Famous people from Libya
Here is a list of famous people from Libya. Curious if anybody from Libya made it our most famous people in the world list? Read the aformentioned article in order to find out.
Mark the Evangelist
Mark the Evangelist is the traditional author of the Gospel of Mark. He is one of the Seventy Disciples, and the founder of the Church of Alexandria, one of the original three main episcopal sees of Christianity. According to William Lane, an "unbroken tradition" identifies Mark the Evangelist with John Mark, and John Mark as the cousin of Barnabas. An exception is found in Hippolytus of Rome, who in his work On the Seventy Apostles distinguishes Mark the Evangelist, John Mark, and Mark the cousin of Barnabas. According to Hippolytus, they all belonged to the "Seventy Disciples" who were sent out by Jesus to saturate Judea with the gospel. However, when Jesus explained that his flesh was "real food" and his blood was "real drink", many disciples left him, presumably including Mark. He was later restored to faith by the apostle Peter; he then became Peter’s interpreter, wrote the Gospel of Mark, founded the church of Africa, and became the bishop of Alexandria. According to Eusebius of Caesarea, Herod Agrippa I in his first year of reign over the whole Judea killed James, son of Zebedee and arrested Peter, planning to kill him after the Passover. Peter was saved miraculously by angels, and escaped out of the realm of Herod. Peter went to Antioch, then through Asia Minor, and arrived in Rome in the second year of Emperor Claudius. Somewhere on the way, Peter picked up Mark and took him as travel companion and interpreter. Mark the Evangelist wrote down the sermons of Peter, thus composing the Gospel according to Mark, before he left for Alexandria in the third year of Claudius.
Eratosthenes of Cyrene was a Greek mathematician, geographer, poet, astronomer, and music theorist. He was the first person to use the word "geography" in Greek and he invented the discipline of geography as we understand it. He was the first person to calculate the circumference of the earth by using a measuring system using stades, or the length of stadiums during that time period, and his calculation was remarkably accurate. He was the first to calculate the tilt of the Earth's axis. He may also have accurately calculated the distance from the earth to the sun and invented the leap day. He also created the first map of the world incorporating parallels and meridians within his cartographic depictions based on the available geographical knowledge of the era. Eratosthenes was the founder of scientific chronology; he endeavoured to fix the dates of the chief literary and political events from the conquest of Troy. In number theory, he introduced the sieve of Eratosthenes, an efficient method of identifying prime numbers. According to an entry in the Suda, his contemporaries nicknamed him beta, from the second letter of the Greek alphabet, because he supposedly proved himself to be the second best in the world in almost every field.
Mohammed Assaf is a Palestinian singer well known for being the winner of the second season of Arab Idol, broadcast by the MBC network. He was given the nickname Asaroukh by Lebanese singer and Arab Idol judge Ragheb Alama. In 2013, Assaf was named a goodwill ambassador for peace by The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees. He was also named ambassador of culture and arts by the Palestinian government and was offered a position with "diplomatic standing" by the Palestinian president Mahmood Abbas. Assaf was acclaimed by the jury and the public. His voice and appearance have drawn comparisons to Egyptian singer Abdel Halim Hafez, which has garnered Assaf both fame and controversy. Fans merged part of Hafez's name with Assaf's, as in Assaf Hilm Falastine. His victory received world-wide coverage from the media and was welcomed with joy by Palestinians and the rest of the Arab world.
Septimius Severus, also known as Severus, was Roman Emperor from 193 to 211. Severus was born in Leptis Magna in the province of Africa. As a young man he advanced through the cursus honorum—the customary succession of offices—under the reigns of Marcus Aurelius and Commodus. Severus seized power after the death of Emperor Pertinax in 193 during the Year of the Five Emperors. After deposing and killing the incumbent emperor Didius Julianus, Severus fought his rival claimants, the generals Pescennius Niger and Clodius Albinus. Niger was defeated in 194 at the Battle of Issus in Cilicia. Later that year Severus waged a short punitive campaign beyond the eastern frontier, annexing the Kingdom of Osroene as a new province. Severus defeated Albinus three years later at the Battle of Lugdunum in Gaul. After consolidating his rule over the western provinces, Severus waged another brief, more successful war in the east against the Parthian Empire, sacking their capital Ctesiphon in 197 and expanding the eastern frontier to the Tigris. Furthermore, he enlarged and fortified the Limes Arabicus in Arabia Petraea. In 202, he campaigned in Africa and Mauretania against the Garamantes; capturing their capital Garama and expanding the Limes Tripolitanus along the southern frontier of the empire.
Nadia Ali is a Pakistani American singer-songwriter. Ali gained prominence in 2001 as the frontwoman and songwriter of the band iiO after their debut single "Rapture" reached No. 2 on the UK Singles Chart. The song also charted across several countries in Europe. Their 2006 single, "Is It Love?", reached the top of the Billboard Hot Dance Club Play Chart. After embarking on a solo career in 2005, Ali became successful as an oft-requested vocalist in electronic dance music. She released her debut album Embers in 2009. Critics praised her unique songwriting, which combined electronica with ballads, Eastern and acoustic music. Three singles from the album reached the top-ten of the Billboard Hot Dance Club Play Chart, including the No. 1 hit, "Love Story". The song was also nominated at the 25th International Dance Music Awards at the Winter Music Conference, while "Fantasy" was nominated for a Grammy award. In 2010, she released a remix compilation titled Queen of Clubs Trilogy to mark her decade-long career as a singer-songwriter. "Rapture" was re-released as the only single from the compilation and the song was once again a chart success in Europe. Ali released the single "Pressure" with Starkillers and Alex Kenji in 2011, which became a club and festival anthem and received an International Dance Music Award. In 2012, she collaborated with BT and Arty on the single "Must Be The Love", which was nominated for an International Dance Music Award. She has also collaborated with several notable producers and DJs, such as Armin van Buuren, Schiller, Avicii and John Creamer & Stephane K. Ali is currently working on her second studio album, titled Phoenix.
