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Guernsey country facts

Bailiwick of Guernsey Europe Saint Peter Port 65,605 inhabitants 78 sq km 841.09 inhabitants/sq km Guernsey pound United Kingdom crown dependency population evolution

Famous people from Guernsey

Introduction

Background

Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy, which held sway in both France and England. The islands were the only British soil occupied by German troops in World War II. Guernsey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the European Union. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

Geography

Location

Western Europe, islands in the English Channel, northwest of France

Geographic coordinates

49 28 N, 2 35 W

Area (sq km)

total: 78 sq km
land: 78 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Alderney, Guernsey, Herm, Sark, and some other smaller islands

Area - comparative (sq km)

about one-half the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries (km)

0 km

Coastline (km)

50 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm

Climate

temperate with mild winters and cool summers; about 50% of days are overcast

Terrain

mostly level with low hills in southwest

Elevation extremes (m)

lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation on Sark 114 m

Natural resources

cropland

Land use (%)

arable land: NA
permanent crops: NA
other: NA

Irrigated land (sq km)

NA

Natural hazards

NA

Environment - current issues

NA

Geography - note

large, deepwater harbor at Saint Peter Port

People and Society

Nationality

noun: Channel Islander(s)
adjective: Channel Islander

Ethnic groups (%)

British and Norman-French descent with small percentages from other European countries

Languages (%)

English, French, Norman-French dialect spoken in country districts

Religions (%)

Protestant (Anglican, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist), Roman Catholic

Population

65,605 (July 2013 est.)   evolution and prospects (1950-2100)

Age structure (%)

0-14 years: 14.8% (male 5,020/female 4,657)
15-24 years: 12.2% (male 4,052/female 3,940)
25-54 years: 42.4% (male 13,904/female 13,806)
55-64 years: 13.1% (male 4,266/female 4,285)
65 years and over: 17.5% (male 5,108/female 6,307) (2012 est.)

Age structure in Guernsey

Median age (years)

total: 42.5 years
male: 41.4 years
female: 43.5 years (2012 est.)

Population growth rate (%)

0.41% (2012 est.)

Birth rate (births/1,000 population)

10.04 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Death rate (deaths/1,000 population)

8.52 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)

Net migration rate (migrant(s)/1,000 population)

2.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)

Urbanization (%)

urban population: 31% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Sex ratio (male(s)/female)

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate (deaths/1,000 live births)

total: 3.52 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.84 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.19 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)

Life expectancy at birth (years)

total population: 82.24 years
male: 79.57 years
female: 85.04 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate (children born/woman)

1.54 children born/woman (2013 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)

NA

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS - deaths

NA

Education expenditures (% of GDP)

NA

Literacy (%)

NA

Population density (inhabitants/sq km)

841.09

Government

Country name

conventional long form: Bailiwick of Guernsey
conventional short form: Guernsey

Dependency status

British crown dependency

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Capital

name: Saint Peter Port
geographic coordinates: 49 27 N, 2 32 W
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative divisions

none (British crown dependency); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 10 parishes: Castel, Forest, Saint Andrew, Saint Martin, Saint Peter Port, Saint Pierre du Bois, Saint Sampson, Saint Saviour, Torteval, Vale

Independence

none (British crown dependency)

National holiday

Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)

Constitution

unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice

Legal system

customary legal system based on Norman customary law, and includes elements of the French Civil Code and English common law

Suffrage

16 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Lieutenant Governor Air Marshall Peter WALKER (since 15 April 2011)
head of government: Chief Minister Peter HARWOOD (since 1 May 2012); Bailiff Richard COLLAS (since 23 March 2012)
cabinet: Policy Council elected by the States of Deliberation
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor and bailiff appointed by the monarch; chief minister elected by States of Deliberation
election results: Lyndon TROTT elected chief minister, percent of vote NA

Legislative branch

unicameral States of Deliberation (45 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms; note - there are also 10 Douzaine representatives - one from each parish, 2 representatives from Alderney and the appointed attorney general and soliciter general); note - Alderney and Sark have parliaments
elections: last held on 23 April 2008 (next to be held in 2012)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - all independents

