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Cuba country facts

Republic of Cuba Central America and the Caribbean Havana 11,047,251 inhabitants 110,860 sq km 99.65 inhabitants/sq km Cuban pesos (CUP) population evolution

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The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 and following its development as a Spanish colony during the next several centuries. Large numbers of African slaves were imported to work the coffee and sugar plantations, and Havana became the launching point for the annual treasure fleets bound for Spain from Mexico and Peru. Spanish rule eventually provoked an independence movement and occasional rebellions that were harshly suppressed. US intervention during the Spanish-American War in 1898 assisted the Cubans in overthrowing Spanish rule. Subsequently, the 1901 Platt Amendment to the Cuban constitution authorized the US to intevene in Cuba in the event of instability. The Treaty of Paris established Cuban independence from the US in 1902 after which the island experienced a string of governments mostly dominated by the military and corrupt politicians. Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to victory in 1959; his iron rule held the subsequent regime together for nearly five decades. He stepped down as president in February 2008 in favor of his younger brother Raul CASTRO. Cuba's communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. The country faced a severe economic downturn in 1990 following the withdrawal of former Soviet subsidies worth $4-6 billion annually. Cuba at times portrays the US embargo, in place since 1961, as the source if its difficulties. Illicit migration to the US - using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, air flights, or via the US's southwest border - is a continuing problem. The US Coast Guard interdicted 1,357 Cuban nationals attempting to cross the Straits of Florida in 2013. Also in 2013, 14,251 Cuban migrants presented themselves at various land border ports of entry through out the US.



Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida

Geographic coordinates

21 30 N, 80 00 W

Area (sq km)

total: 110,860 sq km
land: 109,820 sq km
water: 1,040 sq km

Area - comparative (sq km)

slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

Land boundaries (km)

total: 29 km
border countries: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 29 km
note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and remains part of Cuba

Coastline (km)

3,735 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)


mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

Elevation extremes (m)

lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Pico Turquino 2,005 m

Natural resources

cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

Land use (%)

arable land: 32.31%
permanent crops: 3.55%
other: 64.15% (2011)

Irrigated land (sq km)

8,703 sq km (2003)

Total renewable water resources (cu km)

38.12 cu km (2011)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) ()

total: 4.42 cu km/yr (22%/14%/65%)
per capita: 392.6 cu m/yr (2010)

Natural hazards

the east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to November (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common

Environment - current issues

air and water pollution; biodiversity loss; deforestation

Environment - international agreements

party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

Geography - note

largest country in Caribbean and westernmost island of the Greater Antilles

People and Society


noun: Cuban(s)
adjective: Cuban

Ethnic groups (%)

white 64.1%, mestizo 26.6%, black 9.3% (2012 est.)

Languages (%)

Spanish (official)

Religions (%)

nominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria
note: prior to CASTRO assuming power


11,047,251 (July 2014 est.)   evolution and prospects (1950-2100)

Age structure (%)

0-14 years: 16.3% (male 923,602/female 873,156)
15-24 years: 13.6% (male 770,515/female 732,056)
25-54 years: 47.1% (male 2,618,089/female 2,581,895)
55-64 years: 10.4% (male 551,637/female 602,658)
65 years and over: 12.3% (male 625,330/female 768,313) (2014 est.)

Age structure in Cuba

Median age (years)

total: 39.9 years
male: 39.1 years
female: 40.8 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate (%)

-0.14% (2014 est.)

Birth rate (births/1,000 population)

9.9 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Death rate (deaths/1,000 population)

7.64 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Net migration rate (migrant(s)/1,000 population)

-3.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Urbanization (%)

urban population: 75.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: -0.08% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population

HAVANA (capital) 2.116 million (2011)

Sex ratio (male(s)/female)

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate (deaths/100,000 live births)

73 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate (deaths/1,000 live births)

total: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.04 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.33 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth (years)

total population: 78.22 years
male: 75.92 years
female: 80.65 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate (children born/woman)

1.46 children born/woman (2014 est.)

