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Anguilla country facts

Central America and the Caribbean The Valley 16,086 inhabitants 91 sq km 176.77 inhabitants/sq km East Caribbean dollars (XCD) overseas territory of the United Kingdom population evolution



Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island - against the wishes of the inhabitants - was incorporated into a single British dependency along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.



Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, east of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates

18 15 N, 63 10 W

Area (sq km)

total: 91 sq km
land: 91 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative (sq km)

about one-half the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries (km)

0 km

Coastline (km)

61 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm


tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds


flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone

Elevation extremes (m)

lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m

Natural resources

salt, fish, lobster

Land use (%)

arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (mostly rock with sparse scrub oak, few trees, some commercial salt ponds) (2011)

Irrigated land (sq km)


Natural hazards

frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)

Environment - current issues

supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system

Geography - note

the most northerly of the Leeward Islands in the Lesser Antilles

People and Society


noun: Anguillan(s)
adjective: Anguillan

Ethnic groups (%)

black (predominant) 90.1%, mixed, mulatto 4.6%, white 3.7%, other 1.5% (2001 census)

Languages (%)

English (official)

Religions (%)

Protestant 83.1% (Anglican 29%, Methodist 23.9%, other Protestant 30.2%), Roman Catholic 5.7%, other Christian 1.7%, other 5.2%, none or unspecified 4.3% (2001 census)


16,086 (July 2014 est.)   evolution and prospects (1950-2100)

Age structure (%)

0-14 years: 23.3% (male 1,918/female 1,826)
15-24 years: 14.1% (male 1,123/female 1,144)
25-54 years: 45% (male 3,269/female 3,965)
55-64 years: 9.4% (male 744/female 763)
65 years and over: 8.3% (male 658/female 676) (2014 est.)

Age structure in Anguilla

Median age (years)

total: 34.1 years
male: 32.4 years
female: 35.7 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate (%)

2.06% (2014 est.)

Birth rate (births/1,000 population)

12.68 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Death rate (deaths/1,000 population)

4.54 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Net migration rate (migrant(s)/1,000 population)

12.43 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Urbanization (%)

urban population: 100% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.56% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population

THE VALLEY (capital) 2,000 (2011)

Sex ratio (male(s)/female)

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.96 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2014 est.)

Infant mortality rate (deaths/1,000 live births)

total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.81 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth (years)

total population: 81.2 years
male: 78.61 years
female: 83.86 years (2014 est.)

Total fertility rate (children born/woman)

1.75 children born/woman (2014 est.)

Drinking water source (% of population)

improved: urban: 94.6% of population
total: 94.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 5.4% of population
total: 5.4% of population (2012 est.)

Sanitation facility access (% of population)

improved: urban: 97.9% of population
total: 97.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.1% of population
total: 2.1% of population (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate (%)


HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS


HIV/AIDS - deaths


Education expenditures (% of GDP)

2.8% of GDP (2008)

Literacy (%)

definition: age 12 and over can read and write
total population: 95%
male: 95%
female: 95% (1984 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) (years)

total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2008)


Country name

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Anguilla

Dependency status

overseas territory of the UK

Government type



name: The Valley
geographic coordinates: 18 13 N, 63 03 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions

none (overseas territory of the UK)


none (overseas territory of the UK)

National holiday

Anguilla Day, 30 May (1967)


several previous; latest 1 April 1982; amended 1990 (2013)

Legal system

common law based on the English model


18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Christina SCOTT (since 23 July 2013)
head of government: Chief Minister Hubert HUGHES (since 16 February 2010)
cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the governor from among the elected members of the House of Assembly
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition usually appointed chief minister by the governor

Legislative branch

unicameral House of Assembly (11 seats; 7 members elected by direct popular vote, 2 ex officio members, and 2 appointed; members serve five-year terms)
elections: last held on 15 February 2010 (next to be held in 2015)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AUM 4, AUF 2, APP 1

Judicial branch

highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Anguilla; the ECSC - headquartered on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the 9 member states; High Court judges reside in 7 member states, though none resides on Anguilla
judge selection and term of office: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court chief justice appointed by Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62
subordinate courts: Magistrate's Court; Juvenile Court

Political parties and leaders

Anguilla Progressive Party or APP [Brent DAVIS]
Anguilla Strategic Alternative or ANSA [Edison BAIRD]
Anguilla United Front or AUF [Osbourne FLEMING, Victor BANKS] (a coalition of the Anguilla Democratic Party or ADP and the Anguilla National Alliance or ANA)
Anguilla United Movement or AUM [Hubert HUGHES]

