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Mongolia

East and Southeast Asia Ulaanbaatar 2,953,190 inhabitants 1,564,116 sq km 1.89 inhabitants/sq km togrog/tugriks (MNT) population evolution

Famous people from Mongolia

Here is a list of famous people from Mongolia. Curious if anybody from Mongolia made it our most famous people in the world list? Read the aformentioned article in order to find out.

Kublai Khan

Monarch

Kublai Khan, born Kublai and also known by the temple name Shizu, was the fifth Khagan of the Ikh Mongol Uls, reigning from 1260 to 1294, and the founder of the Yuan Dynasty in China. Kublai was the second son of Tolui and Sorghaghtani Beki, and a grandson of Genghis Khan. He succeeded his older brother Möngke as Khagan in 1260, but had to defeat his younger brother Ariq Böke in a succession war lasting till 1264. This episode marked the beginning of disunity in the empire. Kublai's real power was limited to China and Mongolia, though as Khagan he still had influence in the Ilkhanate and, to a far lesser degree, in the Golden Horde. If one counts the Mongol Empire at that time as a whole, his realm reached from the Pacific to the Black Sea, from Siberia to modern day Afghanistan – one fifth of the world's inhabited land area. In 1271, Kublai established the Yuan Dynasty, which ruled over present-day Mongolia, China, Korea, and some adjacent areas, and assumed the role of Emperor of China. By 1279, the Yuan forces had overcome the last resistance of the Southern Song Dynasty, and Kublai became the first non-Chinese Emperor to conquer all of China. He was also the only Mongol khan after 1260 to win new conquests.

Batu Khan

Monarch

Batu Khan was a Mongol ruler and founder of the Ulus of Jochi, the sub-khanate of the Mongol Empire. Batu was a son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan. His ulus was the chief state of the Golden Horde, which ruled Rus, Volga Bulgaria, Cumania, and the Caucasus for around 250 years, after also destroying the armies of Poland and Hungary. "Batu" or "Bat" literally means "firm" in the Mongolian language. After the deaths of Genghis Khan's sons, he became the most respected prince called agha in the Mongol Empire.

Subutai

Man

Subutai was the primary military strategist and general of Genghis Khan and Ögedei Khan. He directed more than twenty campaigns in which he conquered thirty-two nations and won sixty-five pitched battles, during which he conquered or overran more territory than any other commander in history. He gained victory by means of imaginative and sophisticated strategies and routinely coordinated movements of armies that were hundreds of kilometers away from each other. He is also remembered for devising the campaign that destroyed the armies of Hungary and Poland within two days of each other, by forces over five hundred kilometers apart.

Jochi Khan

Monarch

Jochi was the eldest of the Mongol chieftain Genghis Khan's four sons by his principal wife Börte. An accomplished military leader, he participated in his father's conquest of Central Asia, along with his brothers and uncles.

Modu Chanyu

Man

Modu Chanyu was born c. 234 BCE was the fourth known emperor and founder of the Xiongnu Empire after he killed his father in 209 BCE. Modu ruled from 209 BCE to 174 BCE. He was a military leader under his father Touman, and later the Chanyu and king of the Xiongnu, centered in modern day Mongolia. Once he had secured the throne, he established a powerful Xiongnu Empire by successfully unifying the tribes of the Mongolian steppes and hence posed an imminent threat to the Chinese Qin Dynasty. His Xiongnu Empire was one of the largest of his time – the eastern border stretched as far as the Liao River, the western borders of the empire reached the Pamir Mountains whilst the northern border reached Lake Baikal. He was succeeded by his son Laoshang.

Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj

Politician

Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj is the 4th and current President of Mongolia. Elbegdorj is one of the key democratic leaders of Mongolia that is between Russia and China in Central Asia. Elbegdorj has been serving as the President of Mongolia for two terms and served as the Prime Minister of Mongolia twice. He served as the Vice Speaker of the Parliament of Mongolia in 1996–1998, the Majority Leader of the Parliament in 1996–2000, and the Member of Parliament four times. He was one of the main leaders of the 1990 Mongolian democratic revolution that ended 70 years of Communist rule in Mongolia. Elbegdorj has been called by Mongolian supporters the "Golden Swallow of Democracy," alluding to a bird that comes with spring sunshine after a long, harsh winter. Also he co-drafted the country's 1992 constitution that guaranteed democracy and market economy. Elbegdorj is the founder of Ardchilal newspaper - the country's first independent newspaper and helped to establish the first independent television station in Mongolia. His tenure has focused on fighting corruption, environmental protection, women's rights, judicial reform, increase of public participation in decision making, post-Soviet social and economic reforms including the liberalization of economic policies, privatizing livestock and apartments, and abolition of the death penalty.

Asashōryū Akinori

Sumo Wrestler

Asashōryū Akinori is a former sumo wrestler from Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. He was the 68th yokozuna in the history of the sport in Japan and became the first Mongol to reach sumo's highest rank in January 2003. He was one of the most successful yokozuna ever. In 2005 he became the first wrestler to win all six official tournaments in a single year. Over his entire career, he won 25 top division tournament championships, placing him fourth on the all-time list. From 2004 until 2007, Asashōryū was sumo's sole yokozuna, and was criticized at times by the media and the Japan Sumo Association for not upholding the standards of behaviour expected of a holder of such a prestigious rank. He became the first yokozuna in history to be suspended from competition in August 2007 when he participated in a charity soccer match in his home country despite having withdrawn from a regional sumo tour claiming injury. After a career filled with a multitude of other controversies, both on and off the dohyō, his career was cut short when he retired from sumo in February 2010 after allegations that he assaulted a man outside a Tokyo nightclub.

