Skip to main content
Flag of Chile

Chile country facts

Republic of Chile South America Santiago 17,363,894 inhabitants 756,102 sq km 22.97 inhabitants/sq km Chilean pesos (CLP) population evolution



Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the Inca ruled northern Chile while the Mapuche inhabited central and southern Chile. Although Chile declared its independence in 1810, decisive victory over the Spanish was not achieved until 1818. In the War of the Pacific (1879-83), Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and won its present northern regions. It was not until the 1880s that the Mapuche were brought under central government control. After a series of elected governments, the three-year-old Marxist government of Salvador ALLENDE was overthrown in 1973 by a military coup led by Augusto PINOCHET, who ruled until a freely elected president was inaugurated in 1990. Sound economic policies, maintained consistently since the 1980s, contributed to steady growth, reduced poverty rates by over half, and helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Chile has increasingly assumed regional and international leadership roles befitting its status as a stable, democratic nation. In January 2014, Chile assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2014-15 term.



Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru

Geographic coordinates

30 00 S, 71 00 W

Area (sq km)

total: 756,102 sq km
land: 743,812 sq km
water: 12,290 sq km
note: includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez

Area - comparative (sq km)

slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana

Land boundaries (km)

total: 7,801 km
border countries: Argentina 6,691 km, Bolivia 942 km, Peru 168 km

Coastline (km)

6,435 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200/350 nm


temperate; desert in north; Mediterranean in central region; cool and damp in south


low coastal mountains; fertile central valley; rugged Andes in east

Elevation extremes (m)

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,880 m

Natural resources

copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower

Land use (%)

arable land: 1.74%
permanent crops: 0.6%
other: 97.65% (2011)

Irrigated land (sq km)

11,990 sq km (2003)

Total renewable water resources (cu km)

922 cu km (2011)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) ()

total: 26.67 cu km/yr (4%/10%/86%)
per capita: 1,603 cu m/yr (2007)

Natural hazards

severe earthquakes; active volcanism; tsunamis
volcanism: significant volcanic activity due to more than three-dozen active volcanoes along the Andes Mountains; Lascar (elev. 5,592 m), which last erupted in 2007, is the most active volcano in the northern Chilean Andes; Llaima (elev. 3,125 m) in central Chile, which last erupted in 2009, is another of the country's most active; Chaiten's 2008 eruption forced major evacuations; other notable historically active volcanoes include Cerro Hudson, Copahue, Guallatiri, Llullaillaco, Nevados de Chillan, Puyehue, San Pedro, and Villarrica

Environment - current issues

widespread deforestation and mining threaten natural resources; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage

Environment - international agreements

party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note

the longest north-south trending country in the world, extending across 38 degrees of latitude; strategic location relative to sea lanes between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage); Atacama Desert - the driest desert in the world - spreads across the northern part of the country; the crater lake of Ojos del Salado is the world's highest lake (at 6,390 m)

People and Society


noun: Chilean(s)
adjective: Chilean

Ethnic groups (%)

white and non-indigenous 88.9%, Mapuche 9.1%, Aymara 0.7%, other indigenous groups 1% (includes Rapa Nui, Likan Antai, Quechua, Colla, Diaguita, Kawesqar, Yagan or Yamana), unspecified 0.3% (2012 est.)

Languages (%)

Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2%
note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est.)

Religions (%)

Roman Catholic 66.7%, Evangelical or Protestant 16.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1%, other 3.4%, none 11.5%, unspecified 1.1% (2012 est.)

Demographic profile

Chile is in the advanced stages of demographic transition and is becoming an aging society - with fertility below replacement level, low mortality rates, and life expectancy on par with developed countries. Nevertheless, with its dependency ratio nearing its low point, Chile could benefit from its favorable age structure. It will need to keep its large working-age population productively employed, while preparing to provide for the needs of its growing proportion of elderly people, especially as women - the traditional caregivers - increasingly enter the workforce. Over the last two decades, Chile has made great strides in reducing its poverty rate, which is now lower than most Latin American countries. However, its severe income inequality ranks as the worst among members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unequal access to quality education perpetuates this uneven income distribution.
Chile has historically been a country of emigration but has slowly become more attractive to immigrants since transitioning to democracy in 1990 and improving its economic stability (other regional destinations have concurrently experienced deteriorating economic and political conditions). Most of Chile's small but growing foreign-born population consists of transplants from other Latin American countries, especially Peru.