International organization participation

Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU

Diplomatic representation in the US

none (overseas territory of the UK)

Diplomatic representation from the US

none (overseas territory of the UK)

Flag description

blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Anguillan coat of arms centered in the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms depicts three orange dolphins in an interlocking circular design on a white background with a turquoise-blue field below; the white in the background represents peace; the blue base symbolizes the surrounding sea, as well as faith, youth, and hope; the three dolphins stand for endurance, unity, and strength

National symbol(s)


National anthem

name: "God Bless Anguilla"
lyrics/music: Alex RICHARDSON
note: local anthem adopted 1981; as a territory of the United Kingdom, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)


Economy - overview

Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry has spurred the growth of the construction sector contributing to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.

GDP (purchasing power parity)

$175.4 million (2009 est.)
$191.7 million (2008 est.)
$108.9 million (2004 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate)

$175.4 million (2009 est.)

GDP - real growth rate (%)

-8.5% (2009 est.)

GDP - per capita (PPP)

$12,200 (2008 est.)

GDP - composition, by sector of origin (%)

agriculture: 2.5%
industry: 23.6%
services: 73.8% (2013 est.)

Labor force

6,049 (2001)

Labor force - by occupation (%)

agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining: 4%
manufacturing: 3%
construction: 18%
transportation and utilities: 10%
commerce: 36%
services: 29% (2000 est.)

Unemployment rate (%)

8% (2002)

Population below poverty line (%)

23% (2002)

Household income or consumption by percentage share (%)

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%


revenues: $69.52 million
expenditures: $78.37 million (2012 est.)

Taxes and other revenues (% of GDP)

39.6% of GDP (2012 est.)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) (% of GDP)

-5% of GDP (2012 est.)

Public debt (% of GDP)

20% of GDP (2013 est.)
21.7% of GDP (2012 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices) (%)

3.1% (2013 est.)
4.4% (2012 est.)

Central bank discount rate (%)

6.5% (31 December 2010 est.)
6.5% (31 December 2009 est.)

Commercial bank prime lending rate (%)

9.4% (31 December 2013 est.)
9.38% (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of narrow money

$16.89 million (31 December 2013 est.)
NA% (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of broad money

$384.4 million (31 December 2013 est.)
$373.2 million (31 December 2012 est.)

Stock of domestic credit

$498.1 million (31 December 2013 est.)
$483.3 million (31 December 2012 est.)

Agriculture - products

small quantities of tobacco, vegetables; cattle raising


tourism, boat building, offshore financial services

Industrial production growth rate (%)

2% (2013 est.)

Current account balance

-$54.3 million (2013 est.)
-$44.8 million (2012 est.)


$12.2 million (2013 est.)
$7.3 million (2012 est.)

Exports - commodities (%)

lobster, fish, livestock, salt, concrete blocks, rum


$140.1 million (2013 est.)
$129.3 million (2012 est.)

Imports - commodities (%)

fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures, chemicals, trucks, textiles

External debt ($)

$8.8 million (1998)

Exchange rates

Currency converter
East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
2.7 (2013 est.)
2.7 (2012 est.)
2.7 (2010 est.), 2.7 (2009)

Fiscal year

1 April - 31 March


Telephones - main lines in use

6,000 (2012)

Telephones - mobile cellular

26,000 (2012)

Telephone system

general assessment: modern internal telephone system
domestic: fixed-line teledensity is roughly 40 per 100 persons; mobile-cellular teledensity is roughly 170 per 100 persons
international: country code - 1-264; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the Virgin Islands country facts" data-cl-code="VGB">British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; microwave radio relay to island of Saint Martin/Sint Maarten (2011)

Broadcast media

1 private TV station; multi-channel cable TV subscription services are available; about 10 radio stations, one of which is government-owned (2007)

Internet country code


Internet hosts

269 (2012)

Internet users

3,700 (2009)



2 (2013)

Airports - with paved runways

total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)

Airports - with unpaved runways

total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2013)

Roadways (km)

total: 175 km
paved: 82 km
unpaved: 93 km (2004)

Ports and terminals

major seaport(s): Blowing Point, Road Bay


Manpower available for military service

males age 16-49: 3,641 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service

males age 16-49: 3,009
females age 16-49: 3,397 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually

male: 111
female: 113 (2010 est.)

Military - note

defense is the responsibility of the UK

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international


Illicit drugs

transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe

Largest cities of Anguilla

These are the 50 largest cities of Anguilla ordered based on their number of inhabitants.

# City Population