Hakuhō Shō

Sumo Wrestler

Hakuhō Shō is a professional sumo wrestler from Ulan Bator, Mongolia. Making his debut in March 2001, he reached the top makuuchi division in May 2004. On 30 May 2007 at the age of 22 he became the second native of Mongolia, and the fourth non-Japanese overall, to be promoted to the highest rank in sumo, yokozuna. He has won twenty-seventh yūshō or tournament championships to date. In 2009, he broke the record for the most wins in a calendar year, winning 86 out of 90 bouts, and repeated this feat with the same record again in 2010 when he established the second longest winning streak in sumo history. He also holds the record for the most undefeated tournament championships at ten, which is two more than any other sumo wrestler in history. He was the only active yokozuna from 2010, following the retirement of his rival and fellow Mongolian Asashōryū, until 2012 with the promotion of fellow Mongolian Harumafuji.

Berke

Monarch

Berke Khan was the ruler of the Ulus of Jochi or Kipchak Khanate who effectively consolidated the power of the Blue Horde and White Hordes from 1257 to 1266. He succeeded his brother Batu Khan of the Blue Horde and was responsible for the first official establishment of Islam in a khanate of the Mongol Empire. He allied with the Egyptian Mamluks against another Mongol khanate based in Persia, the Ilkhanate.

Tolui Borjigin

Monarch

Tolui, was the fourth son of Genghis Khan by his chief khatun Börte. His ulus, or territorial inheritance, at his father's death in 1227 was the homelands in Mongolia, and it was he who served as civil administrator in the time it took to confirm Ögedei as second Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. Before that he had served with distinction in the campaigns against the Jin Dynasty, the Xi Xia and the Khwarezmid Empire, where he was instrumental in the capture and massacre at Merv and Nishapur. He is a direct ancestor of most of the Emperors of Mongolia and the Ilkhanids. Tolui never used the title of Khagan himself; though neither Genghis Khan nor his immediate three successors ever use any reigning titles unlike the neighboring Chinese dynasties in the south. Tolui was awarded the title of Khagan by his son Möngke and was given a temple name by his other son Kublai, when he established the Yuan Dynasty a few decades later.

Khorloogiin Choibalsan

Politician

Khorloogiin Choibalsan was the Communist leader of the Mongolian People's Republic and Marshal of the Mongolian armed forces from the 1930s until his death in 1952. His rule marked the first and last time in modern Mongolian history that a single individual amassed complete political power. Often referred to as “the Stalin of Mongolia”, Choibalsan oversaw violent Soviet-ordered purges in the late 1930s that resulted in the deaths of an estimated 30,000 to 35,000 Mongolians; mostly Buddhist clergy, intelligentsia, political dissidents, ethnic Buryats and Khazaks, and other "enemies of the revolution." Similarly, his intense persecution of Mongolia's Buddhist Church brought about the institution's near complete extinction in the country. Although Choibalsan's devotion to Joseph Stalin helped preserve his country's fledgling independence during the early years of the Mongolian People's Republic, it also turned Mongolia into the first satellite state of the Soviet Union. Throughout his rule, Mongolia's economic, political, and military ties to the USSR deepened, infrastructure and literacy rates improved, and international recognition of Mongolia's independence expanded, especially after World War II.

Abaqa Khan

Deceased Person

Abaqa Khan, also Abaga, or Abagha Khan, was the second Mongol ruler of the Persian Ilkhanate. The son of Hulagu Khan and Yesuncin Khatun, he reigned from 1265–1282 and was succeeded by his brother Tekuder Khan. Much of Abaqa's reign was consumed with civil wars in the Mongol Empire, such as those between the Ilkhanate and the northern khanate of the Golden Horde. Abaqa also engaged in unsuccessful attempts at military invasion of Syria, including the Second Battle of Homs.

Nambaryn Enkhbayar

Politician

Nambaryn Enkhbayar is a Mongolian political figure. He served as the Prime Minister in 2000-2004, the Speaker of the Parliament in 2004-2005 and the President of Mongolia in 2005-2009. He is the first person to have held all of top three positions in Mongolian government. He was the chairman of former communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party in 1997-2005. Enkhbayar was sentenced to two and a half year prison term by all of three level courts for graft, embezzlement, misappropriation of government properties, and misuse of his position in 2012.

Dogsomyn Bodoo

Politician

Dogsomyn Bodoo was a prominent early 20th century Mongolian politician who was one of the founding members of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party. He was elected leader of the provisional revolutionary government and following the Outer Mongolian Revolution of 1921 became the country's first Prime Minister from July 1921 to January 1922. A power struggle led to his resignation on January 7, 1922. He was subsequently charged with treason for conspiring to overthrow the government, and was executed on August 31, 1922.

Damdin Sükhbaatar

Politician

Damdinii Sükhbaatar was a founding member of the Mongolian People's Party and leader of the Mongolian partisan army that liberated Khüree during the Outer Mongolian Revolution of 1921. Enshrined as the "Father of Mongolia's Revolution", he is remembered as one of the most important figures in Mongolia's struggle for independence.

Harumafuji Kōhei

Sumo Wrestler

Harumafuji Kōhei, previously known as Ama Kōhei, is a sumo wrestler. He is a yokozuna, sumo's highest rank, receiving his promotion September 26, 2012, the third consecutive Mongolian and fifth overall non-Japanese wrestler to attain yokozuna status. Regarded as a relative lightweight, Harumafuji is noted for his technical skill. He has won ten special prizes for his achievements in tournaments. He began his professional career in 2001 and reached the top makuuchi division in 2004. In November 2008 he became the seventh foreign-born wrestler in sumo history to reach the second highest rank of ōzeki. In May 2009, he won his first championship, winning the Natsu basho. He won the championship for the second consecutive time with a perfect record, and fourth time overall, in the 2012 September Aki basho.

