from films in the mid-1970s after also directing and co-producing a few films.

Mohammad Yousuf

Cricket Bowler

Mohammad Yousuf is a Pakistani right-handed batsman. Prior to his conversion to Islam in 2005, Yousuf was one of only a few Christians to play for the Pakistan cricket team. Yousuf was effectively banned from playing international cricket for Pakistan, for an indefinite period by the Pakistan Cricket Board on 10 March 2010, following an inquiry into the team's defeat during the tour of Australia. An official statement was released by the Pakistan Cricket Board, saying that he would not be selected again on the grounds of inciting infighting within the team. On 29 March 2010, Yousuf announced his retirement from all forms of international cricket, a direct reaction to the indefinite ban handed out to him by PCB. However following Pakistan's disastrous first Test against England in July/August 2010, PCB decided to ask Yousuf to come out of retirement.

Ghulam Ali

Ghazal Artist

Ustad Ghulam Ali of whom he was a disciple) or Chhote Ghulam Ali, who is another Pakistani singer in the Qual Bachon Gharana. Ghulam Ali is considered as one of the best ghazal singers of his era. His style and variations in singing Ghazals has been noted as unique, as he blended Hindustani classical music with ghazals, unlike any other Ghazal singer. Highly popular in Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, as well as amongst South Asian Diaspora in the USA, the UK and the Middle Eastern Countries. Many of his hit ghazals have been used in Bollywood movies. His famous ghazals are Chupke Chupke Raat Din, Kal Chaudhvin Ki Raat Thi, Hungama Hai Kyon Barpa, Kiya Hai Pyar Jisé, May Nazar Sé Pee Rahahoon, Mastana Peeyé, Yé dil yé pagal dil, Apni Dhoon Mein.

Suresh Oberoi

Actor

Suresh Oberoi is an Indian character actor. He is the father of Bollywood actor Vivek Oberoi. He was born in Quetta, now Pakistan. and is a recipient of 1987 National Film Award for Best Supporting Actor. After Partition of India his parents Anand Sarup Oberoi and Kartar Devi fled to Amritsar and then to Hyderabad. He has made over 135 films. He recited few couplets in the song "Dil Mein Phir Aaj Teri" with Anuradha Paudwal for film Yaadon Ka Mausam. In addition to acting and singing, he was also the host of the show Jeena Isi Ka Naam Hai on Zee TV for his clear voice and diction. Besides all of above, he writes "romantic and philosophical poetry".

Iftekhar

Actor

Iftekhar Khan, often mononymously credited as Iftekhar was a character actor in Bollywood films, especially known for his roles as police officers.

Aleem Dar

Cricket Umpire

Aleem Sarwar Dar is a retired Pakistani first-class cricketer and a member of the ICC Elite umpire panel. He won three consecutive ICC Umpire of the Year awards 2009, 2010 and 2011, after being nominated twice in 2005 and 2006. Aleem Dar and Simon Taufel were the only umpires to have received the award from its inception until 2012. He has played for Allied Bank, Gujranwala Cricket Association, Lahore, and Pakistan Railways as a right-handed batsman and a leg-break bowler. Since his retirement as a player, he has gained prominence as one of the leading umpires in international cricket. He was educated at Islamia College, Civil Lines, Lahore.

Mona Singh

Actor

Mona Singh is an Indian model and television actress, known for playing the leading role in Kya Hua Tera Vaada and winning many celebrity reality shows. She also appeared in a key role in 3 Idiots.

Reema Khan

Actor

Reema Khan, known by her screen name Reema, is a Pakistani Lollywood film actress, director and producer. She has appeared in more than 200 films since making her debut in 1990.

Shahid Khan

Businessperson

Shahid "Shad" Khan is a Pakistani-born American billionaire businessman. He is the owner of the Jacksonville Jaguars of the National Football League, the English Premier League team Fulham F.C., and automobile parts manufacturer Flex-N-Gate in Urbana, Illinois. As of September 2013, Khan's net worth is over $3.8 billion. He is ranked 122nd in the Forbes 400 list of richest Americans and is overall the 490th wealthiest person in the world. He is also the richest person of Pakistani origin.

