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Republic of Nicaragua Central America and the Caribbean Managua 5,848,641 inhabitants 130,370 sq km 44.86 inhabitants/sq km cordobas (NIO) population evolution

Famous people from Nicaragua

Here is a list of famous people from Nicaragua. Curious if anybody from Nicaragua made it our most famous people in the world list? Read the aformentioned article in order to find out.

Rubén Darío


Félix Rubén García Sarmiento, known as Rubén Darío, was a Nicaraguan poet who initiated the Spanish-American literary movement known as modernismo that flourished at the end of the 19th century. Darío has had a great and lasting influence on 20th-century Spanish literature and journalism. He has been praised as the "Prince of Castilian Letters" and undisputed father of the modernismo literary movement.

Daniel Ortega


José Daniel Ortega Saavedra is a Nicaraguan politician who has been President of Nicaragua since January 2007; previously he was leader of Nicaragua as first Coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction and then President from 1979 to 1990. A leader in the socialist Sandinista National Liberation Front, his policies in government have seen the implementation of leftist reforms across Nicaragua. Born into a working-class family, from an early age Ortega opposed ruling President Anastasio Somoza Debayle, widely recognized as a dictator, and became involved in the underground movement against his regime. Joining the Sandinistas, he also travelled to Cuba to receive training in guerilla warfare from Fidel Castro's Marxist-Leninist government. After the Nicaraguan Revolution resulted in the overthrow and exile of Somoza's government, Ortega became President of the ruling multipartisan Junta of National Reconstruction. A Marxist-Leninist, his first period in office was characterized by a controversial program of nationalization, land reform, wealth redistribution and literacy programs. Ortega's relationship with the United States had never been very cordial, due to US support for Somoza prior to the revolution. Although the U.S. supplied post-revolution Nicaragua with ten of millions in economic aid relations broke down when the Sandinistas supplied weapons to leftist El Salvadoran rebels. The Reagan administration of the United States funded the opposing rebel groups, known as the Contras, resulting in a vicious civil war. There was a UN brokered peace settlement in 1990, after which democratic elections followed. Ortega was defeated by Violeta Barrios de Chamorro in the 1990 presidential election, but he remained an important figure in Nicaraguan opposition politics, gradually moderating in his political position from Marxism–Leninism to democratic socialism. He was an unsuccessful candidate for president in 1996 and 2001, before winning the 2006 presidential election. He has made alliances with fellow Latin American socialists, such as the late Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez. He has also signed up Nicaragua to the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas.

Bianca Jagger


Bianca Jagger is a Nicaraguan-born social and human rights advocate and a former actress. Jagger currently serves as a Council of Europe Goodwill Ambassador, Founder and Chair of the Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation, Member of the Executive Director's Leadership Council of Amnesty International USA, and a Trustee of the Amazon Charitable Trust. Over the past thirty years she has written articles and opinion pieces, delivered keynote speeches at conferences and events throughout the world and participated in numerous television and radio debates, about numerous issues including genocide, the war in Iraq, the war in Afghanistan, the war on terror, war crimes against humanity, crimes against future generations, the Former Yugoslavia, Sri Lanka, Central America, Iran, Iraq, India, children and women’s rights, the rights of indigenous peoples, climate change, the rainforest, renewable energy, corporate social responsibility, the ensuing erosion of civil liberties and human rights, and the death penalty. She was formerly married to Mick Jagger, lead singer of The Rolling Stones.

Augusto César Sandino


Augusto Nicolás Calderón Sandino; May 18, 1895 – February 21, 1934, also known as Augusto César Sandino, locally, was a Nicaraguan revolutionary and leader of a rebellion between 1927 and 1933 against the U.S. military occupation of Nicaragua . He was referred to as a "bandit" by the United States government; his exploits made him a hero throughout much of Latin America, where he became a symbol of resistance to United States' domination. Drawing units of the United States Marine Corps into an undeclared guerrilla war, his insurgents never defeated the Americans in battle. The United States troops withdrew from the country in 1933 after overseeing the election and inauguration of President Juan Bautista Sacasa, who had returned from exile. The re-call of the Marines was largely due to the Great Depression. Sandino was assassinated in 1934 by National Guard forces of Gen. Anastasio Somoza García, who went on to seize power in a coup d'état two years later. After being elected by an overwhelming vote as president in 1936, Somoza Garcia resumed control of the National Guard and established a dictatorship and family dynasty that would rule Nicaragua for more than 40 years. Sandino's political legacy was claimed by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), which finally overthrew the Somoza government in 1979.

Anastasio Somoza Debayle


Anastasio Somoza Debayle was a Nicaraguan leader and officially the 73rd and 76th President of Nicaragua from 1 May 1967 to 1 May 1972 and from 1 December 1974 to 17 July 1979. As head of the National Guard, he was de facto ruler of the country from 1967 to 1979. He was the last member of the Somoza family to be President, ending a dynasty that had been in power since 1936. After being overthrown in an insurrection led by the FSLN, he fled Nicaragua in exile and power was ceded to the Junta of National Reconstruction. He was eventually assassinated while in exile in Paraguay.

Alexis Argüello

Professional Boxer

Alexis Arguello was an actor, professional boxer and politician.

Luis Enrique

Salsa Artist

Luis Enrique Mejía López, is a Nicaraguan singer and composer. He started his career in the late 1980s and achieved success in the 1990s earning the title "El Principe de la Salsa. He was one of the leading pioneers that led to the salsa romantica movement in the 1980s. Enrique has received two Grammy Award-nomination for "Best Tropical Latin Performance" for album Luces del Alma and his song Amiga. He performed and recorded with salsa romantica group Sensation 85, which also included La Palabra and Nestor Torres. In 2009, his album, Ciclos, was nominated for numerous Latin Grammy Awards, his biggest breakthrough in over a decade. The album won the Grammy Award for Best Tropical Latin Album.

Barbara Carrera


Barbara Carrera is a Nicaraguan-American film and television actress and former model. She is best known for her roles as Bond girl Fatima Blush in Never Say Never Again and as Angelica Nero on the soap opera Dallas.

Ernesto Cardenal


Reverend Father Ernesto Cardenal Martínez is a Nicaraguan Catholic priest, poet and politician. He is a famous liberation theologian and the founder of the primitivist art community in the Solentiname Islands, where he lived for more than ten years. A member of the Nicaraguan Sandinistas, a party he has since left, he was Nicaragua's minister of culture from 1979 to 1987.