Sorghaghtani Beki

Deceased Person

Sorghaghtani Beki or Bekhi, also written Sorkaktani, Sorkhokhtani, Sorkhogtani, Siyurkuktiti; traditional Chinese: 唆魯禾帖尼; simplified Chinese: 唆鲁禾帖尼; pinyin: Suōlǔhétiění, a Kereyid princess of the Nestorian Christian faith and daughter-in-law of Temüjin, was one of the most powerful and competent women in the Mongol Empire. Married to Tolui, Genghis' youngest son, she raised her sons to be leaders, and maneuvered the family politics so that all four of her sons, Möngke Khan, Hulagu Khan, Ariq Böke, and Kublai Khan, were to inherit the legacy of their grandfather. As a moving spirit behind the Mongol Empire, Sorghaghtani is responsible for much of the trade openings and intellectual exchange made possible by this, the largest contiguous empire in world history. As such, she may count among the most influential women in world history.

Yuri Senkevich

Scientist

Yuri Aleksandrovich Senkevich was a Soviet doctor, scientist. He is Candidate of Sciences. He became famous in the USSR and worldwide for his participation in the Ra Expedition, in which he sailed together with Thor Heyerdahl. Senkevich was born of Russian parents in Mongolia. In 1960, he finished the Military Medical Academy in Leningrad. After the graduation, he received an assignment as a military doctor. In 1962, Senkevich started at Moscow Institute of Aviation and Cosmic Medicine of the Ministry of Defence. He continued his career in that field at the Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of the Ministry of Public Health. From 1966 to 1967, he participated in the 12th Soviet Antarctic expedition at Vostok station. In 1969, Thor Heyerdahl invited Senkevich to sail on the Ra papyrus boat, and later on Ra II in 1970. Yuri Senkevich also sailed on the Tigris across the Indian Ocean. In 1973, Senkevich began his career as a host of the "Travelers' Club", a show on the Soviet Central Television. During the 30 years, he visited as a journalist more than 200 countries. For his lifetime contribution to the television, he was awarded "TEFI", a prize of Russian Academy of Television, in 1997. Yuri Senkevich is in the Guinness Book of Records as the world's longest serving TV anchorman.

6th Dalai Lama

Religious Leader

Tsangyang Gyatso was the sixth Dalai Lama. He was a Monpa by ethnicity and was born at Urgelling Monastery, 5 km from Tawang, India and not far from the large Tawang Monastery in the northwestern part of present-day Arunachal Pradesh in India. He led a playboy lifestyle and disappeared, near Kokonor probably murdered on his way to Beijing in 1706. Tsangyang Gyatso composed poems and songs that are still immensely popular in Tibet to this day.

Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal

Politician

Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal was one of the leaders of Mongolia from 1952 to 1984. During his political life, he served as prime minister and general secretary of the Mongolian People's Party.

Naidangiin Tüvshinbayar

Olympic Judo Athlete

Naidangiin Tüvshinbayar is a Mongolian judoka. At the 2006 Asian Games he finished in joint fifth place in both the heavyweight division and the open weight class division. In the same division, he won a gold medal at the Olympic Games 2008 in Beijing. He was the first Mongolian ever to win a gold medal at the Olympics, by defeating Kazakhstani judoka Askhat Zhitkeyev. On the 14th of August, 2008, he was inducted as the state honored athlete of Mongolia as well as hero of labor. In the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, he won a silver medal, becoming the first Olympic multimedalist from Mongolia. He won his silver medal despite suffering a serious injury in the semifinal bout. He currently resides in Ulan Bator.

Galsan Tschinag

Author

Galsan Tschinag, born Irgit Shynykbai-oglu Dshurukuwaa is a Mongolian writer of novels, poems, and essays in the German language, though he hails from a Tuvan background. He is also often described as a Shaman, and is also a teacher and an actor.

Sanjaasürengiin Oyuun

Politician

Sanjaasuren Oyun, also transcribed S. Oyun, is a prominent Mongolian politician. She is the leader of the Civil Will Party, is the current Minister of Environment and Green Development, and has been a Member of Parliament of Mongolia since 1998. She is also a former Minister of Foreign Affairs and is the current head of the Zorig Foundation. In 2003, Eisenhower Fellowships awarded Oyun a fellowship program in the United States. In 2006, Oyun was selected as a Young Global Leader by the Davos World Economic Forum. She has been an active member of the YGL community since.

Sanjaagiin Bayar

Politician

Sanjaagiin Bayar is a Mongolian politician who was General Secretary of the Mongolian People's Party from 22 November 2007 to 8 April 2009, and Prime Minister of Mongolia from 22 November 2007 to 29 October 2009. He announced on 26 October 2009, that he was going to resign his position as Prime Minister due to health reasons. He was replaced by Sükhbaataryn Batbold on 29 October 2009.

Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa

Astronaut

Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa was the first Mongolian and the second Asian in space. He was Mongolia's defense minister from 2000 to 2004.

Dolgorsürengiin Serjbüdee

Professional Wrestler

Dolgorsürengiin Serjbüdee is a Mongolian professional wrestler who wrestled for New Japan Pro Wrestling. He goes by the ring name Blue Wolf.

Khashbaataryn Tsagaanbaatar

Olympic Judo Athlete

Khashbaataryn Tsagaanbaatar is the single medal winner from Mongolia at the 2004 Summer Olympics. He won a bronze medal in judo. He became the first Mongolian to win the gold medal at the World Judo Championships in Rotterdam in 2009. He also took gold medal in the 2006 Asian Games. Recently he also won a gold medal at the 2007 New York Open in the under-66 kg weight division. He won with a traditional technique, the kata guruma.