Saif al-Islam Gaddafi
Dr. Saif al-Islam Gaddafi is a former Libyan political figure. He is the second son of late Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and his second wife Safia Farkash. Gaddafi was awarded a PhD from London School of Economics. Al Jazeera described him as a part of his father's inner circle, performing public relations and diplomatic roles on behalf of his father. He publicly turned down his father's offer of the country's second highest post and held no official government position. According to American State Department officials in Tripoli, during his father's reign, he was the second most-widely recognized person in Libya and was at times the "de facto" Prime Minister, and was mentioned as a possible successor, though he rejected this. An arrest warrant was issued for him by the International Criminal Court for charges of crimes against humanity against the Libyan people, for allegedly torturing and killing civilians, a charge that he has denied. After the overthrow of the regime, Gaddafi was arrested on 19 November 2011 in southern Libya and flown to Zintan by plane, where he continues to be detained.
Franco Califano was an Italian lyricist, composer, singer-songwriter, author and actor. During his career Califano has sold about 20 million records.
Arius was an ascetic North African Christian presbyter and priest in Alexandria, Egypt, of the church of Baucalis, who was of Libyan origins. His teachings about the nature of the Godhead, which emphasized the Father's divinity over the Son, and his opposition to Trinitarian Christology, made him a primary topic of the First Council of Nicea, convened by Roman Emperor Constantine in AD 325. After Emperor Licinius and Emperor Constantine legalized and formalized the Christianity of the time in the Roman Empire, the newly recognized catholic Church sought to unify and clarify its theology. Trinitarian Christians, including Athanasius, used Arius and Arianism as epithets to describe those who disagreed with their doctrine of co-equal Trinitarianism, a Christology representing God the Father and Son as "of one essence" and coeternal. Although virtually all positive writings on Arius' theology have been suppressed or destroyed, negative writings describe Arius' theology as one in which there was a time before the Son of God, when only God the Father existed. Despite concerted opposition, 'Arian', or nontrinitarian Christian churches persisted throughout Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, and also in various Gothic and Germanic kingdoms, until suppressed by military conquest or voluntary royal conversion between the fifth and seventh centuries.
Lorenzo Bandini was an Italian motor racing driver who raced in Formula One for the Scuderia Centro Sud and Ferrari teams.
Callimachus was a native of the Greek colony of Cyrene, Libya. He was a noted poet, critic and scholar at the Library of Alexandria and enjoyed the patronage of the Egyptian–Greek Pharaohs Ptolemy II Philadelphus and Ptolemy III Euergetes. Although he was never made chief librarian, he was responsible for producing a bibliographic survey based upon the contents of the Library. This, his Pinakes, 120 volumes long, provided the foundation for later work on the history of Greek literature. As one of the earliest critic-poets, he typifies Hellenistic scholarship.
Idris of Libya
Idris, GBE, also known as King Idris I of Libya, was the first and only king of Libya, reigning from 1951 to 1969, and the Chief of the Senussi Muslim order. While in Turkey for medical treatment, Idris was deposed in a 1969 coup d'etat by army officers led by Muammar Gaddafi.
Al-Saadi Gaddafi, is the third son of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. He is a Libyan former association football player. In 2011, he was the commander of Libya's Special Forces and was involved in the Libyan civil war. An Interpol notice has been issued against him. Al-Saadi was a part of his father's inner circle.
Mutassim Billah Gaddafi was a Libyan Army officer, and the National Security Advisor of Libya from 2008 until 2011. He was the fourth son of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, and a member of his father's inner circle. His mother was Safia Farkash. He was captured during the Battle of Sirte by anti-Gaddafi forces, and executed along with his father.
Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed al-Megrahi was head of security for Libyan Arab Airlines, director of the Centre for Strategic Studies in Tripoli, Libya, and an alleged Libyan intelligence officer. On 31 January 2001, Megrahi was convicted, by a panel of three Scottish judges sitting in a special court at Camp Zeist in the Netherlands, of 270 counts of murder for the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, on 21 December 1988 and was sentenced to life imprisonment. His co-accused, Lamin Khalifah Fhimah, was found not guilty and was acquitted. Megrahi unsuccessfully appealed his conviction in January 2001. In June 2007 the Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission granted Megrahi leave to appeal against his Lockerbie bombing conviction for a second time. After initially appealing, Megrahi abandoned his second appeal in August 2009 as an ongoing appeal would have prevented him from being moved to Libya under the Prisoner Transfer Scheme which was thought to be a possibility in 2009. He decided to drop his appeal only two days before he was released.
Carneades was an Academic skeptic born in Cyrene. By the year 159 BC, he had started to refute all previous dogmatic doctrines, especially Stoicism, and even the Epicureans whom previous skeptics had spared. As head of the Academy, he was one of three philosophers sent to Rome in 155 BC where his lectures on the uncertainty of justice caused consternation among the leading politicians. He left no writings and many of his opinions are known only via his successor Clitomachus. He seems to have doubted the ability, not just of the senses but of reason too, in acquiring truth. His skepticism was, however, moderated by the belief that we can, nevertheless, ascertain probabilities of truth, to enable us to live and act correctly.
Ayesha Gaddafi is a former Libyan mediator and military official, former UN Goodwill Ambassador, and lawyer by profession. She is the fifth child of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi by his second wife Safia Farkash.
Aristippus of Cyrene was the founder of the Cyrenaic school of Philosophy. He was a pupil of Socrates, but adopted a very different philosophical outlook, teaching that the goal of life was to seek pleasure by adapting circumstances to oneself and by maintaining proper control over both adversity and prosperity. Among his pupils was his daughter Arete.
Mahmoud Jibril el-Warfally, also transcribed Jabril or Jebril or Gebril, is a Libyan politician who served as the interim Prime Minister of Libya for seven and a half months during the Libyan civil war, chairing the executive board of the National Transitional Council from 5 March to 23 October 2011. He also served as the Head of International Affairs. As of July 2012, Jibril is the head of one of the largest political parties in Libya, National Forces Alliance. Toward the end of the conflict, Jibril was increasingly referred to by foreign governments and in media as the interim prime minister of Libya rather than as the chairman of the executive board, the title used to describe him on the NTC's website, but it was unclear whether this was an official title or simply referred to his position as the provisional council's head of government. Jibril's government was recognized as the "sole legitimate representative" of Libya by the majority of UN states including France, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, Iran, and Qatar.