17,363,894 (July 2014 est.)   evolution and prospects (1950-2100)

Age structure (%)

0-14 years: 20.7% (male 1,834,247/female 1,760,315)
15-24 years: 16.3% (male 1,442,610/female 1,383,738)
25-54 years: 43.2% (male 3,733,261/female 3,766,912)
55-64 years: 9.9% (male 806,044/female 910,818)
65 years and over: 9.7% (male 720,681/female 1,005,268) (2014 est.)

Age structure in Chile

Median age (years)

total: 33.3 years
male: 32.2 years
female: 34.6 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate (%)

0.84% (2014 est.)

Birth rate (births/1,000 population)

13.97 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Death rate (deaths/1,000 population)

5.93 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Net migration rate (migrant(s)/1,000 population)

0.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Urbanization (%)

urban population: 89.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.09% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population

SANTIAGO (capital) 6.034 million; Valparaiso 883,000; Concepcion 770,000 (2011)

Sex ratio (male(s)/female)

at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Maternal mortality rate (deaths/100,000 live births)

25 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate (deaths/1,000 live births)

total: 7.02 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.51 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth (years)

total population: 78.44 years
male: 75.42 years
female: 81.59 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate (children born/woman)

1.84 children born/woman (2014 est.)

Health expenditures (% of GDP)

7.5% of GDP (2011)

Physicians density (physicians/1,000 population)

1.03 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Hospital bed density (beds/1,000 population)

2 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Drinking water source (% of population)

improved: urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 91.3% of population
total: 98.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 8.7% of population
total: 1.2% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access (% of population)

improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 89.3% of population
total: 98.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 10.7% of population
total: 1.1% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)

0.4% (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

38,700 (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - deaths


Obesity - adult prevalence rate (%)

29.4% (2008)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight (%)

0.5% (2008)

Education expenditures (% of GDP)

4.5% of GDP (2012)

Literacy (%)

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.6%
male: 98.6%
female: 98.5% (2009 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) (years)

total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2012)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 (%)

total: 16.3%
male: 14.3%
female: 19.1% (2012)


Country name

conventional long form: Republic of Chile
conventional short form: Chile
local long form: Republica de Chile
local short form: Chile

Government type



name: Santiago; note - Valparaiso is the seat of the national legislature
geographic coordinates: 33 27 S, 70 40 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, under a new pilot program that begins second Sunday in September and ends fourth Sunday in April

Administrative divisions

15 regions (regiones, singular - region); Aysen, Antofagasta, Araucania, Arica y Parinacota, Atacama, Biobio, Coquimbo, Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins, Los Lagos, Los Rios, Magallanes y de la Antartica Chilena, Maule, Region Metropolitana (Santiago), Tarapaca, Valparaiso
note: the US does not recognize claims to Antarctica


18 September 1810 (from Spain)

National holiday

Independence Day, 18 September (1810)


many previous; latest adopted 11 September 1980, effective 11 March 1981; amended many times, last in 2011 (2011)

Legal system

civil law system influenced by several West European civil legal systems; judicial review of legislative acts by the Constitutional Tribunal

International law organization participation

has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction


18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: President Michelle BACHELET Jeria (since 11 March 2014); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government: President Michelle BACHELET Jeria (since 11 March 2014)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a single four-year term; election last held on 17 November 2013 with a runoff election held on 15 December 2013 (next to be held on 19 November 2017)
election results: Michelle BACHELET Jeria elected president; percent of vote - Michelle BACHELET Jeria 62.2%; Evelyn Rose MATTHEI Fornet 37.8%