Baabar

Politician

Baabar is a Mongolian retired politician, political analyst and writer.

Sükhbaataryn Yanjmaa

Politician

Sükhbaataryn Yanjmaa was the widow of Mongolian revolutionary leader Damdin Sükhbaatar, who as Chairperson of the Presidium of the State Great Khural from September 1953 to July 1954 became only the second woman in history to be elected or appointed head of state. Yanjmaa was born on February 15, 1893 into a poor herding family near present day Ulaanbaatar. She worked for Sükhbaatar's revolutionary group as a messenger in 1919 and when her husband traveled to the Soviet Union in 1920 to establish contact with Bolshevik revolutionaries, Yanjmaa stayed behind in Ulaanbaatar with their son, evading capture from Chinese officials hunting down subversives. In 1921 Khorloogiin Choibalsan helped her and her son flee to Kyakhta to be reunited with Sükhbaatar. After her husband led Mongolian partisans to victory in the Outer Mongolian Revolution of 1921, Yanjmaa became a member of the Mongolian Revolutionary Youth League. When Sükhbaatar died in 1923, she adopted "Sükhbaataryn" in place of her patronymic Nemedeyen and joined the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party a year later in 1924. As a member of the party Central Committee and of the Presidium of the Central Committee, she represented the MPRP at the Third International Conference of Communist Women and the Fifth World Congress of the Comintern in Moscow, both in 1924. She was involved in the creation of Mongolia's first trade union in 1925. From 1927 to 1930 she studied at the Communist University of the Toilers of the East in Moscow. In 1933 Yanjmaa headed the newly created women's section of the MPRP Central Committee where she focused on developing women's educution.

Natsagiin Bagabandi

Politician

Natsagiin Bagabandi is a Director of Oyu Tolgoi LLC. Previously, he was the president of Mongolia from 1997 to 2005, and a member of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party. He became speaker of the State Great Khural in 1992 for four years, then ran for presidential elections in 1997, winning them. He won re-election in 2001. In the presidential elections on May 22, 2005, Nambaryn Enkhbayar was elected to succeed Natsagiin Bagabandi with 53.4 percent of the vote and took office in June.

Munkhbayar Dorjsuren

Olympic Shooting Sport Athlete

Munkhbayar Dorjsuren is a Mongolian-German sport shooter. She was born in Mongolia, but moved to Germany and became a German citizen. She is the 1992 Olympic bronze medalist in the Women's 25 metre pistol for Mongolia and the 2008 Olympic bronze medalist in the same event for Germany. She competes in the 25 metre and 10 metre air pistol events.

Kyokutenzan Takeshi

Sumo Wrestler

Kyokutenzan Takeshi is a former professional sumo wrestler from Ulan Bator, Mongolia, one of the first Mongolians to join the sport in Japan. In 2005, he obtained Japanese citizenship, but he has now moved to Germany to run a business.

Norovyn Altankhuyag

Politician

Norovyn Altankhuyag is a Mongolian politician who has been the Prime Minister of Mongolia since 2012 and a Member of Parliament. Democratic Party's National Consultative Committee elected him as the Leader of Democratic Party of Mongolia in 2008. He worked as the First Deputy Prime Minister of Mongolia in the coalition government of the Mongolian People's Party and Democratic Party of Mongolia in 2008-2012. Previously, he served as the Minister of Agriculture and Industry in 1996-2000 and the Minister of Finance in 2004-2006.

Byambasuren Davaa

Screenwriter

Byambasuren Davaa, really Davaagiin Byambasüren, is a Mongolian film maker currently residing in Germany. Between 1995 and 1998 she studied at the Movie Academy in Ulaanbaatar. In 1998 she began to work as a moderator and director's assistant with Mongolian National Television. In 2000 she moved to Munich, Germany, to study documentary film and communication sciences at the University of Television and Film Munich. Her films through 2006 tell stories embedded in the traditional life of the nomads in Mongolia. The subjects of her movies also serve as amateur actors, playing mostly themselves, which positions her work somewhere between documentary and fiction. Her latest film Two Horses of Genghis Khan featuring the singer Urna's quest to find the origins of a song is due for release in Germany in 2010. She was a 2005 Academy Award nominee for her film The Story of the Weeping Camel.

Peljidiin Genden

Politician

Peljidiin Genden was prominent political leader of the Mongolian People's Republic who served as the country's second president and the ninth prime minister. As one of three MPRP secretaries, Genden was responsible for pushing rapid and forced implementation of socialist economic policies in early 1930s. In 1932 he secured Josef Stalin's backing to become prime minister, but then increasingly resisted pressure from Moscow to liquidate institutional Buddhism and permit increased Soviet influence in Mongolia. His independent temperament, outspokenness, and growing nationalist sentiments ultimately led to his Soviet-orchestrated purge in March 1936. Accused of conspiring against the revolution and spying for the Japanese, he was executed in Moscow on November 26, 1937.

Mandukhai Khatun

Deceased Person

Mandukhai Khatun, also known as Mandukhai Sechen Khatun, was the Khatun of the Northern Yuan Dynasty or Post-Imperial Mongolia. She reunited the warring Mongols with her husband Batmunkh Dayan Khan.

Chuluuny Khulan

Actor

Chuluuny Khulan is a Mongol actress who first gained international notice as Börte, the wife of Genghis Khan, in the 2007 Oscar nominated Russian film Mongol.