Claudio Gentile is an Italian football coach and former defender of the 1970s and 1980s. Gentile appeared for Italy in two World Cup tournaments, and played for the winning Italian team in the 1982 final. His club career was notably spent with Juventus for whom he made almost 300 league appearances, winning six national titles and two major European trophies.
Don Coscarelli, Jr. is an American film director, producer and screenwriter best known for horror films. His credits include the Phantasm series, The Beastmaster, and Bubba Ho-Tep.
Khamis Gaddafi was the seventh and youngest son of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, and the military commander in charge of the Khamis Brigade of the Libyan Army. He was part of his father's inner circle. During the Libyan civil war in 2011, he was a major target for opposition forces trying to overthrow his father.
Ali Zeidan is the Prime Minister of Libya. He was appointed by the General National Congress on 14 October 2012, and took office on 14 November after Congress approved his cabinet nominees. Prior to the Libyan civil war, Zeidan was a Geneva-based human rights lawyer and according to the BBC, is considered by some local observers as a strong-minded liberal. Zeidan was reportedly kidnapped by armed men in Tripoli during the early morning hours of 10 October 2013. He was freed hours later.
Mustafa Abdul Jalil
Mustafa Abdul Jalil or Abdul-Jalil is a Libyan politician who was the Chairman of the National Transitional Council from 5 March 2011 until its dissolution on 8 August 2012. This position meant he was de facto head of state during a transitional period after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi's government in the Libyan civil war, and until the handover of power to the General National Congress. Before the war, Abdul Jalil served as Minister of Justice under Colonel Muammar Gaddafi. He was noted in some news media for his stance against various human rights violations in Libya, although Diana West accused him of intransigence during the Bulgarian nurses affair.
Hannibal Muammar Gaddafi
Hannibal Muammar Gaddafi is the fifth son of deceased Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and his second wife, Safia Farkash.
Mohamed Yousef el-Magariaf is a Libyan politician who served as the President of the General National Congress from its first meeting in August 2012 until his resignation in May 2013. In this role he was effectively Libya's de facto head of state, until his resignation in May 2013. Magariaf is the leader of the National Front Party, which won three seats in the 2012 election, and he was previously well known for having founded and been the first leader of the National Front for the Salvation of Libya against the regime of Muammar Gaddafi.
Abdul Fatah Younis
Abdul Fatah Younis Al-Obeidi was a senior military officer in Libya. He held the rank of Major General and the post of minister of interior, but resigned on 22 February 2011 to defect to the rebel side in what was to become the Libyan civil war. He was considered a key supporter of Muammar Gaddafi or even No. 2 in the Libyan government. In resigning, he urged that the Libyan army should "join the people and respond to their legitimate demands". In an interview with John Simpson on 25 February, he said he believed Gaddafi would fight to the death, or commit suicide. On 29 July 2011, Younis was reported dead by Libya's National Transitional Council. NTC's oil minister Ali Tarhouni said Younis was killed by members of an anti-Gaddafi militia.
Rossana Podestà is a former Italian actress.
Moisés Naím is a Senior Associate in the International Economics Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, an internationally syndicated columnist whose writings are published by leading papers worldwide, and author of more than ten books. In 2013, the British magazine Prospect listed Naim as one of the world's leading thinkers. He is the former Minister of Trade and Industry for Venezuela and Director of its Central Bank and Executive Director of the World Bank. He also served as the editor in chief of Foreign Policy magazine for 14 years.
Moussa Muhammad Koussa is a Libyan political figure and diplomat, who served in the Libyan government as Minister of Foreign Affairs from March 2009, into the Libyan civil war, when he resigned his position from the Gaddafi regime on 30 March 2011. Koussa previously headed the Libyan intelligence agency from 1994 to 2009, and was considered one of the country's most powerful figures. He arrived in the United Kingdom on 30 March 2011. Later the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office released an official statement saying that Koussa no longer wished to represent the Libyan government and intended to resign. He now lives in a small house in a suburb of Doha, Qatar after being asked to leave his suite in Doha's luxurious Four Seasons hotel. He was a member of Gaddafi's inner circle.
Safia Farkash is the widow of the former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, and mother of seven of his eight biological children. Her independent wealth is reported at US$30Bn.
Tarik El Taib
Tariq Ibrahim Mohammad al Tayib, also written as Tareq Al Tayeb, is a Libyan football midfielder. He currently plays for Al-Suwaiq in the Omani League.
Abdelhakim Belhadj is a Libyan politician and military leader. He is the leader of the conservative Islamist al-Watan Party and former head of Tripoli Military Council. He was the emir of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, now defunct guerilla anti-Gaddafi group.
Synesius, a Greek bishop of Ptolemais in the Libyan Pentapolis after 410, was born of wealthy parents, who claimed descent from Spartan kings, at Balagrae near Cyrene between 370 and 375.
Moussa Ibrahim is a Libyan political figure who rose to international attention in 2011 as Muammar Gaddafi's Information Minister and official spokesman, serving in this role until the government was toppled in the Libyan civil war. Ibrahim held frequent press conferences in the course of the war, denouncing rebel forces and the NATO-led military intervention, often in defiant and impassioned tones. His status and whereabouts remain unknown following the Battle of Tripoli in which the Gaddafi government was overthrown, although there have been several claims and subsequent refutations of his capture.
Saif al-Arab Gaddafi
Saif al-Arab Gaddafi was the sixth son of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. From around 2006 to 2010, Saif al-Arab spent much of his time in Munich where he was enrolled at the Technical University Munich. On 30 April 2011, the Libyan government reported that Saif al-Arab and three of his young nieces and nephews were killed by a NATO airstrike on his house during the Libyan civil war. During the beginning of the uprising, Saif al-Arab was put in charge of military forces by his father in order to put down protesters in Benghazi. Saif al-Arab was viewed as the most low-profile of Gaddafi's eight children.