Health expenditures (% of GDP)

10% of GDP (2011)

Physicians density (physicians/1,000 population)

6.72 physicians/1,000 population (2010)

Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)

5.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking water source (% of population)

improved: urban: 96.3% of population
rural: 87.3% of population
total: 94% of population
unimproved: urban: 3.7% of population
rural: 12.7% of population
total: 6% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access (% of population)

improved: urban: 94% of population
rural: 88.2% of population
total: 92.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 6% of population
rural: 11.8% of population
total: 7.4% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)

0.1% (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

4,700 (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths

fewer than 100 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever (2013)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate (%)

21.5% (2008)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight (%)

3.4% (2000)

Education expenditures (% of GDP)

12.8% of GDP (2010)

Literacy (%)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.8% (2011 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) (years)

total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2012)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 (%)

total: 3.1%
male: 2.8%
female: 3.5% (2008)

People - note

illicit emigration is a continuing problem; Cubans attempt to depart the island and enter the US using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, direct flights, or falsified visas; Cubans also use non-maritime routes to enter the US including direct flights to Miami and over-land via the southwest border


Country name

conventional long form: Republic of Cuba
conventional short form: Cuba
local long form: Republica de Cuba
local short form: Cuba

Government type

Communist state


name: Havana
geographic coordinates: 23 07 N, 82 21 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November; note - Cuba has been known to alter the schedule of DST on short notice in an attempt to conserve electricity for lighting

Administrative divisions

15 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 special municipality* (municipio especial); Artemisa, Camaguey, Ciego de Avila, Cienfuegos, Granma, Guantanamo, Holguin, Isla de la Juventud*, La Habana, Las Tunas, Matanzas, Mayabeque, Pinar del Rio, Sancti Spiritus, Santiago de Cuba, Villa Clara


20 May 1902 (from Spain 10 December 1898; administered by the US from 1898 to 1902); not acknowledged by the Cuban Government as a day of independence

National holiday

Triumph of the Revolution, 1 January (1959)


several previous; latest adopted by referendum 15 February 1976, effective 24 February 1976; amended 1978, 1992, 2002 (2010)

Legal system

civil law system based on Spanish civil code

International law organization participation

has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt


16 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers Gen. Raul CASTRO Ruz (president since 24 February 2008); First Vice President of the Council of State and First Vice President of the Council of Ministers Miguel DIAZ-CANEL Bermudez (since 24 February 2013); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
head of government: President of the Council of State and President of the Council of Ministers Gen. Raul CASTRO Ruz (president since 24 February 2008); First Vice President of the Council of State and First Vice President of the Council of Ministers Miguel DIAZ-CANEL Bermudez (since 24 February 2013)
cabinet: Council of Ministers proposed by the president of the Council of State, appointed by the National Assembly or the 28-member Council of State, and elected by the assembly to act on its behalf when it is not in session
elections: president and vice presidents elected by the National Assembly for a five-year term; election last held on 24 February 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
election results: Gen. Raul CASTRO Ruz reelected president; percent of legislative vote - 100%; Miguel DIAZ-CANEL Bermudez elected vice president; percent of legislative vote - 100%

Legislative branch

unicameral National Assembly of People's Power or Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular (number of seats in the National Assembly is based on population and currently exceeds 600; members elected directly from slates approved by special candidacy commissions to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 3 February 2013 (next to be held in 2018)
election results: Cuba's Communist Party is the only legal party, and officially sanctioned candidates run unopposed

Judicial branch

highest court(s): People's Supreme Court (consists of court president, vice president, 41 professional justices, and NA lay judges; organized into the "Whole," State Council, and criminal, civil, administrative, labor, crimes against the state, and military courts)
judge selection and term of office: professional judges elected by the National Assembly to serve 2.5-year terms; lay judges nominated by workplace collectives and neighborhood associations and elected by municipal or provincial assemblies; lay judges appointed for 5-year terms and serve up to 30 days per year
subordinate courts: People's Provincial Courts; People's Regional Courts; People's Courts

Political parties and leaders

Cuban Communist Party or PCC [Raul CASTRO Ruz, first secretary]

Political pressure groups and leaders

Damas de Blanco
National Association of Small Farmers
Patriotic Union of Cuba
political dissidents and bloggers
The Cuban Commission for Human Rights and National Reconciliation

International organization participation

ACP, ALBA, AOSIS, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IAEA, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, LAES, LAIA, NAM, OAS (excluded from formal participation since 1962), OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the US

none; note - the Cuban Interests Section of the Embassy of Switzerland is headed by Jose R. CABANAS Rodriguez (since October 2012); address: Cuban Interests Section, Swiss Embassy, 2630 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009; telephone: [1] (202) 797-8518; FAX: [1] (202) 986-7283