Mahira Khan

Actor

Mahira Khan, is a Pakistani VJ, [[model]] and actress. Noted for playing a variety of characters in a range of films and serials—from contemporary social to romantic dramas—Khan has received one Lux Style Awards, one Pakistan Media Awards and two Hum Awards, and has established herself as one of Pakistan's most high-profile celebrities. Khan made her screen debut with the 2011 social drama Bol, which rank among the first highest-grossing Pakistani film of all time. Her portrayal of (Ayesha, a feisty tomboy) who keeps harassing by her father, drew critical appreciation. Khan went on to nominate for Lux Style Award for Best Actress. She got a considerable amount of attention and appreciation with the highly successful serials such as Neeyat (2011), Humsafar (2012) and Shehr-e-Zaat (2012). In 2012, she was named as the Most Beautiful Women in Pakistan. In addition to acting in films, she is active in humanitarian work, has a number of endorsement deals.

Rumer

Pop Artist

Sarah Joyce, better known by her stage name, Rumer, is a Pakistani-born British singer–songwriter. Her stage name was inspired by the author Rumer Godden. Rumer's voice has been described by The Guardian and many others as being reminiscent of Karen Carpenter. Supported by leading music industry figures including Burt Bacharach, Jools Holland and Elton John, Rumer was nominated for two Brit awards on 13 January 2011. She has performed at several festivals such as Glastonbury Festival.

Anand Bakshi

Songwriter

Anand Bakshi was a popular Indian poet and lyricist.

Asad Rauf

Cricket Umpire

Asad Rauf is a Pakistani former first-class cricketer and a Test cricket umpire more known for his controversial life on and off the field. Although he is a member of the ICC Elite Umpire Panel, he is alleged to be involved in match-fixing and spot-fixing of cricket matches.

Balraj Sahni

Actor

Balraj Sahni, born Yudhishthir Sahni, was a famous Indian film actor. He belonged to a Punjabi Khatri family from Bhera now in Punjab, Pakistan. He was the brother of Bhisham Sahni, noted Hindi writer, playwright, and actor. It is quite surprising that such a great actor did not receive even a single award for his memorable roles.

Abdul Razzaq

Cricket Bowler

Abdul Razzaq is a Pakistani right arm fast-medium bowler and a right-handed batsman and a member of Pakistan cricket team. He emerged in international cricket in 1996 with his One Day International debut against Zimbabwe at his home ground in Gaddafi Stadium, Pakistan, just one month before his seventeenth birthday. He has played 265 ODIs and 46 Tests for Pakistan.

Mohammad Hafeez

Cricket Bowler

Mohammad Hafeez is a Pakistani cricket player. He is currently the captain of Pakistan national cricket team in the T20 format. He is a right-hand opening batsman and a right-arm offspin bowler. Hafeez usually opens the batting and forms part of bowling attack. In 2012-2013, he has been ranked as the top all-rounder by the ICC Player Rankings in T20 format. He is known for his intelligent batting but also for aggressive shot plays when needed. He was the fourth international player signed to the Caribbean Premier League and the first Pakistani player to be named to the new Twenty20 tournament.

Kulbhushan Kharbanda

Actor

Kulbhushan Kharbanda is an Indian actor, who worked in Hindi and Punjabi films. He is better known for his role as antagonist Shakaal in Shaan inspired by the character of Blofeld from James Bond movies. Starting with Delhi-based theatre group Yatrik in the 1960s, he moved to films with Sai Paranjpye's Jadu Ka Shankh in 1974, he worked in several parallel cinema films, before working in mainstream Bollywood. He later appeared in Mahesh Bhatt's classic, Arth, Ek Chadar Maili Si, and in all three parts of Deepa Mehta's Elements trilogy, Fire, Earth, and Water. After nearly two decades he was seen on the theatre stage in Padatik Theatre, Kolkata's production, Atmakatha, directed by Vinay Sharma.

