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Nigeria country facts

Federal Republic of Nigeria Africa Abuja 177,155,754 inhabitants 923,768 sq km 191.78 inhabitants/sq km nairas (NGN) population evolution



British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, Nigeria continues to experience longstanding ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country's history and the elections of 2011 were generally regarded as credible. In January 2014, Nigeria assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2014-15 term.



Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

Geographic coordinates

10 00 N, 8 00 E

Area (sq km)

total: 923,768 sq km
land: 910,768 sq km
water: 13,000 sq km

Area - comparative (sq km)

slightly more than twice the size of California

Land boundaries (km)

total: 4,047 km
border countries: Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km

Coastline (km)

853 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation


varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north


southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

Elevation extremes (m)

lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m

Natural resources

natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land

Land use (%)

arable land: 38.97%
permanent crops: 3.46%
other: 57.57% (2011)

Irrigated land (sq km)

2,932 sq km (2004)

Total renewable water resources (cu km)

286.2 cu km (2011)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) ()

total: 13.11 cu km/yr (31%/15%/54%)
per capita: 89.21 cu m/yr (2005)

Natural hazards

periodic droughts; flooding

Environment - current issues

soil degradation; rapid deforestation; urban air and water pollution; desertification; oil pollution - water, air, and soil; has suffered serious damage from oil spills; loss of arable land; rapid urbanization

Environment - international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note

the Niger enters the country in the northwest and flows southward through tropical rain forests and swamps to its delta in the Gulf of Guinea

People and Society


noun: Nigerian(s)
adjective: Nigerian

Ethnic groups (%)

Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%

Languages (%)

English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages

Religions (%)

Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%


note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)   evolution and prospects (1950-2100)

Age structure (%)

0-14 years: 43.2% (male 39,151,304/female 37,353,737)
15-24 years: 19.3% (male 17,486,117/female 16,732,533)
25-54 years: 30.5% (male 27,697,644/female 26,285,816)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 3,393,631/female 3,571,301)
65 years and over: 3% (male 2,621,845/female 2,861,826) (2014 est.)

Age structure in Nigeria

Median age (years)

total: 18.2 years
male: 18.1 years
female: 18.3 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate (%)

2.47% (2014 est.)

Birth rate (births/1,000 population)

38.03 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Death rate (deaths/1,000 population)

13.16 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Net migration rate (migrant(s)/1,000 population)

-0.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Urbanization (%)

urban population: 49.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.75% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population

Lagos 11.223 million; Kano 3.375 million; Ibadan 2.949 million; ABUJA (capital) 2.153 million; Port Harcourt 1.894 million; Kaduna 1.524 million (2011)

Sex ratio (male(s)/female)

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate (deaths/100,000 live births)

630 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate (deaths/1,000 live births)

total: 74.09 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 68.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth (years)

total population: 52.62 years
male: 51.63 years
female: 53.66 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate (children born/woman)

5.25 children born/woman (2014 est.)

Health expenditures (% of GDP)

5.3% of GDP (2011)

Physicians density (physicians/1,000 population)

0.4 physicians/1,000 population (2008)

Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)

0.53 beds/1,000 population (2004)

Drinking water source (% of population)

improved: urban: 78.8% of population
rural: 49.1% of population
total: 64% of population
unimproved: urban: 21.2% of population
rural: 50.9% of population
total: 36% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access (% of population)

improved: urban: 30.8% of population
rural: 24.7% of population
total: 27.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 69.2% of population
rural: 75.3% of population
total: 72.2% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)

3.1% (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

3,426,600 (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths

239,700 (2012 est.)

