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Madagascar country facts

Republic of Madagascar Africa Antananarivo 23,201,926 inhabitants 587,041 sq km 39.52 inhabitants/sq km Malagasy ariary (MGA) population evolution



Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA achieved a second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006. In early 2009, protests over increasing restrictions on opposition press and activities resulted in RAVALOMANANA handing over power to the military, which then conferred the presidency on the mayor of Antananarivo, Andry RAJOELINA, in what amounted to a coup d'etat. Following a lengthy mediation process led by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Madagascar held UN-supported presidential and parliamentary elections in 2013. Former de facto finance minister Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA defeated RAVALOMANANA's favored candidate Jean-Louis ROBINSON in a presidential runoff and was inaugurated in January 2014. Most international observers, while noting some irregularities, declared polls to be a credible reflection of the Malagasy public's will.



Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique

Geographic coordinates

20 00 S, 47 00 E

Area (sq km)

total: 587,041 sq km
land: 581,540 sq km
water: 5,501 sq km

Area - comparative (sq km)

slightly less than twice the size of Arizona

Land boundaries (km)

0 km

Coastline (km)

4,828 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or 100 nm from the 2,500-m isobath


tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south


narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center

Elevation extremes (m)

lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Maromokotro 2,876 m

Natural resources

graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, rare earth elements, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower

Land use (%)

arable land: 5.96%
permanent crops: 1.02%
other: 93.02% (2011)

Irrigated land (sq km)

10,860 sq km (2003)

Total renewable water resources (cu km)

337 cu km (2011)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) ()

total: 16.5 cu km/yr (2%/1%/97%)
per capita: 1,010 cu m/yr (2005)

Natural hazards

periodic cyclones; drought; and locust infestation
volcanism: Madagascar's volcanoes have not erupted in historical times

Environment - current issues

soil erosion results from deforestation and overgrazing; desertification; surface water contaminated with raw sewage and other organic wastes; several endangered species of flora and fauna unique to the island

Environment - international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note

world's fourth-largest island; strategic location along Mozambique Channel

People and Society


noun: Malagasy (singular and plural)
adjective: Malagasy

Ethnic groups (%)

Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran

Languages (%)

French (official), Malagasy (official), English

Religions (%)

indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%


23,201,926 (July 2014 est.)   evolution and prospects (1950-2100)

Age structure (%)

0-14 years: 40.7% (male 4,765,523/female 4,685,298)
15-24 years: 20.6% (male 2,394,146/female 2,384,564)
25-54 years: 31.3% (male 3,635,506/female 3,629,204)
55-64 years: 4.2% (male 466,263/female 503,375)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 334,533/female 403,514) (2014 est.)

Age structure in Madagascar

Median age (years)

total: 19.2 years
male: 19 years
female: 19.4 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate (%)

2.62% (2014 est.)

Birth rate (births/1,000 population)

33.12 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Death rate (deaths/1,000 population)

6.95 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Net migration rate (migrant(s)/1,000 population)

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Urbanization (%)

urban population: 32.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.73% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population

ANTANANARIVO (capital) 1.987 million (2011)

Sex ratio (male(s)/female)

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate (deaths/100,000 live births)

240 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate (deaths/1,000 live births)

total: 44.88 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 48.86 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 40.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth (years)

total population: 65.2 years
male: 63.77 years
female: 66.67 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate (children born/woman)

4.28 children born/woman (2014 est.)

Health expenditures (% of GDP)

4.1% of GDP (2011)

Physicians density (physicians/1,000 population)

0.16 physicians/1,000 population (2007)

Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)

0.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking water source (% of population)

improved: urban: 78.2% of population
rural: 35.4% of population
total: 49.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 21.8% of population
rural: 64.6% of population
total: 50.4% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access (% of population)

improved: urban: 19.2% of population
rural: 11.3% of population
total: 13.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 80.8% of population
rural: 88.7% of population
total: 86.1% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)

0.5% (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

58,800 (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths

6,200 (2012 est.)