Anastasio Somoza García


Anastasio Somoza García was officially the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1937 to 1 May 1947 and from 21 May 1950 to 29 September 1956, but ruled effectively as dictator from 1936 until his assassination. Anastasio Somoza started a dynasty that maintained absolute control over Nicaragua for 44 years. The son of a wealthy coffee planter, Somoza was educated in the United States. He assisted the ousting of President Adolfo Díaz after his return to Nicaragua, becoming foreign secretary and taking the title of "General." With the help of the US Marine Corps - occupying Nicaragua at the time - Somoza became head of the National Guard. This gave him the power base to oust President Juan Bautista Sacasa - his wife's uncle - becoming president himself in 1937. In 1947, he was voted out of office, but remained in power as commander in chief. A month after his opponent had been inaugurated, Somoza announced that the president was 'incapacitated' and served in his stead. Returning to power in his own name in 1951, he maintained an iron grip on his own Liberal Party while making a deal with the Conservatives; thus, he faced no opposition. This left him free to amass a huge personal fortune. On 21 September 1956, he was shot by poet Rigoberto López Pérez. Mortally wounded, he was flown to the Panama Canal Zone where he died a week later. His eldest son Luis Somoza Debayle took over, to be succeeded by his younger brother Anastasio Somoza Debayle, who was forced to flee in 1979 and assassinated in exile in Paraguay the following year.

Ricardo Mayorga

Professional Boxer

Ricardo Antonio Mayorga Perez "El Matador" is a Nicaraguan professional boxer. He is the former WBA/WBC Welterweight champion and the former WBC light middleweight champion. He holds a record of 29-8 with 23 knockouts and 1 draw 1 no contest. He was featured for the first time on the cover of Ring Magazine on the December 2003 issue, released in October. The cover read "The craziest man in the sport: Mayorga lights up boxing." He is known for his relentless trash-talking before most of his fights and his smoking and drinking habits outside the ring. He started his career on August 29, 1993 when he lost to Humberto Aranda by a 6th round TKO and after that, he stayed undefeated until he lost again to Roger Benito Flores by UD in the Gimnasio Alexis Arguello in Managua, Nicaragua. He is known for his slow style and to opponents who are not afraid to punch him, he is a very easy target. Ever since he made his debut in 1993, he has captured 3 titles mostly in the Middleweight and Welterweight divisions.

Eddie Gazo

Professional Boxer

Eddie Gazo is a former professional boxer in the super welterweight division.

Violeta Chamorro


Violeta Barrios Torres de Chamorro is a Nicaraguan political leader, former president and publisher. She became president of Nicaragua on April 25, 1990, when she unseated Daniel Ortega. She was elected as the head of a 14-party anti-Sandinista alliance known as the National Opposition Union, an alliance that ranged from conservatives and liberals to communists. She left office on January 10, 1997. Chamorro was the first and only woman to hold that position in Nicaragua. Chamorro was the first elected female head of state in the Americas, the second in the Western Hemisphere after Iceland's Vigdís Finnbogadóttir and the fifth in the world after the elections of Agatha Barbara in Malta, Elisabeth Kopp in Switzerland and Corazon Aquino in the Philippines. She was also the second woman elected in her own right as a head of government in the Western Hemisphere, and the first and only woman in the world to defeat an incumbent president. Venezuela's former President, Carlos Andrés Pérez, was put to trial in his country after it was discovered that he had embezzled funds to support the campaign that got Violeta Chamorro to the Presidency.

Everth Cabrera

Baseball Shortstop

Everth Cabrera is a Nicaraguan professional baseball infielder with the San Diego Padres of Major League Baseball. He led the National League in stolen bases in 2012.

Dennis Martínez


José Dennis Martínez Emilia, nicknamed "El Presidente", is a former Major League Baseball pitcher. He was the first Nicaraguan baseball player to play in the majors.

Gioconda Belli


Gioconda Belli is an author, novelist and renowned Nicaraguan poet.

Tony Melendez

Christian Artist

José Antonio Meléndez Rodríguez is a Nicaraguan American guitar player, composer, singer, and songwriter who was born without arms. His mother took Thalidomide while pregnant, which caused his disability. Meléndez has learned to play the guitar with his feet.

Erasmo Ramírez


Erasmo José Ramírez Olivera is a Nicaraguan professional baseball player for the Seattle Mariners of Major League Baseball. He signed with the Mariners in 2007, and made his professional debut in 2008 with the Venezuelan Summer League Mariners. In 2009, with the Venezuelan Summer League Mariners, he was selected as the Seattle's minor league pitcher of the year. In 2010, Ramírez played with the Class-A Clinton LumberKings. He stands at 5 feet 11 inches and weighs 180 pounds. Ramírez bats and throws right-handed.

Román González

Professional Boxer

Román Alberto González Luna is a Nicaraguan professional boxer who is the current WBA light flyweight champion and is the former WBA minimumweight champion.

Edén Pastora


Edén Atanacio Pastora Gómez is a Nicaraguan politician and former guerrilla who ran for president as the candidate of the Alternative for Change party in the 2006 general elections. In the years prior to the fall of the Somoza regime, Pastora was the leader of the Southern Front, the largest militia in southern Nicaragua, second only to the FSLN in the north. Pastora was nicknamed Comandante Cero. His group was the first to call itself "Sandinistas", and was also the first to accept an alliance with the FSLN, the group that was to become more popularly identified by the name. At the end of 1982, a few years after the revolutionary victory, Pastora became disillusioned with the government of the FSLN, and formed the Democratic Revolutionary Alliance with the object of confronting the "pseudo-Sandinistas" politically and militarily. As of 2010, he is reconciled with the FSLN and holds a ministerial post in the government of Daniel Ortega. His role in a boundary dispute with Costa Rica and allegations of environmental damage to territory claimed by that country has led to legal indictment by the government of Costa Rica.

Carlos Mejía Godoy

Musical Artist

Carlos Mejía Godoy is a Nicaraguan musician, composer and singer. He was born in Somoto, Madriz. Son of Carlos Mejía Fajardo and María Elsa Godoy, his brother Luis Enrique Mejía Godoy, three years younger than he is, is also an acclaimed and much-loved musician. Carlos and Luis Enrique were pivotal in the New Song Movement in Central America beginning in the 1970s. They were both recently honored with Nicaragua's highest cultural distinction, the Order of Rubén Darío. Carlos started his career as 'Corporito' on the radio station 'Radio Corporacion', where he would daily compose songs that would rain ridicule and scorn on all politicians and political parties. He would do it with that biting sense of humor that so few artists are able to master. Many of his songs, performed with his band los de Palacagüina, became associated with the Sandinista movement as songs of the workers and revolutionaries. He even composed a Mass for the working class, the Misa Campesina Nicaragüense. Many of his songs during the late 1970s gave instructions on how to use, assemble, and disassemble the rifles people were capturing from dictator Somoza's National Guard during street battles.