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact diseases: leptospirosis and schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: one of the most highly endemic areas for Lassa fever
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate (%)

6.5% (2008)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight (%)

24.4% (2011)

Education expenditures (% of GDP)


Literacy (%)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 61.3%
male: 72.1%
female: 50.4% (2010 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) (years)

total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2005)


Country name

conventional long form: Federal Republic of Nigeria
conventional short form: Nigeria

Government type

federal republic


name: Abuja
geographic coordinates: 9 05 N, 7 32 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions

36 states and 1 territory*; Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Federal Capital Territory*, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nasarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara


1 October 1960 (from the UK)

National holiday

Independence Day (National Day), 1 October (1960)


several previous; latest adopted 5 May 1999, effective 29 May 1999; amended 2010 (2010)

Legal system

mixed legal system of English common law, Islamic law (in 12 northern states), and traditional law

International law organization participation

accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction


18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: President Goodluck JONATHAN (since 5 May 2010, acting since 9 February 2010); Vice President Mohammed Namadi SAMBO (since 19 May 2010); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government; JONATHAN assumed the presidency on 5 May 2010 following the death of President YAR'ADUA; JONATHAN was elected president on 16 April 2011
head of government: President Goodluck JONATHAN (since 5 May 2010, acting since 9 February 2010); Vice President Mohammed Namadi SAMBO (since 19 May 2010)
cabinet: Federal Executive Council
elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 16 April 2011 (next to be held in February 2015)
election results: Goodluck JONATHAN elected president; percent of vote - Goodluck JONATHAN 58.9%, Muhammadu BUHARI 32.0%, Nuhu RIBADU 5.4%, Ibrahim SHEKARAU 2.4%, other 1.3%

Legislative branch

bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (109 seats, 3 from each state plus 1 from Abuja; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and House of Representatives (360 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: Senate - last held on 9 and 26 April 2011 (next to be held in February 2015); House of Representatives - last held on 9 and 26 April 2011 (next to be held in February 2015)
election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDP 73, ACN 17, ANPP 7, CPC 6, LP 4, other 2; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PDP 205, ACN 69, CPC 36, ANPP 28, LP 9, APGA 6, ACC 5, other 2; note - due to logistical problems elections in a number of constituencies were held on 26 April 2011

Judicial branch

highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and 15 justices)
judge selection and term of office: judges appointed by the president on the recommendation of the National Judicial Council, a 23-member independent body of federal and state judicial officials; judge appointments confirmed by the Senate; judges serve until age 65
subordinate courts: Court of Appeal; Federal High Court; High Court of the Federal Capital Territory; Sharia Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory; Customary Court of Appeal of the Federal Capital Territory; state court system similar in structure to federal system

Political parties and leaders

Accord Party or ACC [Mohammad Lawal MALADO]
Action Congress of Nigeria or ACN [Adebisi Bamidele AKANDE]
All Nigeria Peoples Party or ANPP [Ogbonnaya C. ONU]
All Progressives Congress [Adebisi Bamidele AKANDE, acting]
All Progressives Grand Alliance or APGA [Victor C. UMEH]
Congress for Progressive Change or CPC [Tony MOMOH]
Democratic Peoples Party or DPP [Biodun OGUNBIYI]
Labor Party [Chief Dan NWANYANWU]
Peoples Democratic Party or PDP [Adamu MU'AZU]

Political pressure groups and leaders

Academic Staff Union for Universities or ASUU
Campaign for Democracy or CD
Civil Liberties Organization or CLO
Committee for the Defense of Human Rights or CDHR
Constitutional Right Project or CRP
Human Right Africa
National Association of Democratic Lawyers or NADL
National Association of Nigerian Students or NANS
Nigerian Bar Association or NBA
Nigerian Labor Congress or NLC
Nigerian Medical Association or NMA
the press
Universal Defenders of Democracy or UDD

International organization participation


Diplomatic representation in the US

chief of mission: Ambassador Adebowale Ibidapo ADEFUYE (since 26 March 2010)
chancery: 3519 International Court NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 986-8400
FAX: [1] (202) 362-6541
consulate(s) general: Atlanta, New York

Diplomatic representation from the US

chief of mission: Ambassador James F. ENTWISTLE (since 28 October 2013)
embassy: Plot 1075 Diplomatic Drive, Central District Area, Abuja
mailing address: P. O. Box 5760, Garki, Abuja
telephone: [234] (9) 461-4000
FAX: [234] (9) 461-4171

Flag description

three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green; the color green represents the forests and abundant natural wealth of the country, white stands for peace and unity

National symbol(s)