Danijel Bogdanović, more commonly spelled Daniel Bogdanović, is a Maltese professional footballer of Serbian and Slovenian decent who plays as a striker for Floriana F.C.
Baghdadi Ali Mahmudi was Secretary of the General People's Committee of Libya from 5 March 2006 to as late as 1 September 2011, when he acknowledged the collapse of the GPCO and the ascendance of the National Transitional Council as a result of the Libyan civil war. He has a medical degree, specialising in obstetrics and gynecology, and had served as Deputy Prime Minister to Prime Minister Shukri Ghanem since 2003 at the time he was appointed to replace him. He was a part of Gaddafi's inner circle at least prior to his escape in mid-2011. He was arrested in Tunisia for illegal border entry and jailed for six months, although this was later overruled on appeal, however a Tunisian court decided to extradite Mahmoudi to Libya under a request from Libya's Transitional Council.
Mario Schifano was an Italian painter and collagist of the Postmodern tradition. He also achieved some renown as a film-maker and rock musician. He is considered to be one of most significant and pre-eminent artists of Italian postmodernism, alongside contemporaries such as Francesco Clemente, Sandro Chia and Giulio Paolini. His work was exhibited in the famous 1962 "New Realists" show at the Sidney Janis Gallery with all the young Pop art and Nouveau réalisme luminaries, including Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein. He became part of the core group of artists comprising the "Scuola romana" alongside Franco Angeli and Tano Festa . Reputed as a prolific and exuberant artist, he nonetheless struggled with a lifelong drug habit that earned him the label maledetto, or "cursed". Schifano had a relationship with Marianne Faithfull in 1969.
Herbert Pagani was an artist and musician. He comes from a family of Libyan Jews who were italianized by the Colonial Administration. He spent his childhood and adolescence between Italy, Germany and France. This nonstop wandering about different cultures drove him to seek out a personal language that enabled him to do without words, and at the same time to communicate with all, and he found drawing. In 1964, Pagani at the age of twenty was introduced to the public and the Press at the Pierre Picard Gallery in Cannes, where he exhibited his Indian-ink drawings and engravings. Among his first Italian buyers were Giorgio Soavi for the Olivetti Collection, Federico Fellini and Bernardo Zapponi. Under the heading : "A twenty-year-old visionary", the French poet Jean Rousselot presented Pagani to a wider public from the pages of Planete. Shortly afterwards, he began to draw for that famous review edited by Jacques Bergier and Louis Pauwels, becoming one of the youngest exponents of the Realisme fantastique movement. In 1965 Pagani illustrated Fantarca by Giuseppe Berto for Rizzoli, and Brave New World by Aldous Huxley for the Club des Amis du Livre.
Abu Yahia al-Libi
Abu Yahya al-Libi, born Mohamed Hassan Qaid, was an Islamist terrorist and leading high-ranking official within al-Qaeda, and an alleged member of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group. He is believed to have been able to speak Urdu, Pashto and Arabic and to have used the aliases Hasan Qaiid, Yunis al-Sahrawi, and Hassan Qaed al-Far. Al-Libi was a citizen of Libya, who was held in extrajudicial detention in the Bagram interim detention facility. At that time, American counter-terrorism analysts asserted that al-Libi was a member of al Qaeda. Al-Libi was one of several high-profile Bagram captives who escaped on the night of July 10, 2005. Jarret Brachman, a former analyst for the Central Intelligence Agency, states of al-Libi: He’s a warrior. He’s a poet. He’s a scholar. He’s a pundit. He’s a military commander. And he’s a very charismatic, young, brash rising star within Al-Qaeda, and I think he has become the heir apparent to Osama bin Laden in terms of taking over the entire global jihadist movement. Scheuer states of him that he "in the last year or so emerged as al-Qaeda's theological hardliner" and an "insurgent-theologian" He was also an official on al-Qaeda's Shariah Committee.
Iman al-Obeidi is a Libyan postgraduate law student. She first received worldwide media attention during the Libyan civil war, when she burst into the restaurant of the Rixos Hotel in Tripoli and told the international press corps there that Libyan troops had beaten and gang-raped her. Her public statement challenged both the Gaddafi government and the taboo against discussing sex crimes in Libya. Government security forces dragged her out of the hotel to an unknown destination, and attacked journalists who tried to help her. Government representatives claimed she was drunk, mentally ill, a prostitute, and a thief, and said she would be charged with slander. The Washington Post described her as a "symbol of defiance against Gaddafi." She was released from government detention after three days, and was interviewed several times by Libya TV—an opposition satellite channel—and by CNN, during which she offered graphic details of her rape and subsequent detention by government officials. She fled Libya with a defecting military officer, who helped her cross into Tunisia, dressed in a Berber tribal costume to hide her identity. She was initially offered protection from European diplomats in Qatar and applied for refugee status there. After initially protecting her, Qatar soon forcibly deported her back to Libya. On June 4, she was granted asylum in the United States with the help of Hillary Clinton.
Ali Abd-al-Aziz al-Isawi
Ali Abd-al-Aziz al-Isawi is a Libyan politician who is a leading figure of the National Transitional Council of Libya and was the Vice-Chairman of the Executive Board of the NTC until his dismissal along with the board's other ministers on 8 August 2011. He previously served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs for the NTC. He also was Secretary of the General People's Committee of Libya for Economy, Trade and Investment, and was the youngest minister to fill such a post. He was appointed to this post on January 2007. Before taking the ministerial position, he founded the Centre for Export Development in 2006 and became the first Director General for it. He also assumed the position of Director General for the Ownership expansion program in 2005. He began his political career as a staff member and then as a diplomat in the Foreign Ministry until 2005. On 28 November, NTC chief military prosecutor Yussef Al-Aseifr announced that Isawi had been named chief suspect in the killing of Abdul Fatah Younis. Isawi denied involvement in the killing, saying he "never signed any decision relating to Abdel Fattah Younes."
Abu-Bakr Yunis Jabr
Abu-Bakr Yunis Jabr was the Libyan Minister of Defence under the regime of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi. His official position was Secretary of the Libyan General Interim Committee for Defence.