Vicente Padilla


Vicente de la Cruz Padilla is a Nicaraguan professional baseball pitcher currently playing with the Fukuoka SoftBank Hawks. Padilla has also played for the Arizona Diamondbacks, Philadelphia Phillies, Texas Rangers, Los Angeles Dodgers and Boston Red Sox.

Claudia Poll


Claudia Maria Poll Ahrens Costa Rican swimmer who competes in the 200 m to 800 m freestyle events. She is Costa Rica's only gold-medalist, having won the country's first Olympic gold medals at the 1996 Olympics in the 200 meter freestyle. She is a multiple national record holder in the freestyle events. Her sister, Silvia, won Costa Rica's first Olympic medal at the 1988 Games. Also as of 2009, Claudia and Silvia are the only Costa Ricans to have won a medal at an Olympics. Claudia also competed at the 2000 Olympics, where she won two bronze medals. Moreover, she was the first person from Central America to win a gold medal, and the only until the 2008 Olympic Games when Panama won a gold medal.

Arnoldo Alemán


José Arnoldo Alemán Lacayo was the 81st President of Nicaragua from 10 January 1997 to 10 January 2002.

Carlos Fonseca

Organization founder

Carlos Fonseca Amador was a Nicaraguan teacher and librarian who founded the Sandinista National Liberation Front. Fonseca was later killed in the mountains of Nicaragua, three years before the FSLN took power.

Enrique Bermúdez


Enrique Bermúdez Varela was a Nicaraguan who founded and commanded the Nicaraguan Contras. In this capacity, he became a central global figure in one of the most prominent conflicts of the Cold War. Bermúdez founded the largest Contra army in the war against Nicaragua's Marxist Sandinista government, which was supported by the Soviet Union and Cuba. From 1979 until the end of the military conflict in 1990, Bermudez was the Contras' top military commander. In addition to being responsible for all of the Contras' military operations, Bermúdez ultimately helped manage the Contras' transition to an opposition political party in the early 1990s, after the Sandinistas' ultimately yielded to demands for elections in the country. On February 16, 1991, Bermudez was assassinated in Managua.

Claribel Alegría


Clara Isabel Alegría Vides is a Nicaraguan poet, essayist, novelist, and journalist who is a major voice in the literature of contemporary Central America. She writes under the pseudonym Claribel Alegría. She was awarded the 2006 Neustadt International Prize for Literature.

Sergio Ramírez


Sergio Ramírez Mercado is a Nicaraguan writer and intellectual who served in the leftist Government Junta of National Reconstruction and as Vice President of the country 1985-1990 under the presidency of Daniel Ortega. Born in Masatepe in 1942, he published his first book, Cuentos, in 1963. He graduated from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua of León in 1964, where he obtained the Gold Medal for being the best student. In 1977 Ramírez became head of the "Group of Twelve", a group of prominent intellectuals, priests, businesspeople, and members of civil society who publicly stated their support for the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional in its struggle to topple the dictatorship of Anastasio Somoza Debayle. With the triumph of the Revolution in 1979, he became part of the Junta of the Government of National Reconstruction, where he presided over the National Council of Education. He was elected vice-president of Nicaragua in 1984 and was sworn in 1985. Though the FSLN lost power to the UNO coalition headed by Violeta Barrios de Chamorro in 1990, Ramírez continued to serve as the leader of the Sandinista block in the National Assembly until 1995, when he founded the Movimiento de Renovación Sandinista because of his differences with other leaders of the FSLN, such as former president Daniel Ortega, on issues of democratic reform. He has since become retrospectively critical of certain Sandinista policies that he views as having turned the country against the FSLN. He made an unsuccessful bid for president on the MRS ticket in 1996. Since then, Ramírez has retired definitively from politics. He currently lives in Managua, Nicaragua.

Katia Cardenal

Musical Artist

Katia Cardenal is a Nicaraguan singer/songwriter, and a part of the nueva trova movement. Katia and her brother Salvador Cardenal form the Duo Guardabarranco, one of the leading proponents of nueva trova, known for classical songs like Guerrero del amor, Guardabosques, Casa Abierta and Colibri. As a solo artist, Katia Cardenal has released six albums with the Norwegian label Kirkelig Kulturverksted and two with Nicaraguan MOKA Discos.

Hernaldo Zúñiga

Musical Artist

Hernaldo Zúñiga is a Nicaraguan singer and music composer. He was born in Managua but lived his childhood and adolescence in Masaya.

José Santos Zelaya


José Santos Zelaya López was the President of Nicaragua from 25 July 1893 to 21 December 1909.

Tomás Borge


Tomás Borge Martínez was the last living co-founder of the Sandinista National Liberation Front in Nicaragua and was Interior Minister of Nicaragua during one of the administrations of Daniel Ortega. Considered a hardliner, he led the "prolonged people's war" tendency within the FSLN, but later supported the policy of national reconciliation in Nicaragua, as well as reforms in the Sandinista party. Borge was born in Matagalpa. He was imprisoned from 1956–1959 for knowledge of the plot by Rigoberto López to assassinate dictator Anastasio Somoza García. Part of that time was spent held in El Hormiguero prison in Managua. In 1959 he escaped to Honduras, where he was captured by the Honduran border patrol. Otto Castro arranged for Borge's release using his friendship with Honduran President Ramón Villeda. Borge then travelled to El Salvador using a false passport, and then went to Costa Rica. In August 1978, Borge was one of the highest ranking Sandinistas released from prison after the spectacular Sandinista raid on the Nicaraguan National Palace by 19 commandos, headed by Edén Pastora that took the entire Congress hostage.

Rosario Murillo


Rosario Murillo is a Nicaraguan poet and revolutionary who fought in the Sandinista revolution in 1979. She is also the wife of current President Daniel Ortega and is the First Lady of Nicaragua, a title she also held in 1985 when her husband became President 6 years after the Sandinista National Liberation Front overthrew the Somoza dynasty. Murillo serves as the Nicaraguan government's lead spokeswoman, government minister, head of the Sandinista Association of Cultural Workers and Communications Coordinator of the Council on Communication and Citizenry. A polyglot, she speaks Spanish, English, Italian and French; she also has the ability to read German.