National anthem

name: "Arise Oh Compatriots, Nigeria's Call Obey"
lyrics/music: John A. ILECHUKWU, Eme Etim AKPAN, B. A. OGUNNAIKE, Sotu OMOIGUI and P. O. ADERIBIGBE/Benedict Elide ODIASE
note: adopted 1978; the lyrics are a mixture of five of the top entries in a national contest


Economy - overview

Following an April 2014 statistical "rebasing" exercise, Nigeria has emerged as Africa's largest economy, with 2013 GDP estimated at US$ 502 billion. Oil has been a dominant source of government revenues since the 1970s. Regulatory constraints and security risks have limited new investment in oil and natural gas, and Nigeria's oil production contracted in 2012 and 2013. Nevertheless, the Nigerian economy has continued to grow at a rapid 6-8% per annum (pre-rebasing), driven by growth in agriculture, telecommunications, and services, and the medium-term outlook for Nigeria is good, assuming oil output stabilizes and oil prices remain strong. Fiscal authorities pursued countercyclical policies in 2011-2013, significantly reducing the budget deficit. Monetary policy has also been responsive and effective. Following the 2008-9 global financial crises, the banking sector was effectively recapitalized and regulation enhanced. Despite its strong fundamentals, oil-rich Nigeria has been hobbled by inadequate power supply, lack of infrastructure, delays in the passage of legislative reforms, an inefficient property registration system, restrictive trade policies, an inconsistent regulatory environment, a slow and ineffective judicial system, unreliable dispute resolution mechanisms, insecurity, and pervasive corruption. Economic diversification and strong growth have not translated into a significant decline in poverty levels - over 62% of Nigeria's 170 million people live in extreme poverty. President JONATHAN has established an economic team that includes experienced and reputable members and has announced plans to increase transparency, continue to diversify production, and further improve fiscal management. The government is working to develop stronger public-private partnerships for roads, agriculture, and power.

GDP (purchasing power parity)

$478.5 billion (2013 est.)
$450.4 billion (2012 est.)
$422.6 billion (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate)

$502 billion (2013 est.)

GDP - real growth rate (%)

6.2% (2013 est.)
6.6% (2012 est.)
7.4% (2011 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$2,800 (2013 est.)
$2,700 (2012 est.)
$2,600 (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars

GDP - composition, by sector of origin (%)

agriculture: 30.9%
industry: 43%
services: 26% (2012 est.)

Labor force

51.53 million (2011 est.)

Labor force - by occupation (%)

agriculture: 70%
industry: 10%
services: 20% (1999 est.)

Unemployment rate (%)

23.9% (2011 est.)
4.9% (2007 est.)

Population below poverty line (%)

70% (2010 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share (%)

lowest 10%: 1.8%
highest 10%: 38.2% (2010 est.)

Distribution of family income - Gini index

43.7 (2003)
50.6 (1997)


revenues: $23.85 billion
expenditures: $31.51 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP)

4.8% of GDP (2013 est.)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) (% of GDP)

-1.5% of GDP (2013 est.)

Public debt (% of GDP)

19.3% of GDP (2013 est.)
17.9% of GDP (2012 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)

8.7% (2013 est.)
12.2% (2012 est.)

Central bank discount rate (%)

4.25% (31 December 2010 est.)
6% (31 December 2009 est.)

Commercial bank prime lending rate (%)

15.5% (31 December 2013 est.)
16.79% (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of narrow money

$46.48 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$44.41 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of broad money

$98.75 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$96.34 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of domestic credit

$93.46 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$93.5 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares

$56.39 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$39.27 billion (31 December 2011)
$50.88 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Agriculture - products

cocoa, peanuts, cotton, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (manioc, tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish


crude oil, coal, tin, columbite; rubber products, wood; hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel

Industrial production growth rate (%)

0.9% (2013 est.)

Current account balance

$16.16 billion (2013 est.)
$20.35 billion (2012 est.)


$93.55 billion (2013 est.)
$95.68 billion (2012 est.)

Exports - commodities (%)

petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber

Exports - partners (%)

US 16.8%, India 11.5%, Netherlands 8.6%, Spain 7.8%, Brazil 7.6%, UK 5.1%, Germany 4.9%, Japan 4.1%, France 4.1% (2012)


$55.98 billion (2013 est.)
$53.36 billion (2012 est.)