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate (%)

1.6% (2008)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight (%)

36.8% (2004)

Education expenditures (% of GDP)

2.7% of GDP (2012)

Literacy (%)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 64.5%
male: 67.4%
female: 61.6% (2009 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) (years)

total: 10 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2012)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 (%)

total: 2.3%
male: 1.7%
female: 2.8% (2005)


Country name

conventional long form: Republic of Madagascar
conventional short form: Madagascar
local long form: Republique de Madagascar/Repoblikan'i Madagasikara
local short form: Madagascar/Madagasikara
former: Malagasy Republic

Government type



name: Antananarivo
geographic coordinates: 18 55 S, 47 31 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions

Hi Trent,6 provinces (faritany); Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara


26 June 1960 (from France)

National holiday

Independence Day, 26 June (1960)


previous 1992; latest passed by referendum 17 November 2010, promulgated 11 December 2010 (2012)

Legal system

civil law system based on the old French civil code and customary law in matters of marriage, family, and obligation

International law organization participation

accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction


18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: President Hery Martial RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA Rakotoarimana (since 25 January 2014)
head of government: Prime Minister Roger Laurent Christophe KOLO, M.D. (since 11 April 2014)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 20 December 2013 (next to be held in 2018); prime minister nominated by the National Assembly and appointed by the president
election results: Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA elected president in second round; percent of vote - Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA 53.5%, Jean Louis ROBINSON 46.5%
note: on 17 March 2009, democratically elected President Marc RAVALOMANANA stepped down handing the government over to the military, which in turn conferred the presidency on opposition leader and Antananarivo mayor Andry RAJOELINA; a power-sharing agreement established a 15-month transition period to conclude with a general election in 2010, which failed to occur; a subsequent agreement aimed for an early 2013 election - the first round was held on 25 October 2013 and the second on 20 December 2013

Legislative branch

bicameral legislature consists of a Senate or Senat (33 seats; 22 elected from each of the 22 regions; the remaining 11 appointed by the president; members to serve six-year terms) and a National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (151 seats in the December 2013 election; reduced from 160 seats to 127 seats by an April 2007 national referendum - never used; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: National Assembly - last held on 20 December 2013 (next to be held in 2017); note - a power-sharing agreement in the summer of 2009 established a 15-month transition, concluding in general elections scheduled for late 2013 after repeated delays
election results: National Assembly - percent of vote by party - Party of Andry Rajoelina 17.3%, Ravalomannana Movement 10.8%, Vondrona Politika 8.2%, independents and others 63.7%; seats by party - Party of Andry Rajoelina 49, the Ravalomannana Movement 20, Malagasy Miara Mianinga 13, independents 25, seats with delayed elections 4, other 40

Judicial branch

highest court(s): Supreme Court or Cour Supreme (consists of 11 members; addresses judicial administration issues only); High Constitutional Court or Haute Cour Constitutionnelle (consists of 9 members)
note - the judiciary includes a High Court of Justice responsible for adjudicating crimes and misdemeanors by government officials including the president
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court heads elected by the president and judiciary officials to serve single-renewable, 3-year terms; High Constitutional Court members appointed - 3 each by the president, by both legislative bodies, and by the Council of Magistrates; members serve single, 6-year terms
subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal; provincial and city tribunals