Luis Somoza Debayle


Luis Anastasio Somoza Debayle was the President of Nicaragua from 29 September 1956 to 1 May 1963, but was effectively dictator of the country from 1956 until his death. He was born in León. At the age of 14 he and his younger brother Anastasio attended Saint Leo College Prep near Tampa, before transferring to La Salle Military Academy on Long Island. Luis was then educated at LSU. Following the assassination of his father, Anastasio Somoza García, Luis was tapped as acting president and was elected president in his own right later that year. His rule was somewhat milder than that of his father. However, civil liberties remained restricted and corruption remained widespread. His brother, Anastasio Somoza Debayle, headed the National Guard and was the second most powerful man in the country during his older brother's rule. Although Luis declined to run for reelection in 1963, he and Anastasio saw to it that the presidency was held from 1963 onward by politicians loyal to the Somozas. As a result, Luis remained the real power in Nicaragua until his death in 1967 from a massive heart attack at the age of 44 in Managua. Under Luis Somoza's regime, Nicaragua was a key player in the ushering of the creation of the Central American Common Market, with the Alliance for Progress backing that common market's creation. During the Bay of Pigs Invasion, he allowed the CIA-trained Cuban rebels to embark from Puerto Cabezas, on Nicaragua's Caribbean coast. The Sandinistas began their struggle against the government in 1963—a struggle that would topple his brother in 1979.

Wilton Lopez


Wilton López is a Nicaraguan Major League Baseball pitcher for the Colorado Rockies.

Pablo Antonio Cuadra


Pablo Antonio Cuadra was a Nicaraguan essayist, art and literary critic, playwright, graphic artist and one of the most famous poets of Nicaragua.

Pedro Segura y Sáenz


Pedro Segura y Sáenz was a Spanish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Toledo from 1927 to 1931, and Archbishop of Seville from 1937 until his death. Segura was elevated to the cardinalate in 1927. Segura was a fundamentalist, integrista, in the technical sense of believing in the necessity of a 'Confessional State' – one that officially professes and supports the public practice of the Roman Catholic religion and prohibits others from enjoying equal legal status.

Rigoberto López Pérez


Rigoberto López Pérez was a Nicaraguan poet and music composer. He was the assassin of Anastasio Somoza García, the longtime dictator of Nicaragua. Known mostly for his assassination of Somoza Garcia, Rigoberto López Pérez was also an amateur artist, poet and composer. Later groups such as Dead Prez have used his message in song. On September 21, 1981, 25 years after his death, the Sandinista government of Nicaragua declared Rigoberto López Pérez a National Hero by means of Decree no. 825.

Arlen Siu


Arlen Siu Bermúdez, better known as Arlen Siu, was a Chinese Nicaraguan who became one of the first female martyrs of the Sandinista revolution.

Enrique Bolaños


Enrique José Bolaños Geyer was the President of Nicaragua from 10 January 2002 to 10 January 2007. President Bolaños is of Spanish and German heritage and was born in Masaya. He received his education in the United States, graduating with a Bachelor's degree in Industrial Engineering from Saint Louis University in 1962. He publicly opposed the Sandinista controlled government of the 1980s, resulting in brief imprisonment. His family cotton farming operations, SAIMSA, were confiscated during the first Sandinista administration of the 1980s. Bolaños served as vice president under his predecessor, Arnoldo Alemán. On 4 November 2001 he defeated Daniel Ortega of the Sandinista National Liberation Front party in the presidential elections and was sworn in as president on 10 January 2002. He was a member of the Constitutional Liberal Party until he broke with it to help form the Alliance for the Republic. At the beginning of his term he led an anti-Corruption campaign against his predecessor and the head of the PLC Arnoldo Alemán politically isolating himself from the influential Liberal Party. Institutional struggles for power between the legislative, executive and judicial branches resulted in great inefficiency for the Bolaños government.

Clodomiro Picado Twight


Clodomiro Picado Twight, also known as "Clorito Picado", was a Costa Rican scientist, born in Nicaragua, who was recognized for his research and discoveries. He was a pioneer in the researching of snakes and serpent venoms; his internationally recognized achievement is the development of various anti-venom serums. His work on molds was a precursor to the formal discovery of penicillin. His work resulted in compounds which he used to treat patients at least one year before the commonly accepted discovery of penicillin by Alexander Fleming. He wrote over 115 works, mainly books and monographs.

Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal


Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal was a Nicaraguan journalist and publisher. He was the editor of La Prensa, the only significant opposition newspaper to the long rule of the Somoza family. He is a 1977 laureate of the Maria Moors Cabot Prize of the University of Columbia. He married Violeta Barrios de Chamorro who later went on to become President of Nicaragua.

Eduardo Montealegre


Eduardo Montealegre Rivas is a Nicaraguan politician. He ran for president in the 2006 general election as the candidate of the Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance a spin-off of the Constitutional Liberal Party in alliance with other liberal parties and the Conservative Party. He finished in second place after Daniel Ortega, receiving 28.3% of the vote. Montealegre was born in Nicaragua's capital Managua, from a wealthy and prominent family in the banking sector. He received an Sc. B in Economics from Brown University in 1976 and an MBA with a focus in finance and strategic planning from Harvard University in 1980. He later became a businessman in Nicaragua. Montealegre served as minister to the presidency in 1998 under Arnoldo Alemán. He also served as foreign minister from 1999 to 2000 in the government of Arnoldo Alemán and as finance minister from 2002 to 2003 in the government of the next President Enrique Bolaños. Subsequently, he served as minister to the presidency of Enrique Bolaños. He announced his split from the PLC in protest of the control of the party by former President Alemán, who was imprisoned for misappropriation of funds. Montealegre objects to an alliance, referred to in the popular media as "El Pacto", between Arnoldo Alemán and Daniel Ortega, who ran as the candidate of the FSLN in 2006 for the fourth consecutive time since his 1985-1990 presidency, this time successfully. Because of Montealegre's stand against corruption, Arnoldo Alemán, and Daniel Ortega's Sandinista National Liberation Front, the U.S. ambassador in Managua openly endorsed his candidacy.

Salomón de la Selva


Salomón de la Selva born in León Nicaragua on March 20, 1893 and died in Paris, France on February 5, 1959 was a Nicaraguan poet and honorary member of the Mexican Academy of Language.

Carlos Pellas Chamorro


Carlos Pellas was born on January 10, 1953 in Granada, Nicaragua. He has an Italian background, his family came to Granada from the north of Italy.