Abdurrahim Abdulhafiz El-Keib, PhD, is a Libyan politician, professor of electrical engineering, and entrepreneur who served as interim Prime Minister of Libya from 24 November 2011 to 14 November 2012. He was appointed to the position by the country's National Transitional Council on the understanding that he would be replaced when the General National Congress was elected and took power. Power was handed to the Congress on 8 August 2012, and the assembly appointed El-Keib's successor Ali Zeidan in October 2012.
Abdel Rahman Shalgham
Abdel Rahman Shalgam is a Libyan politician. He was Foreign Minister of Libya from 2000 to 2009. From 1984 to 1995, before taking the office of Foreign Minister, Abdel Rahman Shalgham was Secretary of Libya's People's Bureau to Rome, Italy. From 1998 to 2000 he was appointed Secretary of Foreign Affairs at the Secretariat of the General People's Congress of Libya. During Shalgham's tenure of office, a relative thaw in US-Libyan relations came about, with high-level contacts being maintained between Libya and the State Department. Shalgham was replaced as Foreign Minister by Moussa Koussa on 4 March 2009 and was instead appointed as Libya's representative at the United Nations Security Council, where Libya had a non-permanent seat until 31 December 2009. He remains Libya's ambassador to the UN as of early 2011.
Roach Killa is an award-winning Punjabi rapper of Pakistani origin raised in Canada.
Ahmed Saad Osman
Ahmed Saad Suleiman Osman is a Libyan football attacker who plays for Club Africain in the Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1. He also plays for the Libya national football team and he featured in the 2009 African Championship of Nations. He played in the African Nations Cup in 2012.
Shukri Mohammed Ghanem was a Libyan politician who was the General Secretary of the General People's Committee of Libya from June 2003 until March 2006 when, in the first major government re-shuffle in over a decade, he was replaced by his deputy, Baghdadi Mahmudi. Ghanem subsequently served as the Minister of Oil until 2011. On 29 April 2012, his body was found floating on the New Danube, Vienna. Early in the Libyan civil war he reportedly "fled", but after the city of Ra's Lanuf was recaptured by pro-government forces, AP reported on 13 March that he asked Eni SpA for help with putting out a fire at the Ra's Lanuf Refinery. On 16 May, Al Arabiya and the NTC reported that Shukri Ghanem defected to Tunisia. The next day Tunisian security officials confirmed he had indeed defected into Tunisia.
Jehad Abdussalam Muntasser is a former Libyan football midfielder. Muntasser started his career at Italian side Pro Sesto, before being signed by English Premier League side Arsenal in 1997. He made one brief appearance for Arsenal's first team, coming on as an extra time substitute in the 119th minute of a League Cup match against Birmingham City on October 14, 1997. He was sold to Bristol City in January 1998 but was released by them on a free transfer in the summer of 1999 without playing a first-team game. He returned to Italy and has since played for a string of Serie C and Serie B clubs - Viterbese, Catania, L'Aquila, Triestina, Perugia - before joining newly promoted Serie A side Treviso in 2005. Treviso however were relegated on their first season back at the top, and started the 2006-07 season back in Serie B. He later signed for a Qatar club, Al-Wakra Sports Club, in January 2008 Jehad Signed 6 Month for Al Ittihad of Libya.He was a member of the Libyan 2006 African Nations Cup team. During the Libyan revolution of 2011 Jehad dedicated his time and resources to helping kids affected by the conflict by putting together a charity fundraising football event named ‘Friends of Libya’s Children’. The event brought together internationally renowned football stars such as Javier Zanetti, Fabio Cannavaro, Marco Materazzi, Pavel Nedved and many more that competed in a game hosted in Dubai and attended by Mustafa Abdul Jalil. The event was broadcast around the Arab region. Funds raised during the event under the supervision of the UAE Red Crescent then went on to aiding kids in Libya that had been affected by the turmoil.
Abdessalam Jalloud was the Prime Minister of Libya from 16 July 1972 to 2 March 1977. He was also Finance Minister from 1970 until 1972.
Al-Koni’s Identity ‘For identity, while obviously a repository of distinct collective experiences, is finally a construction – involves establishing opposites and ‘others’ whose actuality is always subject to the continuous interpretation and re-interpretation of their differences from ‘us’. Far from a static thing then, identity of self or of ‘other’ is a much worked over historical, social, intellectual, and political process that takes place as a contest involving individuals and institutions in all societies. In short, the construction of identity is bound up with the disposition of power and powerlessness in each society.’ Al-Koni is possibly a ‘post-colonial’ subject who has a plurality of insularities imposed on his persona or identity. He is Tuareg thus a member of a nomadic linguistic, ethnic, and racial rapidly diminishing minority group. The Tuareg lack socio-political organisation and representation. They are particularly vulnerable to being marginalised and rendered an insignificant peripheral group. Understanding the Tuareg identity will contribute to establishing al-Koni’s profile. Though not exclusively a Tuareg phenomenon, the Tuareg endorse an ideology that includes ‘statelessness’ as an important feature of their identity. They do not have a fixed location but one that spans the entire Sahara desert from Libya up to Morocco, and beyond all through Africa, enjoying an absolute freedom of movement and autonomy. Though scatterings of sedentary communities are acknowledged, the Tuareg ‘have always associated fixed abode with serfdom.’
Ali Abdussalam Tarhouni is a Libyan economist and politician. Tarhouni served as the minister for oil and finance on the National Transitional Council, the provisional governing authority in Libya, from 23 March to 22 November 2011. He acted in the capacity of interim prime minister of Libya during the departure of outgoing incumbent Mahmoud Jibril from 23 October 2011 until Abdurrahim El-Keib was formally named to succeed Jibril on 31 October.
Amos Lavi was an Israeli stage and film actor. He won three Ophir Awards for the roles he played in the films Sh'Chur, Nashim and Zirkus Palestina.
Mustafa A.G. Abushagur
Mustafa A.G. Abushagur is a Libyan politician, professor of electrical engineering, university president and entrepreneur. He served as interim Deputy Prime Minister of Libya from 22 November 2011 to 14 November 2012 in Abdurrahim El-Keib’s cabinet and was briefly elected to succeed El-Keib as Prime Minister in 2012, before failing to receive congressional approval for his cabinet nominees and being removed from office.