Misheel Jargalsajkhan

TV Actor

Misheel Jargalsajkhan is a Polish child actress who moved with her family to Poland at the age of three. Since 1999 she has been acting in Rodzina zastepcza TV series.

Sükhbaataryn Batbold

Politician

Sükhbaataryn Batbold is a Member of the Parliament of Mongolia. He was the Prime Minister of Mongolia and General Secretary of the Mongolian People's Party. He was previously the Minister of Foreign Affairs in the government of his predecessor, Sanjaagiin Bayar.

Enkhbatyn Badar-Uugan

Boxer

Enkhbatyn Badar-Uugan is an professional boxer from Mongolia who became the first Olympic boxing champion from his country when he won the gold medal in the Bantamweight division at the 2008 Olympics. He almost was the first Mongolian to win Olympic gold in any sport but was beaten by Judoka Naidangiin Tüvshinbayar by a couple of days.

Kyokutenhō Masaru

Sumo Wrestler

Kyokutenhō Masaru is a professional sumo wrestler. He made his debut in March 1992 out of Ōshima stable, with the first group of Mongolians ever to join the sport in Japan, reaching the top makuuchi division in January 1998. Now the longest serving active member of the top division, he has received six special prizes for Fighting Spirit, has won one yūshō, in May 2012, which made him at 37 the oldest first–time yūshō winner in sumo history, and has been runner-up in one other tournament. His highest rank has been sekiwake, which he has held on three occasions. He acquired Japanese citizenship in 2005.

Losolyn Laagan

Politician

Losolyn Laagan was Head of state of Mongolia from April 27, 1930, to June 2, 1932. He was a member of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party.

4th Dalai Lama

Religious Leader

Yonten Gyatso or Yon-tan-rgya-mtsho was the 4th Dalai Lama, born in Mongolia on the 30th day of the 12th month of the Earth-Ox year of the Tibetan calendar. As the son of the chieftain of the Chokur tribe, Tsultrim Choeje, and great-grandson of Altan Khan of the Tümed Mongols and his second wife PhaKhen Nula, Yonten Gyatso was a Mongolian, making him the only non-Tibetan to be recognized as Dalai Lama other than the 6th Dalai Lama, who was a Monpa—but Monpas can be seen either as a Tibetan subgroup or a closely related people. The Nechung, state oracle of Tibet, and Lamo Tsangpa, another oracle, had both predicted the next reincarnation would be born in Mongolia. About this time, the chief attendant of the Third Dalai Lama, Tsultrim Gyatso, sent a letter informing the authorities in Tibet that the reincarnation had been born and details of some of the wonders accompanying his birth. Yonten Gyatso left for Tibet in 1599 when he was already ten years old, with his father, Tibetan monks and officials, and a thousand Mongol cavalry. They arrived in 1603 after stopping at all the major monasteries on the route.

Uranchimegiin Mönkh-Erdene

Professional Boxer

Munkh Erdene Uranchimeg is an athlete.

Amarkhuu Borkhuu

Rhythm and blues Artist

Amarkhuu Borkhuu is a pop singer and actor of Mongolian origin residing in Russia. When he was a child his parents moved from Mongolia to Ulan-Ude, Buryatia in Russia. He rose to popularity in Russia after winning Narodniy Artist 3, the Russian version of Pop Idol with 61.7% of the vote over Marina Devyatova. In 2010, he starred in a Mongolian-Russian film “Operation ‘Tatar’”. He is currently living in Moscow, and is a frontman of award-winning boy band Prime Minister. Amarkhuu Borkhuu is also well known for his participation as a judge in the widely popular Mongolian television show Universe Best Songs.

Kakuryū Rikisaburō

Sumo Wrestler

Kakuryū Rikisaburō is a professional sumo wrestler from Sükhbaatar Province, Mongolia. He has been a member of the top makuuchi division since November 2006 and has earned nine special prizes, seven for Technique, which is the most by any wrestler in any one category. He reached the third highest sekiwake rank in July 2009, and in March 2012 he secured promotion to the second highest rank of ōzeki after finishing runner up to yokozuna Hakuhō and accumulating a total of 33 wins in his previous three tournaments.

Tövshintögsiin Batchimeg

Chess Player

Batchimeg Tuvshintugs is a chess Woman Grandmaster and FIDE Arbiter. She now lives in Oakland, California.

Dorjsürengiin Sumiya

Olympic athlete

Dorjsürengiin Sumiyaa Dorjsürengiin Sumiyaa is a Mongolian judoka. She competed in the 57 kg event at the 2012 Summer Olympics and lost in the first round.

Byambajav Ulambayaryn

Sumo Wrestler

Byambajav Ulambayar is an amateur sumo wrestler from Ulan-Bator, Mongolia. He is a two-time winner of the Sumo World Championships, in 2006 and 2007. He is 6'1" tall, weighing 350 lb. He was featured as a sumo wrestler in the film "Ocean's 13". He has also entered in over 100 matches winning all gold medals, in Japan, Mongolia, Thailand, USA, Italy, Germany, and more. He also featured as a model for the Subaru car company. In February 2013, he was featured on the American television show King of the Nerds. In September 2009 he won in the +115 kg and overall category at the US Open Championship held in California. He was formerly a professional sumo wrestler who competed under the shikona of Daishochi. He was a member of Shibatayama stable from July 2001 until September 2005, reaching a highest rank of makushita 15.

Ligdan Khan

Monarch

Ligdan Khutugtu Khan was the last in the Borjigin clan of Mongol Khans who ruled the Mongols from Chakhar. His unpopular reign generated violent opposition due to his harsh restrictions over the Mongols. His alliance with Ming China, sponsorship of Buddhism in Chakhar and reorganization of Mongolian political divisions were ineffective when the Qing Dynasty became the major power in East Asia.