Rafael Ángel Calderón Fournier


Rafael Ángel Calderón Fournier served as President of Costa Rica from 1990 to 1994. He was the presidential candidate of the Social Christian Unity Party for the national elections held in February 2010, but resigned his candidacy on 5 October 2009, when he was sentenced to five years in prison for two counts of corruption.

René Enríquez


René Enríquez was a Nicaraguan-born American television actor of the 1970s and 1980s. He may be best-remembered for his role as Lt. Ray Calletano in the long-running television series Hill Street Blues. He died of pancreatic cancer on March 23, 1990, the first of two Hill Street Blues stars to die the same year. Kiel Martin succumbed to lung cancer on December 28.

Silvia Poll Ahrens


Sylvia Poll Ahrens in Managua, Nicaragua is an Olympic and National Record holding swimmer from Costa Rica. At the 1988 Olympics, she won Costa Rica's first Olympic medal, when she garnered the silver in the women's 200 free. As of 2009, she and her younger sister Claudia are Costa Rica's only Olympic medalists. Sylvia also swam for Costa Rica at the 1992 Summer Olympics. She also won a total number of 8 medals at the 1987 Pan American Games; and 2 of her times from those Games still stand as Costa Rican Records in 2009. Poll was born in Managua,Nicaragua. Her parents were Germans and they settled in Nicaragua where Sylvia and her younger sister Claudia were born. After the 1972 Nicaragua earthquake 1972 earthquake of Managua and rising political tensions, Sylvia's parents decided to move south to Costa Rica. Sylvia Poll is a famous backstroker and freestyle swimmer for Costa Rica, who won the silver medal in the Swimming at the 1988 Summer Olympics Women's 200 meter freestyle at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea. Her silver medal was the first medal ever for a Costa Rican athlete. At the 1986 Central American and Caribbean Games she set the Games Records in the women's 200 and 400 frees. Both records would last 20 years, until her sister Claudia bettered the times at the 2006 Games. Also at the '86 CACs, Silvia set the Games Record in the 100 m and 200 m backstroke that also stood until 2006.

Emiliano Chamorro Vargas


Emiliano Chamorro Vargas was the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1917 to 1 January 1921 and again from 14 March 1926 to 11 November 1926. He was the son of Salvador Chamorro Oreamuno and wife Gregoria Vargas Báez, paternal grandson of Dionisio Chamorro Alfaro and wife Mercedes Oreamuno ..., grand-nephew of Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro, 39th President of Nicaragua, and Fernando Chamorro Alfaro and half-grand-nephew of Fruto Chamorro Pérez, 30th and 31st President of Nicaragua. Chamorro's first foray into politics came in 1893, when he participated in the failed revolution to topple President José Santos Zelaya. When Zelaya was finally removed in a 1909 coup led by Juan José Estrada, Chamorro became Chairman of the Constituent Assembly and leader of the country's Conservative Party. In reward for his assistance in defeating the revolt against President Adolfo Díaz, Chamorro was appointed Nicaragua's Minister to the United States. In 1914, he negotiated the Bryan-Chamorro Treaty with the United States, by which Nicaragua agreed to allow the construction of a canal across the country, linking the Caribbean with the Pacific Ocean.

J. C. Ramírez


Juan Carlos "J. C." Ramírez is a professional baseball pitcher in the Cleveland Indians organization..

Juan Bautista Sacasa


Juan Bautista Sacasa Sacasa was the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1933 to 9 June 1936. He was the eldest son of Roberto Sacasa, 44th and 46th President of Nicaragua, and wife and cousin Ángela Sacasa Cuadra. He was a relative of Benjamín Sacasa, 67th President of Nicaragua. Born in the town of León, Sacasa studied in the United States from 1889 to 1901, earning an M.D. from Columbia University. He served as a professor and dean of faculty at the National University in León, and was a supporter of the Liberal regime of José Santos Zelaya. In 1924, Sacasa became a member of a political coalition headed by moderate Conservative Carlos Solórzano. Shortly afterwards, the detachment of U.S. Marines which had remained in Nicaragua for thirteen years withdrew, believing that the political situation was stable. In October 1925, the government of Solórzano was overthrown in a coup by former President General Emiliano Chamorro, who failed to gain U.S. recognition and subsequently resigned in favor of Adolfo Díaz. In the meantime, Sacasa fled to Mexico. Following an uprising by Liberal soldiers in Puerto Cabezas, on the Caribbean coast, Sacasa returned to Nicaragua in 1926. Asserting his claim as constitutional president, he established a government in Puerto Cabezas. Supplied by Mexico with arms and munitions, the Liberal rebels, under the command of General José María Moncada, nearly succeeded in capturing Managua. However, the U.S. forced the two warring parties to enter into negotiations, resulting in the Pact of Espino Negro, which required that both sides would disarm and Díaz would be allowed to finish his term. Sacasa reluctantly agreed to accept the agreement and withdraw his claim to the presidency, but refused to sign the pact and left the country; leaving Moncada to sign the pact on Sacasa's behalf. Over the next six years, a formerly obscure Liberal general named Augusto Sandino would lead a guerilla war against the U.S. Marines, who had remained in the country to enforce the agreement.

José Dolores Estrada

Deceased Person

José Dolores Estrada Vado is a Nicaraguan national hero famed for defeating a detachment of William Walker's filibuster army at Hacienda San Jacinto in 1856. Estrada was born in Nandaime on March 16, 1792, the son of Timoteo Estrada and Gertrudis Vado Lugo. He adopted a military career, and slowly rose through the ranks. On September 14, 1856, he commanded as colonel a Nicaraguan force of 120 to 160 men that repulsed a force led by Walker's friend Byron Cole at Hacienda San Jacinto. He died in Managua on August 12, 1869. In 1999, his remains were exhumed on the 130th anniversary of his death, in a ceremony attended by President Arnoldo Alemán, army chief Joaquín Cuadra, Cardinal Miguel Obando, and other dignitaries, in preparation for returning them to his birthplace, Nandaime. Estrada and his victory at San Jacinto are commemorated on the Nicaraguan five hundred-cordoba note, and the date is a national holiday. He had an involvement with the independance being the general giving the orders to the man with higher fame Andrez Castro in an attempt to overtake Hacienda San Hacinto as a part of Granada.

José Coronel Urtecho


José Coronel Urtecho was a Nicaraguan poet, translator, essayist, critic, narrator, playwright, diplomat and historian. He has been described as "the most influential Nicaraguan thinker of the twentieth century". After an attraction to fascism in the 1930s, he became a strong supporter of the Sandinista National Liberation Front in 1977.