Aref Ali Nayed
Dr Aref Ali Nayed is a Libyan Islamic scholar and the Libyan Ambassador to the United Arab Emirates. He had resigned upon the holding of elections in 2012, however, his resignation was subsequently rejected by the Libyan government. He is also the founder and director of Kalam Research & Media, based in Tripoli, Libya and Dubai. Until the outbreak of the revolution in Libya, he lectured on Islamic theology, logic, and spirituality at the restored Uthman Pasha Madrassa in Tripoli, and supervised graduate students at the Islamic Call College there. Before the liberation of Tripoli in 2011, he was appointed by the National Transitional Council as the coordinator of the Tripoli Taskforce. When Tripoli was liberated in late August 2011, the remit was broadened and he was made the lead coordinator of the Libya Stabilization Team. Earlier in the year, he was the coordinator for the Support Offices of the Executive Team of the National Transitional Council of Libya. He is also the secretary of the Network of Free Ulema – Libya.
Theodorus the Atheist
Theodorus the Atheist, of Cyrene, was a philosopher of the Cyrenaic school. He lived in both Greece and Alexandria, before ending his days in his native city of Cyrene. As a Cyrenaic philosopher, he taught that the goal of life was to obtain joy and avoid grief, and that the former resulted from knowledge, and the latter from ignorance. But his principal claim to fame was his alleged atheism. He was usually designated by ancient writers Atheus, the Atheist.
Hamid El Shaeri
Abdel Hamid Ali Ahmed El Shari, known as Hamid El Shaeri, is a Libyan musician and singer currently residing in Egypt. He has also been credited as Hameed Al Shaeri and Hamid El Shaery. His daughter, Nabila El Shari, is also a rising star. He also composed the song "je t'aime chaque seconde" for the French singer Nelly Atef.
Halla Diyab is an award-winning Syrian writer, filmmaker, broadcaster and women's rights activist currently based in the UK. She is well known in the Middle East as the writer of controversial dramas and for outspoken television appearances as both a presenter and a guest. Dr. Diyab is the daughter of a Syrian diplomat and a Lebanese teacher of Turkish descent. She worked as a presenter on the Egyptian talk show Lady of Ladies as well as holding a regular guest spot on Egypt’s Hala Sarhan Show. Recently she hosted a weekly talk show from London on ANB TV in London. She is the founder of Liberty Media Productions. She was listed in Aliqtisadi Magazine as one of the most influential women in Syria for 2011. She was profiled in the “Women Like Us” exhibition that celebrated inspirational Muslim women.
Ahmed Sharif as-Senussi
Ahmed Sharif as-Senussi, the supreme leader of the Senussi order, although his leadership between the years could be considered nominal. His daughter, Fatima el-Sharif was the Queen consort of King Idris I of Libya.
Omar Deghayes is a Libyan citizen who had legal residency status with surviving members of his family in the United Kingdom since childhood. He was arrested in Pakistan in 2002. He was held by the United States as an enemy combatant at Guantanamo Bay detention camp from 2002 until December 18, 2007. He was released without charges and returned to Britain, where he lives. His Guantanamo Internment Serial Number was 727. Deghayes says he was blinded permanently in one eye, after a guard at Guantanamo gouged his eyes with his fingers. Deghayes was never charged with any crime at Guantanamo. When Omar was a child, his father, a prominent attorney and union organiser, was arrested and executed by Muammar Gaddafi's government in Libya. His mother took him and his siblings to the United Kingdom, where they had often visited for extended stays, and gained asylum as refugees. They lived in Brighton. According to the Birmingham Post, Deghayes was a "laws graduate"; he studied law at the University of Wolverhampton and later studied in Huddersfield. During Deghaye's detention at Guantanamo, his family in Great Britain mounted a campaign to free him, which received the support of the Brighton Argus newspaper and all six Members of Parliament in Sussex, where Omar Deghayes had resided for many years. This is where his family still lives.
Yitzhak Tshuva is an Israeli business magnate. He is the chairman of El-Ad Group, which owned the New York Plaza Hotel. He also owns the Israeli conglomerate Delek Group. In 2012 he was listed by Forbes as the eighth wealthiest Israeli. His personal wealth is estimated to be $1.9 billion as of March 2012, down from a peak of $3.5 billion in 2008.
Mohamed "Mo" Nabbous was a Libyan information technologist, blogger, businessperson and civilian journalist who created and founded Libya Al Hurra TV. In the wake of the Libyan civil war, Nabbous founded Libya Alhurra TV, the first independent broadcast news organization since Gaddafi took power in Libya. Libya AlHurra TV was established in Benghazi, Libya on 19 February 2011 and started broadcasting online when Nabbous established a two-way satellite connection in the wake of a complete Internet blackout imposed by the Gaddafi regime subsequent to the 17 February protests. Nabbous was shot by a Pro-Gaddafi sniper and killed on 19 March 2011 while reporting on attempts by government forces to fight revolutionaries and attack civilians in Benghazi. In the hours following the death of Nabbous, UN Coalition planes entered Libyan airspace to enforce a No-Fly Zone approved by the UN Security Council along with a Resolution authorizing "all necessary measures" to protect civilians against Gaddafi forces. In the last weeks of his life, Nabbous focused on bringing international attention to the humanitarian crisis unfolding in Libya. His death was widely reported by CNN and various media outlets. Prior to the establishment of Libya Al Hurra TV, Nabbous operated a number of businesses in Benghazi City.
Imbarek Shamekh is a Libyan politician and bureaucrat. He served as the Secretary-General of General People's Congress of Libya from 2009 to 2010. He previously served as Deputy Prime Minister from 2008 to 2009, and Prime Minister from 2000 to 2003.