Political parties and leaders

AVANA Party [Jean-Louis ROBINSON]
Economic Liberalism and Democratic Action for National Recovery or LEADER/Fanilo [Manasse ESOAVELOMANDROSO]
Green Party or Parti Vert [Sarah Georget RABEHARISOA]
I Love Madagascar or TIM [Marc RAVALOMANANA]
Judged by Your Work or AVI [Norbert RATSIRAHONANA]
Malagasy Miara-Miainga or MMM [Hajo ANDRIANAINARIVELO]
Malagasy Tonga Saina or MTS [Roland RATSIRAKA]
Movement for Democracy in Madagascar or MDM [Pierrot RAJAONARIVELO]
New Force for Madagascar of FIDIO [Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA]
Renewal of the Social Democratic Party or RPSD [Evariste MARSON]
Socialist and Democratic Party for the Unity of Madagascar or PSDUM [Jean LAHINIRIKO]
Union Party or Tambatra [Pety RAKOTONIAINA]
Young Malagasies Determined or TGV [Andry RAJOELINA]

Political pressure groups and leaders

Committee for the Defense of Truth and Justice or KMMR
Committee for National Reconciliation or CRN [Albert Zafy]
National Council of Christian Churches or FFKM

International organization participation

ACP, AfDB, AU, CD, COMESA, EITI (candidate country), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, PCA, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the US

chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Velotiana Rakotoanosy RAOBELINA (since 20 June 1011)
chancery: 2374 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 265-5525 through 5526
FAX: [1] (202) 265-3034
consulate(s) general: New York

Diplomatic representation from the US

chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Eric WONG note - also accredited to Comoros
embassy: Lot 207A, Point Liberty, Andranoro, Antehiroka, 105 Antananarivo
mailing address: B. P. 620, Antsahavola, Antananarivo
telephone: [261] (23) 480 00/01
FAX: [261] (23) 480 35

Flag description

two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a vertical white band of the same width on hoist side; by tradition, red stands for sovereignty, green for hope, white for purity

National anthem

name: "Ry Tanindraza nay malala o" (Oh, Our Beloved Fatherland)
lyrics/music: Pasteur RAHAJASON/Norbert RAHARISOA
note: adopted 1959


Economy - overview

After discarding socialist economic policies in the mid-1990s, Madagascar followed a World Bank- and IMF-led policy of privatization and liberalization that has been undermined since the start of the political crisis. This strategy placed the country on a slow and steady growth path from an extremely low level. Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of GDP and employing 80% of the population. Exports of apparel boomed in recent years primarily due to duty-free access to the US; however, Madagascar's failure to comply with the requirements of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) led to the termination of the country's duty-free access in January 2010 and a sharp fall in textile production. Deforestation and erosion, aggravated by the use of firewood as the primary source of fuel, are serious concerns. The current political crisis, which began in early 2009, has dealt additional blows to the economy. Tourism dropped more than 50% in 2009 compared with the previous year, and many investors are wary of entering the uncertain investment environment. Growth was slow during 2010 to 2013 although expansion in mining and agricultural sectors is expected to contribute to more growth in 2014. International organizations and foreign donors are expected to resume development aid to Madagascar once RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA appoints a new government.

GDP (purchasing power parity)

$22.03 billion (2013 est.)
$21.47 billion (2012 est.)
$21.06 billion (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate)

$10.53 billion (2013 est.)

GDP - real growth rate (%)

2.6% (2013 est.)
1.9% (2012 est.)
1.8% (2011 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$1,000 (2013 est.)
$1,000 (2012 est.)
$1,000 (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars

GDP - composition, by sector of origin (%)

agriculture: 27.3%
industry: 16.4%
services: 56.3% (2013 est.)

Labor force

9.504 million (2007)

Population below poverty line (%)

50% (2004 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share (%)

lowest 10%: 2.2%
highest 10%: 34.7% (2010 est.)

Distribution of family income - Gini index

47.5 (2001)
38.1 (1999)


revenues: $2.113 billion
expenditures: $2.356 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP)

20.1% of GDP (2013 est.)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) (% of GDP)

-2.3% of GDP (2013 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)

8.8% (2013 est.)
6.4% (2012 est.)

Central bank discount rate (%)

5% (31 December 2010 est.)
NA% (31 December 2009 est.)