Legislative branch

bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate or Senado (38 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve eight-year terms; one-half elected every four years) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (120 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: Senate - last held on 13 December 2009 (next to be held in November 2013); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 13 December 2009 (next to be held in November 2013)
election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CPD 9 (PDC 4, PPD 3, PS 2), APC 9 (RN 6, UDI 3); Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - APC 58 (UDI 37, RN 18, other 3), CPD 57 (PDC 19, PPD 18, PS 11, PRSD 5, PC 3, other 1), PRI 3, independent 2; note - as of 19 February 2013, the composition of the entire legislature is as follows: Senate - seats by party - CPD 19 (PDC 9, PPD 4, PS 5, PRSD 1), Coalition for Change (former APC) 16 (RN 8, UDI 8), independent 2, MAS 1; Chamber of Deputies - seats by party - Coalition for Change (former APC) 56 (UDI 39, RN 17), CPD 53 (PDC 19, PPD 18, PS 11, PRSD 5), independent 5, PC 3, PRI 2, IC 1

Judicial branch

highest court(s): Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (consists of a court president and 20 members or ministros); Constitutional Court (consists of 7 members); Electoral Court (consists of 5 members)
judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the president and ratified by the Senate from lists of candidates provided by the court itself; judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 70; Constitutional Court members appointed - 3 by the Supreme Court, 1 by the president of the republic, 2 by the National Security Council, and 1 by the Senate; members serve 8-year terms with partial court replacement every 4 years (the court reviews constitutionality of legislation); Electoral Court member appointments - 4 by the Supreme Court and 1 a former president or vice-president of the Senate or Chamber of Deputies selected by the Supreme Court; member term NA
subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal; oral criminal tribunals; military tribunals; local police courts; specialized tribunals and courts in matters such as family, labor, customs, taxes, and electoral affairs

Political parties and leaders

Broad Social Movement or MAS [Alejandro NAVARRO Brain]
Citizen Left or IC
Equality Party [Lautaro GUANCA Vallejos]
Coalition for Change or CC (also known as the Alliance for Chile (Alianza) or APC) (including National Renewal or RN [Carlos LARRAIN Pena], and Independent Democratic Union or UDI [Patricio MELERO]
Coalition of Parties for Democracy (Concertacion) or CPD (including Christian Democratic Party or PDC [Ignacio WALKER Prieto], Party for Democracy or PPD [Jaime Daniel QUINTANA Leal], Radical Social Democratic Party or PRSD [Jose Antonio GOMEZ Urrutia], and Socialist Party or PS [Osvaldo ANDRADE Lara])
Communist Party of Chile (Partido Comunista de Chile) or PC [Guillermo TEILLIER del Valle]
Ecological Green Party [Cristian VILLAROEL Novoa]
Humanist Party or PH [Danilo MONTEVERDE Reyes]
Independent Regionalist Party or PRI [Carlos OLIVARES Zepeda]
Progressive Party or PRO [Marco ENRIQUEZ-OMINAMI Gumucio]

Political pressure groups and leaders

Roman Catholic Church, particularly conservative groups such as Opus Dei
United Labor Central or CUT includes trade unionists from the country's five largest labor confederations
other: university student federations at all major universities

International organization participation

APEC, BIS, BRICS, CAN (associate), CD, CELAC, FAO, G-15, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAES, LAIA, Mercosur (associate), MIGA, MINUSTAH, NAM, OAS, OECD (Enhanced Engagement, OPANAL, OPCW, Pacific Alliance, PCA, SICA (observer), UN, UN Security Council (temporary), UNASUR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNHCR, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNMOGIP, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the US

chief of mission: Ambassador Juan Gabriel VALDES Soublette (since 21 May 2014)
chancery: 1732 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20036
telephone: [1] (202) 785-1746
FAX: [1] (202) 887-5579
consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco

Diplomatic representation from the US

chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Stephen M. LISTON
embassy: Avenida Andres Bello 2800, Las Condes, Santiago
mailing address: APO AA 34033
telephone: [56] (2) 330-3000
FAX: [56] (2) 330-3710, 330-3160

Flag description

two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red; a blue square the same height as the white band at the hoist-side end of the white band; the square bears a white five-pointed star in the center representing a guide to progress and honor; blue symbolizes the sky, white is for the snow-covered Andes, and red represents the blood spilled to achieve independence
note: design was influenced by the US flag