Khalifa Belqasim Haftar
Khalifa Belqasim Haftar is a senior military officer in Libya. In April 2011, he was reported as holding the rank of lieutenant general. Formerly one of Muammar Gaddafi's army commanders in the Chadian–Libyan conflict, he fell out with the regime when Libya lost the war, and sought exile in the United States. Some sources have reported ties with the US Central Intelligence Agency. After falling out with the Gaddafi regime, Haftar set up his own militia financed by the CIA, according to the 2001 book Manipulations africaines, published by Le Monde diplomatique. After entering the United States in the 1990s, Haftar took up residence in Vienna, Virginia, five miles outside of Langley, Virginia. Haftar comes from the Farjani tribe. In 2011 he returned to Libya to support the Libyan civil war. In March, a military spokesperson announced that Haftar had been appointed commander of the military, though the National Transitional Council denied this. By April, Abdul Fatah Younis held the role of commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces, Omar El-Hariri serving as Younis' Chief of Staff and Haftar took the third most senior position as the commander of ground forces with the rank of lieutenant general.
Shaha Riza, is a former World Bank employee. Her external assignment at the Foundation for the Future, a "semi-independent foundation to promote democracy" is both in the Middle East and in North Africa.
Suleiman Ali Nashnush
Suleiman Ali Nashnush is one of seventeen individuals in medical history to reach or surpass eight feet in height. He was a Libyan basketball player and actor. In 1960, he successfully underwent surgery to correct his abnormal growth. He was one of the tallest basketball players ever at 8'0½" though when he played basketball he was closer to 7'10" and played for Libya. Nashnush also had a small role in Federico Fellini's film Satyricon where he played the role of Tryphaena's attendant. He died on February 25, 1991.
Mohammad Noureddine Abdusalam Za'abia is a Libyan footballer.
Abdul Hafiz Ghoga
Abdul Hafiz Ghoga is a Libyan human rights lawyer who rose to prominence as the spokesman for the National Transitional Council, a body formed in Benghazi during the 2011 Libyan civil war. On 23 March 2011, he became the Vice Chairman of the Council, serving in that post until he resigned on 22 January 2012 after protests against him.
Leonid Vasilyevich Solovyov was a Russian writer and playwright.
Mohamed El Monir
Mohamed El Monir, also called as fullname Mohammed El-Mounir Abdussalam is a Libyan footballer who plays for Serbian SuperLiga team FK Jagodina. In international competition he represents Libya.
Muhammad al-Zanati was the de jure head of state of Libya from 1992 until 2008.
Crown Prince Mohammed El Senussi is the son of Crown Prince Hasan as-Senussi of Libya, and of Crown Princess Fawzia bint Tahir Bakeer. Born in Tripoli, he is considered by Libyan royalists to be the legitimate heir to the Senussi Crown of Libya. A rival claim is also advanced by his distant relative Idris bin Abdullah. He was named Mohammed al-Rida after his grandfather Mohammed al Rida El Senussi.
Djamal Abdoulaye Mahamat Bindi جمال محمد بيندي, known as Mahamat, is a Libyan footballer who plays for S.C. Braga in Portugal, as a defensive midfielder.
Younes Al Shibani
Younes Hussein Al Shibani is a Libyan footballer who plays as a defender for the Egyptian Premier League side Ismaily. He is a member of the Libya national team.
Abu Sufian bin Qumu
Abu Sufian Ibrahim Ahmed Hamuda Bin Qumu is a citizen of Libya who was held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detention camps, in Cuba. Joint Task Force Guantanamo counter-terrorism analysts report he was born on 26 June 1959, in Derna, Libya. He was shot on 14 April 2013 in Derna, Libya. Qumu was transferred to Libya on 28 September 2007. In 2011 he became the leader of a band of fighters in his hometown of Derna during the 2011 Libyan civil war.
Atiyah Abd al-Rahman
Atiyah Abd Al Rahman, born Jamal Ibrahim Ashtiwi al Misrati, was reported by the US State Department to be a senior member of al-Qaeda and a member of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group and Ansar al-Sunna. His name may be rendered in English as Atiyah Abdur-rahman or Atiyah Abdul-Rahman or in other ways. He was killed in Pakistan by a CIA predator drone strike on August 22, 2011. Atiyah Abd Al Rahman is thought to be the "Atiyah" who wrote a commanding letter to Abu Musab al-Zarqawi in December 2005. The State Department announcement said that Abd Al Rahman: ⁕Was a Libyan in his early 40s. ⁕Was based in Iran, representing al-Qaeda to other Islamist terrorist groups. ⁕Was appointed to that role by Osama bin Laden. ⁕Met bin Laden while still in his teens. ⁕Fled the Republic of the Congo alongside bin Laden as recently as 2001. The State Department's Rewards for Justice offered up to US$1 million for information about him. However, the program no longer has him listed as a wanted terrorist. With the death of Osama bin Laden in May 2011, amidst confusion, including over who would succeed bin Laden and Ayman al Zawahiri, he was eventually designated as Al Qaeda's second in command.
Ali Muhammad al-Sallabi, or al-Salabi is a Muslim cleric, religious scholar and Islamist politician from Libya. In November 2011, al-Sallabi has announced the formation of the National Gathering for Freedom, Justice and Development, an Islamic party that would follow "Turkish-style moderation" and which will run in the country's upcoming elections. Under the rule of Muammar Gaddafi, he was detained in the infamous Abu Salim prison for eight years. After being released, he studied theology in Saudi Arabia and Sudan, obtaining his doctorate from the Omdurman Islamic University in 1999. Subsequently, he went into exile in Qatar. Al-Sallabi has close ties to Yusuf al-Qaradawi, the spiritual head of the international Muslim Brotherhood. He is also associated with Abdelhakim Belhadj, emir of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group and one of the commanders of the National Liberation Army. Al-Sallabi acted as a mediator in negotiations between Saif al-Islam Gaddafi and the LIFG. Later, he played a key role in providing the rebels in the Libyan civil war with Qatari humanitarian aid, money, and arms. In October 2011, the international relations expert Daniel Wagner described al-Sallabi as Libya's most influential politician.
Major Adriano Visconti di Lampugnano was one of Italy's top flying aces of the Second World War, shooting down between 10 to 26 enemy aircraft. He was awarded with four Medaglia d'argento al Valor Militare and two Medaglia di Bronzo al Valor Militare "in action".