Xiomara Blandino

Award competitor

Xiomara Blandino is a Nicaraguan architecture student who held the title of Miss Nicaragua 2007.She participated in the Miss Universe 2007 contest representing Nicaragua and made it to the semifinals. She placed 10th overall where Miss Japan Riyo Mori went on to win the title.

Maria Romero Meneses

Deceased Person

Blessed María Romero Meneses, was a Salesian Sister and Social Apostle of Costa Rica, beatified by Pope John Paul II on the 14 April 2002.

Miguel Obando y Bravo


Miguel Obando y Bravo is a Nicaraguan prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the Archbishop of Managua from 1970 until his resignation on 12 March 2005. On 25 May 1985, he was selected by Pope John Paul II to be cardinal in Central America. He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI. In 1986 Universidad Francisco Marroquín honored Obando with an honorary doctoral degree due to his commitment to individual freedom.

Joaquín Pasos


Joaquín Pasos was a Nicaraguan poet, narrator, and essayist. He was one of the leading figures of the national Vanguardia literary movement. The poem Pasos is best known for was his Canto de guerra de las cosas poem.

Marvin Benard

Baseball Outfielder

Marvin Larry Benard [buh-NARD] is a former Major League Baseball outfielder who batted and threw left-handed. Benard moved to Los Angeles with his mother and father when he was 12. After a stellar prep career at Bell High School, he went to L.A. Harbor Junior College in Wilmington, Calif., then Lewis-Clark State College in Lewiston, Idaho. His cousin, Maurice Benard, is a soap opera actor. Benard played with the San Francisco Giants from 1995 to 2003. He was a starter from 1999–2001, and played most of the season. He won the 1999 Willie Mac Award for his spirit and leadership. Despite a disappointing post season performance in 2000, Marvin had one of the most memorable hits of series, batting in Ellis Burks for an RBI single in Game 3 of the 2000 National League Division Series Benard had above-average power for a leadoff hitter. A notorious first-pitch hitter prone to striking out, Benard had good bat speed and could steal bases. He played all three outfield positions, mostly as center fielder. Benard is a career .271 hitter with 54 home runs, 260 RBI, 441 runs, 138 doubles, 21 triples, and 105 stolen bases in 891 games. As a pinch hitter specialist, he had a career .267 batting average. Of note, Benard hit the final home run in the history of Candlestick Park, which came in the first inning of the Giants' eventual 6-4 loss to the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Camilo Mejía

Military Person

Camilo Ernesto Mejía is a Nicaraguan who left the Army as a private after receiving a bad conduct discharge, best known for being an anti-war activist and deserter. He is also the son of Carlos Mejia Godoy, Sandinista songwriter.

Alfonso Cortés


Alfonso Cortés was a Nicaraguan poet. He is often referred to as the most important poet after Rubén Darío. Before his death, he often said he was "less important than Darío, but more profound".

José María Moncada Tapia


José María Moncada Tapia was the President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1929 to 1 January 1933.

Cristiana Frixione

Award competitor

Cristiana Frixione is a Nicaraguan beauty queen. Frixione was crowned Miss Nicaragua 2006, which was held in the Rubén Darío National Theater in Managua. She also represented Nicaragua at the Miss Universe 2006 pageant, Frixione was also crowned World Miss University in 2006.

Devern Hansack


Devern Brandon Hansack is a Nicaraguan professional baseball pitcher who formerly pitched in Major League Baseball in the United States. He bats and throws right-handed.

Nora Astorga


Nora Astorga Gadea de Jenkins was a Nicaraguan guerrilla fighter in the Nicaraguan Revolution, a lawyer, politician, judge and the Nicaraguan ambassador to the United Nations from 1986 to 1988.

Jessica Aguilera


Jéssica Carolina Aguilera Aguilera is a track and field sprint athlete who competes internationally for Nicaragua.

Carlos Buitrago

Professional Boxer

Carlos Buitrago in Managua, Nicaragua is a Nicaraguan professional boxer in the Minimumweight division.

Herty Lewites


Herty Lewites Rodríguez was a Nicaraguan politician of Jewish descent. Lewites was born in the San Felipe barrio of Jinotepe, the son of a Jewish immigrant from Poland. He joined the struggle against the Somoza dictatorship in 1958 and went into exile in Brazil in 1960. Herty's brother, Israel Lewites, died in the attack on the Masaya barracks in October 1977 by the Tercerista Sandinista Front. Instead of fighting, Herty was apparently involved in financial matters and arms smuggling for the revolutionary movement. During the period of Sandinista rule in the 1980s, Lewites was an ally of the powerful Ortega brothers. As Minister of Tourism, he promoted state development projects, such as the Montelimar beach resort in 1986 and the Olof Palme Convention Center in Managua. After leaving government, he built the "Hertylandia" private amusement park. Lewites was elected to Congress on the FSLN ticket in 1990, the year Daniel Ortega lost the presidency. He aligned himself with Sergio Ramírez's Sandinista Renewal Movement against the faction of Secretary General Ortega in 1994. He ran for mayor of Managua, the capital, in 1996 on his own "Sol" ticket, splitting the Sandinista vote to throw the election to the Liberal candidate. With the support of the FSLN "Business Bloc" led by Bayardo Arce, Lewites rejoined the mainline FSLN in 1998 and, with Ortega's blessing, won the Managua mayorship as a Sandinista in 2000.

David Green

Baseball First baseman

David Alejandro Green Casaya is a former Major League Baseball player who played outfielder and first baseman. Signed by the Milwaukee Brewers as an amateur free agent in 1978, Green made his Major League Baseball debut with the St. Louis Cardinals on September 4, 1981, and appeared in his final game on October 4, 1987. In between, he played one season for the Kintetsu Buffaloes in 1986. Green was a member of the St. Louis Cardinals team that defeated the Milwaukee Brewers in the 1982 World Series.

Fabio Gadea Mantilla


Fabio Gadea Mantilla is a Nicaraguan radio journalist, writer, and politician. He is owner and co-founder of the news radio station Radio Corporación. He also represents Nicaragua as deputy to the Central American Parliament and was President of that body in 2004–2005, as well as having been a member of its Commission of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology from 2007 onward. In 2010, he was nominated to run as a candidate for President of Nicaragua in the November 2011 general election. In November 2011 he lost the election.

Adriana Dorn


Adriana de Lourdes Dorn Rodríguez is a Nicaraguan beauty pageant titleholder who was crowned Miss Nicaragua 2011 and represented her country in the 2011 Miss Universe

Juan Barrera

Soccer Midfielder

Juan Barrera is a Nicaraguan footballer who currently plays Midfield for Real Estelí in the Primera División de Nicaragua. In 2013 he became the second Nicaraguan footballer to play in a CONMEBOL First Division, when he was transferred to Deportivo Petare of the Venezuelan Primera División for a six month stint.