Commercial bank prime lending rate (%)

44% (31 December 2013 est.)
56.25% (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of narrow money

$1.839 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$1.492 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of broad money

$3.163 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$2.357 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of domestic credit

$1.663 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$1.245 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares


Agriculture - products

coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava (manioc, tapioca), beans, bananas, peanuts; livestock products


meat processing, seafood, soap, beer, leather, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism

Industrial production growth rate (%)

4% (2013 est.)

Current account balance

-$1.945 billion (2013 est.)
-$1.989 billion (2012 est.)


$644.4 million (2013 est.)
$592.1 million (2012 est.)

Exports - commodities (%)

coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, clothing, chromite, petroleum products

Exports - partners (%)

France 23.4%, China 6.6%, US 6.6%, Singapore 5.9%, Canada 5.5%, Germany 5.4%, Indonesia 5.3%, India 5.2%, South Africa 4.5% (2012)


$2.794 billion (2013 est.)
$2.755 billion (2012 est.)

Imports - commodities (%)

capital goods, petroleum, consumer goods, food

Imports - partners (%)

China 17.7%, France 12.4%, South Africa 5.3%, India 5.1%, Mauritius 5%, Bahrain 4.7%, Kuwait 4.6% (2012)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$1.249 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$1.191 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

External debt ($)

$3.361 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$3.116 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home


Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad


Exchange rates

Currency converter
Malagasy ariary (MGA) per US dollar -
2,227.8 (2013 est.)
2,195 (2012 est.)
2,090 (2010 est.)
1,956.2 (2009)
1,654.78 (2008)

Fiscal year

calendar year


Electricity - production (kWh)

1.211 billion kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - consumption (kWh)

1.126 billion kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - exports (kWh)

0 kWh (2012 est.)

Electricity - imports (kWh)

0 kWh (2012 est.)

Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)

430,000 kW (2010 est.)

Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)

65.6% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)

34.4% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Crude oil - production (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2012 est.)

Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)

0 bbl (1 January 2013 est.)

Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)

17,480 bbl/day (2011 est.)

Refined petroleum products - exports (bbl/day)

365 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Refined petroleum products - imports (bbl/day)

12,120 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Natural gas - production (cu m)

0 cu m (2011 est.)

Natural gas - consumption (cu m)

0 cu m (2010 est.)

Natural gas - exports (cu m)

0 cu m (2011 est.)

Natural gas - imports (cu m)

0 cu m (2011 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves (cu m)

2.01 billion cu m (1 January 2012 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)

1.843 million Mt (2011 est.)


Telephones - main lines in use

143,700 (2012)

Telephones - mobile cellular

8.564 million (2012)

Telephone system

general assessment: system is above average for the region; Antananarivo's main telephone exchange modernized in the late 1990s, but the rest of the analogue-based telephone system is poorly developed
domestic: combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity about 40 per 100 persons
international: country code - 261; landing point for the EASSy, SEACOM, and LION fiber-optic submarine cable systems; satellite earth stations - 2 (1 Intelsat - Indian Ocean, 1 Intersputnik - Atlantic Ocean region) (2010)

Broadcast media

state-owned Radio Nationale Malagasy (RNM) and Television Malagasy (TVM) have an extensive national network reach; privately owned radio and TV broadcasters in cities and major towns; state-run radio dominates in rural areas; relays of 2 international broadcasters are available in Antananarivo (2007)

Internet country code


Internet hosts

38,392 (2012)

Internet users

319,900 (2009)



83 (2013)

Airports - with paved runways

total: 26
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
914 to 1,523 m: 16
under 914 m: 1 (2013)

Airports - with unpaved runways

total: 57
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 38
under 914 m: 18 (2013)

Railways (km)

total: 854 km
narrow gauge: 854 km 1.000-m gauge (2008)

Roadways (km)

total: 34,476 km
paved: 5,613 km
unpaved: 2,886 km (2010)

Waterways (km)

600 km (432 km navigable) (2011)