Anandyn Amar

Politician

Anandyn Amar was the head of state of the Mongolian People’s Republic from 1932 to 1936 and twice served as prime minister from 1928–1930 and again from 1936–1939. A widely respected politician, Amar was known for his eloquent defense of Mongolian independence in the face of increasing Soviet domination. Despite this, he proved powerless in preventing Minister of Interior Khorloogiin Choibalsan and the Soviet NKVD from carrying out mass purges of nearly 30,000 Mongolians during his second term as prime minister between 1937 and 1939. Amar's popularity ultimately led to his purge by the pro-Soviet Choibalsan who had him charged with counterrevolution in 1939. Amar was sent to Moscow for trial and executed on July 10, 1941.

Esui

Woman

Erdenebilegiin Bolormaa, better known by her ring name Esui is a Mongolian female pro-wrestler and mixed martial artist. She is considered as Mongolia's first female pro-wrestler and also the first female mixed martial artist from Mongolia.

Rinchen Barsbold

Geologist

Dr. Rinchen Barsbold is a Mongolian paleontologist and geologist. He works with the Institute of Geology, at Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. He is recognized around the world as a leader in vertebrate paleontology and Mesozoic stratigraphy. Barsbold has been instrumental in the discovery and recovery of one of the largest dinosaur collections in the world. His work has projected Mongolian paleontology into world prominence and helped to form a more modern understanding of the later stages of dinosaur evolution in Eurasia. Barsbold has had considerable influence on dinosaur paleontology in the Communist world. Barsbold's scientific work has made him a leading authority on theropods of the Gobi Desert, starting with his doctoral dissertation on these dinosaurs. As early as 1983, he noted that in different lineages of theropods, many features hitherto only known from birds had evolved in various combinations. He postulated that as a result of this "ornithization", one or several lineages of theropods that happened to acquire the proper combination of such traits went on to evolve into actual birds.

Choi Tseveenpurev

Professional Boxer

Choijiljavyn "Choi" Tseveenpürev is a Mongolian featherweight boxer based in the United Kingdom. Tseveenpurev won the Prizefighter series Featherweights tournament on 29 October 2011, the same month that he passed 40. This followed a ten-round victory on 18 June 2011 over former IBO featherweight champion Jackson Asiku – a fight nominated for the British boxing fight of the year.

Otgonbayar Ershuu

Comics artist

Otgonbayar Ershuu is a Mongolian painter. His artist name is OTGO.

Nyambayaryn Tögstsogt

Professional Boxer

Nyambayaryn Tögstsogt is a Mongolian amateur boxer. He won a silver medal in the category 49-51 kg at the 2009 World Amateur Boxing Championships held in Milan. At the 2011 World Amateur Boxing Championships he lost his third bout to Elvin Mamishzade. He qualified for the 2012 Summer Olympics in the Flyweight division, and later won the silver medal.

Serchmaa

Pop Artist

Serchmaa, is a Mongolian singer. She was born in 1982 and graduated from the National University of Mongolia. When Serchmaa was 6 years old, she started playing the violin, then, she started a career in singing. Serchmaa performed in many countries such as Japan, Korea, Poland, Russia, United States, Ireland, UK. One of the albums she recorded is called Tsagaan Suunii Domog.

Jadamba Narantungalag

Man

Jadamba Narantungalag is a Mongolian professional mixed martial artist, kickboxer and grappler who has fought for World Victory Road, K-1 MAX, Legend FC, and the Art of War Fighting Championship. Narantungalag defeated Akihiro Gono in his SRC debut and has fought the likes of Masato and Albert Kraus in K-1 kickboxing, his most recent being at K-1 World MAX 2007 World Elite Showcase.

Dashdorjiin Natsagdorj

Poet

Borjgin Dashdorjiin Natsagdorj, was a Mongolian poet, writer, and playwright, and founder of the Mongolian Writer's Union. He is considered one of the founding fathers of modern Mongolian literature and Mongolia's first "classic Socialist" writer.

Ganbaataryn Tögsbayar

Footballer

Ganbaataryn Tögsbayar is a Mongolian footballer, who plays as a striker for Selenge Press in Mongolia. He is a member and the second top goalscorer of Mongolia national football team.

Rinchinnyamyn Amarjargal

Politician

Rinchinnyam Amarjargal was Prime Minister of Mongolia from July 30, 1999 to July 26, 2000. He is a leading member of the Democratic Party.

Dolgorsürengiin Sumiyaabazar

Politician

Dolgorsürengiin "Slippery" Sumiyaabazar is a high-ranking Mongolian traditional wrestler, former professional mixed martial artist, grappler, and kickboxer who has fought for K-1 and New Japan Pro Wrestling. Sumiyaabazar competed at the 1996 Summer Olympics in 100kg Freestyle Wrestling losing to Zaza Tkeshelashvili in the 2nd match. He was also the Mongolian flag-bearer at the 1996 Summer Olympics. On July 13, 2006, Sumiyaabazar became the grand champion of Mongolian wrestling during the annual Naadam festival held in Ulaanbaatar. He came out first of 1024 contestants. Prior to 2006, Sumiyaabazar finished in 2nd place on four occasions. Between 2003 and 2006, he competed in three mixed martial arts bouts, losing two and winning one. Perhaps his most famous fight was against American football player Bob Sapp at K-1 Beast 2004 in Niigata. His younger brothers Dolgorsürengiin Serjbüdee, and Dolgorsürengiin Dagvadorj are also both skilled wrestlers. However, they are now participating in different types of wrestling in Japan. Serjbüdee is involved in professional wrestling. Dagvadorj is a retired Yokozuna, who used the name Asashoryu Akinori. His father was also a Mongolian wrestler with a high rank.