Diplomatic representation from the US

none; note - the United States Interests Section of the Embassy of Switzerland is headed by John P. CAULFIELD (since September 2011); address: USINT, Swiss Embassy, Calzada between L and M Streets, Vedado, Havana; telephone: [53] (7) 839-4100; FAX: [53] (7) 839-4247; protecting power in Cuba is Switzerland

Flag description

five equal horizontal bands of blue (top, center, and bottom) alternating with white; a red equilateral triangle based on the hoist side bears a white, five-pointed star in the center; the blue bands refer to the three old divisions of the island: central, occidental, and oriental; the white bands describe the purity of the independence ideal; the triangle symbolizes liberty, equality, and fraternity, while the red color stands for the blood shed in the independence struggle; the white star, called La Estrella Solitaria (the Lone Star) lights the way to freedom and was taken from the flag of Texas
note: design similar to the Puerto Rican flag, with the colors of the bands and triangle reversed

National anthem

name: "La Bayamesa" (The Bayamo Song)
lyrics/music: Pedro FIGUEREDO
note: adopted 1940; Pedro FIGUEREDO first performed "La Bayamesa" in 1868 during the Ten Years War against the Spanish; a leading figure in the uprising, FIGUEREDO was captured in 1870 and executed by a firing squad; just prior to the fusillade he is reputed to have shouted, "Morir por la Patria es vivir" (To die for the country is to live), a line from the anthem


Economy - overview

The government continues to balance the need for loosening its socialist economic system against a desire for firm political control. The government in April 2011 held the first Cuban Communist Party Congress in almost 13 years, during which leaders approved a plan for wide-ranging economic changes. Since then, the Cuban government has slowly and incrementally implemented limited economic reforms, including allowing Cubans to buy electronic appliances and cell phones, stay in hotels, and buy and sell used cars. The Cuban government also opened up some retail services to "self-employment," leading to the rise of so-called "cuentapropistas" or entrepreneurs. Recent moves include permitting the private ownership and sale of real estate and new vehicles, allowing private farmers to sell agricultural goods directly to hotels, and expanding categories of self-employment. Despite these reforms, the average Cuban's standard of living remains at a lower level than before the collapse of the Soviet Union and the resulting downturn of the 1990s. Since late 2000, Venezuela has been providing oil on preferential terms, and it currently supplies over 100,000 barrels per day of petroleum products. Cuba has been paying for the oil, in part, with the services of Cuban personnel in Venezuela, including some 30,000 medical professionals.

GDP (purchasing power parity)

$121 billion (2012 est.)
$117.3 billion (2011 est.)
$114.1 billion (2010 est.)
note: data are in 2012 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate)

$72.3 billion (2012 est.)

GDP - real growth rate (%)

3.1% (2012 est.)
2.8% (2011 est.)
2.4% (2010 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$10,200 (2010 est.)
$10,000 (2009 est.)
$10,000 (2008 est.)
note: data are in 2010 US dollars

GDP - composition, by sector of origin (%)

agriculture: 3.8%
industry: 22.3%
services: 73.9% (2013 est.)

Labor force

5.233 million
note: state sector 72.3%, non-state sector 27.7% (2013 est.)

Labor force - by occupation (%)

agriculture: 19.7%
industry: 17.1%
services: 63.2% (2011)

Unemployment rate (%)

4.3% (2013 est.)
3.8% (2012 est.)
note: these are official rates; unofficial estimates are about double the official figures

Population below poverty line (%)


Household income or consumption by percentage share (%)

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%


revenues: $47.62 billion
expenditures: $50.29 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP)

65.9% of GDP (2013 est.)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) (% of GDP)

-3.7% of GDP (2013 est.)

Public debt (% of GDP)

35.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
35.8% of GDP (2012 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)

6% (2013 est.)
5.5% (2012 est.)

Central bank discount rate (%)


Commercial bank prime lending rate (%)


Stock of narrow money

$11.21 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$10.97 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of broad money

$24.63 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$24.08 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of domestic credit


Agriculture - products

sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans; livestock


petroleum, nickel, cobalt, pharmaceuticals, tobacco, construction, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, sugar

Industrial production growth rate (%)

2.6% (2013 est.)

Current account balance

$289.8 million (2013 est.)
-$134.4 million (2012 est.)