National symbol(s)

huemul (mountain deer); Andean condor

National anthem

name: "Himno Nacional de Chile" (National Anthem of Chile)
lyrics/music: Eusebio LILLO Robles and Bernardo DE VERA y Pintado/Ramon CARNICER y Battle
note: music adopted 1828, original lyrics adopted 1818, adapted lyrics adopted 1847; under Augusto PINOCHET"s military rule, a verse glorifying the army was added; however, as a protest, some citizens refused to sing this verse; it was removed when democracy was restored in 1990


Economy - overview

Chile has a market-oriented economy characterized by a high level of foreign trade and a reputation for strong financial institutions and sound policy that have given it the strongest sovereign bond rating in South America. Exports of goods and services account for approximately one-third of GDP, with commodities making up some three-quarters of total exports. Copper alone provides 19% of government revenue. From 2003 through 2013, real growth averaged almost 5% per year, despite the slight contraction in 2009 that resulted from the global financial crisis. Chile deepened its longstanding commitment to trade liberalization with the signing of a free trade agreement with the US, which took effect on 1 January 2004. Chile has 22 trade agreements covering 60 countries including agreements with the European Union, Mercosur, China, India, South Korea, and Mexico. Chile has joined the United States and nine other countries in negotiating the Trans-Pacific-Partnership trade agreement. The Chilean Government has generally followed a countercyclical fiscal policy, accumulating surpluses in sovereign wealth funds during periods of high copper prices and economic growth, and generally allowing deficit spending only during periods of low copper prices and growth. As of 31 December 2012, those sovereign wealth funds - kept mostly outside the country and separate from Central Bank reserves - amounted to more than $20.9 billion. Chile used these funds to finance fiscal stimulus packages during the 2009 economic downturn. In May 2010 Chile signed the OECD Convention, becoming the first South American country to join the OECD.

GDP (purchasing power parity)

$335.4 billion (2013 est.)
$321.3 billion (2012 est.)
$304.2 billion (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate)

$281.7 billion (2013 est.)

GDP - real growth rate (%)

4.4% (2013 est.)
5.6% (2012 est.)
5.8% (2011 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$19,100 (2013 est.)
$18,500 (2012 est.)
$17,600 (2011 est.)
note: data are in 2013 US dollars

GDP - composition, by sector of origin (%)

agriculture: 3.6%
industry: 35.4%
services: 61% (2013 est.)

Labor force

8.367 million (2013 est.)

Labor force - by occupation (%)

agriculture: 13.2%
industry: 23%
services: 63.9% (2005)

Unemployment rate (%)

6% (2013 est.)
6.3% (2012 est.)

Population below poverty line (%)

15.1% (2009 est.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share (%)

lowest 10%: 1.5%
highest 10%: 42.8% (2009 est.)

Distribution of family income - Gini index

52.1 (2009)
57.1 (2000)


revenues: $58.49 billion
expenditures: $61.26 billion (2013 est.)

Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP)

20.8% of GDP (2013 est.)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) (% of GDP)

-1% of GDP (2013 est.)

Public debt (% of GDP)

13.9% of GDP (2013 est.)
11.9% of GDP (2012 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)

1.7% (2013 est.)
3% (2012 est.)

Central bank discount rate (%)

3.12% (31 December 2010 est.)
0.5% (31 December 2009 est.)

Commercial bank prime lending rate (%)

9.5% (31 December 2013 est.)
10.06% (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of narrow money

$41.61 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$40.95 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of broad money

$159 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$150.5 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of domestic credit

$214 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$202.5 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Market value of publicly traded shares

$313.3 billion (31 December 2012 est.)
$270.3 billion (31 December 2011)
$341.6 billion (31 December 2010 est.)

Agriculture - products

grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber


copper, lithium, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles

Industrial production growth rate (%)

3% (2013 est.)

Current account balance

-$10.97 billion (2013 est.)
-$9.499 billion (2012 est.)


$77.94 billion (2013 est.)
$78.28 billion (2012 est.)