Ram Jethmalani

Politician

Ram Jethmalani is an Indian lawyer and politician. He has served as India's Union Law Minister and as Chairman of Bar Associations. He has represented a sweep of cases from the high-profile to the controversial for which he has often faced severe criticism. He is the highest paid Indian lawyer. Ram Jethmalani is known as a maverick lawyer with many distinctions to his credit. He obtained a law degree at an early age of 17 and started practising law in his hometown until the partition of India. He married Durga Jethmalani and later, his second wife, Ratna Jethmalani. The partition led him to move to Mumbai as a refugee and he began his life afresh with his family. He has two sons and two daughters, of whom, Mahesh Jethmalani and Rani Jethmalani are also well known lawyers. He was elected a member of parliament in 6th and 7th Lok Sabha on a Bharatiya Janata Party ticket from Mumbai. He has served as Law Minister of India and also as Minister of Urban Development during the Prime Ministership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee against whom he later on contested election in General Elections of 2004 from Lucknow constituency. However in 2010 he came back to BJP and was elected to Rajya Sabha on its ticket from Rajasthan. He has also been criticised as being opportunistic because of this.

Javed Miandad

Cricket Bowler

Mohammad Javed Miandad, popularly known as Javed Miandad, is a former Pakistani cricketer who played between 1975 and 1996. He is Pakistan's leading run scorer in Test cricket. ESPNcricinfo described him as "the greatest batsman Pakistan has ever produced". He has served as a captain of the Pakistan national cricket team. He is widely known for – his historic last ball big sixer against India in 1986, when 4 runs were required to win – winning an international game in that fashion for the first time. After his playing career, he has remained the coach of Pakistan cricket team at various occasions, as well as held positions in the Pakistan Cricket Board. He had three coaching stints with the Pakistan national team.

Bulleh Shah

Poet

Bulleh Shah, sometimes Bulla Shah was a Punjabi Sufi poet, humanist and philosopher. His full name was Syed Abdullah Shah Qadri

Amrita Pritam

Poet

Amrita Pritam was a Punjabi writer and poet, considered the first prominent woman Punjabi poet, novelist, and essayist, and the leading 20th-century poet of the Punjabi language, who is equally loved on both the sides of the India-Pakistan border. With a career spanning over six decades, she produced over 100 books, of poetry, fiction, biographies, essays, a collection of Punjabi folk songs and an autobiography that were translated into several Indian and foreign languages. She is most remembered for her poignant poem, Aj Aakhaan Waris Shah Nu, an elegy to the 18th-century Punjabi poet, an expression of her anguish over massacres during the partition of India. As a novelist, her most noted work was Pinjar, in which she created her memorable character, Puro, an epitome of violence against women, loss of humanity and ultimate surrender to existential fate; the novel was made into an award-winning film, Pinjar in 2003. When the former British India was partitioned into the independent states of India and Pakistan in 1947, she migrated from Lahore, to India, though she remained equally popular in Pakistan throughout her life, as compared to her contemporaries like Mohan Singh and Shiv Kumar Batalvi.

Saeed Anwar

Cricket Bowler

Saeed Anwar is a former Pakistani opening batsman and occasional Slow left arm orthodox bowler who played international cricket between 1989 and 2003. He played 55 Test matches scoring 4052 with the help of eleven centuries, averaged 45.52. In 247 One Day Internationals he made 8824 runs at the average of 39.21. He made twenty centuries in ODIs which are more than any other Pakistani batsmen in this format. Anwar got a pair at his Test debut against the West Indies in 1990, and scored 169 runs in his third Test against New Zealand in February 1994. In 1998–99, he became the third Pakistan to carry his bat through a Test innings, and scored his highest Test score of 188 not out. He made four ODI centuries at Sharjah Cricket Association Stadium, including three consecutive during 1993–94. Anwar scored two successive hundreds on three different occasions in his career. He is most notable for scoring 194 runs against India in Chennai in 1997, the highest score for that time, and now the joint fourth highest individual score in an ODI. Anwar participated in three Cricket World Cups, and captained Pakistan in seven Tests and 11 ODIs. In August 2003, he announced his retirement from International cricket.