Judicial branch

Royal Court (judges elected by an electoral college and the bailiff)

Political parties and leaders

none; all independents

Political pressure groups and leaders

Stop Traffic Endangering Pedestrian Safety or STEPS; No More Masts [Colin FALLAIZE]

International organization participation

UPU

Diplomatic representation in the US

none (British crown dependency)

Diplomatic representation from the US

none (British crown dependency)

Flag description

white with the red cross of Saint George (patron saint of England) extending to the edges of the flag and a yellow equal-armed cross of William the Conqueror superimposed on the Saint George cross; the red cross represents the old ties with England and the fact that Guernsey is a British Crown dependency; the gold cross is a replica of the one used by Duke William of Normandy at the Battle of Hastings

National symbol(s)

Guernsey cow; donkey

National anthem

name: "Sarnia Cherie" (Guernsey Dear)
lyrics/music: George DEIGHTON/Domencio SANTANGELO
note: adopted 1911; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" remains official (see United Kingdom)

Economy

Economy - overview

Financial services - banking, fund management, insurance - account for about 23% of employment and about 55% of total income in this tiny, prosperous Channel Island economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and horticulture, mainly tomatoes and cut flowers, have been declining. Financial services, construction, retail, and the public sector have been growing. Light tax and death duties make Guernsey a popular tax haven. In January 2013, Guernsey signed a tax agreement with Jersey and the Isle of Man, in order to enable the islands' authorities to end tax avoidance and evasion. The evolving economic integration of the EU nations is changing the environment under which Guernsey operates.

GDP (purchasing power parity)

$2.742 billion (2005)

GDP (official exchange rate)

$2.742 billion (2005)

GDP - real growth rate (%)

3% (2005 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$44,600 (2005)

GDP - composition by sector (%)

agriculture: 3%
industry: 10%
services: 87% (2000)

Labor force

31,470 (March 2006)

Unemployment rate (%)

0.9% (March 2006 est.)

Population below poverty line (%)

NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share (%)

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Budget

revenues: $563.6 million
expenditures: $530.9 million (2005 est.)

Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP)

20.6% of GDP (2005)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) (% of GDP)

1.2% of GDP (2005)

Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)

3.4% (June 2006)

Agriculture - products

tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey cattle

Industries

tourism, banking

Industrial production growth rate (%)

NA%

Exports

$NA

Exports - commodities (%)

tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet peppers, eggplant, other vegetables

Imports

$NA

Imports - commodities (%)

coal, gasoline, oil, machinery and equipment

External debt ($)

$NA

Exchange rates

Currency converter
Guernsey pound
0.6324 (2012)
0.624 (2011)
0.6472 (2010)
0.6175 (2009)
0.5302 (2008)

Fiscal year

calendar year

Communications

Telephones - main lines in use

45,100 (2010)

Telephones - mobile cellular

43,800 (2004)

Telephone system

general assessment: NA
domestic: fixed-line and mobile-cellular services widely available; combined fixed and mobile-cellular teledensity exceeds 100 per 100 persons
international: country code - 44; 1 submarine cable

Broadcast media

multiple UK terrestrial TV broadcasts are received via a transmitter in Jersey with relays in Jersey, Guernsey, and Alderney; satellite packages are available; BBC Radio Guernsey and 1 other radio station operating (2009)

Internet country code

.gg

Internet hosts

239 (2012)

Internet users

48,300 (2009)

Transportation

Airports

2 (2012)

Airports - with paved runways

total: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2012)

Ports and terminals

Braye Bay, Saint Peter Port

Military

Manpower fit for military service

males age 16-49: 12,493
females age 16-49: 12,272 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually

male: 354
female: 342 (2010 est.)

Military - note

defense is the responsibility of the UK

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international

none

Largest cities of Guernsey

These are the 50 largest cities of Guernsey ordered based on their number of inhabitants.

# City Population