Merchant marine

total: 1
by type: cargo 1
registered in other countries: 1 (unknown 1) (2010)

Ports and terminals

major seaport(s): Antsiranana (Diego Suarez), Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara (Tulear)


Military branches

People's Armed Forces: Intervention Force, Development Force, and Aeronaval Force (navy and air); National Gendarmerie

Military service age and obligation (years of age)

18-25 years of age for male-only voluntary military service; no conscription; service obligation is 18 months for military or equivalent civil service; 20-30 years of age for National Gendarmerie recruits and 35 years of age for those with military experience (2012)

Manpower available for military service

males age 16-49: 4,900,729
females age 16-49: 4,909,061 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service

males age 16-49: 3,390,071
females age 16-49: 3,682,180 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually

male: 248,184
female: 246,769 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures (% of GDP)

0.69% of GDP (2012)
0.73% of GDP (2011)
0.69% of GDP (2010)

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international

claims Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, and Juan de Nova Island (all administered by France); the vegetated drying cays of Banc du Geyser, which were claimed by Madagascar in 1976, also fall within the EEZ claims of the Comoros and France (Glorioso Islands, part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands)

Trafficking in persons

current situation: Madagascar is a source country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking; poor Malagasy women hired as domestic workers in Lebanon and Kuwait are vulnerable to abuse by recruitment agencies and employers; an increasing number of Malagasy men were victimized by labor trafficking abroad in 2012; Malagasy children are subjected to domestic servitude, prostitution, forced begging, and forced labor within the country, often with the complicity of family members; coastal cities have child sex tourism trades, with Malagasy men being the main clients
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Madagascar does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so; law enforcement authorities have made a significant increase in efforts in 2012, resulting in 30 trafficking-related prosecutions and two convictions; public officials complicity in human trafficking, however, remains a significant problem; the government has failed to identify and refer victims to protective services and has not supported NGO-run care facilities; the government also has not engaged any Middle Eastern governments regarding the protection of and legal remedies for Malagasy workers exploited abroad (2013)

Illicit drugs

illicit producer of cannabis (cultivated and wild varieties) used mostly for domestic consumption; transshipment point for heroin

Largest cities of Madagascar

These are the 50 largest cities of Madagascar ordered based on their number of inhabitants.

# City Population
1 Antananarivo 1,391,506
2 Toamasina 206,390
3 Antsirabe 182,804
4 Fianarantsoa 167,240
5 Mahajanga 154,670
6 Toliary 115,328
7 Antanifotsy 70,625
8 Ambovombe 66,818
9 Amparafaravola 51,520
10 Taolanaro 45,141
11 Ambatondrazaka 43,134
12 Mananara 41,209
13 Soavinandriana 40,453
14 Mahanoro 39,879
15 Soanierana Ivongo 39,271
16 Faratsiho 37,563
17 Nosy Varika 37,152
18 Vavatenina 36,916
19 Morondava 36,803
20 Amboasary 36,082
21 Manakara 35,499
22 Antalaha 34,112
23 Ikongo 32,374
24 Manjakandriana 31,840
25 Sambava 31,522
26 Fandriana 31,437
27 Marovoay 31,253
28 Betioky 31,102
29 Ambanja 30,621
30 Ambositra 30,353
31 Tsihombe 29,825
32 Betafo 29,785
33 Moramanga 29,212
34 Ambatolampy 28,461
35 Ambalavao 28,027
36 Mananjary 27,686
37 Tsiroanomandidy 27,060
38 Marolambo 26,160
39 Ambatofinandrahana 25,997
40 Ankazoabo 25,961
41 Ampanihy 25,686
42 Vohibinany 25,311
43 Farafangana 24,764
44 Maroantsetra 23,859
45 Vangaindrano 23,523
46 Beloha 23,021
47 Arivonimamo 21,982
48 Sakaraha 21,826
49 Antsohihy 21,290
50 Fenoarivo Atsinanana 21,036