Abida Parveen

Ghazal Artist

Abida Parveen, is a Pakistani singer of Sindhi descent and one of the foremost exponents of Sufi music. She sings mainly ghazals and her forte, Kafis, a solo genre accompanied by percussion and harmonium, using a repertoire of songs by Sufi poets. Parveen sings in Urdu, Sindhi, Saraiki, Punjabi and Persian, and together with Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan is considered one of the finest Sufi vocalists of the modern era. She is currently a Judge on a musical show Sur Kshetra.

Younus Khan

Cricket Bowler

Mohammad Younus Khan is a Pakistani cricketer and former captain of the Pakistan national cricket team. Younus' name is often spelled Younis Khan, but he has been quoted as saying that he prefers the spelling "Younus". He is only the third Pakistani player to score 300 or more runs in an innings. Like Imran Khan, he is most remembered for his leadership letting Pakistan win 2009 ICC World Twenty20. On 10 March 2010, Younus, along with another player, Mohammad Yousuf were axed by the Pakistan Cricket Board from playing for Pakistan in any format for an indefinite period, following an inquiry report which suggested that both players were involved in breaches of discipline by inciting divisions within the team. The ban was lifted three months later. Presently Younus is a key member in the ODI and Test match side. By February 2012, Younus reached his 20th test match century against England.

Shahbaz Sharif

Politician

Mian Shahbaz Sharif is a Pakistani politician and a public figure who serves as the Chief Minister of Punjab, Pakistan. He is the longest serving Chief Minister of Punjab by holding the same office twice before between 1997 till 1999 and 2008 till 2013. As the brother of Nawaz Sharif, current Prime Minister of Pakistan and President of Pakistan Muslim League, Shahbaz serves as the second person in charge of the party and presides over its provincial chapter of Punjab. Shahbaz after 1999 Pakistani coup d'état, he along with his entire family, was sent to exile to Saudi Arabia only to return to Pakistan in 2007. He was elected to the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab in 1988 elections and National Assembly in 1990. He was again elected to the Punjab Assembly in 1993 and was named Leader of the Opposition in the house when Manzoor Wattoo was the chief minister of Punjab. After his election to the Punjab Assembly for the third time in 1997 elections, Shahbaz Sharif was elected leader of the house and sworn in as the chief minister of Punjab on February 20, 1997.

Yahya Khan

Politician

Agha Yahya Khan, was a four-star general officer and politician who served as the 3rd President of Pakistan from 1969 until East Pakistan's secession to Bangladesh in 1971, and Pakistan's defeat in the Indo-Pakistani war of the same year. Serving with distinction in World War II as a British Indian Army officer, Yahya opted for Pakistan in 1947 and became one of the earliest senior local officers in its army. After helping conduct Operation Grand Slam during the Indo-Pakistani war of 1965, Yahya was made the army's Commander-in-Chief in 1966. Appointed to succeed him by outgoing president Ayub Khan in 1969, Yahya dissolved the government and declared martial law for the second time in Pakistan's history. He held the country's first free and fair elections in 1970, which saw Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Awami League party in East Pakistan win the majority vote. Pressured by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, whose party had won in West Pakistan but had far less votes, Yahya delayed handing over power to Mujib. As civil unrest erupted all over East Pakistan, Yahya initiated Operation Searchlight to quell the rebellion. With reports of widespread atrocities by the Pakistan Army against Bengali civilians, and counter-killings of Biharis and suspected Pakistani sympathisers by the Mukti Bahini insurgency, the crisis grew deeper under Yahya. In December 1971, regional tensions escalated into the Indo-Pakistani war of 1971, with neighbouring India intervening on the side of the Bengali fighters. Pakistan was defeated on 16 December 1971, with 93,000 of its army officers in Dhaka turning prisoners-of-war, and East Pakistan seceding to become Bangladesh. Yahya handed over the presidency to Bhutto and stepped down as army chief in disgrace.

Usman Khawaja

Cricket Bowler

Usman Khawaja is a Pakistani-born Australian cricketer. He was awarded Player of the Australian Under-19 Championship in 2005 and also played for Australia in the 2006 U-19 Cricket World Cup in Sri Lanka as an opening batsman. His club side is Randwick Petersham Cricket Club.