Exports - commodities (%)

copper, fruit, fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals, wine

Exports - partners (%)

China 23.3%, US 12.3%, Japan 10.7%, South Korea 5.8%, Brazil 5.5% (2012)


$75.7 billion (2013 est.)
$74.86 billion (2012 est.)

Imports - commodities (%)

petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, electrical and telecommunications equipment, industrial machinery, vehicles, natural gas

Imports - partners (%)

US 22.9%, China 18.2%, Argentina 6.6%, Brazil 6.5% (2012)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$39.89 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$41.65 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

External debt ($)

$119 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$112.7 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - at home

$214.8 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$NA (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad

$109.2 billion (31 December 2013 est.)
$91.3 billion (31 December 2012 est.)

Exchange rates

Currency converter
Chilean pesos (CLP) per US dollar -
491.7 (2013 est.)
486.49 (2012 est.)
510.25 (2010 est.)
560.86 (2009)
509.02 (2008)

Fiscal year

calendar year


Electricity - production (kWh)

62.86 billion kWh (2011 est.)

Electricity - consumption (kWh)

53.93 billion kWh (2010 est.)

Electricity - exports (kWh)

0 kWh (2012 est.)

Electricity - imports (kWh)

734 million kWh (2011 est.)

Electricity - installed generating capacity (kW)

16.21 million kW (2010 est.)

Electricity - from fossil fuels (% of total installed capacity)

62% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from nuclear fuels (% of total installed capacity)

0% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from hydroelectric plants (% of total installed capacity)

33.7% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Electricity - from other renewable sources (% of total installed capacity)

4.3% of total installed capacity (2010 est.)

Crude oil - production (bbl/day)

17,340 bbl/day (2012 est.)

Crude oil - exports (bbl/day)

0 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Crude oil - imports (bbl/day)

169,700 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Crude oil - proved reserves (bbl)

150 million bbl (1 January 2013 est.)

Refined petroleum products - production (bbl/day)

187,200 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Refined petroleum products - consumption (bbl/day)

321,700 bbl/day (2011 est.)

Refined petroleum products - exports (bbl/day)

13,040 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Refined petroleum products - imports (bbl/day)

154,100 bbl/day (2010 est.)

Natural gas - production (cu m)

1.144 billion cu m (2012 est.)

Natural gas - consumption (cu m)

5.296 billion cu m (2010 est.)

Natural gas - exports (cu m)

0 cu m (2011 est.)

Natural gas - imports (cu m)

3.83 billion cu m (2012 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves (cu m)

97.97 billion cu m (1 January 2013 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy (Mt)

80.1 million Mt (2011 est.)


Telephones - main lines in use

3.276 million (2012)

Telephones - mobile cellular

24.13 million (2012)

Telephone system

general assessment: privatization began in 1988; most advanced telecommunications infrastructure in South America; modern system based on extensive microwave radio relay facilities; domestic satellite system with 3 earth stations
domestic: number of fixed-line connections have stagnated in recent years as mobile-cellular usage continues to increase, reaching 130 telephones per 100 persons
international: country code - 56; landing points for the Pan American, South America-1, and South American Crossing/Latin America Nautilus submarine cables providing links to the US and to Central and South America; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) (2011)

Broadcast media

national and local terrestrial TV channels, coupled with extensive cable TV networks; the state-owned Television Nacional de Chile (TVN) network is self financed through commercial advertising revenues and is not under direct government control; large number of privately owned TV stations; about 250 radio stations (2007)

Internet country code


Internet hosts

2.152 million (2012)

Internet users

7.009 million (2009)



481 (2013)

Airports - with paved runways

total: 90
over 3,047 m: 5
2,438 to 3,047 m: 7
1,524 to 2,437 m: 23
914 to 1,523 m: 31
under 914 m: 24 (2013)

Airports - with unpaved runways

total: 391
2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
1,524 to 2,437 m: 11
914 to 1,523 m: 56
under 914 m: 319 (2013)


1 (2013)

Pipelines (km)

gas 3,160 km; liquid petroleum gas 781 km; oil 985 km; refined products 722 km (2013)

Railways (km)

total: 7,082 km
broad gauge: 3,435 km 1.676-m gauge (850 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 3,647 km 1.000-m gauge (2008)