Khatanbaatar Magsarjav

Politician

Khatanbaatar Magsarjav was a Mongolian general and a leading figure in Mongolia's struggle for independence. His contingent of elite 800 Mongol soldiers fought White Russians and Chinese forces over 30 times between 1912 and 1921, without a single defeat. He is often noted by historians as one of the few Mongol figures of which both Russians and Chinese were afraid. He served as acting prime minister from February 15, 1921 to March 13, 1921, under Roman Ungern von Sternberg's puppet regime and then later as minister of the army in the 1920s. He received the additional title Ardyn Khatanbaatar Magsarjav in 1924.

Ryenchinii Choinom

Author

Ryenchinii Choinom was a Mongolian poet. He was born in 1936 in the Darkhan Sum of the Khentii Province and died in 1978. Choinom's poems are famous for their fearlessness and realism. Throughout his life, his poems were widely popular but never received any official recognition under communist Mongolia. Many of his love lyrics became popular songs. He was jailed under pretext of writing poems that neglect the "Socialist achievements" and his works were prohibited. In 1991 Choinom was posthumously issued the Mongolian National Honor. Choinom graduated from the literature department of the National University of Mongolia, and pursued a productive literary career that gave birth to several novels and, more notably, to collections of poems such as "Sumtei Budaryn Chuluu". Beside Mongolian, he also wrote in Kazakh.

Bayasgalangiin Garidmagnai

Footballer

Bayasgalangiin Garidmagnai born 17 September 1985 in Ulaanbaatar, is a Mongolian international footballer who currently plays for Ulaanbaataryn Mazaalaynuud in the Niislel League, the top level of football in Mongolia.

Jambyn Batmönkh

Politician

Jambyn Batmönkh was a Mongolian communist political leader and economics professor. He was the leader of Mongolia during its transition into democracy in 1990.

Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat

Politician

Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat is a Mongolian political figure and current member of the Constitutional Court of Mongolia. He served as president of Mongolia from 1990 to 1997, the first to be elected by direct popular vote.

Shōtenrō Taishi

Sumo Wrestler

Shōtenrō Taishi is a sumo wrestler from Khovd Province, Mongolia. He joined professional sumo in 2001 and was known as Musashiryū Taishi until 2007. He made the top makuuchi division for the first time in 2009 and his highest rank has been maegashira 2. He wrestles for Fujishima stable.

Asasekiryū Tarō

Sumo Wrestler

Asasekiryū Tarō is a sumo wrestler. He made his debut in January 2000, reaching the top division in March 2003. He has won four special prizes, and has spent a total of five tournaments to date in the titled san'yaku ranks. The highest rank he has reached is sekiwake.

Lakva Sim

Professional Boxer

Lakva Sim, is a professional boxer. Sim was the first Mongolian boxer to capture a world boxing title. He has held belts as both the World Boxing Association lightweight champion and the WBA super featherweight champion. Sim was born in Ulan Bator, Mongolia. He turned professional in 1995 and won the WBA super featherweight by defeating Takanori Hatakeyama. In that same year he later lost the belt to Jong-Kwon Baek, and in 2002 challenged Yodsanan Sor Nanthachai for the vacant WBA super featherweight title, but lost by decision. He later moved up to lightweight and in 2004 fought Miguel Callist for the vacant WBA lightweight title, winning by TKO. Sim was outboxed and lost his belt in his next fight against Juan Diaz. In 2005, he upset Ebo Elder by a late round TKO.

Otryadyn Gündegmaa

Olympic Shooting Sport Athlete

Gundegmaa Otryad is a Mongolian sport shooter.

Marzan Sharav

Deceased Person

Baldugiin 'Marzan' Sharav, was a Mongolian painter. He is often credited with the introduction of modern painting styles to Mongolia, but his most famous work, One day in Mongolia, is done in a more traditional zurag style. His other well-known work includes portraits of the Bogd Khan and his queen Dondogdulam.

Bat-Ochiryn Ser-Od

Olympic Road runner

Bat-Ochiryn "Ziggy" Ser-Od is a Mongolian long-distance runner who competes in road races, particularly the marathon. He represented his country in the marathon at the Summer Olympics in 2004 and 2008. A member of the Morpeth Harriers running club, he divides his time between his native country and Gateshead in England. Ser-od began his international career in 2002 and has competed in the marathon at five consecutive editions of the World Championships in Athletics since 2003. His best performance is 20th at the 2011 World Championships. He is Mongolia's first ever elite level marathon runner and his personal best of 2:11:05 hours is the Mongolian national record. He was the 2013 Asian Marathon Champion and also won the Brighton Marathon and Hofu Yomiuri Marathon in 2010. Other career highlights include top ten finishes at the Berlin Marathon and London Marathon.

Tsendiin Damdinsüren

Author

Tsendiin Damdinsüren was a Mongolian writer and linguist. He wrote the text to one version of the national Anthem of Mongolia.

Miyeegombyn Enkhbold

Politician

Miyeegombyn Enkhbold is a Mongolian politician. He is a Member of Parliament and the Deputy Speaker of the Parliament of Mongolia as the representative of the minority MPRP at the Parliament. He was the Deputy Prime Minister of Mongolia from 2007 to 2012. He served as the Prime Minister between January 2006 and November 2007. From 2005 until October 2007, he was the Chairman of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party, and he had served as Mayor of the capital city, Ulaanbaatar.

Kyokushūzan Noboru

Martial Artist

Kyokushūzan Noboru is a former professional sumo wrestler and current politician of Democratic Party. He was the first wrestler from Mongolia to reach sumo's top makuuchi division.