Imports - commodities (%)

machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food and live animals

Imports - partners (%)

China 18.3%, US 10.1%, India 5.5% (2012)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$47.7 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$46.41 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

External debt ($)

$15.73 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$13.4 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home

$84.56 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$76.75 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad

$9.212 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$7.444 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Exchange rates

Currency converter
nairas (NGN) per US dollar -
156.8 (2013 est.)
156.81 (2012 est.)
150.3 (2010 est.)
148.9 (2009)
117.8 (2008)

Fiscal year

calendar year


Electricity - production (kWh)

24.87 billion kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - consumption (kWh)

20.38 billion kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - exports (kWh)

0 kWh (2012 est.)

Electricity - imports (kWh)

0 kWh (2012 est.)

Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)

5.9 million kW (2010 est.)

Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)

67.1% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)

32.8% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Crude oil - production (bbl/day)

2.524 million bbl/day (2012 est.)

Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)

2.341 million bbl/day (2010 est.)

Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)

37.2 billion bbl (1 January 2013 est.)

Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)

101,300 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)

271,600 bbl/day (2011 est.)

Refined petroleum products - exports (bbl/day)

18,750 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Refined petroleum products - imports (bbl/day)

151,700 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Natural gas - production (cu m)

31.36 billion cu m (2011 est.)

Natural gas - consumption (cu m)

5.03 billion cu m (2010 est.)

Natural gas - exports (cu m)

25.96 billion cu m (2011 est.)

Natural gas - imports (cu m)

0 cu m (2011 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves (cu m)

5.153 trillion cu m (1 January 2013 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)

75.96 million Mt (2011 est.)


Telephones - main lines in use

418,200 (2012)

Telephones - mobile cellular

112.78 million (2012)

Telephone system

general assessment: further expansion and modernization of the fixed-line telephone network is needed; network quality remains a problem
domestic: the addition of a second fixed-line provider in 2002 resulted in faster growth but subscribership remains only about 1 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular services growing rapidly, in part responding to the shortcomings of the fixed-line network; multiple cellular providers operate nationally with subscribership base approaching 60 per 100 persons
international: country code - 234; landing point for the SAT-3/WASC fiber-optic submarine cable that provides connectivity to Europe and Asia; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean) (2010)

Broadcast media

nearly 70 federal government-controlled national and regional TV stations; all 36 states operate TV stations; several private TV stations operational; cable and satellite TV subscription services are available; network of federal government-controlled national, regional, and state radio stations; roughly 40 state government-owned radio stations typically carry their own programs except for news broadcasts; about 20 private radio stations; transmissions of international broadcasters are available (2007)

Internet country code


Internet hosts

1,234 (2012)

Internet users

43.989 million (2009)



54 (2013)

Airports - with paved runways

total: 40
over 3,047 m: 10
2,438 to 3,047 m: 12
1,524 to 2,437 m: 9
914 to 1,523 m: 6
under 914 m: 3 (2013)

Airports - with unpaved runways

total: 14
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 9
under 914 m: 3 (2013)


5 (2013)

Pipelines (km)

condensate 124 km; gas 4,045 km; liquid petroleum gas 164 km; oil 4,441 km; refined products 3,940 km (2013)

Railways (km)

total: 3,505 km
narrow gauge: 3,505 km 1.067-m gauge (2008)

Roadways (km)

total: 193,200 km
paved: 28,980 km
unpaved: 164,220 km (2004)

Waterways (km)

8,600 km (Niger and Benue rivers and smaller rivers and creeks) (2011)

Merchant marine

total: 89
by type: cargo 2, chemical tanker 28, liquefied gas 1, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 56, specialized tanker 1
foreign-owned: 3 (India 1, UK 2)
registered in other countries: 33 (Bahamas 2, Bermuda 11, Comoros 1, Italy 1, Liberia 4, North Korea 1, Panama 6, Seychelles 1, unknown 6) (2010)