Roadways (km)

total: 77,764 km
paved: 18,119 km (includes 2,387 km of expressways)
unpaved: 59,645 km (2010)

Merchant marine

total: 42
by type: bulk carrier 13, cargo 5, chemical tanker 7, container 2, liquefied gas 1, passenger 3, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 8, roll on/roll off 1
foreign-owned: 1 (Norway 1)
registered in other countries: 52 (Argentina 6, Brazil 1, Honduras 1, Isle of Man 9, Liberia 9, Panama 14, Peru 6, Singapore 6) (2010)

Ports and terminals

major seaport(s): Coronel, Huasco, Lirquen, Puerto Ventanas, San Antonio, San Vicente, Valparaiso


Military branches

Army of the Nation, Chilean Navy (Armada de Chile, includes Naval Aviation, Marine Corps, and Maritime Territory and Merchant Marine Directorate (Directemar)), Chilean Air Force (Fuerza Aerea de Chile, FACh), Carabineros Corps (Cuerpo de Carabineros) (2011)

Military service age and obligation (years of age)

18-45 years of age for voluntary male and female military service, although the right to compulsory recruitment of males 18-45 is retained; service obligation is 12 months for Army and 22 months for Navy and Air Force (2012)

Manpower available for military service

males age 16-49: 4,324,732
females age 16-49: 4,251,954 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service

males age 16-49: 3,621,475
females age 16-49: 3,561,099 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually

male: 141,500
female: 135,709 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures (% of GDP)

2.04% of GDP (2012)
2.17% of GDP (2011)
2.04% of GDP (2010)

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international

Chile and Peru rebuff Bolivia's reactivated claim to restore the Atacama corridor, ceded to Chile in 1884, but Chile has offered instead unrestricted but not sovereign maritime access through Chile to Bolivian natural gas; Chile rejects Peru's unilateral legislation to change its latitudinal maritime boundary with Chile to an equidistance line with a southwestern axis favoring Peru; in October 2007, Peru took its maritime complaint with Chile to the ICJ; territorial claim in Antarctica (Chilean Antarctic Territory) partially overlaps Argentine and British claims; the joint boundary commission, established by Chile and Argentina in 2001, has yet to map and demarcate the delimited boundary in the inhospitable Andean Southern Ice Field (Campo de Hielo Sur)

Illicit drugs

transshipment country for cocaine destined for Europe and the region; some money laundering activity, especially through the Iquique Free Trade Zone; imported precursors passed on to Bolivia; domestic cocaine consumption is rising, making Chile a significant consumer of cocaine (2008)

Largest cities of Chile

These are the 50 largest cities of Chile ordered based on their number of inhabitants.

# City Population
1 Santiago 4,837,248
2 Antofagasta 309,835
3 Vina del Mar 294,553
4 Valparaiso 282,450
5 Talcahuano 252,969
6 San Bernardo 249,856
7 Temuco 238,131
8 Iquique 227,501
9 Concepcion 215,414
10 Rancagua 212,696
11 Talca 197,480
12 Arica 186,000
13 Coquimbo 161,319
14 Puerto Montt 160,055
15 La Serena 154,523
16 Chillan 150,396
17 Calama 143,085
18 Osorno 135,774
19 Valdivia 133,420
20 Quilpue 130,264
21 Copiapo 129,281
22 Los Angeles 125,431
23 Punta Arenas 117,432
24 Curico 102,439
25 Villa Alemana 97,320
26 Coronel 92,941
27 San Antonio 85,651
28 Chiguayante 82,545
29 Ovalle 77,139
30 Linares 69,536
31 Quillota 67,779
32 Penaflor 65,494
33 Melipilla 63,100
34 San Felipe 59,294
35 Los Andes 56,859
36 Buin 55,440
37 Talagante 51,763
38 Lota 49,763
39 Calera 49,107
40 Tome 46,698
41 Penco 46,091
42 Coihaique 45,788
43 Vallenar 44,895
44 Angol 44,856
45 Rengo 38,101
46 Constitucion 37,917
47 Limache 35,876
48 Santa Cruz 33,283
49 Paine 32,765
50 Villarrica 31,603