Azim Premji

Organization leader

Azim Hashim Premji is an Indian business tycoon and philanthropist who is the chairman of Wipro Limited, guiding the company through four decades of diversification and growth to emerge as one of the Indian leaders in the software industry. According to Forbes, he is currently the third wealthiest Indian, and the 41st richest in the world, with a personal wealth of $17.2 billion in 2013. In 2000, he was voted among the 20 most powerful men in the world by Asiaweek. He has twice been listed among the 100 most influential people by TIME Magazine, once in 2004 and more recently in 2011. Premji owns 79 percent of Wipro and also owns a private equity fund, PremjiInvest, which manages his $1 billion personal portfolio.

Bilawal Bhutto Zardari

Politician

Bilawal Bhutto Zardari is the Chairman of the Pakistan Peoples Party and Central Executive Committee. He is the only son of President Asif Ali Zardari and former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.

Umar Gul

Cricket Bowler

Umar Gul is a Pakistani right arm fast medium bowler in cricket who has played Test matches, One Day Internationals and Twenty20 Internationals for the Pakistani cricket team. He has gained fame as one of the most successful bowlers in Twenty20 cricket finishing as the leading wicket taker and bowler in both the 2007 and 2009 Twenty20 World Championship tournaments. Umar Gul holds the record of leading wicket taker in Twenty20 International cricket

Hadiqa Kiani

Pop Artist

Hadiqa Kiani is a Pakistani singer-songwriter and model. Kiani released her first album, Raaz, in 1995. She was later nominated and won numerous awards in Pakistan and internationally. She has released five subsequent albums. Kiani was named "Best Pop Female Singer" in Pakistan. In 2013, Kiani became a judge on the Pakistani reality television show Pakistan Idol. Recently, she has collaborated with the singer Atif Aslam.

Sara Loren

Actor

Sara Loren, is a Pakistani Actress and Model who appears in Lollywood and Bollywood films. Loren made her film debut in the 2010 Pooja Bhatt's romantic thriller film Kajraare, a box office flop but her performance won wide critical acclaim. Loren garnered recognition from her item number "Jano Janam Janeman" in Saltanat, a crirical and commercial success. She achieved further critical and commercial success for her role of seductress Nisha in the 2013 controversial film Murder 3. The following year she starred in Yasir Nawaz's box-office success Anjuman. Her portrayal of classical courtesan Anjuman, drew critical appreciation. Loren went on to win the Tarang Housefull Awards—Best Actress in Leading Role. As of August 2013, Loren has several projects in various stages of production and is filming Gidh and Mahesh Bhatt's Untitled project. In addition to acting in films, she is active in humanitarian work, has a number of endorsement deals and is regarded as one of the most popular actresses in Pakistan.

Kumail Nanjiani

Comedian

Kumail Nanjiani is an actor.

Mohammad Amir

Cricket Bowler

Mohammad Amir also known as Mohammad Aamer, is a Pakistani international cricketer, whose suspension and subsequent five-year ban curtailed his promising career. He is a left-arm fast bowler, who opened the bowling in all formats of the game. He made his first-class debut in 2007, and his first One-Day International and Test appearance in 2009 in Sri Lanka, at the age of 17. However, he played his first international match during the 2009 ICC World Twenty20, where he played in every game, helping the national side win the tournament. Amir was touted as having the potential to be a leading fast bowler by former Pakistani left arm fast bowler Wasim Akram who picked him out as a prospect in 2007. Since Amir's establishment in the international arena, former Pakistani batsman Rameez Raja, as well as Akram himself, have stated that "He is much cleverer than [Akram] at 18". On 29 August 2010, he was implicated in allegations of spot-fixing and is currently serving a five-year ban for allegedly bowling two-deliberate no-balls, Amir however has announced that he plans to appeal the verdict handed out by his prosecutor the International Cricket Council. In November 2011, Amir was convicted, along with Salman Butt and Mohammad Asif, of conspiracy charges relating to spot-fixing. He was given a six-month prison sentence. On 1 February 2012 Amir was released from prison after serving three months in jail.