$6.252 billion (2013 est.)
$5.972 billion (2012 est.)

Exports - commodities (%)

petroleum, nickel, medical products, sugar, tobacco, fish, citrus, coffee

Exports - partners (%)

Canada 17.7%, China 16.9%, Venezuela 12.5%, Netherlands 9%, Spain 5.9% (2012)


$13.6 billion (2013 est.)
$13.72 billion (2012 est.)

Imports - commodities (%)

petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals

Imports - partners (%)

Venezuela 38.3%, China 10.8%, Spain 8.9%, Brazil 5.2%, US 4.3% (2012)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$4.993 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$4.693 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

External debt ($)

$23.44 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$22.51 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home


Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad

$4.138 billion (2006 est.)

Exchange rates

Currency converter
Cuban pesos (CUP) per US dollar -
1 (2013 est.)
1 (2012 est.)
0.9259 (2010 est.)
0.9259 (2009)
0.9259 (2008)

Fiscal year

calendar year


Electricity - production (kWh)

17.8 billion kWh (2011 est.)

Electricity - consumption (kWh)

13.64 billion kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - exports (kWh)

0 kWh (2012 est.)

Electricity - imports (kWh)

0 kWh (2012 est.)

Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)

5.914 million kW (2011 est.)

Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)

99.3% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)

Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)

0% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)

Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)

0.6% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)

Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)

0.1% of total installed capacity (2011 est.)

Crude oil - production (bbl/day)

50,800 bbl/day (2012 est.)

Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)

83,000 bbl/day (2012 est.)

Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)

165,000 bbl/day (2012 est.)

Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)

124 million bbl (1 January 2013 est.)

Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)

100,600 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)

150,200 bbl/day (2011 est.)

Refined petroleum products - exports (bbl/day)

11,320 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Refined petroleum products - imports (bbl/day)

4,877 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Natural gas - production (cu m)

1.03 billion cu m (2012 est.)

Natural gas - consumption (cu m)

1.03 billion cu m (2012 est.)

Natural gas - exports (cu m)

0 cu m (2012 est.)

Natural gas - imports (cu m)

0 cu m (2012 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves (cu m)

70.79 billion cu m (1 January 2013 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)

28.41 million Mt (2011 est.)


Telephones - main lines in use

1.217 million (2012)

Telephones - mobile cellular

1.682 million (2012)

Telephone system

general assessment: greater investment beginning in 1994 and the establishment of a new Ministry of Information Technology and Communications in 2000 has resulted in improvements in the system; national fiber-optic system under development; 95% of switches digitized by end of 2006; mobile-cellular telephone service is expensive and must be paid in convertible pesos; cell phones in Cuba number around 2 million; state communications started service of email to cell phones through accounts; Cuban Government has opened Internet cafes around the island, which are expensive and offer slow-speed connections
domestic: fixed-line density remains low at 10 per 100 inhabitants; mobile-cellular service expanding but remains only about 10 per 100 persons
international: country code - 53; the ALBA-1 fiber-optic submarine cable links Cuba, Jamaica, and Venezuela; fiber-optic cable laid to but not linked to US network; satellite earth station - 1 Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region) (2010)

Broadcast media

government owns and controls all broadcast media with private ownership of electronic media prohibited; government operates 4 national TV networks and many local TV stations; government operates 6 national radio networks, an international station, and many local radio stations; Radio-TV Marti is beamed from the US (2007)

Internet country code


Internet hosts

3,244 (2012)

Internet users

1.606 million
note: private citizens are prohibited from buying computers or accessing the Internet without special authorization; foreigners may access the Internet in large hotels but are subject to firewalls; some Cubans buy illegal passwords on the black market or take advantage of public outlets to access limited email and the government-controlled "intranet" (2009)



133 (2013)

Airports - with paved runways

total: 64
over 3,047 m: 7
2,438 to 3,047 m: 10
1,524 to 2,437 m: 16
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 27 (2013)

Airports - with unpaved runways

total: 69
914 to 1,523 m: 11
under 914 m: 58 (2013)

Pipelines (km)

gas 41 km; oil 230 km (2013)

Railways (km)

total: 8,203 km
standard gauge: 8,134 km 1.435-m gauge (124 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 69 km 1.000-m gauge
note: 48 km of standard gauge track is not for public use (2011)

Roadways (km)

total: 60,858 km
paved: 29,820 km (includes 639 km of expressways)
unpaved: 31,038 km (2001)