Ahmed Mahmoud Zuway, better known better as Kabila, is a Libyan football striker. He currently plays for Al Sharjah SC in the UAE Division 1 Group A. He is a member of the Libyan national football team. He is known for his excellent heading ability and goal scoring.
Bazil Ashmawy, popularly known as Baz Ashmawy, is an Irish radio and television personality who appears on Raidió Teilifís Éireann. He is co-host of Weekend Breakfast with Baz & Lucy on RTÉ 2fm. He was co-host of the reality show Fáilte Towers on RTÉ One.
Ali Abdussalam Treki was a Libyan diplomat in Muammar Gaddafi's regime. Treki served as one of Libya's top diplomats since the 1970s. He was Foreign Minister from 1976 to 1982 and again from 1984 to 1986, and he has been Permanent Representative to the United Nations on several occasions. He was the President of the United Nations General Assembly from September 2009 to September 2010.
Georges Khabbaz is a Lebanese actor most famous for his role in the festival award-winning film Under the Bombs. His debut was in 1991.
Hussein Yousef Maziq a Libyan politician was Prime Minister of Libya from 20 March 1965 to 2 July 1967. He was one of the most important men in the Kingdom era of Libya.
Abu Laith al-Libi
Abu Laith al-Libi was a senior leader of the al-Qaeda movement in Afghanistan who appeared in several al-Qaeda videos. He was believed to have been active in the tribal regions of Waziristan. He also served as an al Qaeda spokesman. According to the Defense Intelligence Agency, he was an "expert in guerilla warfare."
Mohammad Ahmed Safadi is a Lebanese businessman, philanthropist, and politician. He is Lebanon's minister of finance.
Nazih Abdul-Hamed Nabih al-Ruqai'i, known by the alias Abu Anas al-Libi, is a Libyan under indictment in the United States for his part in the 1998 United States embassy bombings. He worked as a computer specialist for al-Qaeda. He is an ethnic Libyan, born in Tripoli. His aliases in the indictment are Nazih al Raghie and Anas al Sebai. In the FBI and United States State Department wanted posters, another variant of his name is transliterated Nazih Abdul Hamed Al-Raghie. The indictment accuses al-Libi of surveillance of potential British, French, and Israeli targets in Nairobi, in addition to the American embassy in that city, as part of a conspiracy by al-Qaeda and Egyptian Islamic Jihad.
Samir Aboud is a retired Libyan footballer who played for Al-Ittihad as a goalkeeper. He was a member of the Libya national team.
Abdul Hamid al-Bakkoush
Abdul Hamid al-Bakkoush was Prime Minister of Libya from 25 October 1967 to 4 September 1968. After the proclamation of the Jamahiriya by Gaddafi, he went into exile to Egypt and became one of the leaders of the opposition to the Libyan government.
Muhammad Al Maghrabi
Mohammed al Maghrabi is a Libyan footballer. He currently plays for Ahly Tripoli in the Libyan Premier League. He has 24 caps for the Libyan national football team.
Esam S. Omeish is a Libyan-born American physician and chief of the Division of General Surgery at Inova Alexandria Hospital since 2006. He is also a member of the Board of Directors of the Dar Al-Hijrah mosque and former President of the Muslim American Society. As President of the MAS in 2005, Omeish represented the organization at a news conference announcing an anti-terrorism campaign launched by a coalition of US-based Muslim groups. In August 2007, Virginia Governor Timothy M. Kaine appointed Omeish to the Virginia Commission on Immigration. After a public controversy over remarks of his captured on videos, Omeish resigned his seat on the commission. In 2009, he unsuccessfully ran for State Assemblyman in a primary election in the 35th District of the Virginia House of Delegates.
Mahdi al-Harati is a former co-commander of the Tripoli Brigade during the Libyan civil war. He was also the commander of Liwaa Al-Umma, a militant group fighting against the Syrian government in the Syrian civil war. Before the Libyan civil war he was an Arabic teacher in Dublin, where he lived with his Irish-born wife and family. He was described by Volkskrant, a Dutch daily newspaper, as being a face of the Battle of Tripoli and one of the most important rebel commanders of the Libyan civil war. The Sunday Times, a British newspaper, offered a first-hand account of Al-Mahdi's advance on Tripoli and his men's assault on Gaddafi's former residence, Bab Al-Azizia. He was appointed second in command of the newly formed Tripoli Military Council. On 11 October 2011, Al-Harati resigned as deputy head of the Tripoli Military Council, amid tensions over security in the capital. According to the Irish Times, while Al-Harati's associates in Tripoli assure that the resignation was for "personal reasons", a senior NTC official quoted by CNN said that the resignation was because "differences with the National Transitional Council on the planning of the security of Tripoli". Fathi Al-Wersali, member of the Tripoli Military Council, stated that Al-Harati would continue as commander of the Tripoli brigade.
Abdul Majid Kubar
Abdul Majid Kabar, also known as Abdulmegid Coobar, was the Prime minister of Libya from 26 May 1957 to 17 October 1960, and he is from a Circassian origin.
Fatima el-Sharif, Queen of Libya
Sayyida Fatima el-Sharif, was Queen consort of King Idris I of Libya until the overthrow of the monarchy in 1969.
Wanis al-Qaddafi was Prime Minister of Libya from 4 September 1968 to 31 August 1969, when his government was overthrown by Muammar Gaddafi.
Yusuf Karamanli, Caramanli or Qaramanli or al-Qaramanli, was the best-known Pasha of the Karamanli dynasty of Tripolitania.
Sayyid Hasan ar-Rida al-Mahdi as-Senussi was the crown prince of the Kingdom of Libya from 26 October 1956 to 1 September 1969, when the monarchy was abolished.
Salwa Al Katrib
Salwa Al Katrib or Salwa Al Qatrib, Salwa Katrib, was a Lebanese singer best known for her roles in Emerald Princess and Mountain Girl. She was the wife of Nahi Lahoud and the mother of aspiring Lebanese actress and singer Aline Lahoud. She enjoyed most of her fame in the theatrical circle in Lebanon and the Arab World from the 1974s to the 2005 s, and died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 2009.