Fernando Agüero


Fernando Bernabé Agüero Rocha was a Nicaraguan politician and the founder and leader of the Social Conservative Party. In 1967 Agüero was chosen to represent the conservative 1966 National Opposition Union in the presidential election against the Somoza regime. His campaign was marked by the bloody repression of one of his political rallies in Managua. In 1971 however, Agüero signed the controversial Kupia Kumi pact with Anastasio Somoza Debayle.

Alfonso Noel Lovo


Alfonso Noel Lovo is a Nicaraguan composer and guitarist. He started playing with Ricardo Palma founder of Los Rockets in 1963 and then co-founded Los Juniors, with Emilio Ortega, in 1965. Both were among the top guitar players of the Nicaragua rock movement in the 60's. He also played with Edmundo Guerrero, a local guitar master of the Bossa Nova Brazilian jazz style. Lovo was hijacked on a Lanica airline flight out of Miami, where he almost lost his left hand due to bullet wounds. Lovo survived and later regained the use of his hand. He was one of the original exponents of Nicaraguan Latin Rock. He recorded an album, Terremoto Richter 6.3 in 1973, in New Orleans. It is a fusion of Nicaraguan-style classic Spanish guitar with New Orleans Jazz and Gospel. He collaborated in his home town with Chepito Areas, the original percussionist with Santana Band. This connected him with that band. Together they produced the Managua Earthequake Relief concert featuring Mario Moreno and 'Cantinflas' in October 1972. After the Nicaraguan Revolution, Lovo moved to the USA. In New Orleans, he got deeper into the Blues Guitar, influenced by New Orleans musicians and Louisiana bluesmen.

Chico Brenes


Chico Brenes is a professional skateboarder from Nicaragua whose stance is regular-footed.

Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes


Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes was the President of Nicaragua from 15 August 1947 to his death on 6 May 1950. His Vice-President was Mariano Argüello Vargas, a former Foreign Minister and President of the Senate. Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes also called T.V. was designated by General Assembly, coup d'tat. He practiced former Nicaraguen president Zelaya's military philosophy. Zelaya's philosophy was based on Germany's former Emperor's military views. T.V. was a member of Somoza’s Liberal Nationalist Party and after his death, his niece's husband Anastasio Somoza Garcia was then appointed to move forward with T.V.'s military. President Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes died in Philadelphia. In his death bed, surrounded by his grandson, family and few fellow politicians- he signed the Liberal and Conservative Coalition Agreement of Nicaragua. It was he, who helped the minority enter Congress.

Carlos José Solórzano


Carlos José Solórzano Gutiérrez was the President of Nicaragua between 1 January 1925 and 14 March 1926.

Adolfo Calero


Adolfo Calero Portocarrero was a Nicaraguan businessman, and leader of the Nicaraguan Democratic Force, which was the largest contra rebel group opposing the Sandinista government. In the contra leadership, Calero was responsible for managing the bank accounts into which money was deposited and then used to buy supplies and arms. He was brought to testify at U.S. Congressional hearings in May 1987.

René Schick


René Schick Gutiérrez was the 71st President of Nicaragua from 1 May 1963 to 3 August 1966, but was considered a puppet politician of Luis Somoza. He was born in León, Nicaragua and was a relative of his successor Lorenzo Guerrero, the 72nd President of Nicaragua. He previously served as Foreign Minister from 1961 to 1962. He died, aged 56, in Managua.

Samuel Wilson


Samuel Israel Wilson is a Nicaraguan footballer who plays for Real Estelí in the Primera División de Nicaragua. He previously played for Atlético Olanchano in the Liga Nacional de Fútbol de Honduras. Samuel Wilson was born in Chinandega Nicaragua, he is an Afro-Nicaraguan. Wilson is a member of the senior Nicaragua national football team, and scored a brace as Nicaragua defeated Guatemala to take fifth place in the UNCAF Nations Cup 2009.

Julio Valle Castillo


Julio Valle Castillo, was born in Masaya, Nicaragua. He is a poet, novelist, painter, essayist, and a critic of literature and art.

Fernando Guzmán Solórzano


Fernando Guzmán Solórzano was the President of Nicaragua from 1 March 1867 to 1 March 1871. He was a member of the Conservative Party. He was a relative of Carlos José Solórzano, 58th President of Nicaragua.

Michael Cordúa


Michael Cordúa is a Nicaraguan-born American restaurateur, entrepreneur, owner of Cordúa Restaurants, and award winning self-taught chef. Cordúa is the owner and executive chef of six restaurants in the Houston, Texas area. He was the first to introduce Houston to Latin American cuisine that was not Mexican.

Indiana Sánchez


Indiana María Sánchez Sánchez is a model and was Miss Nicaragua 2009. Sánchez was crowned Miss Nicaragua 2009 on March 7, 2009 at the Ruben Dario National Theater in Managua. She received the crown from the outgoing Miss Nicaragua, Thelma Rodriguez. Indiana went off to represent Nicaragua at the 58th edition of the Miss Universe pageant held in August at the Atlantis Paradise Island in the Bahamas, Bahamas. She was one of the heavy favorites, appearing on many predicitions list, unfortunately she did not place among the top 15. She was awarded 2nd Place in National Costume. Sánchez was a sophomore at Miami Dade College, attending the school of Nursing. She had to put her studies on a hiatus to fulfill her duties as Miss Nicaragua 2009. After her reign as Miss Nicaragua she entered the Nuestra Belleza Latina 2010 Reality Show aired on Univision, where she landed in 11th Place. Currently Indiana is residing in Miami where she plans to leave nursing aside and pursue a career as an actress. Indiana will also represent Nicaragua in Reina Hispanoamericana 2010 held in Santa Cruz, Bolivia

Claudia Bermúdez


Claudia Bermúdez is a Nicaraguan-American politician and entrepreneur. She ran for the United States Congress as a Republican in California's 9th congressional district. She is the first Nicaraguan-American to be the nominee of a major party for a seat in the Congress of the United States. She is also well known as the daughter of Enrique Bermúdez, the military commander of the Nicaraguan contras, who was a key figure in the United States-led proxy war against Nicaragua's Marxist government, which was supported by the Soviet Union and Cuba. The war was one of the most prominent of the Cold War conflict.

Daniel Reyes

Soccer Forward

Daniel Salvador Reyes Avellán is a Nicaraguan footballer who currently plays as a striker for Peruvian club Sport Boys. He previously played for Brazilian club Tigres do Brasil.