Waterways (km)

240 km (almost all navigable inland waterways are near the mouths of rivers) (2011)

Merchant marine

total: 3
by type: cargo 1, passenger 1, refrigerated cargo 1
registered in other countries: 5 (Curacao 1, Panama 2, unknown 2) (2010)

Ports and terminals

major seaport(s): Antilla, Cienfuegos, Guantanamo, Havana, Matanzas, Mariel, Nuevitas Bay, Santiago de Cuba


Military branches

Revolutionary Armed Forces (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias, FAR): Revolutionary Army (Ejercito Revolucionario, ER, includes Territorial Militia Troops (Milicia de Tropas de Territoriales, MTT)); Revolutionary Navy (Marina de Guerra Revolucionaria, MGR, includes Marine Corps); Revolutionary Air and Air Defense Forces (Defensas Anti-Aereas y Fuerza Aerea Revolucionaria, DAAFAR), Youth Labor Army (Ejercito Juvenil del Trabajo, EJT) (2013)

Military service age and obligation (years of age)

17-28 years of age for compulsory military service; 2-year service obligation; both sexes subject to military service (2012)

Manpower available for military service

males age 16-49: 2,998,201
females age 16-49: 2,919,107 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service

males age 16-49: 2,446,131
females age 16-49: 2,375,590 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually

male: 72,823
female: 69,108 (2010 est.)

Military - note

the collapse of the Soviet Union deprived the Cuban military of its major economic and logistic support and had a significant impact on the state of Cuban equipment; the army remains well trained and professional in nature; the lack of replacement parts for its existing equipment has increasingly affected operational capabilities (2013)

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international

US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is leased to US and only mutual agreement or US abandonment of the facility can terminate the lease

Trafficking in persons

current situation: Cuba is a source country for adults and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking; child prostitution and child sex tourism reportedly occurs in Cuba, and laws do not appear to penalize the prostitution of children between the ages of 16 and 18; allegations have been made of Cubans being subjected to forced labor, particularly with Cuban work missions abroad; the scope of trafficking within Cuba is particularly difficult to gauge due to the closed nature of the government and sparse non-governmental or independent reporting
tier rating: Tier 3 - Cuba does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so; the government has not publicized information about government measures to address human trafficking through prosecution, protection, or prevention efforts but did share information about its general approach to protection for children and youth; the government has a network of shelters for victims of domestic violence and child abuse but has not verified if trafficking victims receive care in those centers (2013)

Illicit drugs

territorial waters and air space serve as transshipment zone for US- and European-bound drugs; established the death penalty for certain drug-related crimes in 1999 (2008)

Largest cities of Cuba

These are the 50 largest cities of Cuba ordered based on their number of inhabitants.

# City Population
1 Santiago de Cuba 555,878
2 Camagüey 347,572
3 Holguín 319,114
4 Guantánamo 272,808
5 Santa Clara 250,518
6 Las Tunas 203,690
7 Bayamo 192,641
8 Pinar del Río 186,997
9 Cienfuegos 186,648
10 Matanzas 146,738
11 Ciego de Ávila 142,032
12 Manzanillo 128,194
13 Sancti Spíritus 127,073
14 Palma Soriano 102,830
15 Cárdenas 98,519
16 Moa 92,885
17 Mayarí 83,631
18 Puerto Padre 76,841
19 Contramaestre 70,441
20 Güira de Melena 69,897
21 Consolación del Sur 69,859
22 Güines 68,938
23 Artemisa 68,076
24 San Luis 67,296
25 Morón 66,062
26 Colón 63,885
27 Florida 63,009
28 Sagua la Grande 62,075
29 Trinidad 60,208
30 San Cristóbal 59,582
31 Placetas 55,410
32 San José de las Lajas 54,850
33 Jagüey Grande 54,365
34 Nuevitas 54,024
35 Banes 53,107
36 Corralillo 51,900
37 Baracoa 48,365
38 Jovellanos 47,166
39 Bauta 45,771
40 Santo Domingo 45,477
41 Cabaiguán 44,516
42 Ranchuelo 43,696
43 San Antonio de los Baños 42,726
44 Yaguajay 42,220
45 Manicaragua 41,532
46 Jiguaní 41,109
47 Cifuentes 40,142
48 Guáimaro 39,360
49 Caibarién 39,142
50 Cumanayagua 38,689