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Clipperton Island country facts

North America N/A 0 inhabitants 6 sq km 0.00 inhabitants/sq km possession of France population evolution



This isolated atoll was named for John CLIPPERTON, a pirate who was rumored to have made it his hideout early in the 18th century. Annexed by France in 1855 and claimed by the United States, it was seized by Mexico in 1897. Arbitration eventually awarded the island to France in 1931, which took possession in 1935.



Middle America, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, 1,120 km southwest of Mexico

Geographic coordinates

10 17 N, 109 13 W

Area (sq km)

total: 6 sq km
land: 6 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative (sq km)

about 12 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries (km)

0 km

Coastline (km)

11.1 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm


tropical; humid, average temperature 20-32 degrees C, wet season (May to October)


coral atoll

Elevation extremes (m)

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Rocher Clipperton 29 m

Natural resources


Land use (%)

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (all coral) (2011)

Natural hazards


Environment - current issues


Geography - note

the atoll reef is approximately 12 km (7.5 mi) in circumference; an effort to colonize the atoll in the early 20th century ended in disaster and was abandoned in 1917

People and Society


uninhabited   evolution and prospects (1950-2100)


Country name

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Clipperton Island
local long form: none
local short form: Ile Clipperton
former: sometimes called Ile de la Passion

Dependency status

possession of France; administered directly by the Minister of Overseas France

Legal system

the laws of France apply

Flag description

the flag of France is used


Economy - overview

Although 115 species of fish have been identified in the territorial waters of Clipperton Island, the only economic activity is tuna fishing.


Ports and terminals

none; offshore anchorage only


Military - note

defense is the responsibility of France

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international


Largest cities of Clipperton Island

These are the 50 largest cities of Clipperton Island ordered based on their number of inhabitants.

# City Population