Jaime Morales Carazo


Jaime Rene Morales Carazo is a Nicaraguan politician who served as Vice President of Nicaragua between January 2007 and January 2012.

Lorenzo Guerrero


Lorenzo Guerrero Gutiérrez was a Nicaraguan politician and a close associate of Somoza family. Guerrero served as one of the Vice Presidents in the administration of René Schick from May 1963 to August 1966 and became President of Nicaragua on 4 August 1966 following the death of Schick. Guerrero server the remainder of Schick's term and handed over the presidency to Anastasio Somoza Debayle on 1 May 1967, who in turn appointed Guerrero as his Foreign Minister. He was a relative of his predecessor René Schick.

Mariano Prado


Mariano Prado Baca was a Central American lawyer and a four-time, liberal chief of state of El Salvador, while it was a state in the Federal Republic of Central America. Born in Nicaragua to José de la Trinidad Prado and Clara Baca, Prado moved with his family at a young age to San Vicente, El Salvador. He spent some years in the Regiment Fijo de Bandera, but then decided to pursue a career in civil law. He received his law degree in 1797. He became a city councilman in San Vicente, where he owned considerable rural property. On June 30, 1809 he married Engracia Vasconcelos in San Vicente. Prado repudiated the revolution of 1811. After the proclamation of independence in 1821, he opposed the union of the province of El Salvador with the Mexican Empire. He was one of the outstanding figures in the political party later called "Exaltado". He was a deputy in the provincial congress of 1822. As political chief of San Salvador he organized the civic militia during a time of threat to the capital by an invasion from Guatemala. On February 7, 1823 the defenders evacuated San Salvador. Prado took command of one of the military columns in the retreat. They camped at his hacienda, "Santa Catalina", near San Vicente, and then continued to march toward Honduras. They surrendered a short time later at Gualcince.

Porfi Altamirano


Porfirio Altamirano Ramírez, nicknamed "El Guajiro" is a former Major League Baseball right-handed middle relief pitcher who played for the Philadelphia Phillies and Chicago Cubs. Born in Ciudad Darío, Nicaragua, Altamirano first became successful in his native country in the 1970s when he pitched for the Estelí team in the Nicaraguan National League, where he broke many records. He also shut out the powerful Cuban national team in a tournament in Colombia in 1976 beating them 5–0 and also shut out the USA team 4–0 in 1977 on a tournament played in Nicaragua, attaining status as one Nicaragua's best amateur pitchers. Although not equipped with an overpowering arm, Altamirano had an 87–92 MPH fastball and mixed in a slider and an occasional curveball. He was an ideal reliever for a bullpen-by-committee because he was able to pitch two or three innings at a time, setting the table to a variety of teammates, from Sparky Lyle to Tug McGraw to Lee Smith. He made his major league debut on May 9, 1982 and played in 60 games over two seasons for the Philadelphia Phillies. Just before the 1984 season, he was traded to the Chicago Cubs with Bob Dernier and Gary Matthews in exchange for Bill Campbell and Mike Diaz. In his three-year MLB career, Altamirano compiled a 7–4 record with 57 strikeouts, a 4.03 ERA, two saves, and 91.2 innings in 65 games pitched.

Oswaldo Castillo


Oswaldo Castillo is a Nicaraguan American gardener/construction worker-turned-actor. Castillo was born in Nicaragua and, in 1986, fled to the United States after being tortured by Somoza militants for suspected opposition activities. He settled in Los Angeles, California, and worked in construction, where he later met Adam Carolla in 1989. The two became good friends. Castillo is the co-star of The Hammer. He plays "Oz", a character which is based on his real life while working in construction with Adam Carolla. Castillo and Carolla met while working in construction together and building the Bodies in Motion gym in Pasadena, where they shot the movie. Castillo continued as Carolla's gardener and was asked to appear in Carolla's independent film to play a character based on himself. He also appeared as a cast member on The Adam Carolla Project working with Adam Carolla as a member of a construction crew. Castillo was a movie reviewer on the now canceled The Adam Carolla Show. He participated in segments like "Ozzie's Movie Review", "Nicaraguan Name That Tune", and "Nicaraguan Movie Quote Game." The fun in these games is in trying to understand what Ozzie is saying through his thick accent.

Omar Cabezas


Omar Cabezas Lacayo is a Nicaraguan author, revolutionary and politician. He was a commander in the guerrilla war against Somoza, and prominent Sandinista party member. He is perhaps most famous outside of Nicaragua for his book entitled Fire From the Mountain, which is a personal account of his days as a guerrilla fighting the Somoza dynasty. This personal testimony can be read as a bildungsroman, or novela de formación in Spanish. In it Cabezas learns about life, about social injustice, about women, and about the difficulty of overthrowing a dictatorship. He struggles against nature; an infection he suffers from being on the mountain, puts his life in jeopardy. He overcomes numerous obstacles in his quest to bring down the brutal US-supported thirty year Somoza dynasty in an environment defined by terror and hope. Cabezas' story is about an idealist man in a time when it meant something to be heroic. It is also known for being the first major work in the Nicaraguan vernacular, rather than formal Spanish.

José Alfaro

Professional Boxer

José Alfaro is a Nicaraguan boxer with a record of 26-8-0-1 who captured the vacant WBA lightweight title against Thai Prawet Singwancha in a split decision on December 29, 2007 in Bielefeld, Germany. He later lost that title on May 19, 2008 to Yusuke Kobori who knocked him out in only 3 rounds. His next match was against Mexican legend Erik Morales on March 27, 2010 for the vacant WBC International Welterweight. He lost via Unanimous Decision the scores were 117-111, 116-112,116-112.

John Julian


John Julian was the first recorded black pirate to operate in the New World, as the pilot of the ship Whydah. Julian was a half-blood Miskito Indian who joined Samuel Bellamy early in his brief career. He eventually piloted the Whydah, which was the leading ship of Bellamy's fleet, when he was only 16 years old. Julian was one of 30 to 50 people of African descent in the pirate crew — all were treated as equals. Julian's life became more difficult after he survived the Whydah wreck in 1717. He was jailed in Boston but apparently never indicted. He was likely sold into slavery, the "Julian the Indian" bought by John Quincy — whose grandson, President John Quincy Adams, became a staunch abolitionist. A purported "unruly slave," Julian the Indian was sold to another owner and tried often to escape. During one attempt, he killed a bounty hunter who was trying to catch him. He was executed on March 26, 1733.