Ayesha Omar

Actor

Ayesha Omar, is a Pakistani actress, model, singer, painter and host. She is known for her role as Khoobsurat in Bulbulay, Natasha in Ladies Park, Sara in Zindagi Gulzar Hai, Arzoo in Tanhai and Aleena in Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai. In 2012, she released her first single Chalte Chalte and Khamoshi which, although a commercial success in Pakistan, was met with a mixed reaction from critics. Omar went on to win Lux Style Award for Best Album.

Meesha Shafi

Singer-songwriter

Meesha Shafi, is a Pakistani actress, model and a singer who has appeared in Pakistani, Hollywood and Bollywood films. She made her film debut in 2013, in Mira Nair's Hollywood film The Reluctant Fundamentalist, which was moderately successful at the box office. In same year, she appeared in Bollywood film Bhaag Milkha Bhaag, a critical and commercial success and action thriller Pakistani film Waar, which rank among the first highest-grossing Pakistani film of all time. Her portrayal of Laxmi, an Indian spy agency Research and Analysis Wing's operative, drew critical appreciation. In 2010, she became famous after her song, Alif Allah, with Arif Lohar on Coke Studio Pakistan became a huge hit, garnering over 14 million views on YouTube to date, holding the record for the most viewed Pakistani song on YouTube ever.

A.K. Hangal

Actor

Avtar Kishan Hangal, popularly known as A. K. Hangal, was an Indian freedom fighter from 1929–1947 and also stage actor from 1936–1965 and later became a character actor in Hindi language films from 1966–2005. His most notable roles are as Ram Shastri in Aaina, as the Inder Sen in Shaukeen, as Bipinlal Pandey in Namak Haraam, as Imaam Sa'ab in Sholay, as Anokhelal in Manzil and the antagonist in Prem Bandhan and the 16 films he did with Rajesh Khanna. He has acted in around 225 Hindi films in a career spanning from 1966 to 2005.

Ramanand Sagar

Film Director

Ramanand Sagar was an Indian film director. He is most famous for making the extremely popular Ramayan television series, a 78-part TV adaptation of the ancient Hindu epic of the same name, starring Arun Govil as Lord Ram and Deepika Chikhalia as Sita.

Shaukat Aziz

Politician

Shaukat Aziz is a Pakistani economist and financier who served as the fifteenth Prime Minister of Pakistan from 20 August 2004 to 15 November 2007, as well as the Finance Minister of Pakistan from 6 November 1999 to 15 November 2007. Aziz graduated from the Institute of Business Administration in Karachi, and joined the corporate staff of the CitiBank Pakistan in 1969. He served in various countries' governments as CitiBank financier, and elevated as executive vice-president of Citibank in 1999. After accepting a personal request by General Pervez Musharraf, Aziz returned to Pakistan from the United States to assume the charge of the Finance Ministry as its Finance minister while taking control of the country's economy. In 2004, Aziz was nominated by the Pakistan Muslim League, a conservative front, for the position of Prime Minister after the resignation of Zafarullah Khan Jamali on 6 June 2004. Aziz's macroeconomics policies oversaw political stability and economical progress in Pakistan, subsequently ending the "era of stagflation" in 2001. Intensified privatisation and economic liberalisation programmes were personally initiated by Aziz, privatising all state-owned corporations and strengthening the country's economic base, which led the improvement of the country's growth rate by 6.4% per year. Reduction of poverty and inflation rates dropped to 3.5% in the last 3 years, compared to 11–12% in the 1990s. For the first time in Pakistan's history, all goals and revenue collection targets were met in his tenure, and allocation for development has increased by about 40%. Moreover, despite a series of internal and external distresses, economic situation of Pakistan improved significantly and reserves increased to US$ 10.5 billion on 30 June 2004, compared to US$ 1.2 billion in October 1999. As prime minister, Aziz oversaw the large-scale expansion of military reforms and police reforms, and significant investment in the country that led to the boom of the automotive industry, energy megaprojects, nuclear industry, and the port industry, and presided the unprecedented GDP growth. Aziz's policy expanded the internet and telecommunication services, and liberalised the private media of Pakistan as his vision to internationalise the image of the country.