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Flag of Navassa Island

Navassa Island country facts

Central America and the Caribbean N/A 0 inhabitants 5 sq km 0.00 inhabitants/sq km territory of the United States population evolution



This uninhabited island was claimed by the US in 1857 for its guano. Mining took place between 1865 and 1898. The lighthouse, built in 1917, was shut down in 1996 and administration of Navassa Island transferred from the US Coast Guard to the Department of the Interior. A 1998 scientific expedition to the island described it as a unique preserve of Caribbean biodiversity; the following year it became a National Wildlife Refuge and annual scientific expeditions have continued.



Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, 35 miles west of Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti

Geographic coordinates

18 25 N, 75 02 W

Area (sq km)

total: 5.4 sq km
land: 5.4 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative (sq km)

about nine times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries (km)

0 km

Coastline (km)

8 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


marine, tropical


raised coral and limestone plateau, flat to undulating; ringed by vertical white cliffs (9 to 15 m high)

Elevation extremes (m)

lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation on southwest side 77 m

Natural resources


Land use (%)

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2011)

Natural hazards


Environment - current issues


Geography - note

strategic location 160 km south of the US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; mostly exposed rock with numerous solution holes (limestone sinkholes) but with enough grassland to support goat herds; dense stands of fig trees, scattered cactus

People and Society


note: transient Haitian fishermen and others camp on the island   evolution and prospects (1950-2100)


Country name

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Navassa Island

Dependency status

unorganized, unincorporated territory of the US; administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service, US Department of the Interior from the Caribbean Islands National Wildlife Refuge in Boqueron, Puerto Rico; in September 1996, the Coast Guard ceased operations and maintenance of Navassa Island Light, a 46-meter-tall lighthouse on the southern side of the island; there has also been a private claim advanced against the island

Legal system

the laws of the US, where applicable, apply

Diplomatic representation from the US

none (territory of the US)

Flag description

the flag of the US is used


Economy - overview

Subsistence fishing and commercial trawling occur within refuge waters.


Ports and terminals

none; offshore anchorage only


Military - note

defense is the responsibility of the US

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international

claimed by Haiti, source of subsistence fishing

Largest cities of Navassa Island

These are the 50 largest cities of Navassa Island ordered based on their number of inhabitants.

# City Population