Battsetseg Soronzonbold

Olympic Freestyle wrestler

Soronzonboldyn Battsetseg is Mongolian first female gold medalist of the World Wrestling Championships. At the 2012 Olympic Games in London, she won bronze in women's 63 kg freestyle. It was Mongolia's first medal in freestyle wrestling since 1980 Summer Olympics.

Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan

Politician

Mendsaikhany Enkhsaikhan was the prime minister of Mongolia from July 7, 1996 to April 23, 1998, the first in 80 years not to belong to the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party.

Tokitenkū Yoshiaki

Sumo Wrestler

Tokitenkū Yoshiaki is a sumo wrestler. He made his professional debut in 2002, reaching the top makuuchi division just two years later. The highest rank he has reached is komusubi, which he has held for just two tournaments so far. He has one special prize, for Technique. He wrestles for Tokitsukaze stable.

Maidarzhavyn Ganzorig

Flight engineer

Maidarzhavyn Ganzorig is a Mongolian scientist. In 1978, he participated in the Soviet Intercosmos program and trained for a Soyuz space flight. Ganzorig graduated from the Kiev Polytechnic Institute in 1975. In 1978, he was selected as the backup to Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa for the Soyuz 39 mission. In 1984, he received a Candidate of Technical Sciences degree. From 1984 to 1991 Ganzorig was Head of the RS Laboratory at the Institute of Physics and Technology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, and since 1991 has been the Director of Informatics at the Remote Sensing Center, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar.

Shinny Bayaar

Man

Shinebayar Sukhbaatar 'Shinny Bayaar' is a Mongolian professional boxer with British nationality fighting in the flyweight division. He is based in Oldham, Greater Manchester and is the former British Flyweight champion.

Luvsanlkhündegiin Otgonbayar

Olympic athlete

Luvsanlkhündegiin Otgonbayar, is a Mongolian athlete. She has represented her country by running the marathon at competitions such as the 2004 Summer Olympics, the 2006 Asian Games, and the 2007 World Championships.

Jamsrangiin Tseveen

Politician

Jamsrangiin Tseveen, was a Buryat scholar and one of the leading figures in Mongolian politics and especially academia in the 1920s.

Jamyan McGregor

Woman

Jamyan McGregor is the adopted daughter of Ewan McGregor and Eve Mavrakis.

Puntsagiin Jasrai

Politician

Puntsagiin Jasrai was a Mongolian politician. He was the Prime Minister of Mongolia from 21 July 1992 until 19 July 1996.

Bayaraagiin Naranbaatar

Olympic athlete

Bayaraagiin Naranbaatar is a male freestyle wrestler from Mongolia. He participated in Men's freestyle 55 kg at 2008 Summer Olympics. In 1/8th final he lost to Russian Besik Kudukhov. He also participated in Men's freestyle 55 kg at 2004 Summer Olympics where he was ranked on 12 place. Naraanbaatar beat Babak Nourzad from Iran, but lost against Korean Kim Hyo-Sub and was eliminated from competition, Naranbaatar won silver medal in 2007 FILA Wrestling World Championships and bronze at 2005 FILA Wrestling World Championships. He is winner of Men's freestyle wrestling 55 kg at 2005 Summer Universiade. At the 2012 Summer Olympics, he lost in the second round to Hassan Rahimi.

Janlavyn Narantsatsralt

Politician

Janlavyn Narantsatsralt was a Mongolian politician. He served as Prime Minister of Mongolia from 1998-12-09 until 1999-07-22.

Nyam-Osoryn Tuyaa

Politician

Nyam-Osoryn Tuyaa is a former Mongolian politician, and the acting Prime Minister from 22 to 30 July 1999. She also served as Chairperson of the 55th session of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. Tuyaa was the foreign minister in the government of the National-Democratic Party under Janlavyn Narantsatsralt, being appointed in 1998. When this government was forced to resign the following year, she became acting Prime Minister for a short time before parliament elected Rinchinnyamyn Amarjargal. She then served as foreign minister in the new government until it was defeated in the 2000 elections. She herself lost her seat in parliament in the same elections, which saw the People's Revolution Party win all but four of the seats.

Oyungerel Gankhuyag

Award competitor

Oyungerel Gankhuyag is a beauty queen who represented Mongolia in Miss World 2007 in China. She studied at the Humanitarian University of Mongolia, aspiring to be a Financier.

Anun Chinbat

Award competitor

Anun Chinbat is a beauty pageant contestant who represented Mongolia in Miss World 2008 in South Africa. She has studied for a degree in Tourism Management at the Rikkyo University in Tokyo, Japan.

Dashiin Byambasüren

Politician

Dashiin Byambasüren is a former Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party politician who was Prime Minister of Mongolia from 11 September 1990 - 21 July 1992, as the first one to be appointed by a democratically elected parliament. He comes from a Buryat background. He is married with six sons.

Lumbengarav Donorov

Footballer

Donorovyn Lümbengarav born 27 January 1977, is a Mongolian footballer who plays as a defender. He is a member of the Mongolia national football team, and first represented them in 2000. He is the current top scorer for the national team.

Sengiin Erdene

Author

Sengiin Erdene is a well-known Mongolian novelist and writer.

Khürelbaataryn Tsend-Ayuush

Footballer

Khürelbaataryn Tsend-Ayuush is a Mongolian footballer, who plays as a Midfielder for Khoromkhon in Mongolia. He is a member of Mongolia national football team who scored only winning goal of the match against Myanmar during the AFC section of 2014 FIFA World Cup qualifying on 29 June 2011 in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.