Ports and terminals

major seaport(s): Bonny Inshore Terminal, Calabar, Lagos

Transportation - note

the International Maritime Bureau reports the territorial and offshore waters in the Niger Delta and Gulf of Guinea as high risk for piracy and armed robbery against ships; in 2012, 27 commercial vessels were boarded or attacked compared with 10 attacks in 2011; crews were robbed and stores or cargoes stolen; Nigerian pirates have extended the range of their attacks to as far away as Cote d'Ivoire


Military branches

Nigerian Armed Forces: Army, Navy, Air Force (2013)

Military service age and obligation (years of age)

18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2012)

Manpower available for military service

males age 16-49: 37,087,711
females age 16-49: 35,232,127 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service

males age 16-49: 20,839,976
females age 16-49: 19,867,683 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually

male: 1,767,428
female: 1,687,719 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures (% of GDP)

0.89% of GDP (2012)
0.98% of GDP (2011)
0.89% of GDP (2010)

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international

Joint Border Commission with Cameroon reviewed 2002 ICJ ruling on the entire boundary and bilaterally resolved differences, including June 2006 Greentree Agreement that immediately cedes sovereignty of the Bakassi Peninsula to Cameroon with a phase-out of Nigerian control within two years while resolving patriation issues; the ICJ ruled on an equidistance settlement of Cameroon-Guinea country facts" data-cl-code="GNQ">Equatorial Guinea-Nigeria maritime boundary in the Gulf of Guinea, but imprecisely defined coordinates in the ICJ decision and a sovereignty dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon over an island at the mouth of the Ntem River all contribute to the delay in implementation; only Nigeria and Cameroon have heeded the Lake Chad Commission's admonition to ratify the delimitation treaty which also includes the Chad-Niger and Niger-Nigeria boundaries; location of Benin-Niger-Nigeria tripoint is unresolved

Refugees and internally displaced persons

IDPs: 3.3 million (Boko Haram attacks and counterinsurgency efforts in northern Nigeria; communal violence between Christians and Muslims in the middle belt region, political violence; flooding; forced evictions; cattle rustling; competition for resources; displacement is mostly short-term) (2014)

Illicit drugs

a transit point for heroin and cocaine intended for European, East Asian, and North American markets; consumer of amphetamines; safe haven for Nigerian narcotraffickers operating worldwide; major money-laundering center; massive corruption and criminal activity; Nigeria has improved some anti-money-laundering controls, resulting in its removal from the Financial Action Task Force's (FATF's) Noncooperative Countries and Territories List in June 2006; Nigeria's anti-money-laundering regime continues to be monitored by FATF

Largest cities of Nigeria

These are the 50 largest cities of Nigeria ordered based on their number of inhabitants.

# City Population
1 Lagos 8,789,133
2 Kano 3,626,204
3 Ibadan 3,565,810
4 Kaduna 1,582,211
5 Port Harcourt 1,148,753
6 BĂ©nin 1,125,126
7 Maiduguri 1,112,511
8 Zaria 975,228
9 Aba 897,613
10 Ogbomosho 861,303
11 Jos 816,876
12 Ilorin 814,246
13 Oyo 736,113
14 Enugu 653,436
15 Abeokuta 593,140
16 Sokoto 563,899
17 Onitsha 561,106
18 Warri 536,068
19 Oshogbo 499,444
20 Calabar 461,832
21 Katsina 432,179
22 Akure 420,623
23 Ife 372,191
24 Iseyin 340,707
25 Bauchi 316,173
26 Ikorodu 313,468
27 Makurdi 292,664
28 Minna 291,930
29 Ede 283,728
30 Ilesha 277,922
31 Owo 276,593
32 Umuahia 264,680
33 Ondo 257,023
34 Damaturu 255,913
35 Ikot Ekpene 254,821
36 Iwo 250,459
37 Gombe 250,278
38 Jimeta 248,166
39 Gusau 226,873
40 Mubi 225,721
41 Ikire 222,174
42 Owerri 215,053
43 Shagamu 214,574
44 Ugep 200,293
45 Gboko 195,710
46 Nnewi 194,002
47 Ise 190,077
48 Ilawe 182,896
49 Ikare 182,779
50 Ila 179,204